"Colossus with feet of clay": is Russia an agrarian superpower?


With unusually generous harvests over the past few years, Russia has grown to become the world's largest food exporter. This even gave reason to call it an "agrarian superpower." Unfortunately, this is a rather strong exaggeration, since the domestic colossus actually stands on feet of clay.


Yes, over the past decades, quite a lot has been done for the agricultural sector: investments have gone, modern technique, new arable lands are being plowed up. But the Russian agricultural industry has a real Achilles' heel: it is critically dependent on imported seed. What if the US and EU impose sanctions and we simply have nothing to plant?

The situation is, without exaggeration, very serious. Only grain crops are a pleasant exception to the general rule, where we still use varieties of Soviet selection. The only thing that saved domestic wheat from replacing imported wheat was that the West had not previously developed varieties adapted to the difficult climatic conditions of Russia. Otherwise, there is no doubt that domestic farmers would now critically depend on foreign seed material for grain crops. By the way, transnational corporations have already opened their stations in our country several years ago, where they produce zoning of imported wheat varieties on experimental fields. So everything is still to come, but we'll talk about that later.

For other crops, things are very bad. According to the professor of the basic department of trade policy PRUE them. G.V. Plekhanov Ibragim Ramazanov, dependence on imported seeds for potatoes is 90%, for corn - 65%, for rapeseed - 70%, for sunflower - 75%, for fruit and berry crops the spread is even higher, from 30% to 95%, depending on from culture. The purchase of seeds and chemicals abroad costs several billion dollars annually, and you have to pay in foreign currency. This is about 25-40% of the cost of the final product. So just imagine what will happen if our "agrarian colossus" is pushed in the West by banal banning the supply of seeds.

Replace with your own? And which ones? Agriculture begins with seed production, but in Russia it is now in a half-life state.

In the USSR, there were 42 breeding centers at institutes that created new varieties with given characteristics. Then they were registered and sent to the elite semichozes, which multiplied these seeds and sent them to agricultural producers throughout the country. A truly efficient vertical was operating, leading the new variety from the idea stage to the marketable seed. After the so-called "reform of the Russian Academy of Sciences" from 42 breeding centers, there were either 16, or 11, according to various sources. Instead of a single centralized system, there are “islands” that, among other things, are now working for foreign customers, zoning imported varieties.

At the same time, with the entry into the WTO, Russia opened its internal market to transnational corporations, where a real monster with colossal resources and financial capabilities appeared several years ago. In 2016, the German chemical concern Bayer merged with the American producer of genetically modified seeds Monsanto. I wonder how exactly within the framework of the liberal economic mythology, should domestic breeders compete with a similar producer, which has actually become a market monopolist?

By the way, about the liberals. This is not to say that absolutely nothing is being done in our country to replace imported varieties. In 2017, a federal scientific and technical program of the agro-industrial complex was adopted, within the framework of which 19 new varieties of potatoes were bred, of which 10 were in demand from farmers, 6 hybrid varieties of sugar beets and even one new breed of meat chickens called Smena-9. But all this positive activity can be canceled out by the legislative initiatives of our liberal government, which is clearly guided by the WTO norms.

Thus, the Ministry of Agriculture developed a new law "On seed production", which was approved by the Cabinet of Ministers and sent to the State Duma of the Russian Federation. After reviewing it, the Association of Independent Russian Seed Companies and the Russian Grain Union were forced to unite and send an open letter to President Putin criticizing this document. In particular, it was noted that the bill introduces new and unjustified administrative barriers and state fees for the registration of new varieties. Agrarians counted at least 29 new administrative barriers hindering the work of domestic breeders:

For the first time, a ban is introduced on any use of seeds that do not meet the requirements established by the federal executive authority, while the federal executive authority has the right to make exceptions to this rule for individual companies or prescribe the destruction of seeds for others ... With an average estimated cost of such a passport of 50 rubles, the budget and breeders will turn out to be simply unbearable, and the so-called genetic passport will turn into a non-guaranteeing “filkin certificate”.

Why is this done? Up there, of course, you can see better.

