When is it worth waiting in the ranks of the promising Russian nuclear submarine "Arktur"

At the Army-2022 International Forum, a concept project of a promising Russian nuclear submarine under the atypical name Arctur was presented to the general public. Its no less unusual outlines attracted the increased attention of Western military experts and observers, who saw the submarine as a "threat to NATO." When is it realistic to expect the replenishment of the submarine of the Russian Navy with this promising new product?

What is known today about the Arcturus project? This is a promising strategic nuclear submarine, which in the future may replace our Borei. The length will be 134 meters, width - 15,7 meters, the crew - about 100 people. The displacement of nuclear submarines is 20% less than that of modern SSBNs, but its hull will be noticeably wider. The submarine was created using of technologies reducing visibility, its contours have a "faceted" shape. Stealth should become one of the main trump cards of the Russian submarine, a representative of the Rubin Design Bureau explained:

The new faceted shape of the Arcturus contours, together with a reduction in the size of the ship and a promising active coating, reduces the reflected sonar signal and reduces the detection range of the boat. The use of a distributed shaftless power plant with full electric propulsion helps to reduce noise, and the presence of two propulsion units increases the maneuverability and reliability of the missile carrier.

In a conventional nuclear power plant, the reactor generates heat, which is generated by steam that turns a turbine, which in turn turns a propeller shaft. On the Arcturus, the turbine will generate electricity, which will be fed to an electric motor that rotates the propeller. Such a scheme is necessary to reduce the number of rotating and rubbing mechanisms that give out a submarine with the sound of their work.

Particularly interesting are the weapons that are supposed to equip the Arcturus. Instead of 16 intercontinental ballistic missiles, the submarine should carry only 12. Apparently, this will be a modernized version of the R-30 Bulava ICBM, which our Boreys are armed with. A smaller number of missiles should be compensated by their greater power and ability to overcome the enemy's missile defense system. It is also possible to equip the Arcturus in any modification with Zircon-type hypersonic missiles.

In addition to terrible nuclear missiles, the promising submarine will be able to carry several controlled uninhabited underwater vehicles - Surrogate and Juno. The Surrogate will be equipped with a large conformal array sonar, water jet propulsion and a non-acoustic enemy submarine detection system. Its task is to search for targets as a “faithful wingman” and aim the Arcturus or other means of destroying ships and submarines of the Russian Navy at them. "Juno" is a deep-sea research vehicle capable of descending to 1000 meters to survey the seabed, perform rescue and security operations.

All this impressed the British columnist Tariq Tahir so much that he involuntarily remembered the James Bond films:

Russia has unveiled its most advanced stealth submarine, the Arcturus, equipped with 12 nuclear missiles and drones, to warn the West. The new boat is named after the brightest star in the northern celestial hemisphere, suggesting it is designed to operate in the Arctic... The Arcturus has a Bond-villain-style bay to launch underwater drones aimed at destroying enemy submarines. But the most striking thing about the design is that it has a sloping outer hull with sloped sides and flowing lines.

Indeed, Mr. Tahir quite accurately noted that the composition of the weapons of the nuclear submarine and its name in honor of the brightest northern star Arcturus hint at the region where it will operate. SSBN "Arktur", if built, is intended primarily for the needs of the Northern Fleet of the Russian Federation. That's just really waiting for her appearance is still very far away.

The concept project, demonstrated in the form of a layout, is just the very first stage when it is decided how much it can really be in demand. A number of key technologies that are embedded in Arcturus simply do not exist yet. We do not have intercontinental ballistic missiles that would fit into the reduced hull of nuclear submarines and correspond to the declared tactical and technical characteristics. So far, there are no more powerful and at the same time compact nuclear reactors. There are no “hardware” and corresponding underwater drones. "Surrogate" is an initiative development, currently representing a "torpedo" with a length of 17 meters and a displacement of 40 tons. It will not fit into the dimensions of the Arcturus hull, it needs to be improved. The Juno underwater robotic system is also under development.

If the concept project of a promising submarine still receives approval, a realistic new SSBN can be expected in the ranks of the Russian Navy in a decade and a half to two decades.
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  1. Denis Z Offline Denis Z
    Denis Z (Denis Z) 20 August 2022 10: 58
    Another layout
  2. steelmaker Offline steelmaker
    steelmaker 20 August 2022 12: 26
    When is it worth waiting in the ranks of the promising Russian nuclear submarine "Arktur"

    When the cancer on the mountain whistles!
    1. Ulan.1812 Offline Ulan.1812
      Ulan.1812 (Boris Gerasimov) 4 October 2022 10: 20
      Already whistled. You overslept everything.
  3. Alexey Lan Offline Alexey Lan
    Alexey Lan (Alexey Lantukh) 20 August 2022 16: 12
    There is a Ukrainian proverb: riches with a thought.
  4. Sergey Latyshev Offline Sergey Latyshev
    Sergey Latyshev (Serge) 20 August 2022 21: 34
    Judging by the past "concept projects", the boat can not be expected. PR passed, the media voiced - it's done
    And that none of the above is even in the working draft - they don’t even hide
    Concepts in any design bureau are a wagon with a trolley, projects - a small trolley, and in real life, after improvements, a children's scoop remains. , and even that effective managers optimize in terms of time and money ...
  5. Vova Zhelyabov Offline Vova Zhelyabov
    Vova Zhelyabov (Vova Zhelyabov) 21 August 2022 04: 10
    From advanced development to mass production usually takes 10-15 years. In the USSR, these terms were half as long, but the samples themselves were simpler and cheaper.
  6. Moray Boreas Offline Moray Boreas
    Moray Boreas (Morey Borey) 21 August 2022 13: 22
    The underwater vehicle must be on fundamentally different propulsion. Screws, shafts, nuclear installations ... this is the last century. Should be like a fish. Hull and tail