How Russia can bring the share of "green generation" to 40% due to the energy of the tides


The global energy transition announced by the United States, the EU and the PRC has become a major challenge for Russia. The country needs "green kilowatts" to ensure that our products have a minimum "carbon footprint". In addition, domestic energy companies want to participate in the "hydrogen pie" section, and renewable energy sources are needed to generate "green hydrogen". But what should be taken as the basis for the formation of Russian renewable energy - wind, sun, biogas, or the power of the oceans?


Apparently, the leadership of our country has laid eyes on the construction of tidal power plants (TPS). There are many reasons for this.

At first, tidal energy is renewable and eternal in nature.

Secondly, it is cyclical and unchanged (taking into account the period), subject to forecasting, in contrast to solar or wind generation.

Thirdly, it is environmentally friendly, does not give any harmful emissions into the atmosphere, like a thermal power plant, does not carry the risk of radiation hazard, like a nuclear power plant, or a dam break, like a hydroelectric power station.

Fourthly, modern RPEs are biologically permeable and do not lead to fish death.

Fifthly, in the regions where such power plants operate, the ice situation is noticeably softened.

Yes, by coincidence, the most convenient places for the construction of TPPs are in Russia in rather harsh conditions. And where can the first industrially operating domestic tidal power plants appear?

Mezenskaya TPP


A tidal power plant can be built in the Mezen Bay of the White Sea. In the European part of Russia, this place seems to be the most successful, since the height of the tides here reaches 10,3 meters. There are at least 8 options for placing it near the coast, from which the capacity will vary greatly: from 11,4 million kW with an output of 38,9 billion kWh with 3400 hours of annual use to 19,7 million kW with an output of 49,1 billion kWh of electricity.

This amount of electricity would allow not only to provide "green kilowatts" to the north-west of Russia, but also to start exporting "green electricity" to neighboring Europe.

Tugurskaya TPP



The second tidal power plant may appear on the coast of the Sea of ​​Okhotsk in the Khabarovsk Territory, which predicts a power shortage by 2025. The TPP project in the Tugursky Bay was worked out back in the Soviet period, but was abandoned after the collapse of the USSR. The capacity of the station, located 600 kilometers from Khabarovsk and 900 kilometers from Japan, is estimated at 9 GW. The average tide height here is only 4,74 meters, but a relatively low water pressure will allow installing over 1 low-power units. The regional authorities hope to use tidal energy to generate "green hydrogen", explained Governor Degtyarev:

The project is large, so far we are considering everything carefully. But if it flies, and I'm sure it flies, then we will produce, I think, a quarter of the world's hydrogen, sometime by 2030.

Penzhinskaya TPP


This power plant has the potential to become the most cyclopean in the world. Its location is Penzhinskaya Bay in the northeastern part of the Shelikhovsky Bay of the Sea of ​​Okhotsk. The average height of the tides here is 9 meters, but periodically they can rise, reaching a level of 12,9 meters, that is, being the highest in the Pacific Ocean. Every day, 20-30 times more water flows here than through the mouth of the Amazon River. This makes it possible to build 2 sections of the TPP at once - South and North. The capacity of the Northern section is tentatively estimated at 21,4 GW, and the average annual output at 50 billion kWh. The southern section is immeasurably more powerful: 87,7 GW and 190-205 billion kWh per year, respectively.

The figures are, of course, fantastic. Enough for own consumption in the Far East, and for the production of "green hydrogen", and the excess electricity itself can be exported to neighboring China or to Japan, probably via an underwater cable. In general, due to TPP, we will be able to receive about 40% of the current total generation, and all this energy will be "green". However, all this splendor has its downside, which also needs to be said.

The construction of a TPP is expensive, very expensive. This is a huge amount of work, modern high-tech equipment and the construction of adjacent infrastructure will be needed. In particular, the North section of the Penzhinskaya tidal power station is estimated at $ 60 billion, and the South section - at $ 200 billion. Colossal money. At one time, even the USSR could not pull it. Mezhenskaya and Tugurskaya look more modest, but they will also cost a pretty penny. In other words, without serious foreign investment, even the state may not be able to pull such projects.

