Israel on track to create an ultimatum defense against Palestinian missiles


During the latest escalation of the conflict, Israel and Palestine exchanged massive missile strikes. Hamas militants fired over 1600 missiles at the Israeli part of Jerusalem, Tel Aviv and other cities of the Jewish state, of which, according to the IDF spokesman, about 400 did not reach at all, and 90% of the remaining ones were shot down by the Iron Dome missile defense system. Despite the cheerfulness of the official statements, at least five Israelis were killed and over two hundred were injured. Why is the widely advertised "Dome" in fact not so "iron"?


First, it is necessary to outline in general terms Israel's missile defense system and the challenges it faces.

The long-range missile defense system of the Jewish state is called "Hetz" (Arrow) and is designed to intercept missiles launched from a distance of up to 3000 kilometers, flying at a speed of up to 4,5 kilometers per second. This system was developed in collaboration with the US Missile Defense Agency and US defense companies. "Hets-2" is capable of guiding up to 12 targets simultaneously and intercepting short-range missiles of the enemy in the stratosphere. Hetz-3 is designed to protect against medium-range missiles such as Iranian Shahab-3 and Sajil.


Israel's mid-range missile defense system is represented by the Sling of David. It has also been developed with US partners to intercept short-range ballistic missiles, subsonic missiles, large-caliber unguided missiles and aircraft.


Iron Dome "is a short-range defense complex, and it is on it that the main load falls, taking into account the specifics of the enemy. Palestinians from the Hamas movement periodically strike at the territory of the Jewish state from analogs of the MLRS "Grad", mainly of Iranian design. Handicraft unguided rockets "Kassam" are becoming a thing of the past. One "Dome" should cover an area of ​​150 square kilometers from similar missiles with a range of 7 to 40 kilometers. This is an independent development of the Israeli company Rafael. Its active use began 10 years ago.


It is claimed that tactical missile defense is capable of intercepting from 85 to 90% of enemy missiles, and indeed, the Iron Dome has shot down thousands of them over the years. However, in recent days, the effectiveness of the system has been questioned. Why did it happen? In fact, there are several factors at once that determined such a result.

At first, a missile defense system that guarantees 100% interception of all missiles does not exist in principle. Any complex has its own saturation limit - the maximum number of targets that an air defense system can hit with one ammunition load.

Secondly, before the "Iron Dome" such a task was not initially set. Launching one anti-missile missile costs 20-30 thousand dollars, which is several times higher than the cost of Palestinian missiles. The creation of this system was primarily due to economic reasons. The fact is that if each Palestinian missile hits a residential city block, the state is obliged to pay compensation to its residents in the amount of at least 250 thousand dollars. For this reason, the IDF does not react to rockets and shells flying through the uninhabited territory of the country, where there is nothing to cause damage, but always strives to intercept those that fly to cities.

Thirdly, it should be borne in mind that now the quality of the missiles used by the Palestinians has also changed. If earlier Hamas militants fired primitive Qassams, now A-120 missiles developed in Iran are flying towards Israel. This is already a much more serious product, capable of covering a distance of 120 kilometers. In the arsenal of militants there are other ammunition, the qualitative and quantitative characteristics of which are not disclosed.

Consequently, the balance of power has changed somewhat. Iranian A-120s in Palestine may be only the first swallow, so Israel will have to adapt its missile defense system to the new threat. Note that the Jewish state is currently following its American allies, developing a short-range missile defense system based on the use of laser of technologies.

It has been named the Iron Beam and is designed to destroy short-range missiles, artillery mines and shells, and drones. The mobile complex includes a radar station, two laser installations and a control point. The "iron beam" is capable of detecting a small target at a distance of up to 7 kilometers and destroying it with a directed beam within 4-5 seconds. Its big advantage over anti-aircraft missile and missile-cannon systems is the low cost of the "shot", almost unlimited "ammunition", the lower cost of maintenance of the installation and the reduced weapons crew.


