How European equipment ended up in Crimea bypassing Western sanctions


The water supply to the homes of Simferopol residents has improved markedly in recent weeks. Instead of the previous 2-3 hours a day, it comes in for 18 hours a day, however, so far only cold. This is due to the launch of the Beshterek-Zuisky water intake at full capacity, located not far from the capital of Crimea. However, instead of rejoicing for the Crimeans, the Western media began to closely look at the equipment installed there and found pumps of a well-known Danish company at the water intake. What about a specialized European technique ended up in the sanctioned Crimea?


In general, there is nothing to be particularly surprised at: that to solve the water problem of the peninsula, Russia will have to use Western equipment and do it bypassing sanctions, we in detail told earlier. It is much more interesting, according to what specific schemes, Danish pumps got to the Crimea.

The history of countering Western restrictive measures has long roots in our country. Back in 1949, the United States and its allies began to conduct policies obstructing recovery economic power of the USSR. For this, the Export Control Coordinating Committee (CoCom) was created, which compiled lists of weapons, dual-use products, high-tech equipment and technologies prohibited for export to the Soviet Union and the countries of the socialist camp. Then the NATO bloc imposed an embargo on the supply of pipes to Moscow for the needs of the domestic oil and gas industry. In 1974, the infamous Jackson-Vanik Amendment was adopted, and in 1980, after the Soviet troops entered Afghanistan, the United States completely banned the sale of any technology to us. Note that at the same time, the USSR always found ways to get around these restrictions.

Today the modern Russian Federation was forced to take up this baton. Recall that in 2018 in Crimea, bypassing the sanctions, turbines manufactured by the German concern Siemens, which now operate at two power plants, were found. In our country, these power units were slightly "modified with a file" and put on the peninsula as Russian ones. Then there was a notable scandal with German partners, but the turbines, as they worked, are still working for the benefit of the Crimeans. Now it is the turn of the equipment needed to solve the water problem. Back in 2014, immediately after Ukraine stopped supplying water to the peninsula through the North Crimean Canal, the West introduced a ban on the sale of “pumps that pump liquids” to Crimea. And now the foreign media outragedly saw seven CR 185-8 AFAV-HQQV units from the Danish company Grundfos, which are equipped with pumps from the same Siemens concern, at the Beshterek-Zuisky water intake.

Watch your hands. According to a press release from the Russian company VDK Avtomatika (VDK), not Danish, but domestic equipment of its own design is used at the water intake:

Now in the Crimea, at the Beshterek-Zuisky water intake, there is a pumping station equipped and debugged by the company. The unit was designed and delivered by VDK specialists in just three months.

Three months. We can, if we want! In such a short period of time, high-tech equipment has been developed at the Technololis Moscow innovation center. True, foreign observers are not yet inclined to believe in such a high-speed technological breakthrough and turned to Siemens representatives for comments. They explained that all their products are sold to Russia only in accordance with the end-user-certificate. This is a special agreement in which the counterparties of Western corporations indicate the end user of the purchased equipment in order to avoid the situation with German gas turbines in Crimea. The headquarters of the Danish company Grundfos said they did not know anything about the supply of their pumps to the peninsula, and did not say whether they signed the end-user certificate with the Russian side. How does it all add up to a single picture?

It turns out that after the delivery of equipment to Russia, a subsidiary of a Western company is no longer governed by international, but by national legislation. This means that the headquarters in Germany or Denmark cannot oblige their subsidiary to demand from clients a written commitment to refuse supplies to the Russian region of Crimea. Apparently, VDK just bought the pumps from the local division of the Danish company and, perhaps, slightly "modified the file". It turns out that Western equipment can still be supplied through a similar loophole in the legislation until Washington and Brussels cover it up. Then you will have to look for other workarounds.

One important nuance remains. There is no guarantee or service for these powerful pumps operating at the water intake of Simferopol. Rather, it cannot be provided by Grundfos. Will the Russian VDK quickly cope if something flies on this equipment?
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  1. Petr Vladimirovich (Peter) 12 May 2021 19: 41
    +2
    It was like that in the late 80s. CoCom sheet, horror!
    You just call the guys from the Moscow Indian, Pakistani and Yugoslav missions. We need a super WAX computer, three pieces.
    Yes, no problem, we will buy for ourselves, we will re-stick the labels on the boxes ...

    And what? The Americans sold the goods, the guys cut down a small penny, we sat with them in Birshtube at the WTC ...
    Fine!!!
  2. kapitan92 Offline kapitan92
    kapitan92 (Vyacheslav) 12 May 2021 23: 12
    +4
    Note that at the same time, the USSR always found ways to get around these restrictions.

    In the 70s, large Japanese corporations had a number of intermediary firms in Moscow, whose task was to track the needs of Soviet foreign trade organizations and help in concluding deals. Such help was especially needed if the transaction was in violation of any prohibitions.
    The request was for the supply to the USSR of a nine-coordinate metalworking center - a milling machine MVR-110. The word nine-axis means that this machine had 9 points (axes) of attachment of the cutting tool (spindles) for simultaneously turning the ship's propeller. This miracle of machine tool building was produced by Toshiba Machine. In her 1980 catalog, this machine was worth $ 220 million. The weight of the machine was 22 tons, 10 meters wide and 11 meters high. The machine could handle propellers up to 1981 meters in diameter. It was supposed to buy four nine-axis and four five-axis machines. The total was almost $ 100 million in XNUMX prices.
    But Toshiba understood that the delivery was not entirely legal and that a cover operation was required. On the one hand, Toshiba hired C. Itoh & Company ".
    On the other hand, the Japanese attracted the Norwegian company Kongsberg Trade, the trading arm of the state defense enterprise Kongsberg Vaapenfabrikk, which allegedly sold its automatic digital control system and related software to the Japanese.
    It was not the first time for Kronsberg to violate SOSOM sanctions. Between 1974 and 1986, they conducted at least nine transactions with Soviet foreign trade organizations.
    The first part of the delivery was delivered along the Northern Sea Route to Leningrad in the spring of 1983, the second part - along the southern route to the port of Ilyichevsk in 1984. In December 1983, the first two centers were assembled at the Leningrad Baltic Plant. By the end of 1984, all the machines were installed and fully operational. This deal was a classic of the genre. Officials are shown one contract, work differently, deliveries are direct, no re-export. The Japanese and Norwegians come to the Soviet Union for adjustment as to work, our specialists come to Japan at the Toshiba factories.
    Soviet nuclear-powered submarines of the third generation were on par with American nuclear-powered submarines in terms of noise. ... And Toshiba machines with Kongsberg controllers still work.
    A sort of little excursion
  3. Bulanov Offline Bulanov
    Bulanov (Vladimir) 13 May 2021 08: 24
    -4
    And now the foreign media saw with indignation

    Why don't the foreign media see with indignation how the Russian Federation sells gas to the West much cheaper than the American one, although people in the Moscow region are heated with wood?
    1. Piramidon Offline Piramidon
      Piramidon (Stepan) 13 May 2021 12: 30
      +2
      Quote: Bulanov
      Why can't foreign media see

      What is this for? What does re-export have to do with the topic of the article? Decided to throw your shovel of manure on the fan?

      people in the suburbs are heated with wood?

      What kind of firewood do you use?
    2. Cherry Offline Cherry
      Cherry (Kuzmina Tatyana) 14 May 2021 05: 26
      +1
      And why should foreign media be indignant that their countries receive cheap gas? About the gasification of the Moscow region ... the impression is that the same person is talking about this topic on all sorts of sites - Lenta, RIA, FAN .. even on Ukrainian. Do you want it from them? So that you get gas?