In this regard, a natural question arises: how exactly and how long will the invested funds be repaid? Export hydrogen? But while they are only talking about it, and there is no real sales market yet, there is no way to assess the demand in order to determine the supply. And how to export? Liquefy and ship by tanker? Then you will also have to build a plant with an LNG terminal. All in all, this is a very difficult, long and financially difficult story.

Nevertheless, if the Russian authorities want the country to comply with modern "green" standards, such projects need a deep study in order to make an adequate conclusion and attract interested investors.
38 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. Jacques sekavar Offline Jacques sekavar
    Jacques sekavar (Jacques Sekavar) 6 November 2021 15: 34
    +1
    It is not enough to announce, you have to do it. “Green” energy needs state subsidies, which not all government entities can afford, especially if they have traditional energy sources, and this calls into question the effectiveness of “green” energy on a global scale.
    As a basis, each state education will take what it has - wind, sun, biogas, the power of the oceans, or a combination of these. Iceland has thermal springs, on the coast of Chukotka the wind is up to 50 m / s, and in Kamchatka in the Penzhinskaya Bay the tides reach 17 meters in height and they wanted to build it back in Soviet times, but the problem is who needs it there - there are no consumers, and to build a power transmission line with a length of thousands of kilometers were considered unprofitable, the Black Sea has huge reserves of methane, which periodically comes to the surface and there is an opportunity to use it. In the northern regions, it is theoretically possible to use the temperature difference between the surface and deep layers of the earth. Alternatively, a lunar or space solar station, the mirror of which is focused on an earth receiving station. There are many and different options, but only nuclear power remains real, the emissions of which, as Vladimir Putin said at the energy forum, are less than the sun.
    1. Cyril Offline Cyril
      Cyril (Kirill) 6 November 2021 19: 18
      -3
      There are many and different options, but only nuclear power remains real, the emissions of which, as Vladimir Putin said at the energy forum, are less than the sun.

      This is the dumbest comparison. Naturally, emissions on the Sun are more powerful, because the Sun itself is millions of times larger than the entire atomic energy of the Earth. But the victims in Chernobyl and Fukushima are neither warm nor cold from this.

      Humanity as a species has evolved taking into account the level of solar radiation on Earth. This level is more or less the same in the foreseeable past and foreseeable future. But the nuclear power plant was not included in the "plans" of evolution. Therefore, the comparison is dumb.
      1. isofat Offline isofat
        isofat (isofat) 6 November 2021 19: 48
        0
        Quote: Cyril
        This is the dumbest comparison. Naturally, emissions on the Sun are more powerful ...

        Cyril, no one imagined that, not limiting yourself to measurements on Earth, you would climb the star itself. laughing
        1. Cyril Offline Cyril
          Cyril (Kirill) 6 November 2021 20: 29
          -1
          Isophat, open your eyes and read them, and do not perform other actions. It was not me who compared nuclear energy to the Sun, but Putin - if the words of Jacques Sekavar are true, and Putin really said that.

          Learn not only to read, but also to be aware of what you have read.
          1. isofat Offline isofat
            isofat (isofat) 6 November 2021 20: 35
            0
            Come on Cyril, can happen to anyone. Don't worry about it. laughing

            And be aware! Do you need a lot of time for this? hi
            1. Cyril Offline Cyril
              Cyril (Kirill) 6 November 2021 22: 32
              -1
              Come on Cyril, anyone can happen.

              Yes, something happens to you all the time. Always a pug in a puddle.

              Don't worry about it. laughing

              I'm not worried about you

              And be aware!

              I am constantly busy with this, unlike you.

              Do you need a lot of time for this?

