The Russian civil aviation industry has taken a step towards a real revival

The Russian civil aviation industry has taken a step towards a real revival

The refusal of Boeing and Airbus to sell new liners of their production to Russia and to service those already purchased by domestic airlines, as well as the ban on the supply of components necessary for the assembly of the “constructors” of the short-haul Superjet-100 and medium-haul MS-21 became a very painful blow to our countries whose sky has long been densely occupied by the products of Western corporations. Fortunately, the still remaining Soviet backlog in the civil aircraft industry gives hope for the revival of the industry.


A few days ago, Aeroflot and the United Aircraft Corporation (UAC) signed a framework agreement for the purchase of 2030 domestically produced aircraft by 339. The head of Rostec, Sergey Chemezov, commented on this momentous event as follows:

Boeing and Airbus aircraft, which are unlikely to ever be delivered to Russia again, will be replaced by Russian-made passenger liners. Of the 339 aircraft, almost 300 are new-generation MS-21 and Superjet aircraft. The Tu-214 will be a reliable help to them - this aircraft was previously produced for special customers and has proven itself well.


All in all, as President Putin promised the other day, Russian airlines will receive up to 500 Russian-assembled airliners. That is, the rest of the air carriers will purchase more than one and a half hundred new domestic aircraft. To master their operation, 3,5 thousand pilots will be retrained. However, the total number of airliners that our country should receive by 2030 is even higher. It is 1036 aircraft, including not only short-haul "Superjets" and medium-haul Tu-214 and MS-21, but also Il-96, Il-114, TVRS-44 Ladoga, L-410 and Baikal. The cost of the program for the development of the air transport industry for the specified period is estimated at 770 billion rubles.

Since Aeroflot is the flagship in the domestic air transportation market and renews its fleet every 10-15 years, the agreement it concluded with UAC indicates a fundamental decision to switch to Russian aircraft. In view of the current international situation, it seems exceptionally correct. Modern developments and modernized versions of Soviet liners will allow Russia to cover all its needs for civil aircraft in all segments on its own.

Long haul liners



Until recently, the joint Russian-Chinese wide-body passenger airliner CR929 was considered our “great white hope”. However, this project has not gone well lately. It happened exactly what we long ago predicted. Having received what they need Technology, Chinese partners began to insist on separate sales of CR929 manufactured in China and Russia. This aircraft no longer appears in the aircraft industry development program, which is very significant.

Now, in fact, Russia is left with only its own long-haul airliner Il-96. And it's not so bad. The Soviet-designed aircraft is large, reliable and roomy. Its version under the symbol Il-96-300PU (“control center”) is used personally by President Putin and Russian Defense Minister Shoigu. When the issue of resuming production of the Il-96-300 arose last spring, industry officials wanted to get rid of a modest two aircraft a year, obviously for show. Now, the Il-96-400M version is being actively tested, which has a fuselage extended by 9 meters, an upgraded digital flight and navigation system, a maximum flight range of more than 8 thousand kilometers and a maximum number of passenger seats - 370.

TASS's own source in the aviation industry commented on the prospects for the modernized Soviet aircraft as follows:

The first aircraft has been assembled and will be used as a flying laboratory to test technical solutions for wide-body long-haul aircraft. Modernized systems are being tested on it, including a promising domestic complex of flight and navigation equipment. The engine is also Russian - PS-90A. By the end of the year it is planned to take to the air. Based on the results of certification tests, a decision will be made on mass production.


Medium haul liners



Here we have two options to choose from. The first is the promising medium-haul narrow-body airliner MS-21, of which Aeroflot ordered 210 units. The main problem of this aircraft was a fairly high level of foreign components, which reached 50%. This allowed the "Western partners" to delay its launch into mass production as much as possible by banning the supply of composite materials for its "black wings", as well as on-board electronics.

Fortunately, the MS-21 was originally designed not only for the American, but also for the domestic PD-14 engine. We managed to solve the problem with composites on our own, now there is an import substitution of other components. While this process is going on, the revived Tu-21, of which Aeroflot is ready to purchase up to 214 units, will act as a “backup” of the MS-40. This is a direct competitor of the MS-21, which was undeservedly forgotten at one time. But now, as we see, even "Soviet galoshes" came in handy.

