In the Russian Federation, technologies have been developed that allow the production of scarce microchips


The Ruselectronics company, which is part of the Rostec State Corporation, has developed an innovative technology production of single-crystal silicon from domestic raw materials. This development gives a very strong hope that the Russian industry of microchips and electronic devices will enter the full path of import substitution. The details of the technology are disclosed by the official press service of NPP Salyut.


The discovery lies in the development of a method for obtaining pure single-crystal silicon from Russian materials, which is characterized by a resistance of 1000 ohms per centimeter.

Thanks to this invention, it is possible to completely replace foreign products in Russia and supplies from abroad, from now on it is possible not to import raw materials for the production of the necessary material

- says the general director of Salyut Alexander Bushuev.

The sample has already been presented at several international industrial exhibitions. The Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation acted as the customer for the development.

A key feature of the production technology is a step-by-step process for obtaining material using synthesis. Monosilane is obtained from silicon dioxide, then polycrystalline material, and then the desired monocrystalline silicon is obtained from this semi-finished product. Previously, this process was carried out abroad, and the final result was exported to our country.

Now the way is open to the production of silicon wafers for the manufacture of the element base of power electronics, such as transistors, thermistors, power rectifiers

Bushuev said.

Such a breakthrough in the technological process of obtaining the main material of electronics closes a gap in the domestic chip manufacturing industry, which until recently was heavily dependent on foreign equipment and materials. From now on, within the framework of the state, it is possible to successfully overcome the shortage of microchips that has arisen on the world market, and not to wait for deliveries from Taiwan or China to begin, and also not to be afraid of technological sanctions.

As you know, silicon wafers for the Russian Elbrus processor are produced in Asia. After the imposition of sanctions, the Russian customer cannot even receive ready-made blanks. Great hope is placed on mastering their production in the Russian Federation as soon as the production of machines for silicon lithography is launched. After that, it will be possible to produce chips that are in demand in almost all industries and the automotive industry in Russia.
  • Photos used: pixabay.com
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  1. Dukhskrepny Offline Dukhskrepny
    Dukhskrepny (Vasya) 7 July 2022 10: 40
    +3
    Something, but they learned to report and engage in fraud under Putin at +5
    1. sat2004 Offline sat2004
      sat2004 7 July 2022 11: 15
      0
      I fully support you. Soon there will be a report "as you said (asked) ..."
    2. Expert_Analyst_Forecaster 9 July 2022 06: 20
      +1
      That is, before Putin, this was not the case? All the reports were true and there was no fraud, right? Well, yes, we know that the task has been set to topple Putin. And we see who is working on this task.
      1. Dukhskrepny Offline Dukhskrepny
        Dukhskrepny (Vasya) 9 July 2022 21: 20
        -3
        Who will bring him down? He's a monument!
      2. sat2004 Offline sat2004
        sat2004 11 July 2022 12: 20
        0
        I remember Maskhadov boasting "first they report to me, and then to Yeltsin." Maybe he lied?
  2. El13 Offline El13
    El13 (El13) 7 July 2022 10: 47
    0
    The talent of a journalist to mix everything into one salad ...
  3. Bulanov Offline Bulanov
    Bulanov (Vladimir) 7 July 2022 11: 03
    +6
    The sample has already been presented at several international industrial exhibitions.

