The resumption of production of the Ukrainian An-140 will create competition for the Russian "Ladoga"

The special military operation carried out by the Russian Armed Forces in the South-East of Ukraine is clearly making many Russian big businessmen look closely at the industrial enterprises and other valuable assets that are located there. Otherwise, it is rather difficult to explain the unexpected interest of Oleg Deripaska's Samara Aviakor in resuming production of the An-140 aircraft, which is almost entirely assembled from Ukrainian components. What can come of all this?


The Aviakor aircraft building plant is located in Samara and is part of the Russian Machines holding, which is controlled by Deripaska's Basic Element. This is perhaps the only major aviation enterprise in the country that is not part of the United Aircraft Corporation (UAC). Over the years of its existence, it has produced more than 22 thousand aircraft of various types, military and civil, including Il-2, Tu-4, Tu-94, Tu-154, Tu-142 and others. Currently, its main activity is the repair and maintenance of Tu-154, Tu-95 and An-140 aircraft.

On the sidelines of a recent international economic forum in St. Petersburg, the governor of the Samara region, Dmitry Azarov, made the following statement:

I want the company to produce planes again. We understand what kind of planes, but it's too early to talk about it ... This is not a quick process. I hope that we will be able to do a lot to revive the full production of aircraft in Samara.

The governor sees the future of the Aviakor plant in cooperation with the Ural Civil Aviation Plant and UAC:

Of course, they all dreamed of not only repairing, but also restoring aircraft production at Aviakor. If the enterprise and the owner of the enterprise succeed in building the right system of relationships and cooperation, then, I am sure, Aviakor will receive a second birth. It is too early to talk about fixing any agreements here, but for my part I will help to ensure that such agreements are reached.

And here it is necessary to figure out which particular aircraft we are talking about. If it is precisely the “restoration of production” that is meant, then this may be the Ukrainian An-140.

This is a turboprop regional cargo-passenger aircraft designed to carry 52 passengers or cargo over a distance of up to 3700 km. It was developed by the Antonov State Enterprise to replace the aging An-24 and An-26. In 2010, UAC and Antonov agreed to establish a joint venture for the production of aircraft of this type. In 2013, Aviakor and Antonov signed an agreement on the development of military transport versions of the An-140-100 (named An-140T and An-140S). The acquisition of cargo and passenger versions of the Ukrainian aircraft was also in the plans of the Russian Defense Ministry before the events of 2014.

The problem lies precisely in the fact that the An-140 consists almost entirely of Ukrainian-made components. The wings were supplied by the Kharkov Aviation Plant (KhGAPP), the fuselages were supplied by both KSAMC and Aviakor, the engines and auxiliary power units were supplied by Motor Sich, the propellers were supplied by NPP Aerosila, the landing gear was supplied by the Yuzhmash enterprise, and only the assembly of the aircraft was carried out. on the Russian Aviakor. After the Maidan, KSAMC quickly went bankrupt, and the rest of Ukrainian enterprises stopped supplying us with their components. Aviakor almost got a penalty from the RF Ministry of Defense for breaching the contract.

And now what? Hoping to return Kharkiv, Zaporozhye and Dnepropetrovsk, restoring the former cooperative ties? So their industrial enterprises are now actively “calibrating”, and valuable equipment is being exported from Motor Sich and Ivchenko-Progress. Doesn't add up. In 2014, this had to be done, but now the train has left.


It cannot be said that we didn’t do anything at all and just sat exactly on the stove, but in the end it still turned out, as always. Back in 1985, by order of Aeroflot, the Czechoslovak company Let Kunovice developed a 44-seat twin-engine turboprop aircraft Let L-610, designed to replace the An-24 and operate in difficult conditions. In 1989, the novelty was demonstrated at Le Bourget, 8 aircraft were produced. However, in the sovereign Russian Federation, the Let L-610 was of no use to anyone, in 2006 it was abandoned, all equipment and the production reserve were destroyed.