Meanwhile, the above-mentioned law has passed the third reading in the State Duma, and a specialized federal state information system (FSIS) "Seeds" has already been created.
53 comments
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  1. Jacques sekavar Offline Jacques sekavar
    Jacques sekavar (Jacques Sekavar) 29 December 2021 13: 24
    0
    The fodder base of people needs the support of state institutions, and this, in the opinion of monopolistic associations and international organizations, is protectionism in its purest form, which interferes with the process of globalization - the power of transnational monopoly associations.
    Agriculture is subject to risks, and in order to secure large material and financial investments, it is necessary to transfer the production of feed to industrial rails, and this is possible only if people are transferred to artificial feed.
  2. Bulanov Offline Bulanov
    Bulanov (Vladimir) 29 December 2021 13: 46
    +5
    In the USSR, there were 42 breeding centers at institutes that created new varieties with given characteristics.

    It turns out that under Stalin (the communists) they paid more attention to selection than now?
    By the way, recently they said on TV that there is a shortage of compound feed in the Russian Federation. And this with huge grain yields? Sabotage?
    1. Tourist Offline Tourist
      Tourist (tourist) 29 December 2021 15: 08
      0
      1. Under Stalin, the country was preparing to fight. so imports could not be relied upon and did our own thing. but it is expensive to make your own in the limited market of the USSR (capital costs were not fought back by sales volumes) + other Soviet inefficiency (see below). therefore, the economy was not effective, as a result, the USSR was covered, unable to withstand the economic race. want to repeat?
      2. no sabotage. compound feed is a processed product. processing in the USSR was bad. Complex production in the USSR was difficult. Because the optimal variant of complex production is in the competition of numerous companies trying to survive. in the USSR there was no competition; instead of the natural selection of an effective process, processes were introduced that were chosen by directive from above, which are by no means always the most effective. try to remember what was good in the USSR, without a deficit?
      1. Marzhecki Online Marzhecki
        Marzhecki (Sergei) 29 December 2021 15: 19
        +2
        1. Under Stalin, the country was preparing to fight. so imports could not be relied upon and did our own thing. but it is expensive to make your own in the limited market of the USSR (capital costs were not fought back by sales volumes) + other Soviet inefficiency (see below). therefore, the economy was not effective, as a result, the USSR was covered, unable to withstand the economic race. want to repeat?

        Lies. The Soviet planned economy was very efficient.
        Yes, we want to repeat it.

        The USSR closed itself not because of "inefficiency", but because of the sabotage of a certain category of the nomenklatura, which wanted to restore capitalism and snatch its piece of the public domain. Which is exactly what happened.

        no, not sabotage. compound feed is a processed product. processing in the USSR was bad. Complex industries in the USSR were difficult. Because the optimal variant of complex production is in the competition of numerous companies trying to survive. in the USSR there was no competition; instead of the natural selection of an effective process, processes were introduced that were chosen by directive from above, which are by no means always the most effective. try to remember what was good in the USSR, without a deficit?

        Liberal demagoguery. Don't tell us fairy tales here. This is for Yurka Dudyu and his young audience.
        In the USSR, there was internal competition, socialist competition.
        For example, competition between KB, Mil and Kamova, etc. As a result, the best solution was chosen.
        In the USSR, it was good with a lot of things: aviation, navy, space, nuclear energy, free education, free medicine, etc.
        1. Oleg Rambover Offline Oleg Rambover
          Oleg Rambover (Oleg Pitersky) 29 December 2021 17: 52
          -2
          Quote: Marzhetsky
          The Soviet planned economy was very efficient.
          Yes, we want to repeat it.



          Where is that USSR? Where is that planned economy? Talk that some evil traitors have ruined a super duper efficient economy in favor of the poor. In fairy tales it happens, in life it does not. The repetition will end in the same way as the USSR finished.
          1. isofat Offline isofat
            isofat (isofat) 29 December 2021 20: 00
            0
            Quote: Oleg Rambover
            Where is that USSR?