    It is a pity that in almost everything there are only samples, and not consumer goods. They cannot bring good developments to mind. Where are the Russian Ilona Masks? How successfully they reported on super-drones for the RF Armed Forces. And as a result, they are not there and the people are collecting a pretty penny to buy Chinese for the RF Armed Forces. Meanwhile, the oligarchs, who bought Soviet factories for a penny, sigh about their huge yachts arrested in the West. It would be better if they made drones for the RF Armed Forces, and not yachts for their loved ones.
  4. sat2004 Offline sat2004
    sat2004 7 July 2022 11: 20
    +3
    Previously, a computer occupied the area of ​​a football field, now it fits in a phone, 80 years have passed. As a friend said, "I'm sorry, I'll help you in 5 years." So, we are waiting for 5 years, or maybe 10. Then we will see.
  5. Jacques sekavar Offline Jacques sekavar
    Jacques sekavar (Jacques Sekavar) 7 July 2022 11: 31
    +6
    This is all very well, but it requires equipment for mass production, and the Netherlands, a member of the EU-NATO, has a monopoly in this.
    It would not have turned out that they wanted the best, but it turned out as always - they would sell the technology to the West, and then they would buy their products. There are many examples of this, take at least oil - they drive crude, they process it there and we buy their additives, oils produced from our oil for our cars.
    1. Expert_Analyst_Forecaster 9 July 2022 06: 25
      +2
      There are many examples of this, take at least oil - they drive crude, they process it there and we buy their additives, oils produced from our oil for our cars.