We remembered this project only after the Ukrainian partners "threw" us from the An-140. In 2018, it was decided to buy out the entire technical documentation for the resumption of mass production. This aircraft should occupy an intermediate niche between the 19-seat Czech Let L-410 "Turbolet" and the Russian 68-seat Il-114-300.

The new-old cargo-passenger aircraft was named TVRS-44 (Turboprop Regional Aircraft for 44 seats) "Ladoga". Its flight range will be 1250 km, operating altitude - 7620 m, cruising speed - 530 km / h, payload - 5000 kg, capacity - 44 people, including 2 pilots. The weak point of the Ladoga was its power plant, but specifically for it, Rostec developed the TV7-117ST-02 engine with a closed oil system based on the more powerful TV7-117ST-01, designed for the passenger Il-114-300.

The TVRS-44 will be assembled by UZGA, so it is not entirely clear what exactly the Samara governor is counting on. To produce the same aircraft at two sites at once? But how cost effective will it be? Participate in the production of Ladoga by supplying components for it? But at Aviakor they dream of full-fledged production. Or do they still secretly dream of the return of Kharkov, Zaporozhye and Dnepropetrovsk? But then who will emerge victorious from the internal competition between Ladoga and An-140? Questions, questions.
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  1. mark1 Offline mark1
    mark1 19 July 2022 19: 33
    Internal competition is good, it’s bad that the second Yak-40 is not remotorized, such a pair would compete less and most fully complement each other. But there are slightly different considerations for the An-140 - it's more like competition (if done with a ramp) for the Il-112.
  2. kalita Offline kalita
    kalita (Alexander) 19 July 2022 19: 50
    I wonder where they are going to build them when everything will be destroyed sooner or later. And there will be no more Ukraine.
  3. Andreysradinsky Offline Andreysradinsky
    Andreysradinsky (Andrew) 19 July 2022 20: 26
    Something tells us that when the production of the AN-140 is restored, the time will come for Ladoga to be written off for the development of a resource.
  4. Marzhecki Offline Marzhecki
    Marzhecki (Sergei) 19 July 2022 20: 36
    Quote: kalita
    And there will be no more Ukraine.

    Is not a fact negative With these "peacekeepers" Ukraine has excellent chances to survive and become a nuclear power.
    1. Vamp Offline Vamp
      Vamp (wamp) 20 July 2022 14: 59
      Quote: Marzhetsky
      С these "peacekeepers" Ukraine has excellent chances to survive and become a nuclear power.

      You not these?

      And according to the article.
      TVR-44 "Ladoga" has nothing in common with the L-610, only some external resemblance. This project was made based on the L-610, An-140, ..., but taking into account modern technologies, the needs of the main customers (there was a collection of opinions and wishes) and for Russian components.
    2. The comment was deleted.
  5. Sergey Latyshev Offline Sergey Latyshev
    Sergey Latyshev (Serge) 19 July 2022 21: 34
    Idealism, IMHO.
    If you remember the basics, then imperialism is in the yard, so of course there is interest. to resources.
    Raw materials of aluminium, titanium, fertilizers have long been not only looked at, but also purchased in Ukraine.
    And they are looking at the Old Man, but ... so far he has fought back.
    And officials have not a word about An anywhere, this is purely logistical fantasy - to build something "from Ukrainian components" after "calibration".

    It's just that everything must first be "laundered" - again designing, prototyping, rewarding and rebuilding ...
  6. zloybond Offline zloybond
    zloybond (steppenwolf) 19 July 2022 22: 31
    ..... and only the assembly of the aircraft was carried out on the Russian Aviakor ...... And so it is everywhere.
    I remember mini tractors, machine tools .... the nameplate was torn off and under it China or something else ... and only the assembly or sticker of the nameplate betrayed "domestic" production in it))) hi
    and remember Koby Russian processors and smartphones ..... you can envy yourself)))))
  7. LeeSeeTsin Offline LeeSeeTsin
    LeeSeeTsin (Stas) 20 July 2022 00: 19
    This is not a fast process.