            So here he is, this is our modern Russia. Are you afraid? You are doing the right thing! laughing
        2. gunnerminer Offline gunnerminer
          gunnerminer (gunner miner) 29 December 2021 18: 13
          -2
          In today's Russian time, they dragged the Soviet shortcomings, abandoning the positive experience, and brought in a rather negative one from the West.
          1. isofat Offline isofat
            isofat (isofat) 29 December 2021 20: 05
            +1
            And haven't all of them gone to their "historical" homelands yet? I thought we were cleared of the "flaws". sad
            1. gunnerminer Offline gunnerminer
              gunnerminer (gunner miner) 29 December 2021 20: 11
              -3
              You do not live in the Australian or Alaskan backwaters? Bastrykin's Investigative Committee, the Military Prosecutor's Office, the FSB, the Prosecutor General's Office show that the shortcomings have not decreased in 20 years, especially in the military-industrial complex, and in the Armed Forces.
              1. isofat Offline isofat
                isofat (isofat) 29 December 2021 20: 43
                0
                Remind us often of our shortcomings, this is only good, and we will determine where you want to deceive us. smile
                1. gunnerminer Offline gunnerminer
                  gunnerminer (gunner miner) 30 December 2021 14: 09
                  -3
                  We have no shortcomings, only minor difficulties due to rapid growth. laughing
                  1. DV tam 25 Offline DV tam 25
                    DV tam 25 (DV tam 25) 3 January 2022 13: 09
                    0
                    Stupidity. This is a joke? It is nonsense.
        3. Tourist Offline Tourist
          Tourist (tourist) 29 December 2021 19: 46
          +1
          ha ha ha :)
          I explain: your thesis "the USSR was covered up ... because of the sabotage of a certain category of the nomenklatura, which wanted the restoration of capitalism," just as confirms my statement about the inefficiency of the USSR. Because the leadership in the USSR was "produced" in exactly the same non-competitive and ineffective way as almost everything else. there was no real competition in politics and there was no opportunity to train and compete for these politicians at the level of mayors-governors and then choose the best from them at the all-Union (federal) level. and if you chose the wrong one, then change him at the next elections. we all know the result. and blaming everything on pest spies is just as ridiculous. such as the KGB, with total control of everything in the USSR, slept through them, and could not carry out similar work on propaganda-collapse in enemy countries. Well then, this is a diagnosis of the deepest professional incompetence. but no. it was the Soviet system itself that was ineffective.
          tales-demagony, I will not tell you. that's all you could remember: “competition between KB, Mil and Kamov, etc. In the end, the best solution was chosen. etc. " from examples of competition, you remembered only a couple of design bureaus in aircraft construction, from something consumer-oriented for the people - only education and medicine. everything else is defense. where are the products, clothing, consumer goods?
          1. gunnerminer Offline gunnerminer
            gunnerminer (gunner miner) 29 December 2021 20: 12
            -7
            because of the sabotage of a certain category of the nomenklatura, which wanted the restoration of capitalism "

            A very simple explanation.
            1. DV tam 25 Offline DV tam 25
              DV tam 25 (DV tam 25) 3 January 2022 13: 10
              0
              At your level.
      2. S WITH Offline S WITH
        S WITH (N S) 29 December 2021 23: 25
        +1
        the debt of the People's Republic of Poland (Poles) for collapse in 88 was 20 billion, now in "developed" capitalism Poland's debt is 370 billion, similarly to the USSR, Gorbachev's debt of 91 was 100-110 billion, now only the Russian Federation has a debt of 430 billion, though in reserve 600billion (thanks to the reduction of Soviet social obligations)

        The West lives solely by printing trillions of candy wrappers
      3. Bulanov Offline Bulanov
        Bulanov (Vladimir) 30 December 2021 10: 12
        +1
        under Stalin, the country was preparing to fight

        Are you not preparing now? Are NATO ultimatums simply presented like Munchausen's?

        processing in the USSR was bad

        The USSR has been gone for 30 years. By the 30th anniversary of the USSR it was 1952. And what were the then successes of the country after 2 MV?
  3. Marzhecki Online Marzhecki
    Marzhecki (Sergei) 29 December 2021 14: 28
    +2
    Quote: Bulanov
    By the way, recently they said on TV that there is a shortage of compound feed in the Russian Federation. And this with huge grain yields? Sabotage?