      This is an old lie. Look at the import structure. The share of crude oil and just gas is constantly falling, and derivatives from gas and oil are being sold more and more. By the way, they are constantly either building new processing plants or modernizing old ones. It is clear that it is impossible to cover everything, but it is simply stupid not to notice the trend. Or not stupid, but intentionally written lies.
  6. steelmaker Online steelmaker
    steelmaker 7 July 2022 14: 04
    0
    Until there is a result - trust the authorities, do not respect yourself!
    1. KLV Offline KLV
      KLV (Konstantin) 17 July 2022 15: 52
      0
      What a monstrously clumsy Russian language you have! The meaning of what is written is distorted terribly! It seems that you have written more letters and words in your life than you have read them in books.
  7. wichera65 Offline wichera65
    wichera65 (Vladimir Baranlv) 7 July 2022 23: 34
    0
    A year ago, I would have voted too, I DO NOT BELIEVE! But now our rulers have come to their senses, and smart men have appeared in the government (Mishustin, Belousov, Borisov). So, I believe that the matter in microelectronics has moved off the ground.
    1. aslanxnumx Offline aslanxnumx
      aslanxnumx (Aslan) 8 July 2022 14: 01
      -2
      They came to their senses, they gave a kick in the ass, now they are thinking how to produce something. As for producing, probably piece-wise, there are no analogues.
      1. Expert_Analyst_Forecaster 9 July 2022 06: 33
        +4
        You are constantly counting money in other people's pockets. This describes you perfectly.
        I read your comments not for the first time. There is no sense in them for a penny, only resentment for their poverty. Everyone is to blame, reptiles, thieves and parasites. Obviously, the meaning of your life has become to poison us with your negativity. You shorten your life, but I will not pity you. Live as long as you can. We have a lot of mourners like you in Russia, too many.
  8. Sergey Latyshev Offline Sergey Latyshev
    Sergey Latyshev (Serge) 8 July 2022 00: 16
    +3
    So we could produce Chips ourselves before.
    The problems are completely different. Unpunished Theft of the dough - in Zelenograd, since the 2000s, 2 waves of state funds have been ruined in the production of new chips. Cheapness and mass. Reliability for space and military-industrial complex. Manufacturability.
    All this is not there, but single samples, yes. happy to shine in photos and exhibitions ... until the next reorganization.
    1. zenion Offline zenion
      zenion (zinovy) 8 July 2022 16: 44
      -1
      And instead of execution, or 25 years of the development of Siberia, movement through the service. But this is a sabotage which is not a sabotage for the vertical. What rode, this met.
  9. shinobi Offline shinobi
    shinobi (Yuri) 8 July 2022 03: 18
    +1
    To all the mourners, putin-sealers and others like them: If everything is as you imagine, where does our military-industrial complex get so many microelectronics for the element base of our missiles, electronic warfare, radar, avionics? Especially for missiles. Judging by the intensity of use, either the stock is unmeasured, or the same there is own production. And judging by all the oohs and aahs in the domestic media, we are talking about civilian products of private companies, the military only smiles. According to all the forecasts of Western and local liberal analysts, missiles and industrial stocks for their production should have ended two months ago.
    1. Ignatov Oleg Georgievich (Oleg) 8 July 2022 05: 30
      +2
      Shinobi, it’s good that some didn’t agree that instead of chips, suicide bombers sit in our Caliber and steer at targets with their hands.
    2. aslanxnumx Offline aslanxnumx
      aslanxnumx (Aslan) 9 July 2022 08: 56
      -2
      Super chips are not used in missiles and avionics. There was information that when studying the wreckage of Caliber, imported components were found. An ordinary navigator was shown in the cockpit of our helicopters. It is not expensive and it is not difficult to adapt it to the same Caliber. Any chip can be produced, but lithographic there is no equipment as produced by a Dutch company. It was not profitable for the state, that is to say, for officials, because our state is officials who think about their pockets.
      1. DV tam 25 Offline DV tam 25
        DV tam 25 (DV tam 25) 9 July 2022 11: 26
        +2
        Are you seriously? Are you from Ukraine or what? They say the monkeys were brought from Africa and dressed in embroidered shirts. You look from afar and you see - a Ukrainian is coming, and he came closer ... well, it’s definitely a real Ukrainian! In short, there is no difference between monkeys and Ukrainians. And mob. the resource was pulled up. All Ukrainian monkeys are given grenades.
      2. shinobi Offline shinobi
        shinobi (Yuri) 11 July 2022 07: 39
        +1
        Do you yourself understand what kind of heresy you are writing? Superchips do not exist as such, in general. The term itself was put into use by some journalist very far from the topic. For your general development: The chip currently used in Chinese musical cards and talking toys, with the same power as that used in the onboard computer of the Apollo lunar modules and an order of magnitude smaller than it. Chips from mobile phones (actually like they themselves with minimal alteration ) The 3rd generation can be used in navigation, guidance and detonation initiation systems, which is demonstrated to us by various "kulibins" around the world. If we proceed from such logic, then we are packed with microchips and processors for the most unfortunate years ahead, it is enough to go through the offices on buying electronic second-hand from the population.
        1. zenion Offline zenion
          zenion (zinovy) 11 July 2022 15: 38
          0
          If earlier there were 100 transistors on a certain area, as you write, now 1000 transistors are installed on the same area, that's what an increase in density is. Microcircuits for computers with the same value increased the number of components by a thousand times. This is what is called, not the size of the details in 70 microns, but a decrease in the value to 20 and 10 microns. The density and the number of components increase many times over. Now they want to use diamond for the manufacture of chips, which can withstand a heating temperature of 1000 degrees. Worked in a jeweler. He heated the diamond to 1000 degrees, the gold melted under it, it turned red like a cherry, then when cooled, the structure returned and the cut was restored. It will be possible to reduce the component to 1-5 microns on such a substrate, if there are machines.
          1. shinobi Offline shinobi
            shinobi (Yuri) 12 July 2022 01: 49
            0
            Correct me, but I read in one book that diamonds "burn" at 700 degrees of heating. Or did you heat them in a vacuum chamber?
            1. zenion Offline zenion
              zenion (zinovy) 13 July 2022 11: 50
              0
              Diamonds do not burn at this temperature. Ingoda, the leg holding the diamond breaks off during installation. Without any commotion, a new leg is soldered and nothing burns. Now there are so many things that horror. Diamond is graphite, and graphite does not burn. Artificial diamonds are made at high temperature and strong pressure. Inside some diamonds there are black dots, this is graphite.
              1. shinobi Offline shinobi
                shinobi (Yuri) 15 July 2022 13: 09
                0
                Graphite doesn’t burn? Oh, how! It burns, and how. And it lights up just at 700 ° C. Wiki and a chemistry textbook to help you
                1. zenion Offline zenion
                  zenion (zinovy) 9 August 2022 14: 20
                  0
                  Have you tried burning real graphite instead of the one in the pencil? Diamond is highly melted graphite at very high pressure. Graphite is used for nuclear power plants because it can withstand high temperatures and pressures.
                  1. shinobi Offline shinobi
                    shinobi (Yuri) 10 August 2022 12: 26
                    0
                    I set it on fire. Unintentionally, though. When the chemical reactor was opened, the graphite catalyst ignited from the burner.
  10. hlp5118 Offline hlp5118
    hlp5118 (hlp) 8 July 2022 09: 38
    0
    Thanks to Boris Nikolaevich, Gaidar, Chubais. Today, there are pathetic attempts in the production of chips using 70nm technology, and the whole world works at 10 - 5nm.
    1. Expert_Analyst_Forecaster 9 July 2022 08: 27
      +2
      Today, there are pathetic attempts in the production of chips using 70nm technology, and the whole world works at 10 - 5nm.