If the Israelis manage to bring the new complex to mind (today it is being tested), Tel Aviv will have the last line of defense against enemy missiles. The Iron Beam, unlike the Iron Dome, can be safely deployed in cities, shooting down missiles at the end of their flight. Thus, the IDF will acquire an ultimatum multilevel missile defense system, which is likely to nullify all the strike capabilities of Hamas.
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  1. Error-69 Offline Error-69
    Error-69 13 May 2021 15: 20
    0
    Hello, in the international media, as soon as this is the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, we always have business dogs. I let you guess which one here.
    1. General Black Offline General Black
      General Black (Gennady) 13 May 2021 18: 20
      +4
      Quote: Error-69
      I let you guess which one here.

      It was necessary to write: "I have let you guess which one is here."
  2. 123 Online 123
    123 (123) 13 May 2021 15: 52
    +1
    "Disco" continues.
    Hamas launches rockets



    Israel is bombing Gaza

  3. Dukhskrepny Offline Dukhskrepny
    Dukhskrepny (Vasya) 13 May 2021 16: 05
    0
    Fuhrer Netanyahu's regime must go
  4. Alexzn Offline Alexzn
    Alexzn (Alexander) 14 May 2021 09: 10
    0
    Quote: Error-69
    Hello, in the international media, as soon as this is the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, we always have business dogs. I let you guess which one here.

    Very deep thought!
  5. Alexzn Offline Alexzn
    Alexzn (Alexander) 14 May 2021 09: 10
    0
    Quote: Spiritual
    Fuhrer Netanyahu's regime must go

    Should you personally?
  6. Kofesan Offline Kofesan
    Kofesan (Valery) 14 May 2021 14: 22
    -1
    If there were an independent "expert" in nature, he would definitely say that 80-85% of what the Israelis write about their "domes" is irrepressible advertising. Including for ourselves ...

    Otherwise, Hamas missiles would have been knocked out with the same efficiency as Hezbollah missiles. And in fact, the Israelis can "shoot down" a missile from Palestine, but from Lebanon - well, no way!
    The facts, however!
  7. Alexzn Offline Alexzn
    Alexzn (Alexander) 14 May 2021 14: 57
    0
    Quote: Kofesan
    Otherwise, Hamas missiles would have been knocked out with the same efficiency as Hezbollah missiles. And in fact, the Israelis can "shoot down" a missile from Palestine, but from Lebanon - well, no way!
    The facts, however!

    I did not understand where the facts are. Just wanted to chat? Is it weak in terms of facts and figures?
    1. Kofesan Offline Kofesan
      Kofesan (Valery) 14 May 2021 16: 25
      -2
      Why is it weak? Here's something fresh .... read it and find it - https://vz.ru/news/2021/5/14/1099146.html.
      But the fact that the Israelis pay extra to informants about the launches ... the place, q-ve, the approximate direction of the strike, the time ... along the line of reconnaissance (I don’t know what their expense item is, so don’t demand ... ") this, I think, does not require proof. And in Palestine, it is this "air defense system" that they have put on stream. Then think about the "efficiency" yourself.
      But with Hezbollah (or Hezbollah) - it's more complicated. There the hands of the IDF are shorter.

      And knowing where and when you can pair a dozen Kalash and call it ... mmm .... "Iron Frontier". So what? Sounds bad? No, there is air defense, but it is intended against artisanal missiles, which have one task - just to fly! Well, and cut money off the gullible Ukrainians ... Those will be glad to everything, especially "for free", with European, say, funding.
  8. Alexzn Offline Alexzn
    Alexzn (Alexander) 14 May 2021 16: 42
    +1
    Quote: Kofesan
    https://vz.ru/news/2021/5/14/1099146.html.

    Is that what this talkology is all about? The note says

    Three rockets were fired at Israel from Lebanon, while neither sirens nor air defense systems went off, according to the Israel Defense Forces.

    The rockets exploded in an open area, reports the portal MIGnews.com. The IDF did not tell who was behind the rocket fire.

    Rockets fell on uninhabited terrain! According to the updated data, generally at sea. It is not clear why the means of warning should be triggered, especially the dome should work if the missiles did not threaten anyone? How does all this relate to what you wrote?
    I repeat the question - did you just want to scratch your tongue?
  9. Alexzn Offline Alexzn
    Alexzn (Alexander) 14 May 2021 16: 48
    +2
    Quote: Kofesan
    But the fact that the Israelis pay extra to informants about the launches ... the place, q-ve, the approximate direction of the strike, the time ... along the line of reconnaissance (I don’t know what their expense item is, so don’t demand ... ") this, I think, does not require proof. And in Palestine, it is this "air defense system" that they have put on stream. Then think about the "efficiency" yourself.

