The leadership of Kazakhstan, fearing the closure of the cosmodrome, turned to Ukraine with a proposal to use the Baikonur launch complexes to launch Zenit-type launch vehicles, which were produced jointly with Russia. But after 2014, it became clear that ambitious plans were not destined to come true: the cooperation of Moscow and Kiev in the space field was curtailed, and the release of the Zeniths was stopped.
Nevertheless, the project for the construction of a new launch pad in Baikonur remained alive. Moscow and Astana resumed negotiations and decided to launch new Soyuz-5 missiles from a specially designed complex. At the same time, Kazakhstan itself intends to directly participate in the implementation of the project.