Why Russia banned GMOs

Few exist today for those that cause such a public outcry as GMOs. The thing is the lack of reliable information with a huge number of myths and conjectures around genetically modified organisms. So what is GMO, and with what do they eat? And why are GMOs banned in our country, but allowed in states that are considered more developed than Russia?




GMOs are living organisms modified by introducing a foreign gene, as well as those that have acquired new properties when editing their genome. Genomodified products can be divided into 3 groups:

1) Containing genetically modified ingredients, such as soy or corn. It is known that 90% of soy on the planet is GMO.

2) Products from processed GM organisms: corn flakes, chips, soy milk, etc.

3) GM vegetables and fruits that we eat by buying them in a store or in the market.

GMOs cause polar estimates. It is known for certain that in medicine, with the help of GMO bacteria, millions of lives have already been saved thanks to the production of insulin for patients with diabetes mellitus. But in the field of agriculture, everything is not so clear. The use of GMO crops is beneficial to large agricultural holdings, since the cost of production decreases by 20%. However, the negative consequences of growing transgenic plants in the form of the appearance of superweeds resistant to chemicals, as well as an extremely dangerous decrease in the number of bees in the regions of GMO cultivation, were noted. The situation is exacerbated by the apparent unwillingness of the developers of GMOs to publish full data on the possible negative consequences of their cultivation with reference to trade secrets.

In Russia, more than two years ago, a moratorium on the cultivation of transgenic plants was introduced. The import of transgenic seeds and breeding of transgenic animals is also prohibited. However, experimentation with GMOs in experimental plots and research are allowed. Despite this, we eat GMO products every day in bread, confectionery and meat products, which are added to the derivatives of genetically modified soybeans, corn and rice. In Russia, the famous Monsanto sells its product under the Bayer brand. But this is far from the only company, Syngenta, Pioneer Hi-Bred and BASF are traded in the same way, and they do it all legally. Also, GM products are consumed not only by the Russians themselves, but also by livestock. In our country, three hundred commodity names of GM livestock feeds are officially registered. Even small calves are sometimes fed GM soy milk.

In Russia, domestic laboratories operate in which GM crops for gardens are developed that are resistant to pests, chemicals and viruses, with extended shelf life. Technologies for their development "kindly provided" by American corporations. Russian scientists, often with financial support from abroad, are developing transgenic tobacco, rapeseed, potatoes, and sunflower. Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences Vladimir Kuznetsov believes that the development of competitive biotechnologies in our country is one of the priorities of the scientific and technological development of Russia:

To achieve this goal, it is necessary to significantly increase state funding for basic research on the creation of market-friendly transgenic organisms that are safe for humans and the environment.


However, such activities should take place exclusively under state control and with the involvement of the public. The organization “Russia without GMOs” appealed to the head of state with a request to make the decision-making process informational and transparent, create a special body controlling the use of GMOs and introduce a complete register of GMO food and animal feed.

Experts note that Western corporations are extremely dissatisfied with the moratorium introduced two years ago on the cultivation of GMO products in Russia. Big business always does not focus on the health of consumers, not the possible environmental damage, but only its profit, measured in billions of dollars. Should Russia once again open up its market for Western GMOs under pressure from lobbyists? No, of course. There is enormous potential in the field of genetic modifications, but the risks are great. First, many years of independent research must be completed, which together will evaluate all environmental, medical and economic aspects of this problem.
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  1. voyaka uh-repa Offline voyaka uh-repa
    voyaka uh-repa (Alexey) 13 August 2018 18: 49
    +2
    Compare the vegetable product of GMOs, where pesticides are not required, with the vegetable that was poured with pesticides and then sent to the market. Pesticides are frankly carcinogenic.
    Very serious poisons. They penetrate the soil and from there into the water.
    GMO?
  2. Maxim Sidorov Offline Maxim Sidorov
    Maxim Sidorov (Maxim Sidorov) 14 August 2018 08: 01
    +1
    It is precisely thanks to such laws of Monsant that we profit at our expense. And they are also trying to drive us into similar laws in the Middle Ages and impose the fascist ideology, because adequate biology geneticists will flow abroad, and we will remain obscurantists like Klesov and Savelyev.
  3. Julia Ostanina Offline Julia Ostanina
    Julia Ostanina (Julia Ostanina) 15 August 2018 05: 02
    +1
    The fact of the matter is that GMO research has been, is and will be conducted by both state research centers and private. There are huge meta-analyzes that do not find anything harmful in GMOs. In addition, the control of GMO products is already surpassing, unlike traditionally grown products, which can be more harmful due to fertilizers and other pesticides that GMO products do not require. There are no greater risks than from traditionally grown products.
    1. Marzhecki Offline Marzhecki
      Marzhecki (Sergei) 15 August 2018 13: 22
      +1
      No one says cross GMOs. We need many years of comprehensive research under state control. This is the case when it is better to play it safe.