      The whole world? Truth? And after all, everyone produces the chips themselves at 10 - 5 nm, right?
      Or do you not understand the difference between the words: produce and work (use)?
      As always, several leading countries are taken and compared with them. These few countries - "the whole world"?
      The purpose of such a comparison is to devalue Russia's achievements. Commonly used by residents b. Ukraine, which do not have any production of chips. Although, according to you, they should - if "the whole world works at 10 - 5 nm".
    2. aslanxnumx Offline aslanxnumx
      aslanxnumx (Aslan) 9 July 2022 08: 47
      -1
      Chubais worked another 20 under Putin, and nothing. So it was profitable for him. And they let him go over the hill.
    3. DV tam 25 Offline DV tam 25
      DV tam 25 (DV tam 25) 9 July 2022 11: 27
      0
      Hold on! Chips will be brought to you by steamers. Hold positions in WOT!
    4. zenion Offline zenion
      zenion (zinovy) 9 August 2022 14: 27
      0
      As soon as they began to issue high-quality chips, Chubais immediately fled. He is afraid that the United States will imprison him, he did not complete the task in order to save everything and therefore he is to blame for the fact that it turned out as many as two chips, which he bought through the anus in the West, assuring everyone that he did not sleep at night, it dawned on him and he built himself, personally, these chips. They even have a seal proving that they are made in Russia. There is such an inscription "made by a zapadl" that is, somewhere there. But it's secret. It's not his fault that they don't work. The brand of gasoline produced in Russia is not suitable for these chips. It will be necessary to buy gasoline with a zapad. Here's a bad one, he escaped and took with him the secret of making these chips in Russia.
  11. greenchelman Offline greenchelman
    greenchelman (Grigory Tarasenko) 8 July 2022 13: 38
    -4
    "Decision close to ingenious"
    Due to the shortage of chips, the superminds from Sberbank began to pick them out of non-activated cards. This breakthrough was announced by the head of the cybersecurity department of Sberbank Olga Maklashina.
    Here is your card - not a bit, not painted.

