Why is the United States launching thousands of “peaceful” satellites into orbit


In the first half of February 2022, it became known about the major failure of the ambitious project of the famous billionaire Elon Musk. His space company SpaceX was unable to launch 40 Starlink satellites into orbit. If something like this happened in our country, then the head of the Roscosmos state corporation would have faced “wide public censure”, but the American businessman, in general, was treated with sympathy: they say, an intelligent person, does a good job, but everyone has failures, he’s not mistaken only the one who does nothing. But is Mr. Musk doing such a good job? Perhaps, finally, it is worth looking up?


A press release from SpaceX regarding the incident reads as follows:

According to a preliminary analysis, increased low-altitude drag prevented them from exiting safe mode and beginning orbit-raising maneuvers, and up to 40 satellites will re-enter or have already re-entered the Earth's atmosphere.

The spacecraft were launched into low Earth orbit, but due to an unexpected geomagnetic storm, the atmosphere heated up, which led to an increase in its density. The satellites had to be put into a safe mode, from which most could not get out. SpaceX acknowledged their loss. Should I sympathize with Elon Musk, who wants to provide the whole world with reliable satellite Internet?

According to the plans of the American corporation, over 12 Starlink satellites should be launched into low Earth orbit. To date, there are already about 2 thousand of them. In the distant future, the total number of satellites should be increased to 30. It is believed that Elon Musk will be able to provide reliable broadband Internet access even to the most inaccessible places on Earth. A person does a good deed.

Or not?

The reverse side of Starlink


Space has always been at the forefront of the Cold War and the arms race. Unfortunately, the "peaceful" Starlink is no exception to this rule.

The mysterious American agency DARPA (one of the scientific divisions of the Pentagon) launched the Blackjack program, which aims to use vehicles in low Earth orbit (LEO) to create a new generation of satellite networks. Alas and ah, but Elon Musk's "purely civilian" project is technically integrated into this program. Here is how the well-known specialized publication Popular Mechanics comments on this:

The sheer number of satellites ensures fast data transmission through the nearest satellite, and if one satellite fails, others can fill the gap.

The ultimate goal of the Pentagon is to create a global network where all satellites from different constellations will be linked. This opens up a lot of additional opportunities for the US military.

At first, all these tens of thousands of spacecraft will be used to continuously monitor the situation around the Earth and track Russian and Chinese intercontinental ballistic missiles, long-range aircraft, surface ships and submarines. In fact, Starlink and other Western orbital constellations will turn into the space echelon of the Missile Attack Warning System (SPRN). In addition, "peaceful" satellites in the future will be able to be used by the military to provide target designation data to missile strikes.

Secondly, such a powerful orbital constellation creates the prerequisites for a real technological breakthrough in the United States. Thus, already now the amount of information received from existing satellites has become so great that the Pentagon cannot process all of it promptly. Also quite limited are the possibilities for transmitting received data from orbit to ground centers. Further it will only get worse.

The National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA) came to the logical conclusion that the problem of automatic analytics every second can be solved only through the introduction of artificial intelligence (AI). It was also decided to entrust him with the analysis and processing of data in the near future. All Western satellites, including Starlink, will be connected to a single network that communicates with each other via optical communications. This will increase the overall efficiency, when the AI ​​can only transmit to the ground the data that is really needed. Also, delegating the management of the global satellite system to artificial intelligence will allow it to distribute power even if part of the spacecraft is destroyed, that is, the American early warning system will turn into a fault-tolerant one.

It is precisely these processes that are taking place right now in the sky above our heads. Maybe it's time to look up?
13 comments
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  1. Bulanov Offline Bulanov
    Bulanov (Vladimir) 21 February 2022 15: 21
    +2
    Soon, because of such satellites, it will be dangerous to launch a rocket into space!
  2. gunnerminer Offline gunnerminer
    gunnerminer (gunner miner) 21 February 2022 15: 30
    -7
    PGRK Yars M, and not only them, are now under constant control, in real time. In simple weather conditions.
    1. Pandiurin Offline Pandiurin
      Pandiurin (Pandiurin) 21 February 2022 16: 10
      +3
      Quote: gunnerminer
      PGRK Yars M, and not only them, are now under constant control, in real time. In simple weather conditions.