    Something smelled of Borisov, the conversation was about UAVs. Directly word for word. Here is a real plane. So we will wait ... for a long time.
  8. Scharnhorst Offline Scharnhorst
    Scharnhorst (Scharnhorst) 20 July 2022 06: 01
    The author is trying to pass off wet dreams to warm the unclean hands of the provincial governor Manilov as technopatriotism from a small-town oligarch. I hope Manturov will deal with the "noodles" from Borisov and will be engaged in the real production of high-tech products in his own country and not the restoration of Ukrainian ruins for the Russian budget.
  9. Marzhecki Offline Marzhecki
    Marzhecki (Sergei) 20 July 2022 07: 47
    Quote: Scharnhorst
    The author is trying to pass off wet dreams to warm the unclean hands of the provincial governor Manilov as technopatriotism from a small-town oligarch.

    I do not think that Deripaska suffers from technopatriotism. But to warm one's hands at the expense of other people's assets and the development of various projects is quite.

    and not the restoration of ukroruina for the Russian budget.

    If everything goes the way it is on Ua, with agreements and truces, then in the end we will also pay reparations for restoration. In the form of "gestures of good will."
    1. Vladimir Orlov Offline Vladimir Orlov
      Vladimir Orlov (Vladimir) 20 July 2022 12: 51
      as a cure for pacification, more Chechens should be added. And do not dissolve the DNR / LNR. The former would consider such "gestures" as extreme weakness (and then the 1995-1999s may be repeated), the latter as betrayal.
      1. anclevalico Offline anclevalico
        anclevalico (Victor) 25 July 2022 12: 58
        Not the first time they see betrayal. 2014, then Bucha, who showed that we still know how to throw.
    2. Vamp Offline Vamp
      Vamp (wamp) 20 July 2022 15: 21
      Quote: Marzhetsky
      If everything goes as it is on Ua, with agreements and truces, then in the end we will also pay reparations

      Yet you do not see anything beyond your UA!

      Ukraine is a tool with which the West wanted to shake Russia, but the initiative was seized and the West is being shaken.

      In the West, for such a special operation-war in Ukraine, their hands are strongly tied and they have to stupidly, uncontrollably throw in loot and other resources. At the same time, this loot has to be taken away from its population through inflation, which is already leading to political instability, the collapse of the economy, the collapse of unions and their constituent countries. Therefore, there is no need for Russia to rush and there is no need to increase military spending, which is not now depleting its economy. During mobilization, gross production will immediately begin to decline and spending on the army will increase - this will lead to various crises in the country.
  10. Eyed Jack Offline Eyed Jack
    Eyed Jack (Big-eyed Jack) 20 July 2022 11: 26
    Deripaska intends to produce the aircraft without the consent of the copyright holder, the Antonov company?
    1. The comment was deleted.
  11. Vladimir Orlov Offline Vladimir Orlov
    Vladimir Orlov (Vladimir) 20 July 2022 12: 38
    It may be too early for questions - before the end of the NWO (in the "aviation belt" of Urkaina), it is hardly unrealistic to launch anything related to the Academy of Sciences. And what remains / ruins - it will be easier to build from scratch.
    There have always been Wishlists, especially for Deripaska's Basel, but it's certain that he really doesn't like / doesn't know how to invest in the production of a new one (just look at the fate of, for example, the purchased and closed Krasnoyarsk Pulp and Paper Mill, UAZ, aluminum production at all plants of the group, in the end - only foil is made from "high processing stages", the lines have been around since the times of the USSR, and aluminum in "pigs" is also being exported for export - as in 1990).
    Therefore, it is frankly a pity to waste time on the dreams of the oligarchs and such "lured" officials, it will not end in anything. Comrades are trying to get state. investment from the fed. budget. But even here it is easier to increase the scale of existing enterprises from the UAC - with design bureaus and competencies for the construction of new aircraft, and not just their repair.
  12. kriten Offline kriten
    kriten (Vladimir) 27 July 2022 16: 53
    About nothing. List of impossible dreams.