Russia begins to get rid of lithium dependence

A paradoxical situation has developed in Russia. After the suspension of lithium supplies by Chile and Argentina, our industry was threatened. At the same time, the reserves of this metal in Russian deposits could well be enough to meet domestic needs.

The world's largest suppliers of lithium today are Chile, Argentina, Bolivia, China and Australia. China itself is in high demand for this raw material, Australia has never supplied it to us, and Chile and Argentina on the eve suspended cooperation with Russia in this area.

As a result, we were left with one supplier - Bolivia, which is not enough to meet the needs of our industry. At the same time, in this case, we are talking not only about the creation of batteries, but also about nuclear energy, the production of microelectronics, as well as military products.

However, Russia already has some options for solving the problem that has arisen. In particular, back in 2019, Gazprom began developing a project for the extraction of lithium from hydromineral brines of the Kovykta deposit in the Irkutsk Region. The launch of the project should take place this year.

In addition, in 2017, NUST MISIS announced the launch of the world's first experimental facility for the production of lithium compounds from waste from fluorite deposits and spent lithium-ion current sources. The facility is located in the Primorsky Territory and, presumably, will be able to extract up to 40 thousand tons of lithium from the dumps of deposits in the Ussuri Territory over 20 years.

Finally, this year, the production of lithium compounds from hydrocarbon raw materials by the Irkutsk Oil Company was to begin. But the project ran into bureaucratic obstacles.

Thus, Russia is already beginning to confidently get rid of lithium dependence. But this will take us some time.

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  1. passing by Offline passing by
    passing by (passing by) April 21 2022 09: 34
    bureaucratic barriers can be put up on a pole. nothing prevents the death penalty from being brought back.
    1. Mikhail Novikov Offline Mikhail Novikov
      Mikhail Novikov (Mikhail Novikov) April 21 2022 13: 08
      You must think that you are very well versed in the reasons that give rise to such barriers, and a priori consider them far-fetched. And you don't know that lithium production is a disaster for the environment.
      1. Vladimir Orlov Offline Vladimir Orlov
        Vladimir Orlov (Vladimir) April 22 2022 09: 54
        And they say that electric cars with lithium batteries are the eco-friendly transport of the future…
        Is I. Mask lying ..?
      2. Apollo Offline Apollo
        Apollo (Alekh) April 24 2022 01: 04
        It all depends on the quality of the production lines.
  2. Sergey Latyshev Offline Sergey Latyshev
    Sergey Latyshev (Serge) April 21 2022 10: 04
    It is clear that everything is there.
    1) cost 2) kickbacks 3) immunity of "bureaucratic barriers"
  3. weddu Offline weddu
    weddu (Kolya) April 22 2022 00: 24
    Lithium mining is a sure ecological abyss.
    Lithium is mined by evaporation. Lithium-rich water from underground sources is pumped into artificial pools with a volume of 20 football fields each, where it evaporates under the sun for about a year and a half. The color of the water changes depending on the concentration of the lightest of the metals, reaching a poisonous yellow. Turning into dust, lithium inevitably rises into the air and poisons all living things around. ... There is no way to dispose of lithium batteries, which are recognized as toxic waste, since lithium purification is more expensive than extraction
  4. Apollo Offline Apollo
    Apollo (Alekh) April 24 2022 01: 01
    And how does it begin to get rid of it, if imported industrial equipment is under sanctions, but its own is not produced?