    A person who understands air defense in the slightest degree can write such nonsense? This is from the series - the F-16 covered up the Il-20 ... for the victims of the exam.
    1. Kofesan Offline Kofesan
      Kofesan (Valery) 14 May 2021 18: 39
      +3
      And lope you needed missiles? ... And there are no words about the sea. Why so rudely lie then? And in general, can you prove something? For rent - you will answer everything "God's dew"

      Well nonsense, so nonsense. Be yours. In Israeli. But why so many posts to produce then? The strength of the Israelis is in the bought traitors, informers, and the covert fight against poisoning and gunfire from around the corner. Otherwise, you are a tough average. Is that, in terms of demagoguery - ahead of the rest.

      And here is also fresh news. The drone attacked a kibbutz or chemical plant at the time of the settlement. Hey! Where are your domes? Against drones - can't they? Is a drone different? The wrong caliber, so to speak, a "rocket"?


      And further. Who told you that Qassam is a rocket? This is a homemade projectile with jet thrust and tail assembly. Specialist, me too ... Do you know the difference?

      On November 12, 2019, Israel was once again subjected to massive shelling by militants, however, out of 50 improvised missiles launched towards Israel, only 20 were intercepted. there is, instead of the declared efficiency of 600%, the actual combat situation shows only 200% efficiency. But at least two anti-missile missiles are fired for each Kassam.

      https://cont.ws/@potap1956/1990717
      1. Gosha Smirnov Offline Gosha Smirnov
        Gosha Smirnov (Smirnov) 19 May 2021 02: 25
        0
        a pitiful attempt to spoil the wonderful Jewish air defense system. A sane person just needs to compare the scanty losses of Israel in people and materiel from the current artillery systems. A huge avalanche of missiles and such small victims.
        1. Kofesan Offline Kofesan
          Kofesan (Valery) 19 May 2021 05: 44
          -1
          ... IDF and Gosh in all their "splendor". Would you ... (the word "you" refers to all Mr. Israelis, both to the IDF and to Gaucher), even if not so PAPHOSO called bent pipes "launchers", and homemade shells - "rockets". Then you look and "trying to cheat" would be just an attempt. And the "Jewish system" would become similar to the "Shell", reflecting both the strikes of "rocket launchers", and what is already firmly stuck to your "objectivity" ...
  10. Alexey Sergeev Offline Alexey Sergeev
    Alexey Sergeev (Alexey Sergeev) 15 May 2021 06: 06
    0
    Hamas Palestinians

    How politically correct, almost a "social organization".
    Hamas is an Islamist terrorist organization, nothing more. In keeping with Iran, at the moment.
  11. Michael1950 Offline Michael1950
    Michael1950 (Michael) 18 May 2021 19: 06
    -2
    Quote: Kofesan
    If there were an independent "expert" in nature, he would definitely say that 80-85% of what the Israelis write about their "domes" is irrepressible advertising. Including for ourselves ...

    Otherwise, Hamas missiles would have been knocked out with the same efficiency as Hezbollah missiles. And in fact, the Israelis can "shoot down" a missile from Palestine, but from Lebanon - well, no way!
    The facts, however!

    - cheap chatter ...
  12. zenion Offline zenion
    zenion (zinovy) 2 June 2021 23: 41
    0
    You might think that it would be a hyperboloid of engineer Garin with a constant eruption of the beam. This cannot be possible, in principle, for the reason that today's lasers operate in pulses and there are gaps between starts. And also the laser must be deployed at a very high speed along the trajectory of the rocket or projectile. A laser beam is not a light beam with great speed. He will not be able to shoot down low-flying targets, or targets that change trajectory while moving, otherwise someone would already boast that he managed to do it. Of course, worrying about energy will not be necessary, the Israeli rabbis will borrow from God, and the Sun will work for Israel. If only they did not burn the country in the turmoil.