    Nothing personal, just business.
    1. Igor Pavlovich Offline Igor Pavlovich
      Igor Pavlovich (Igor Pavlovich) 29 December 2021 16: 08
      -2
      Lies. The Soviet planned economy was very efficient.
      Yes, we want to repeat it.

      - I have a question, Mr. Marzhetsky, how many days did you live in the Soviet planned economy ???
      1. Pink 123 Floyd 328 (Pink Floyd) 29 December 2021 17: 44
        +2
        Judging by Facebook, comrade Marzhetsky was born in 1980, and as many as six, SIX, Karl !!! years, (in fact, all youth in kindergarten !!!) before Gorbachev's reforms he lived under a wonderful Soviet planned, and most importantly EFFECTIVE !!!!, economy! For six whole years! Therefore, he knows everything, or almost everything, about her, dear, Soviet economy, as regards the economy of the kindergarten. So you shouldn't be sneering at him.
        1. gunnerminer Offline gunnerminer
          gunnerminer (gunner miner) 29 December 2021 18: 15
          -5
          The black market under the Soviets was colossal. Queues for groceries. Especially for meat and dairy products. In Novosibirsk and Sverdlovsk, even ration cards were introduced for meat in the late 60s. We sent dried meat and lard from Kazakhstan to our relatives.
          1. Pink 123 Floyd 328 (Pink Floyd) 29 December 2021 18: 24
            -1
            Maybe in Chelyabinsk, where the author, Sergei Marzhetsky, was born and lives, everything was wrong? And it was - EVERYTHING !!!! and always!!!! Not like the whole USSR? And Chelyabinsk was the city with the most efficient economy in the world? I’m thinking ...
            1. isofat Offline isofat
              isofat (isofat) 29 December 2021 19: 51
              -1
              The market was the most common, both White and Black. There is no need to invent how many goods the market is like.
              He lived in Bereznyaki, Ulyanovsk, Pskov, Moscow ... Of course, life has become better today, but this is a merit of historical development. It should be so.
            2. gunnerminer Offline gunnerminer
              gunnerminer (gunner miner) 29 December 2021 20: 08
              -3
              Pork lard from Kazakhstan in the markets of Chelyabinsk in the 60s went with a bang! The management of virgin state farms in Kazakhstan turned a blind eye to the private farms of their workers. Combined feed and wheat were sold extremely cheaply to the residents of state farms. In the southern regions of the Uighurs and Vainakhs, the Azeri Turks kept large herds of cows. Part of the produce was transported to the Omsk and Orenburg regions, to the Southern Ral for sale. OBKHSS did not particularly atrocities.
              1. DV tam 25 Offline DV tam 25
                DV tam 25 (DV tam 25) 3 January 2022 13: 15
                0
                It is necessary to be able to lie so that everything looks like a lie. Wild lies. Flip and flip everything.
            3. DV tam 25 Offline DV tam 25
              DV tam 25 (DV tam 25) 3 January 2022 13: 18
              0
              Chelyabinsk was a fairly wealthy city by Soviet standards. You do not need to doubt, but to know.
              1. gunnerminer Offline gunnerminer
                gunnerminer (gunner miner) 3 January 2022 13: 28
                -3
                In the 70s at the airport and at the railway station of Chelyabinsk, in the buffets, there were dried sandwiches. Black bread with bacon. Nothing else was on the shelves.
      2. isofat Offline isofat
        isofat (isofat) 29 December 2021 19: 55
        0
        We lived normally, do not exaggerate.
        1. gunnerminer Offline gunnerminer
          gunnerminer (gunner miner) 29 December 2021 20: 09
          -7
          Whatever period. Everything would have been normal, if the events of 1986, 1988,1989, 1990, 1991 had not happened in the republics of the USSR. It would not have happened in XNUMX.
          1. isofat Offline isofat
            isofat (isofat) 29 December 2021 20: 35
            +1
            I look at you and wonder. Periods, but if your mom didn't have periods, you weren't born then. yes
            1. The comment was deleted.
              1. The comment was deleted.
          2. DV tam 25 Offline DV tam 25
            DV tam 25 (DV tam 25) 3 January 2022 13: 16
            0
            Everything was fine. Until traitors came to power. Everything else is nonsense.
            1. gunnerminer Offline gunnerminer
              gunnerminer (gunner miner) 3 January 2022 13: 31
              -4
              A few traitors to all failures and mistakes, do not shut up. Gorbachev's PB of the Central Committee of the CPSU sat down at a "laid table." As soon as oil prices slid down, the successes of the 2000s ended.
      3. gunnerminer Offline gunnerminer
        gunnerminer (gunner miner) 29 December 2021 20: 01
        -3
        The reforms of Khrushchev and the People's Academician Lysenko dealt such a blow to the agriculture of the USSR that the consequences are still affecting. Instead of raising the agricultural sector of the Middle Belt and the South, which suffered from the war, he threw all the reserves and people on the virgin lands of Altai and Kazakhstan. After 1960, they had to transport wheat. from Australia (FESCO ships), from Canada, from the USA. Enriching the local farmers. Due to the increase in the tax on personal farms, residents have slaughtered their livestock, depriving the country of a significant volume of meat products. Banned promotional cooperation. What gave the development of the black market, illegal shop workers.
      4. isofat Offline isofat
        isofat (isofat) 29 December 2021 20: 19
        +3
        Igor, this could not affect the efficiency of the economy of the Soviet Union, if suddenly Sergei is young.
        The country's economy allowed and ensured the restructuring, and this already says a lot.