              Much less than you.
              1. isofat Offline isofat
                isofat (isofat) 6 November 2021 23: 56
                0
                I forgot to thank you for your good mood, thank you Kirill! Nothing can spoil it for me today. laughing
          2. Miffer Offline Miffer
            Miffer (Sam Miffers) 6 November 2021 23: 27
            +3
            if Jacques Sekavar's words are trueand Putin really said that.

            It is far from the fact that the words of Jacques Sekavar are true, and that Putin really said that.
            Jacques Sekavar can here to comrade Lenin ascribe his rich thoughts and quote as the ultimate truth.
      2. boriz Offline boriz
        boriz (boriz) 7 November 2021 18: 33
        -1
        I understood these words of Putin in such a way that nuclear power emissions are less than solar energy, that is, solar panels.
        1. Cyril Offline Cyril
          Cyril (Kirill) 7 November 2021 20: 14
          0
          And what kind of radiation emissions do solar panels have? O_o
          1. boriz Offline boriz
            boriz (boriz) 8 November 2021 00: 48
            -1
            And who spoke about radiation emissions? I meant carbon emissions. Now little is remembered about radiation, they are afraid of the greenhouse effect to the point of seizures.
            They meant chemical (including carbon) emissions during the production, operation and disposal of solar panels. During operation, there are also emissions due to the instability of the solar panels. To compensate for instability, it is necessary either to turn on thermal energy sources (moreover, in an abnormal mode due to the urgency of switching on), or install batteries, and this is also emissions during manufacture and disposal. And the emissions are not only carbon-based, but worse.
  2. steelmaker Offline steelmaker
    steelmaker 6 November 2021 16: 52
    -4
    Apparently, the leadership of our country has set its eyes on the construction of tidal power plants (TPS).

    How we love "show-off". And all at the expense of the people! So, our oligarchs, have they built something for the country and the people from scratch? And how will this green energy affect the well-being of the people and the country? According to the law, twice a year, tariffs are raised for electricity, water, gas! Although already now, we have nothing to do with this electrical energy! The communists set up a thermal power plant, a hydroelectric power station, a nuclear power plant, and they ruined the industry, and there is nowhere to put the capacity.

    the power plant is estimated at $ 60 billion, and the Yuzhny - at $ 200 billion

    Akkuyu NPP cost - $ 22 billion
    Baltic NPP - 6,23 billion rubles Euro.
    Kursk NPP -2 - 200 mln. rub.
    The cost of building power unit No. 4 with a fast-neuron reactor BN-800 at the Beloyarsk NPP was estimated at 145,6 billion rubles, TASS reports.
    We have nowhere to put more money, just to build a PES! Meaning? Putin was ordered, and he is glad to try: "What will you pleasessssss?"
    1. Face Offline Face
      Face (Alexander Lik) 6 November 2021 20: 31
      0
      And you threw off a lot of oligarchs?
  3. Marzhecki Offline Marzhecki
    Marzhecki (Sergei) 6 November 2021 20: 04
    +1
    Quote: steel maker
    We have nowhere to put more money, just to build a PES! Meaning?

    to produce green kilowatts so that export products have a low carbon footprint
    1. steelmaker Offline steelmaker
      steelmaker 7 November 2021 22: 33
      -2
      You are like Putin, what will you please! Don't give a damn about this trail !! What good is it for us ???? Why are you worried that there will be fewer billionaires among Putin's entourage? Prices, tariffs, salaries, pensions - what do we get from this trace ???? You put your brains in the right row, and stop chasing a blizzard about the trail !! Don't give a damn about your tracks !! People, people, when will they live like in the USA and the EU? This is what should excite you, not the traces ... !!!
      1. Marzhecki Offline Marzhecki
        Marzhecki (Sergei) 8 November 2021 17: 47
        +1
        So we have an export-oriented economy. Why will the people live if sales in the EU, China and the United States are closed under this pretext? There will be no pensions or salaries, and the tariffs will be such that the people will not be able to afford imports.
        PS
        and these are not "my tracks", do not be rude to me.
        1. steelmaker Offline steelmaker
          steelmaker 9 November 2021 11: 53
          -1
          I love your articles. You bring up the right topics, bring facts, your arguments and explanations. But in this article, instead of a conclusion, you asked too many questions. Apparently deciding to make a conclusion to the readers in their comments. I brought my facts and made my conclusion.

