Why GLONASS never became a competitor to American GPS

The leading countries are actively developing satellite systems for global positioning, since thanks to them, the efficiency of activities in various fields is increasing economics and social life.



In the USA, the NAVSTAR system, which includes the well-known GPS, has been operating for a long time and successfully. The American satellite constellation consists of 29 spacecraft distributed over several orbits and is regularly updated.

The European Union is actively developing its own navigation system called Galileo. Today, there are already 30 satellites operating in it, which Russia is helping to launch into orbit from Baikonur.

By 2020, the deployment of a space constellation of 35 satellites of the Chinese navigation system Beidou will be completed. “Northern bucket” or “Ursa Major”, as the name is translated from Chinese, will serve the operation of the “New Silk Road” created by the Celestial Empire.

Japan is creating a more modest regional Quazi-Zenith Satellite System of 4 spacecraft. It focuses on serving the Asia-Pacific region. Its power can be increased to 7 satellites.

India has also deployed its own regional navigation system of 7 satellites called NavIC.

In Russia, a global navigation satellite system consisting of 24 spacecraft has been created. GLONASS transmits a signal for free to land, sea and air-based users in two bands across the planet, as well as in space. In addition, the ERA-GLONASS service was provided, with which, during an accident, data on the accident and its location are automatically transmitted by the traffic police and the Ambulance for an operational response.

In general, it is obvious that the domestic system of global navigation positioning is necessary. However, there are many questions for officials regarding its promotion in this market.

For example, installation on an ERA-GLONASS car can cost up to 45 thousand rubles. For a brand new foreign car, this may be a trifle, but for the owner of a used domestic car, this is already an unbearable amount. Moreover, transport must be certified in order to get into the register of cars on which ERA-GLONASS can be installed. In order not to bother with the bureaucracy, for example, BMW simply stopped supplying some of its models to the Russian market.

There are even more problems with aviation in Russia. The head of state approved the proposal to equip all aircraft operated in the country with the GLONASS system. As you know, a significant part of the airliners flying in the Russian Federation was produced abroad. Installing Russian navigation equipment on them costs from $ 100 per set, and manufacturers should bear the costs. Whether the Americans, Europeans and Brazilians will do this is a big question.

While there are claims to the accuracy of GLONASS in comparison with the American competitor. According to the head of Roskosmos:

If they have a resolution level of 3,6 meters, then we have about 7 meters


In addition, not all domestic airfields are equipped with GLONASS. Their connection will also require time and significant financial investment. Finally, the satellites for the Russian system are mostly assembled from imported components.

Summarizing, we can conclude that the development of GLONASS must be approached with great wisdom so that it becomes a real competitor to its rivals from the USA, EU, China, India and Japan.
5 comments
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  1. kriten Offline kriten
    kriten (Vladimir) 30 August 2018 14: 40
    +1
    It is with the mind that the current government has big problems. You can even judge by SM, the rest is even worse.
  2. gorbunov.vladisl (Vlad Dudnik) 5 September 2018 12: 47
    +3
    .. the development of GLONASS must be approached with great wisdom, so that it becomes a real competitor to its rivals from the USA, EU, China, India and Japan. .

    The main complaint of the author is that they say you have to pay for GLONASS. And it reduces competitiveness.
    And which country has an alternative system, distributes it for free?
    Author, forget about the free. And do not mislead readers. Under capitalism, you have to pay for everything.
    I heard from all kinds of hunters and other geologists that GLONASS in Russia is more accurate than GPS.
    In general, so that both the author and readers know, GLONASS was first of all deployed for our military. And will it be successful in commerce or not, it will still exist.
  3. kig Offline kig
    kig 6 September 2018 02: 46
    +2
    GPS, as having foreign roots, can be turned off at any time or start to make predetermined errors. Therefore, there was a need for their own system. GLONASS was never conceived as a competitor.
  4. AICO Offline AICO
    AICO (Vyacheslav) 26 June 2019 11: 28
    0
    From yachts about ten meters, saw off the stern and bow, we will then buy GPS with all their crap. but we will not compete !!! And then you want to eat a fish and ... sit down!
  5. yury semru Offline yury semru
    yury semru (yury semru) 17 November 2019 09: 23
    0
    In addition, not all domestic airfields are equipped with GLONASS.

    In general, some kind of nonsense. Moreover, there are airfields.