        To be fair, I will note that at some point during Perestroika, management got out of control ...
        1. gunnerminer Offline gunnerminer
          gunnerminer (gunner miner) 30 December 2021 14: 12
          -3
          To be fair, I will note that at some point during Perestroika, management got out of control ...

          The results of Perestroika show that there was no smell of programs or plans, and, accordingly, there was no control.
          1. isofat Offline isofat
            isofat (isofat) 30 December 2021 14: 43
            -1
            The restructuring results are already beginning to bear fruit. Next phase according to plan, it takes into account the state of the US economy. yes

            Russia, of course, does not advertise, but I am more and more convinced that we will rebuild the whole world! smile
            1. gunnerminer Offline gunnerminer
              gunnerminer (gunner miner) 30 December 2021 14: 45
              -3
              The flag is in our hands, and a drum around our neck, in the restructuring of the world. The USSR planned this. Forgetting the needs of our people, the most hardworking and rebellious in the world.
              1. isofat Offline isofat
                isofat (isofat) 30 December 2021 15: 03
                0
                Your comments are the best indicator of what is happening in Russia. love
                1. gunnerminer Offline gunnerminer
                  gunnerminer (gunner miner) 30 December 2021 15: 15
                  -3
                  Russia is a fragment of the USSR. Above the Russian economy is still to work and work. Relying only on our own strength. In vain they allowed a significant property stratification of society, and the elimination of the middle class. This backbone of every society. By the way, the founder of the Arctic logistics company, which is attached to the NSR, is Ksenia Sergeevna Shoigu. Full namesake of the daughter of the Ministry of Defense of Russia.
                  1. isofat Offline isofat
                    isofat (isofat) 30 December 2021 15: 54
                    -1
                    By the way, you're tired! Soon the New Year will come on you, hold on! laughing
                    1. gunnerminer Offline gunnerminer
                      gunnerminer (gunner miner) 30 December 2021 16: 55
                      -5
                      Happy New Year! I hope a large-scale and long-term war will not happen.
        2. Marzhecki Online Marzhecki
          Marzhecki (Sergei) 1 January 2022 10: 57
          0
          I am a 40-year-old uncle with 3 higher educations, for the last 7 years I have been closely involved in history
  4. Rusa Offline Rusa
    Rusa 29 December 2021 15: 22
    +4
    ... Is Russia an agrarian superpower?