          Why will the people live,

          This is how I constantly prove it. And you answer me, about the "footprints". And these tracks are yours. Except you, no one remembered about them, and no one needs them.

          There will be no pensions, no salaries

          And this is generally a killer argument! It turns out that we don't have much "Homeland". Now I will wait for your article with arguments how "we have an export-oriented economy" affects our pensions - salaries. And if we don't have any "traces", how much will these pensions and salaries grow?

          don't be rude to me

          OOOOO !!! How gentle you are. Only this is my truth, not rudeness. But the truth is she is always on the verge of rudeness, because it is uncomfortable. How to be rude, you read what they write to me.
          And as I understand it, you are FOR the construction of the TPP? Why then so many questions at the end of the article?

          but in natural selection
          Putin is better, it doesn't matter!
  4. Face Offline Face
    Face (Alexander Lik) 6 November 2021 20: 29
    0
    The Russian energy industry as a whole is already the most advanced and cleanest in the world. But the PES projects are great. You just need to start small. From the same White Sea.
    You can also invite China, South Korea to participate. I'm sure they'll happily agree. It would have been possible for Japan, but only with a radical change in policy and the de-occupation of the country from the Americans.
  5. Sergey Latyshev Offline Sergey Latyshev
    Sergey Latyshev (Serge) 6 November 2021 21: 06
    -3
    So already wrote about this and about these stations here.

    Money is darkness. The timing is awesome. The business plan is still dumb.

    If China masters cold / hot fusion, all this will fly into the pipe ...
  6. shiva Offline shiva
    shiva (Ivan) 6 November 2021 23: 03
    +2
    Gentlemen, I already wrote about all these green technologies, I will repeat a little:
    1. Burning fossil fuels - the dumbest idea of ​​using valuable chemical raw materials - everything from asphalt to vodka is made from oil.
    2. Burning methane from marine deposits is useful, because in itself it is much more dangerous than carbon dioxide in terms of the greenhouse effect
    3. Nuclear power is beautiful, but the natural processes of obtaining heat from natural radioactive decay are accelerated by a million times - we are accelerating the greenhouse effect.
    4. Wind turbines are normal, but composites are needed for their production, recycling of these composites - is it okay if you need to spend 1 kW of dirty power to get 2 kW of net wind power in a year?
    5. Solar panels - and how they weaken the greenhouse effect - by keeping all the solar energy on the ground - these are the same eggs, only in profile.
    6. Space stations for collecting solar energy - you would be concerned with how the excess heat from the surface of the earth can be controlled into space, otherwise global warming with such green ideas will make us green and the tundra will have tropics.
    7. Geothermal springs - most of all - volcanoes and so free energy of such power that mum do not worry, technologies are rather weak - alloys superliving at high temperatures, in short - to get this free energy later, you need to spend a lot now.
    8. Tidal stations are also free energy that does not affect the energy balance of the earth - but again, the initial contribution is large.
    Green in the correct sense of the word is possible only with the cooperation of all countries on conditions similar to socialism. This is not possible under capitalism. For it is cheaper to heat a chum or a suburban villa by burning shit or oil than to install a wind turbine worth 100 chums or a tidal power plant worth 1000 villas. I don’t care that in 50 years we will all die, but now my ass is warm.
    And all these global climate summits are an attempt to sell a dead donkey for a million bucks - to solve their problems at the expense of others.
  7. Miffer Offline Miffer
    Miffer (Sam Miffers) 6 November 2021 23: 14
    +1
    This is a huge amount of work, modern high-tech equipment and the construction of adjacent infrastructure will be needed.