Short haul liners



According to the long-suffering "Superjet-100", three-quarters consisting of imported components, at one time only the lazy did not trample. This project was the embodiment of liberal ideas about broad international cooperation, which proved its complete failure under Western sanctions.

The short-haul SSJ-NEW ("New Superjet") is an airliner, the level of localization of production of which is declared at 97%. I would like to hope that this ambitious task of import substitution will be fully implemented on time. Aeroflot ordered 89 SSJ-NEWs. A peculiar addition to it will be the Il-114-300 turboprop short-haul passenger aircraft, built from Russian components and capable of carrying up to 64 passengers.

Regional liners



These include TVRS-44 "Ladoga" (turboprop regional aircraft for 44 passengers), Let L-410 Turbolet (light multi-purpose twin-engine aircraft for local airlines for 15-19 passengers) and LMS-901 "Baikal" (Russian light multi-purpose turboprop single-engine aircraft for 9 passengers).

By and large, movement has begun in the right direction, which can only be welcomed.
17 comments
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  1. zuuukoo Offline zuuukoo
    zuuukoo (Sergei) 8 September 2022 14: 49
    +7
    In general, there have been many such high-profile statements and ambitious contracts over the past 10 years.
    Many of them turned out to be puff.
    We will see what will happen this time in 5-6 years.
    But IMHO, if by 2030 the contract is completed by at least 40%, this will already be good.
  2. steelmaker Offline steelmaker
    steelmaker 8 September 2022 14: 53
    +4
    which our country should receive by 2030,

