Russian "vacuum bomb": advantages and disadvantages


Many have heard of a vacuum or thermobaric bomb. This weapon is rightfully considered the most powerful after the nuclear one. However, it also has its advantages and disadvantages.


It is worth starting with the principle of the "mother" of all bombs. Like everything ingenious, it is extremely simple.

The first ammunition of this type consisted of 50-liter high-pressure cylinders with a braking parachute, which opened at a height of 30 meters. At a distance of 5 meters near the surface of the earth, the squib destroyed the shell of the cylinder, releasing its contents under pressure.

Finally, the resulting "cloud" was ignited by a small charge. A mixture of acetylene oxide with aluminum or magnesium powder was used as an explosive.

The main advantage of vacuum bombs is their amazing penetrating power. It is impossible to hide from her in a trench or wait outside the wall of a building.

The aerosol cloud floats into any crevices and shelters. This ammunition is an ideal weapon against enemy personnel hiding in defensive fortifications.

In addition, due to the fact that the aerosol mixture penetrates into the soil, thermobaric ammunition can be used to clear large areas.

As for the disadvantages, such a weapon is ineffective against armored vehicles and is practically useless in the air. And the time of detonation on the ground must be calculated very accurately. In the case of a delay, an explosive cloud can simply be blown away by the wind, and in a hurry, the mixture will not be saturated with oxygen enough, which will reduce the power of the explosion.

Finally, it is worth noting that the most powerful vacuum bomb, which was named "The Pope of All Bombs", belongs to Russia. Tests in 2007 showed that one such munition is capable of completely destroying well-fortified structures within a radius of 300 meters, while objects such as ordinary residential buildings collapsed at a distance of 1 km from the epicenter of the explosion.

Moreover, our engineers have adapted thermobaric ammunition for MLRS. This is how the TOS-1A "Solntsepek" system was born, which Western experts call "Putin's most terrible weapon."

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  1. sgrabik Offline sgrabik
    sgrabik (Sergei) 23 September 2021 12: 51
    +2
    Why do we not use these ammunition in Syria against clusters of militants, or against their fortified points and bunkers, it is necessary to test all types of weapons not at training grounds, but in a real combat situation.
    1. Petya Bystrov Offline Petya Bystrov
      Petya Bystrov (Petya Bystrov) 23 September 2021 15: 52
      +1
      The Su-25 bomber fired two bombs weighing 500 kg each. BETAB-500 bombs are used to destroy specially protected fortified underground bunkers, the RF Aerospace Forces said.

      Apply BETAB-500 and BETAB-250
      1. sgrabik Offline sgrabik
        sgrabik (Sergei) 23 September 2021 16: 22
        +3
        BETAB does not belong to thermobaric ammunition, and we are talking about them here.
        1. Petya Bystrov Offline Petya Bystrov
          Petya Bystrov (Petya Bystrov) 11 October 2021 10: 18
          0
          The reply was to the message
      2. guleg Offline guleg
        guleg 23 September 2021 22: 35
        -2
        Quote: Petya Bystrov
        Su-25 bomber fired two bombs

        you can release a rocket. Or Gina. Take a walk around the dog. Or a bunch. Bomb - dump.

        BetAB is a concrete-piercing aerial bomb. What does she have to do with it?
    2. Noct Heche Online Noct Heche
      Noct Heche (Noct Heche) 24 September 2021 20: 29
      +2
      It has been tested for a long time. And this should be used purely for defense. A very terrible weapon in the appropriate power. Bumblebee burned out the volume of a quart of 3 rooms. The charge of the TOS rocket was terrible before. Now and even more so
  2. Rum rum Offline Rum rum
    Rum rum (Rum rum) 23 September 2021 15: 42
    +3
    When already, the so-called "experts" will begin to use the terms correctly: not "vacuum ammunition", but thermobaric ones.
    It doesn't smell like a vacuum.
    There, the principle is the same as in a pulsating engine: first there is a relatively slow front of increased pressure (with a high temperature), a low pressure area (but not a vacuum) appears inside the explosion sphere, then the collapse of this low pressure area (count the back pressure wave).
    It turns out four consecutive damaging factors:
    1.high temperature,
    2.high pressure (shock wave),
    3.low pressure,
    4. collapse (count one more blow with pressure).
    This is not counting the collateral factors in the form of debris.

    In Syria, thermobaric ammunition was used - these are "pinocchio", "sun" and "tornado", they say they were also developed for "hail" (but this is inaccurate).
    1. Kristallovich Online Kristallovich
      Kristallovich (Ruslan) 23 September 2021 17: 20
      +1
      When already, the so-called "experts" will begin to use the terms correctly: not "vacuum ammunition", but thermobaric ones.

      Before commenting, you should watch the video.
  3. guleg Offline guleg
    guleg 23 September 2021 22: 42
    -2
    Many have heard of a vacuum or thermobaric bomb

    Mess in my head. The vacuum bomb is a "newspaper stamp" and is usually understood as volume detonating munitions (ODB). Thermobaric is thermobaric, not at all the same as ODB. The mechanisms of action are somewhat different.
    1. Rum rum Offline Rum rum
      Rum rum (Rum rum) 25 September 2021 15: 53
      0
      There, the difference is very shaky. The first point is slightly lower, due to the composition of the mixture, otherwise the principle is absolutely the same.
      Regarding the "cliches", this is the incompetence of one, repeated by many.
      In general, I have a bad attitude towards all kinds of "cliches", this is either incompetence or manipulation.
  4. Siegfried Offline Siegfried
    Siegfried (Gennady) 24 September 2021 02: 14
    +2
    it is also extremely sensitive to wind and rain.