Russia cannot but supply gas to Latvia: about the reasons


The Soviet era gave Latvia a real gift in the form of infrastructure for energy independence. If the Baltic Republic lost the rest of the industry and potential on the way to Europe and NATO, then it retained the gas sector, understanding its extraordinary strategic and political importance. Now this circumstance makes Moscow worry about dependence on Riga in the gas field, and not vice versa.


The resumption of deliveries of "blue" fuel to Latvia, which is an unfriendly state, which caused reasonable questions, has its own weighty reasons. Otherwise, Gazprom's deliveries would have been stopped forever long ago.

In the 60s of the last century, Soviet geologists discovered a "dome" (or "hat") structure, a hollow space under the city of Inčukalns, which is located in the suburbs of Riga. Later, engineers built a huge gas storage facility (UGS) at a depth of up to 700 meters, which is now one of the largest in the EU. Its nominal volume is 4,4 billion cubic meters, of which 2,3 billion are constantly in circulation.

After secession from the Soviet Union, a unique and important infrastructure object passed into the possession of Latvia, more precisely, Latvijas Gāze, although energy ties and supplies remained “Soviet” for a long time, that is, as they were under a single country. In other words, the Inchukalns UGS facility is filled with Russian gas and supplies it not only to the Baltic states, but to the entire North-West of Russia. For more than three decades, not a single action has been taken by the Russian side to ensure its own independence from the former common Soviet object, which “left” to another state. Not a single storage facility has been built on the territory of the Russian Federation, just as no pipelines have been laid to supply gas to St. Petersburg and other cities of the region.

Thus, at the moment, it is the Inchukalns UGS facility that provides gas to four states: Latvia, Estonia, part of Lithuania, and in winter, Russian gas from Inchukalns is supplied to the Pskov, Novgorod and Leningrad regions of Russia.

Despite all the disagreements and conflicts, cooperation in this area has been going quite smoothly and steadily over the years. However, the growing contradictions and norms of the EU legislation forced Latvia to reform the UGS facilities and the operating company. In 2019, Latvijas Gāze ceased to exist, the assets were transferred to Conexus Baltic Grid, and the Russian gas monopoly sold its stake (33% of shares). The start of Russia's special operation in Ukraine finally instilled uncertainty about the continuation of the joint use of the facility, which poses a danger to the regions of the Russian Federation in winter.

But despite withdrawing from participation in the capital of the Inčukalns UGS facility, the Russian holding still treats its property very carefully - it regularly carries out repairs and maintenance, replaces worn-out pipelines for obvious reasons. But this does not eliminate the problem of future gas supply without “intermediaries” to the indicated regions of Russia, and taking into account the geopolitical situation, anxiety is only growing. Until this problem is solved, Russia simply cannot but supply gas to Latvia, despite all the Russophobia, bias and hostility of the republic towards our country, otherwise the three regions will be left without fuel.
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  1. gorenina91 Offline gorenina91
    gorenina91 (Irina) 10 September 2022 08: 23
    +13
    Russia cannot but supply gas to Latvia: about the reasons

    Thus, at the moment, it is the Inchukalns UGS facility that provides gas to four states: Latvia, Estonia, part of Lithuania, and in winter, Russian gas from Inchukalns is supplied to the Pskov, Novgorod and Leningrad regions of Russia.