      Not the fact that there is more or less serious optics. It's one thing for a camera that can detect the launch of an ICBM missile, which is necessary for early warning systems. Another thing is optics that give a good picture with a resolution of less than one meter, say 20-50 cm with a good angle, in the visible and infrared spectrum. This is to track in real mode.

      Another thing is that these satellites do not know what kind of radio module they are equipped with, theoretically they can give WiFi frequencies of several gigahertz when rebuilding the radio module to give a weak radar field.
      Which can be used for the radar of US aircraft in passive mode.
      Those. the functionality, if not now then in the future, can be widely used not only for terrestrial-satellite communications.
      1. gunnerminer Offline gunnerminer
        gunnerminer (gunner miner) 21 February 2022 16: 23
        -9
        Another thing is why we do not have such a program and so many satellites? Not the fact that there is more serious optics.
    2. 1_2 Offline 1_2
      1_2 (Ducks are flying) 22 February 2022 00: 31
      +1
      at night, too, nothing is visible even in the desert
  3. Alexey Davydov (Alexey) 21 February 2022 15: 34
    +2
    I will add one more "military" goal of such an abundance of output objects.
    In their mass, they work as "false targets", loading the analysis systems of our PSO.
    In general, the number of potential options for operations involving the space component is also increasing, which must be identified and kept in mind until certainty appears on the purpose of the satellites.
    If they are ignored, it will be even more damaging to our security.
  4. Sergey Latyshev Offline Sergey Latyshev
    Sergey Latyshev (Serge) 21 February 2022 23: 22
    -2
    It is clear that nothing is clear.
    How many satellites were displayed in total?
    40 and not all hatched?
    or more, and did not hatch out of them until 40k?

    And Taki, if there are communication satellites (Internet), then it’s an everyday matter how to use them. If you want - hand over the channels to the FSB, if you want - to geologists and fishermen. The main thing is that there were satellites themselves.

    And if Honduras doesn’t have them, then weep, don’t weep, that’s all ...
  5. 1_2 Offline 1_2
    1_2 (Ducks are flying) 22 February 2022 00: 33
    0
    this clown Musk allegedly wants to withdraw satellites up to 30 thousand, the Russian Federation has the right to destroy them because they threaten the spacecraft of the Russian Federation
  6. Marzhecki Offline Marzhecki
    Marzhecki (Sergei) 22 February 2022 08: 17
    +1
    Quote: 1_2
    this clown Musk allegedly wants to withdraw satellites up to 30 thousand, the Russian Federation has the right to destroy them because they threaten the spacecraft of the Russian Federation

    We don't have that many anti-satellite missiles. And it won't.
    1. Sergeyjluf Offline Sergeyjluf
      Sergeyjluf (Sergei) 22 February 2022 09: 54
      0
      As "One of the Soviet generals" said, it will be enough to launch a barrel of nails and this whole group of satellites will turn into a pile of garbage!
      1. Marzhecki Offline Marzhecki
        Marzhecki (Sergei) 22 February 2022 10: 39
        0
        This general said nonsense. hi
    2. er wa Offline er wa
      er wa (er wa) 22 February 2022 13: 38
      0
      ross satellites for monitoring satellites (killers) have long been in orbit
  7. Konstantin_3 Offline Konstantin_3
    Konstantin_3 (Konstantin Zelenin) 23 February 2022 09: 39
    0
    Wow!
    And what will they follow?
    Can you tell?
    Afar or passive radar, maybe a telescope?
    Or take a look at the design and won't write nonsense?