Russia and Vietnam: friendship is friendship, and Camran apart

In 2001, the Russian leadership decided to withdraw the Russian contingent from the Vietnamese bay of Camran. Then the patriotic public took this step very painfully. The government cited a lack of money and the inexpediency of maintaining this base from a military point of view.



However, recently, especially against the background of aggravated relations with the West, the question has periodically arisen in various media and in society: is it possible to return Russia to its formerly lost positions? And not only to Camran, but also to Cuba, where the Russian Center for Radar Intelligence Lourdes was once located.

At the beginning of June of this year, a squadron of the Russian Pacific Fleet entered Kamran. Its structure included the ships "Admiral Tributs" and "Admiral Vinogradov." True, they only stayed there for three days. And in the fall of 2016, Russia's Deputy Minister of Defense Nikolai Pankov spoke about his intention to study the issue of Russia's return to Kamran (and also to Cuba).

But the Vietnamese side reacted to such an initiative rather coolly. The Foreign Ministry of this country made a statement that Hanoi favors the development of bilateral relations, but there is no talk of resuming the work of the naval base. The document emphasized that Vietnam’s foreign policy is based on the principles of “multi-vector”.

Such a course the Vietnamese leadership calls policies Three “no”: the country does not intend to join any military bloc, nor support one state in the fight against another, nor deploy any military bases on its own territory.

We must pay tribute to Vietnam: such a policy is carried out sequentially. Immediately after the Russians left Hanoi, they stated that no other parties would be allowed into the vacated seat. When representatives of the Pentagon arrived in the country in 2012 and offered a profitable deal to use Kamrani in the interests of the United States, they were refused. Do not lease it to China.

Now Camran is turning into a resort. In addition, there is a major international port. And the fact that there was once a Soviet (and then - Russian) base there is only a monument to the fallen military personnel, both ours and Vietnamese.

The foundation for the creation of the Soviet base in Kamrani was laid in 1979, after the Vietnam-Chinese conflict ended. The Soviet Union signed an agreement with Vietnam that in the next 25 years the above port will be used as a logistics point for the USSR Navy. Soon it turned into the largest Soviet naval base abroad, which played an important role in the Cold War.

Then the years of “perestroika” came, and in 1989 a tendency began to reduce our forces abroad, including in Vietnam. The contingent began to decline. In 1993, Moscow and Hanoi extended the agreement on the use of Kamrani. Its action was supposed to cease in 2004. But, as mentioned above, in 2001 the Russian leadership withdrew the base from there. At that time, Vietnam supported this move.

Now relations between the two countries are developing rapidly, but this does not mean that the base can return to the territory of Vietnam in the form in which it previously existed. At the same time, in 2013, an agreement was signed on the creation of a joint base for the repair and maintenance of submarines. In addition, there is a simplified procedure for the entry of Russian military vessels into Kamran - for this you only need to notify the port authorities.

Thus, despite the fact that in the near future there is no need to talk about the reconstruction of the base of the Russian Navy in Vietnam, a quite friendly interaction has developed between the two countries. Moscow and Hanoi are collaborating in servicing submarines and training crew members, and Russian ships regularly visit Kamran, which makes it easier for the fleet to complete many tasks.

However, I would like to hope that events in the world will not unfold in such a way that Vietnam will urgently need a Russian base on its territory ...
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  1. commbatant Offline commbatant
    commbatant (Sergei) 25 August 2018 17: 28
    -1
    Then the patriotic public took this step very painfully.

    Mostly from subsidized regions of the Russian Federation ....

    The government cited a lack of money and the inexpediency of maintaining this base from a military point of view.

    They did it right, the economic well-being of their citizens is more important than a phantom threat to the citizens of Vietnam ... but the patriotic public does not care ...

    And not only to Camran, but also to Cuba, where the Russian Center for Radar Intelligence Lourdes was once located.

    Maybe even back to Africa and BV, the USSR has many WBs around the world, in principle, due to the patriotic public, it’s quite possible ...

    We must pay tribute to Vietnam: such a policy is carried out sequentially.

    The Government of Vietnam does not take into account the opinion of individual cheers, but builds its foreign policy on a clear developed plan ...

    In addition, there is a simplified procedure for the entry of Russian military vessels into Kamran - for this you only need to notify the port authorities.

    In Vietnam, on a regular basis, a detachment of tanker aircraft Il-78 is deployed, which refuel Tu-160 and Tu-95 over the Pacific Ocean ....
    http://discussio.ru/military/ssha-sformulirovala-pretenzii-k-rossii-po-povodu-dozapravki-vo-vetname
    And the question is for the author, if we have 4 BODs for the entire Pacific Fleet, then what will be based in Kamran?
    1. gorbunov.vladisl (Vlad Dudnik) 28 August 2018 14: 15
      +1
      ... the USSR has many WBs around the world ...

      Many? There is no such number. But the exact amount is known.
      These are 16 countries. Including Warsaw Pact countries.
      The United States, for example, has military bases on all continents. Except Antarctica. In 2008 there were 730 of them.
  2. Jurij c Offline Jurij c
    Jurij c (Jurij c) 26 August 2018 21: 38
    +1
    And who removed from Vietnam and lied that there is no money to pay for a free base. And with what shame they left Cuba. They only after a few months learned that no one was there. And Putin did all this. And now, while he is driving us, they’re not letting us in even for money
    1. gorbunov.vladisl (Vlad Dudnik) 28 August 2018 14: 22
      +1
      ... that there is no money to pay for a free base.

      Free? Yes, it was such, but only in the Soviet period.
      According to the Soviet-Vietnamese agreement, the rent of the base was free. Since 1991, the Vietnamese side has unofficially offered the USSR, and then Russia, to pay the rent.
      And in the early 90's there really was no money .... for the army and navy. At least this is what the accomplices of the drunk Yeltsin claimed.
  3. yuriy55 Offline yuriy55
    yuriy55 (Yuri Vasilievich) 27 August 2018 04: 09
    +1
    And Vietnam has forgiven us debts. yes Just $ 9 out of $ 530 ... repeat Or is it we them? belay But I wonder if they had not forgiven? Or did not borrow? Or would not have fought on their side? There, the mess was cleaner than the Syrian. What about Cuba? $ 31 billion is little money, and noble goals were pursued. To Cuba was good. So money taken from the people in the amount of $ 700 over twenty years was written off ... wassat
    Such kind uncles, fluffy ... One Russian people is callous and narrow-minded. He does not understand his happiness in raising his retirement age. Everything is messing around, expressing itself ... request