    - So what ??? - Now Russia will be forced to drive gas to Latvia for life???
    - Yes, what nonsense!
    - Damn - in a short time, an expensive one was built (and in fact - not very necessary - a huge "Crimean Bridge") !!! - And some kind of lousy similar gas hub on the territory of Russia (where gas is simply vital for several Russian regions) - it is allegedly impossible to build !!!
    - Something more ridiculous - it's hard to come up with!
    - Yes, for these Russian regions it is not necessary at all to build a huge gas storage (yes, even this gas hub is not necessary to build) - it will not be difficult and special expenses - to send gas pipelines to these regions !!! - From Russian gas sources, on Russian territory - gas pipelines are simply being laid - and that's it !!!
    - Damn, - on the tundra; through swamps and swamps; along rivers and lakes; along ravines, hills, forests and ravines - regardless of the costs and huge length * thousands of kilometers long) - Russia in a short time - for dear and beloved China, laid a giant gas pipeline - as much as the whole "Power of Siberia" (and soon there will be more " Power of Siberia-2") !!! - And along the bottom of the Black Sea - as far as Turkey - Russia was also honored to throw a gas pipeline !!!
    - It was the author of the article who decided to amuse the people and somehow justify the "softness and pliability" of our government - about the fact that Russia suddenly began to supply gas to our "Baltic enemies" !!!
    - Yes, it would be just funny - if it were not so bitter and tragic !!!
    - Softness and compliance in foreign policy is a very dirty and harmful vice for any state !!! - And for Russia - and even more so !!!
    1. k7k8 Offline k7k8
      k7k8 (vic) 11 September 2022 13: 23
      -4
      Madam, I take off my hat! You are able to design strategic missiles in two days, including LKI and putting them into service, and you are not averse to replacing Mr. Miller in managing large military groupings of the dock. It’s scary to think, but you probably know how to embroider with a cross? And you are not yet the president of Russia (or, in extreme cases, not his permanent representative in the federal district)?
      1. soloist2424 Offline soloist2424
        soloist2424 (Oleg) 11 September 2022 18: 30
        -1
        In general, Gorenina looks very much like a mishandled Cossack, sorry, a Cossack.
        1. special correspondent (oleg) 14 September 2022 11: 09
          0
          ... Cossack..
      2. bobba94 Offline bobba94
        bobba94 (Vladimir) 11 September 2022 20: 56
        0
        For those who are in an armored train .... There are 25 UGS facilities in Russia with a total capacity of 66 billion cubic meters. m. In Russia, there are also 18 UGS facilities, ready, after a special. technical work, take about 15 billion cubic meters. m of gas...
  2. Shmurzik Offline Shmurzik
    Shmurzik (Seymslav) 10 September 2022 09: 14
    0
    Own "shirt closer to the body", however ...
  3. Pavel Mokshanov_2 (Pavel Mokshanov) 10 September 2022 09: 44
    +13
    This is one of many cases of "effective" work of our powerful and possessive defective managers.
  4. boriz Online boriz
    boriz (boriz) 10 September 2022 09: 46
    +5
    Not a single storage facility has been built on the territory of the Russian Federation, ...

    I just trudge from the local authors. Does the author know how to build UGS from scratch?
    And the author is aware that in Finland there is no no one UGS?
    UGS facilities are a gift from the Lord. It either exists or it doesn't. And nothing can be done about it.
    Just as there is no understanding of what UGS facilities are used for. Oh, they have more than 80% of underground storage facilities filled! Well filled. So what? If there are no current gas supplies, it will run out in UGS facilities in a month - one and a half.
    Here in the WB UGS facilities are 100% full. So what? Will they be happy this winter? Don't give a damn!
    And in Poland, too, 100%. So are they happy about it?
    Poland's gas consumption is 21 billion cubic meters per year. And the UGS capacity is 3,8 billion. How long will these UGS facilities last?
    And has anyone heard that in Poland gas workers were scolded for not building more UGS facilities, good and different? No, in Poland they are sad that there will be no current deliveries.
    The country's gas supply is carried out at the expense of current supplies and its own production (if any). And UGS smooths out uneven consumption over time and depending on temperature. Consumption is different at night and during the day, when it is cold outside and when it is warm and when it is hot. If current supplies are not enough, they take gas from underground storage facilities. If there are more supplies than consumption, the excess gas is pumped into UGS facilities.
    And in the WB the situation is even worse. There, gas consumption per year is about 75 billion cubic meters. And the capacity of UGS facilities is about 1,3 billion. And UGS facilities are not in the plural here. It is generally ONE. And no one shouts "Oh, why haven't they built more!?" Because UGS facilities are not being built. They use what is created by nature (in most cases) or by man (very rarely, old salt mines). And that's it, there are no other options. You can use a regasification terminal and a gas tanker, but this expensive, in which case the gas is stored in liquid form.
    Previously, there were already TWO UGS facilities in the WB. One on land, with a capacity of 1,3 billion, as the other, it was decided to use an exhausted gas well in the sea with a capacity of 2,3 billion cubic meters. But the sea began to leak and it was closed. And that's it. There are no more necessary geological structures in the WB.
    A country's gas consumption is considered protected when the UGS capacity is not less than 10% of the annual gas consumption. Then there is a guarantee against rolling gas shutdowns during the heating season.
    If there are no UGS facilities, the gas fate of the country is in the hands of neighbors - suppliers. Finland spat with Russia. There is no UGS, from the word "absolutely". Only the same Inchukalnske, in Latvia.
    There are also reverse examples.
    In Ukraine, the UGS capacity is about 32 billion cubic meters. Gas consumption under the USSR was about 50 billion cubic meters, by 2022. - about 30 billion. What is called, the Lord keeps fools.
    There are no others around the Inchukalns UGS facility in the North-West of the Russian Federation, in the Baltic States, the eastern part of Belarus, and Finland.
    And within the city limits of the city of Kaluga - underground storage facilities with a capacity of more than 5 billion cubic meters. For comparison, the largest UGS facility in Europe, Reden, 4,2 billion cubic meters.
    So, not everything is simple and unambiguous with UGS facilities. But Russia is provided with UGS quite enough.
    1. k7k8 Offline k7k8
      k7k8 (vic) 11 September 2022 13: 27
      0
      Quote: boriz
      And that's it, there are no other options.

