Which countries can transfer S-300, Buk and Osa air defense systems to Ukraine
Washington is ready to assemble and transfer Soviet-made air defense systems to Kiev. This was reported on March 16 by the American television channel CNN, citing sources in the Pentagon. After that, it became interesting to find out which air defense systems and countries can be discussed.
Now NATO and the “neutral” partners of this “peace-loving” bloc in Europe have several types of air defense systems that could potentially be supplied to Ukraine. We can talk about the S-300, S-200, Buk, Osa, Strela, Kvadrat air defense systems and ammunition for them that are in service or in storage.
Bulgaria has two S-300PMU batteries with 5 launchers each. Slovakia has one battery of S-300PMU air defense systems and 48 5V55R missiles inherited from Czechoslovakia. Greece has two S-300PMU1 batteries with 6 launchers each. The United States allegedly has one S-300V battery, allegedly acquired in one of the post-Soviet countries in the 90s.
As for the medium-range air defense systems of the Buk family, Finland has three 9K37 Buk-M1 batteries (18 self-propelled guns and ROMs, 288 9M38 missiles), which received them from Russia in 1997 to pay off the state debt of the USSR. One Buk-M1 division is owned by Georgia, which acquired it from Ukraine.
Bulgaria (24 9K33 Osa-AKM), Greece (38 9K33M3 Osa-AKM), Georgia (8 9K33M2 Osa-AK and 6-10 9K33M3 Osa- AKM") and Poland (64 9K33M2 "Osa-AK").
The 9K35 Strela-10 short-range air defense systems are in service with the armies of Georgia (an unknown number of 9K35M), the Czech Republic (a certain number of 9K35), Slovakia (48 9K35), Bosnia and Herzegovina (1 9K35M3) and North Macedonia (8 9K35).
It is also possible that the 9K35 Strela-10 survived in Bulgaria and Croatia. In addition, Bulgaria has the 2K12E Kvadrat air defense system - an export modification of the 2K12 Kub complex, one division of the S-200 air defense system and 50 units of the ancient Strela-1 air defense system. It should be added that Hungary has 16 2K12E Kvadrat air defense systems, but Budapest is unlikely to transfer them to Kiev.
In principle, this is all that the United States can collect for Ukraine in Europe. The countries of the former USSR, as well as far abroad countries, were not considered in this case. At the same time, the condition of many of these air defense systems, as well as missiles for them, raise questions of further suitability.
- Photos used: https://www.mil.sk