Import substitution of microelectronics: How to set up production of chips in Russia


For the second year in a row, there has been an acute shortage of semiconductor products in the world. The shortage of chips is felt by everyone, from consumer electronics manufacturers to auto giants.


The above situation is due to several factors at once. However, the pandemic and quarantine measures that led to the massive closures of factories had the greatest impact on the decline in chip production.

All major countries, including China and the United States, intend to get out of the crisis through import substitution. In particular, the EU is going to spend 120 billion euros for these purposes.

The main obstacle for the development of domestic microelectronics is the lack of demand within the country and the sanctions policyseriously restricting our exports. However, the situation may change in the near future.

Since 2019, the government has begun to implement measures to support a domestic manufacturer that produces analogues of foreign products. In particular, for such companies, the rate of insurance premiums was halved, and the income tax was reduced by almost 7 times, bringing it to 3%.

In addition, since August 31 of this year, authorities are prohibited from purchasing foreign electronics if there is at least one bid from a domestic manufacturer.

Stimulates the development of its own chip production and global deficit. After all, the priority for business in these conditions has become the speed of supply of components, and not their price.

Finally, in 2022, electronic labeling may be introduced, and from 2023 a recycling fee will be introduced, which will be returned to enterprises that have fulfilled the conditions for the localization of production in Russia.

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  1. steelmaker Offline steelmaker
    steelmaker 12 October 2021 11: 06
    +1
    Is this good news? But for some reason it seems to me that again they are hanging on our ears.
    "It was proposed to simplify the export of platinum and rare metals from Russia" https://kapital-rus.ru/articles/article/vyvoz_platiny_i_redkih_metallov_iz_rossii_predlojili_uprostit/
    Somehow one does not "fit" with the other. So it turns out that in single copies, for parades, Russia can do everything, but for the people and industry it is necessary to buy Chinese. Because there are sanctions on EU and US products.
  2. Petr Vladimirovich (Peter) 12 October 2021 11: 47
    +2
    The research and production cluster Zelenograd was built for this purpose.
    Glucometers Satellite Express and strips for them are produced there.
    1. goncharov.62 Offline goncharov.62
      goncharov.62 (Andrei) 12 October 2021 13: 21
      -2
      Quite worthy of the Great Country ... (This is a sad joke without humor) ... Are the gags sculpted in the wrong place?
  3. boriz Offline boriz
    boriz (boriz) 12 October 2021 12: 40
    0
    The province is back in the corral. Moscow, St. Petersburg ...
    But not only there were microcircuits made. Novosibirsk, Kaluga ...
    P / p lasers - Saratov, Kaluga ...
  4. goncharov.62 Offline goncharov.62
    goncharov.62 (Andrei) 12 October 2021 13: 19
    +3
    The main obstacle for the development of domestic microelectronics is the lack of demand within the country.

    ??? Who wrote such nonsense? Another exam?
  5. Jacques sekavar Offline Jacques sekavar
    Jacques sekavar (Jacques Sekavar) 13 October 2021 09: 13
    0
    The fact that the microelectronics of the Russian Federation is no worse than the advanced western one can be judged by the products of the military-industrial complex, the issue of profitability and, as a result, production volumes, and therefore civilian demand is covered by imports for mutual benefit. but they are also working on this by stimulating domestic producers of consumer goods.
  6. Sergey Latyshev Offline Sergey Latyshev
    Sergey Latyshev (Serge) 13 October 2021 10: 29
    -2
    You can only rejoice.
    It is a little annoying that such a "revival of microelectronics" has already been announced 5 times.

    Zelenograd (industrial zone) is built up by these "Intel killers", which are usually ruined until the next vbuhivaniya state funds.

    It is worth comparing the price of some AMD and a Russian-Taiwanese processor, and it is clear why there is "no demand" ...