    And it is not very clear who exactly will carry out this work, work on this equipment and build the infrastructure. Also, let's not forget about 10 shoigu-burgs in Siberia, they are also in grandiose plans :))

    If I am not mistaken, 47% of the territory of Russia is occupied by forests. There is also peat, some kind of agriculture. Processing of wood waste, production of biofuel obtained from peat, wood waste and agricultural waste is the most suitable for Russia.
    1. shiva Offline shiva
      shiva (Ivan) 6 November 2021 23: 49
      0
      Alas, my friend! Burning garbage or burning poop is a carbon footprint. CO2 emissions, or maybe there will be something more abruptly, depending on whose guano we burn.
      Yes, we can burn renewable resources - the same poop is produced by reindeer in large quantities. This is better than burning coal, which will end stupidly in 100 years.
      But all the same - this is the emission back into the atmosphere of the CO2 that the green flora of our planet so hard converted into oxygen.
      1. Miffer Offline Miffer
        Miffer (Sam Miffers) 7 November 2021 00: 11
        +4
        I'm not at all sure that CO2 has a strong impact on the environment and especially the climate.
        1. shiva Offline shiva
          shiva (Ivan) 7 November 2021 00: 24
          0
          Imagine what a city is, even a small one on the scale of the earth - a couple of thermal power plants, a bunch of cars - in short, a forest fire, constant for a couple of decades. Is it an anomaly for the earth? Yes!
          And the metropolis - yes, you can see it from space, it glows like a huge fire. Anomaly? Yes!
          A large city is similar in its emissions to a small volcano.
          Don't you believe that people have dirtied the planet with their emissions? And changed the climate?
          I remember in my memory how my dad went on winter fishing in November - that is, the reservoirs were already in the ice - where will you find at least snow today in the Moscow region? It is raining outside the window.
          Mosquitoes don't sleep. The buds on the trees are swelling - in November! Nature is going crazy, why?
          Anecdote in the topic - there are two planets in space, well, and a conversation:
          - Hello, little sister, how are you?
          - Yes sucks, people are turned on. All the time they drill something, blow it up, scratch myself in all immodest places.
          - Don't worry, little sister, I also had people ... passed ...
          1. Miffer Offline Miffer
            Miffer (Sam Miffers) 7 November 2021 05: 01
            +2
            Don't you believe that people have dirtied the planet with their emissions? And changed the climate?

            You do not interfere with the pollution of the planet with the climate.
            They dirtied something, but are you sure that this has changed the climate?
          2. steelmaker Offline steelmaker
            steelmaker 9 November 2021 12: 21
            -1
            how my dad went winter fishing in November - that is, the ponds were already in the ice

            This is not a serious argument. There is such a thing as cyclicality. Do you remember the parade on November 7, 1941. Similar weather was on November 5-6, 2016 in the Moscow region. 75 years have passed.

            That year the autumn weather
            It was a long time in the yard,
            Winters waited, nature waited.
            Snow fell only in January .....