      There is one more, but it did not take root due to the extremely high risks during creation. These are underground nuclear explosions at great depths.
      1. boriz Online boriz
        boriz (boriz) 11 September 2022 20: 26
        +1
        A nuclear explosion can be used to decorate an oil storage. Not suitable for gas. Rocks will crack, there will be a leak. In soft sedimentary rocks, there will be a thin layer of fusion around the explosion site, which will also crack when filled with gas.
        UGS facilities are made in water-bearing sands, which are bounded from above and below by dome-shaped clay layers. Clay layers must withstand gas pressure and be sufficiently plastic. The gas displaces the water and fills the sand layer.
        There are many conditions that must be met. For underground storage facilities, a nuclear explosion will do nothing. In addition, the gas from the epicenter of a nuclear explosion will enter your kitchen and you will breathe the products of combustion of all this. Would you like to?
    2. boriz Online boriz
      boriz (boriz) 23 September 2022 01: 16
      -2
      Sorry, I looked at the wrong line. In Kaluga, the volume of UGS facilities is 0,66 billion cubic meters.
  5. Yuri 5347 Offline Yuri 5347
    Yuri 5347 (Yuri) 10 September 2022 23: 22
    +1
    ...baby talk about the reasons for gas supplies.
    1. Monster_Fat Offline Monster_Fat
      Monster_Fat (What's the difference) 11 September 2022 13: 06
      0
      An excellent excuse. Only she does not roll. The Leningrad and Pskov regions have their own gas storage facilities, which are quite sufficient.
  6. ksa Offline ksa
    ksa 11 September 2022 15: 58
    +4
    But "Dreams do come true!" at Gazprom. You can invite Western stars to corporate parties; Gazprom cleaners can leave Gucci handbags in a taxi for a couple of thousand bucks. What about building a new UGS facility? So it's expenses, not income. Miller - who is he? Has he seen gas at least once in his life?
  7. Valera75 Offline Valera75
    Valera75 (Valery) 11 September 2022 17: 47
    0
    Quote: k7k8
    Madam, I take off my hat! You are able to design strategic missiles in two days, including LKI and putting them into service, and you are not averse to replacing Mr. Miller in managing large military groupings of the dock. It’s scary to think, but you probably know how to embroider with a cross? And you are not yet the president of Russia (or, in extreme cases, not his permanent representative in the federal district)?

    Has Latvia recently become Russophobic? Did we have little time to solve this problem and build storage facilities where they are needed?
    1. k7k8 Offline k7k8
      k7k8 (vic) 11 September 2022 18: 06
      -4
      Quote: Valera75
      to build storages where they are needed?

      This, of course, is an act of unheard of nobility that you stand up for the local hysterics, but a few posts above are one literate person boriz for you, turbopatriots, protesters with or without a reason, he put everything on the shelves. Nen has no desire to repeat all this to you again. I am sure that he does not burn with such a desire.
  8. Valera75 Offline Valera75
    Valera75 (Valery) 11 September 2022 19: 41
    +3
    Quote: k7k8
    This, of course, is an act of unheard of nobility that you stand up for the local hysterics,

    If my opinion coincided with someone, does this mean that I stand up? One opinion can coincide with a million people, then this lyam stood up for someone? Yes, I don’t need to explain anything, I myself see what is done where and how.

    UGS facilities are a gift from the Lord. It either exists or it doesn't. And nothing can be done about it.

    you send me to read this heresy? Do not make me laugh.

    The country's gas supply is carried out at the expense of current supplies and its own production (if any). And UGS smooths out uneven consumption over time and depending on temperature. Consumption is different at night and during the day, when it is cold outside and when it is warm and when it is hot. If current supplies are not enough, they take gas from underground storage facilities. If there are more supplies than consumption, excess gas is pumped into UGS facilities

    What if there is an accident or other force majeure? And what to do when the deposits are depleted?
    There are more than 20 UGS facilities in Russia, which means we know how to build and they are being built.

    UGS facilities are a gift from the Lord. It either exists or it doesn't. And nothing can be done about it

    There are more than 600 UGS facilities in the world, wow, how generous the Lord, he probably created them because the author of the lines, where are you sending me to read how he writes the truth

    And nothing can be done about it

    But to build, like those 600 or more UGS facilities, is not it? In addition to UGS facilities, gas pipelines are also being laid and made by people’s hands and not gifts from heaven laughing
  9. Grei grin Offline Grei grin
    Grei grin (Gray Grin) 12 September 2022 17: 24
    0
    The Kremlin and then profukalis!
  10. RFR Offline RFR
    RFR (RFR) 13 September 2022 20: 56
    0
    So for these achievements, Miller, the chief gas officer, received the Gold Star of the Hero ... Glory to our hucksters and authorities, who are doing everything for the good of the country ...