    1. aslanxnumx Offline aslanxnumx
      aslanxnumx (Aslan) 9 July 2022 08: 46
      0
      Sberbank is not interested in our problems, the main thing for him is to cut the loot, which he does. A monopolist in the banking business, the percentage now from 29 and above. 2015 was 23 percent. He manages to sell the bank to himself, to earn millions of dollars by changing the name.
      1. zenion Offline zenion
        zenion (zinovy) 9 August 2022 14: 30
        0
        You inattentively read what is written on the wall. This is not "Sberbank", but "stole the bank."
  12. zenion Offline zenion
    zenion (zinovy) 8 July 2022 16: 41
    0
    It was 36 years ago. But then very “smart” nonhumans came and all this disappeared, then disappeared altogether.
  13. Indifferent Offline Indifferent
    Indifferent 10 July 2022 06: 48
    +1
    I read the comments and was surprised. Why are there so many evil and nasty! And after all, solid "experts" in electronics! Many do not even know that it is impossible to create 5nm technology from the point of view of physics. It's a lie and an advertisement. It’s like 200 watts was written on a Chinese tweeter of 20 milliwatts, and now 50 nm is written at 5 nm. Who will check?
    As for the production of single-crystal silicon, this is our old technology developed in the USSR. They just abandoned it, and now someone remembered and brought it to mind.
    And we also have the Mikron company. Makes electronics for a long time and a lot. Satisfies all our consumers. I heard an interview with the manager. A young, knowledgeable professional. They were given money for development. So that nothing will stall and will not wither. I understand that this is not visible from your stale sofas, but this is a fact. And our "endless" high-precision missiles are proof of this.
    1. Pavel N Offline Pavel N
      Pavel N (Paul) 10 July 2022 20: 59
      0
      Indifferent, Everything you write is correct ...
    2. aslanxnumx Offline aslanxnumx
      aslanxnumx (Aslan) 11 July 2022 12: 59
      0
      And what is in these missiles that Russia cannot produce. There are no super chips. I have a lot of experience in operating the radar from 1984 to 1998. The fewer conductors there were, the more reliable the station was. And the performance depended on the number of spare boards. China does not produce super chips, the Americans did not share technology. They did not share with us either, the USSR was able to copy and develop a lot of things. I live in Nalchik, know how many factories there were - electro-vacuum, telemechanics, semiconductor, high-voltage, etc. From none of this works, there are many such examples. Sitting on the couch, we hear about uniqueness, there are no analogues. This means piece production. And the current youth, by no means, is drawn to the young Ustinov D.F.. Earning money is one thing, but organizing and producing production is another.
    3. zenion Offline zenion
      zenion (zinovy) 9 August 2022 14: 36
      0
      You reminded one court that was in Odessa. Just about everyone satisfies.

      Abram divorces Sarah. The judge asks - what is the reason for the divorce? Abram - she does not satisfy me. A voice from the audience - look at him, satisfies all of Odessa, but Abram is not!

      Have you seen these chips, touched them over there and it says on there that it was made over there? So why were there purchases for over there overseas? I understand that it is necessary to raise the spirit of the people, but with increased inhalation, you can lose consciousness. Better a little truth than a lie without end. It's amazing that no one but you saw it.
  14. Spasatel Offline Spasatel
    Spasatel 12 July 2022 00: 05
    0
    Who will be engaged in microelectronics today?
    She is dead forever!
    Do you even understand that even in the next hundred years this cannot be made up?
    There are no factories, no workers, no science. Those who did this have already died, or are living their last years. Only lawyers, lawyers, managers, merchandisers and other office clunks are left, and they are multiplying.
    And the population of the Russian Federation is declining by a million a year!
    And as a person involved in electronics, I can say that you can get out of almost any situation, only the matter rests on reliability indicators and dimensions.
    But who needs a Russian iPhone the size of a three-leaf wardrobe?
    And he will work for a week at most ...
  15. weddu Offline weddu
    weddu (Kolya) 18 July 2022 11: 58
    -1
    Yes, here I look in the comments only crests correspond with Jews ...
  16. wladimirjankov Offline wladimirjankov
    wladimirjankov (Vladimir Yankov) 25 July 2022 21: 53
    0
    you need your own lithographic equipment no worse, but better than that of the Dutch. After all, there were backlogs on it since the days of the USSR. Putin needs to set a task for science and the military-industrial complex and achieve its implementation. Not just to allocate money and sign a resolution or decree, but to appoint a responsible person, deadlines and constantly monitor the progress of work and demand results. It's like the atomic bomb project. Russia simply cannot help but have its own electronics industry and its own electronic base. Without it, we will not be able to create anything modern and we will not be able to become a developed and independent country.
    1. aslanxnumx Offline aslanxnumx
      aslanxnumx (Aslan) 10 August 2022 15: 52
      0
      Putin sets many tasks, the performers run to perform, only in the other direction to the box office.
  17. viktor goblin Offline viktor goblin
    viktor goblin (viktor goblin) 16 August 2022 08: 02
    0
    as soon as the production of machines for lithography on silicon is launched ...

    - i.e. - never. And "blanks" are the simplest of thousands of production chains!