            (Pushkin A.S.)
        2. shiva Offline shiva
          shiva (Ivan) 7 November 2021 00: 38
          0
          And with all our influence - we are now between two ice ages, which are caused by both solar activity and the movement of the earth - 20000 years ago it was cold, then it became warmer, 1000 years ago - they call the climatic optimum, then it began to get colder again - we are moving again by the ice age by the standards of the earth, but then people appeared - and sliding down to the glacier turned into global warming - so nature went crazy. And no one can predict what will happen next ...
      2. steelmaker Offline steelmaker
        steelmaker 7 November 2021 22: 35
        -2
        Your logic is correct, and you do not deserve a minus.
  8. shiva Offline shiva
    shiva (Ivan) 7 November 2021 00: 02
    +2
    Regarding green energy, experts began to write recommendations, having passed the USE somehow.
    Or paid for by corporations that promote their product. Again, I repeat - solar panels are destructive, they are worse than even burning methane, which, in addition to deposits in the ocean, is actively farting off all mammals, including you and me. And methane is worse than carbon dioxide - it enhances the greenhouse effect. Let's forbid cows, pigs and people from faring? Legally, at the UN level? And Greta Tumberg as the most important activist - shall we be the first to fill the traffic jam?
    1. Marzhecki Offline Marzhecki
      Marzhecki (Sergei) 7 November 2021 08: 34
      +1
      Poor girl, this Greta, now all over the world they will always remember her with an unkind word.
  9. Alexey Davydov Offline Alexey Davydov
    Alexey Davydov (Alexey) 7 November 2021 08: 54
    0
    It's all good. However, it does not seem to you that instead of "cakes", Russia must first provide itself with "bread" in an elementary way.
    Who will do all this? Power? Oligarchs? People?
    Do you think that now they can do something differently than they always do?
  10. The comment was deleted.
  11. boriz Offline boriz
    boriz (boriz) 7 November 2021 18: 59
    0
    PES, unfortunately, has the same drawback as other renewable energy sources. This is the frequency of power generation.
    Although there are advantages: the installed capacity utilization factor is several times higher than that of wind and solar sources. And there is no big consumption of resources for the constant updating and disposal of equipment. And the frequency of energy production is predictable (unlike wind and sun).
    Likewise, TECs are rigidly tied to geography. To the place where the natural conditions for their construction have developed.
    What to do with this crazy energy in the Penzhinskaya Bay area? The transmission loss will be unacceptable. There is also not very seismic. And what is there to compensate for the fluctuations in energy production? You can, of course, try to burn the generated hydrogen, but with its combustion, there are big technical and environmental problems.
    And there is no market for hydrogen energy now, and it may not be in the near future. Countries will not be up to any exotic. Everyone will rush back into coal, gas and nuclear power plants.
    Perhaps in our country there will be free resources for such experiments (if our economy is disconnected from the dollar). But all the same, it will only be an addition to nuclear power plants, coal, gas, hydroelectric power plants.
    In general, the only real basis for energy in the near future is ZNC. Fuels have been used for thousands of years. It is possible, without haste, to bring to mind the thermonuclear energy.
  12. Rinat Offline Rinat
    Rinat (Rinat) 7 November 2021 22: 21
    -1
    The author apparently does not know that already now the Russian energy sector already by 40% consists of hydroelectric power plants and nuclear power plants that are clean from hydrocarbons. The introduction of PES will catch up with this percentage to 50-70%.
    1. Marzhecki Offline Marzhecki
      Marzhecki (Sergei) 8 November 2021 18: 01
      0
      NPPs are not yet green in the EU
      1. Rinat Offline Rinat
        Rinat (Rinat) 12 November 2021 20: 52
        0
        "Green energy" on the panels and wind turbines also does not have full purity, since during their manufacture and disposal after failure they have a long carbon footprint. In addition, both vertyaks and panels have So xnj such energy can be called "green" only conditionally.
  13. Trshch Putin! Prick, plis, at your fools to calm down! What is ... green energy with a developed industry? THIS IS A UTOPIA! And all sorts of PESY - toys for fools!
  14. bsb Offline bsb
    bsb (Boris Babitsky) 9 January 2022 19: 48
    0
    An inexhaustible source of electricity created by Nature is the world's oceans with anions and cations. Use defines the invention: "A method for generating electricity from underwater sea currents (including ebb and flow) and a device for its implementation", RF patent No. 2735039. Ions guided by magnets are direct electric current that can be converted into alternating current. And no underwater mechanical rotating hydraulic turbines. It's up to comprehension and implementation.
  15. bsb Offline bsb
    bsb (Boris Babitsky) 30 January 2022 20: 59
    0
    An inexhaustible source of electricity created by Nature is the world ocean with anions and cations. The use defines the invention: "Method of generating electricity from underwater sea currents (including ebbs and flows) and a device for its implementation", RF patent No. 2735039. Ions guided by magnets are a direct electric current that can be converted into alternating current. And no underwater mechanical rotating turbines. It's about thinking and implementing.