Why the newest Russian nuclear submarine "Kazan" is better than the American "Virginia"


Last week, the Russian Navy received the first fourth-generation nuclear submarine Kazan of the Yasen-M project. In total, the Russian fleet will receive 8 such submarines. Moreover, 3 of them are already under construction.


Today, only the United States and Russia own fourth-generation submarines. At the same time, critics constantly reproach our country for the fact that it took 12 years to build Kazan, and the Americans created a more modern Virginia in just 4 years.

However, in fairness, it should be noted that the long-term delay was only beneficial to our nuclear submarine. First, the Yasen-M nuclear-powered cruiser received modern electronics and the latest weapons. Secondly, Russia managed to "get rid" of all foreign components in the newest nuclear submarine, replacing them with domestic ones.

In addition, the claims that the submarines of the Virginia project are better than our nuclear cruiser of the Yasen-M project also do not correspond to reality. The American nuclear submarine is designed to hunt submarines, while the Kazan is capable of destroying large surface targets as well.

In addition, the single-hull Virginia 115 meters long does not have enough volume to implement all possible dampers for noisy equipment. At the same time, our 130-meter submarine, whose crew is almost two times smaller (64 people), received much more anti-noise solutions.

The Virginia is inferior in such parameters as working and maximum depth: 320 and 500 meters versus 520 and 600, respectively. Finally, Russian submarines are superior to their "American competitors" in terms of weapons.

In general, our nuclear submarine "Kazan" is technically a quarter better than the newest "Virginias". At the same time, traditionally, Russian submarines cost 2,5 times less.

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  1. steelmaker Offline steelmaker
    steelmaker 14 May 2021 14: 16
    +1
    that "Kazan" was built for 12 years,

    There is no main thing in this news. What price was planned and what actually turned out. I believe that this is the main reason for all our long-term construction.
  2. Gosha Smirnov Offline Gosha Smirnov
    Gosha Smirnov (Smirnov) 15 May 2021 01: 47
    +2
    that and a little thing: Virginia 19 pcs. built, but Kazan was barely one yet mastered
    1. Igor Berg Offline Igor Berg
      Igor Berg (Igor Berg) 15 May 2021 09: 00
      +1
      19 Virginia units were commissioned, in 2004-2020, in total, it is planned to build from 30 to 48 submarines of this type. And the Russian fleet will receive 8 of these submarines. At the same time, 3 of them are already at the construction stage (at what stage, were the keels laid in the DOKs, or only the signatures on the reports?). And in what year or century will this happen
      1. Mark Offline Mark
        Mark (Mark) 18 May 2021 01: 56
        0
        That's all right. And the little ones were bragging.
  3. Alexey Sergeev Offline Alexey Sergeev
    Alexey Sergeev (Alexey Sergeev) 15 May 2021 05: 05
    +2
    It is worth noting that the long-term delay was only beneficial to our nuclear submarine. First, the Yasen-M nuclear-powered cruiser received modern electronics and the latest weapons.

    Yeah, every nuclear submarine takes 12 years to build negative

    The American nuclear submarine is designed to hunt submarines, while the Kazan is capable of destroying large surface targets as well.

    Vertical launchers for KR in Virginia for beauty, apparently?

    In addition, the single-hull Virginia 115 meters long does not have enough volume to implement all possible dampers for noisy equipment. At the same time, our 130-meter submarine, whose crew is almost two times smaller (64 people), received much more anti-noise solutions.

    That is, the more PL, the quieter ??
    Who has compared noise reduction solutions to and from efficiency?
    The question is about the size of the equipment and the design of the dampers.
    In addition, Virginia uses electric propulsion (reactor-generator-electric motor) rather than a mechanical transmission from a turbine powered by steam. This is a priori less noisy.

    In general, our nuclear submarine "Kazan" is technically a quarter better than the newest "Virginias". At the same time, traditionally, Russian submarines cost 2,5 times less.

    Better in what? By displacement?
    Cheapness is usually achieved by degrading performance / reliability.
    If it affected the construction time ..
    1. Igor Berg Offline Igor Berg
      Igor Berg (Igor Berg) 15 May 2021 09: 03
      0
      "Virginia" 115 meters long does not have enough volume to implement all possible dampers for noisy equipment

      So there, probably, there is simply no noisy equipment, so nafig they don't need this notorious damper.
  4. Alexey Sergeev Offline Alexey Sergeev
    Alexey Sergeev (Alexey Sergeev) 15 May 2021 06: 02
    +1
    About the size: Ash-M is larger and carries 16 CR more (32-40 versus 24), but is it worth it?
    There are critically few hunters' boats capable of fighting their "classmates" (and covering SSBNs if anything), and the desire to "cram more" weapons will lead to an increase in the construction time of the MAPL and a decrease in the series.
    1. Tektor Offline Tektor
      Tektor (Tektor) 17 May 2021 12: 42
      0
      To cover SSBNs, we have Project 636.3 boats: it is they who ensure the safe exit of strategists from the bases and cover them in the zones of duty. And Ash is drummers and hunters for everything that moves in the world's oceans. Well, they are very expensive, if you count them taking into account the PPP: they are 2 times more expensive than Virginias. Therefore, there will be many fewer of them, but they are really better.
  5. SemVale Offline SemVale
    SemVale (Vale) 3 June 2021 11: 28
    -2
    In addition, the single-hull Virginia 115 meters long does not have enough volume to implement all possible dampers for noisy equipment. At the same time, our 130-meter submarine, whose crew is almost two times smaller (64 people), received much more anti-noise solutions.

    fool There is a minimum of "noisy" equipment. There is nothing to "damp"
    Suffice it to compare the low noise speeds of 12 and 18 knots.