    Such prospects make me so tense and hard to believe. For 20 years they did nothing, and then they realized it. Previously, there were five-year plans, but now they are "fed" by some indefinite dates, when "a donkey or a donkey."
    1. Alexey Lan Offline Alexey Lan
      Alexey Lan (Alexey Lantukh) 9 September 2022 20: 27
      0
      To those terms should be added +5 years. And so everything is real because it already exists with the exception of the maize.
  3. zloybond Offline zloybond
    zloybond (steppenwolf) 8 September 2022 15: 03
    +4
    How many joyful articles on this topic today ... everyone clap their hands and throw caps in the air ....
    In fact - MS-21 again once again postpones the end of certification, it seems to the end of 24 years ...
    I’m generally silent about the unfortunate “corn planter” - every couple of three months over the past few years (about 10) we are reminded of a unique hang glider that is about to conquer the sky .... well, etc .... hi
    In general, everything looks like a smartphone that was joyfully advertised .... it seems a certain Maria ... showed a cool domestic smartphone made of foreign components in a cool video ... in the end, where is it ????.
  4. Alexander Nikitin. (Alexander Nikitin) 8 September 2022 16: 05
    0
    Good news, the main thing is that it would not be so later. United States, okay, you are good guys, we are lifting sanctions .. For those Boeings for you, and ours as usual, well, to hell with silts and so on
  5. JD1979 Offline JD1979
    JD1979 (Dmitriy) 8 September 2022 17: 15
    +1
    I will marry you, I will definitely marry you... someday... later... in the next life...
    Under these loud statements, the construction of new factories should already be started: new assembly lines for the aircraft themselves. New factories for the production of engines, factories for the production of components and spare parts, on-board electronics, and so on and so forth. And for this it is necessary to train thousands of specialists of real professions, who also need not be taught for two weeks, they also need to be found. The release rate of the same MS-21 should be from 100 boards per year, since this is the main workhorse, and for some reason I doubt that the threshold of at least 20 boards will be overcome, and then in 6-7 years.
  6. Jacques sekavar Offline Jacques sekavar
    Jacques sekavar (Jacques Sekavar) 8 September 2022 17: 30
    0
    The restoration of the civil aviation industry shows what an abyss Yeltsin and his gang brought down the Russian Federation and what kind of work V.V. Putin and his team need to regain their lost positions in the same aviation industry, and this is only one among many other industries and areas of industry and economy.
    1. goncharov.62 Offline goncharov.62
      goncharov.62 (Andrei) 8 September 2022 17: 54
      +1
      Moreover, leaving in their place the same ministers and officials from aviation and not only ...
      1. Jacques sekavar Offline Jacques sekavar
        Jacques sekavar (Jacques Sekavar) 10 September 2022 13: 48
        -1
        In order to assess the path taken from the Yeltsin coup d'état, the collapse of the USSR, economic devastation and civil war to today's tasks, one must understand the economic and industrial interconnection of different industries, the state of the scientific and industrial base.
        For some two decades, V.V. Putin managed to do what seemed impossible - not only to prevent the collapse of the Russian Federation into sovereign state formations such as the Far Eastern and Ural republics, but to revive education and science, create a system for training qualified personnel, raise agriculture and provide fodder independence of the Russian Federation, to establish the production of means of production, to restore the social sphere and defense capability. DA Medvedev, when he was president, once said - "there is no money, but you hold on." Vladimir Putin did not say anything of the kind, but he raised the state from its knees and forced everyone to reckon with the Russian Federation.
  7. Vox_Populi Offline Vox_Populi
    Vox_Populi (vox populi) 8 September 2022 20: 56
    0
    If we take into account the peculiarities of modern national planning and production, what will be released by 2030 is known only to the Almighty. You can most likely forget about the Czech L-410 due to sanctions, the "parent" Aircraft Industries returned to the Czech owner ...
  8. Viktor Kilipenko (Victor Kilipenko) 9 September 2022 05: 20
    +2
    Until the officials are responsible for their words with their position, or maybe with freedom, all this will remain empty, she said!
  9. bratchanin3 Offline bratchanin3
    bratchanin3 (Gennady) 9 September 2022 07: 40
    +4
    It is sad to be aware of the hustle and bustle in the development of the national modern aircraft industry. It is clear that this is the result of the influence of the comprador liberal leadership of Russia, focused on joining the Western community. Even today, when there is a war with the Anglo-Saxons of the West, Putin goes to the food agreement (his speech at the WEF), and then laments that he was blatantly deceived, in fact advertising his scam. It is sad to realize all this - there are a lot of institutions, they themselves are not fools, but in fact it turns out that suckers! It has long been necessary to forget about "international", and essentially Anglo-Saxon intermediary organizations and trade directly with friendly states, and those hostile to Russia only on a residual basis.
  10. Sergey Latyshev (Serge) 9 September 2022 09: 44
    +2
    And exactly the same people are in charge of all this .... who previously rotted the domestic aviation industry and lobbied for Boeings and purchases from abroad ...

    The conclusions are clear
  11. kriten Offline kriten
    kriten (Vladimir) 9 September 2022 10: 53
    0
    To live to see this at the planned pace .... paper will endure everything.
  12. Panikovsky Offline Panikovsky
    Panikovsky (Mikhail Samuelevich Panikovsky) 9 September 2022 16: 35
    -2
    In this case, the author is absolutely right. Russia, with its vast area, needs a huge number of aircraft, and this huge market for our stinking partners will be closed, like, forever. At the same time, our factories: aircraft-building, engine-building, instrument-making, metallurgical, etc. will be loaded with orders - mother do not cry. It's good that all sorts of Gaidars, Chubais and other Rynkoporeshails no longer rule.
  13. Dmitry Volkov Offline Dmitry Volkov
    Dmitry Volkov (Dmitry Volkov) 10 September 2022 12: 23
    0
    First you need to build the Tu-204SM, 214M and 334M, and the rest later!
  14. Alex D Online Alex D
    Alex D (Alex D) 12 October 2022 10: 09
    0
    They will probably cut half the budget, or even 2/3. Already got this idiocy!
    They will set the salary lower, and the difference will be cut and most likely taken out to "friendly" jurisdictions;) Until the compradors leave, NOTHING will change!
    They saw and steal everywhere - mainly for export and import, but also for government orders in healthcare, the defense industry, housing and communal services, etc. Stalin would have shot them! We need a new guard!