    Of course not!
    Russian exports of products and grains are a drop in the sea in comparison, for example, with the export of mineral resources, including oil and gas.
    In addition, in Russia itself, there is a constant shortage of high-quality healthy products at affordable prices, especially for the poor and needy.
    At the same time, prices are growing by leaps and bounds.
    1. tulip Offline tulip
      tulip 29 December 2021 15: 53
      -5
      change the training manual, ipsoshnik))) Your mriyas that we in Russia eat up the last hedgehog are only your mriyas. But the fact that you are already importing bacon and potatoes from "poor" Russia to Ukraine is a fact)))
      1. Rusa Offline Rusa
        Rusa 29 December 2021 16: 06
        +3
        There is one "manual" for export for all countries.
        Only ignorant people in Ukraine, like you, do not know about this. )
        The Russian Federation has long been importing food products from other countries, including palm oil, potatoes and fish.
  5. Adler77 Offline Adler77
    Adler77 (Denis) 29 December 2021 18: 36
    +2
    Well, of course ... these thieves, button-hunters, to attribute liberal views on politics and economics too much compliment.
    They don't even know what it is laughing
  6. Sergey Latyshev Offline Sergey Latyshev
    Sergey Latyshev (Serge) 29 December 2021 23: 10
    +1
    1) they have been talking about seeds for 20 years, but things are still there. According to the article, it became even worse.
    2) How many such "agrarian superpowers" were and are ??? Omerika, Argentina, Australia, and? except for the profits for the latifundists, this does not mean anything.
    You can recall the rubber superpowers, and fertilizers, and ivory, and pepper ... and where are they now?
    1. Pandiurin Offline Pandiurin
      Pandiurin (Pandiurin) 30 December 2021 06: 26
      0
      Quote: Sergey Latyshev
      1) they have been talking about seeds for 20 years, but things are still there. According to the article, it became even worse.
      2) How many such "agrarian superpowers" were and are ??? Omerika, Argentina, Australia, and? except for the profits for the latifundists, this does not mean anything.
      You can recall the rubber superpowers, and fertilizers, and ivory, and pepper ... and where are they now?

      In the article, the sum of 50 thousand rubles for the genetic passport is called ruinous. But this is a one-time cost and not per batch but per grade.
      It is logical to assume that genetic decoding and storage of this information is being performed. Then the amount is quite adequate.

      The article makes the author feel hysterical.
  7. Denis radish Offline Denis radish
    Denis radish (Denis Moroz) 31 December 2021 01: 05
    +1
    import substitution
  8. Marzhecki Online Marzhecki
    Marzhecki (Sergei) 1 January 2022 10: 56
    +1
    Quote: Pink 123 Floyd 328
    Judging by Facebook, comrade Marzhetsky was born in 1980, and as many as six, SIX, Karl !!! years, (in fact, all youth in kindergarten !!!) before Gorbachev's reforms he lived under a wonderful Soviet planned, and most importantly EFFECTIVE !!!!, economy! For six whole years! Therefore, he knows everything, or almost everything, about her, dear, Soviet economy, as regards the economy of the kindergarten. So you shouldn't be sneering at him.

    I kind of also taught history smile
  9. Marzhecki Online Marzhecki
    Marzhecki (Sergei) 1 January 2022 10: 59
    -1
    Quote: Igor Pavlovich
    Lies. The Soviet planned economy was very efficient.
    Yes, we want to repeat it.

    - I have a question, Mr. Marzhetsky, how many days did you live in the Soviet planned economy ???

    I was born in the USSR, now I am getting my third higher education and have been closely involved in Russian history for the last 7 years.
    IMHO, I know what I'm talking about.
  10. Terry18 Offline Terry18
    Terry18 1 January 2022 22: 39
    +2
    Why then in this "agrarian superpower" the prices for vegetables have risen so much?
  11. Yuri Bryanskiy Offline Yuri Bryanskiy
    Yuri Bryanskiy (Yuri Bryansky) 6 January 2022 22: 01
    0
    Clay feet are agricultural oligarchs. We need to develop state farms, provide support to communities, and develop the countryside. Then the birth rate will rise.