How the submarine fleet is developing in the world: current state and prospects


Submarines as a class of warships are rapidly developing and improving. They are armed with new cruise and ballistic missiles, mines, torpedoes and robotic systems. Due to the introduction of the latest power plants and various equipment, the characteristics of submarines are improved, writes the Ukrainian Internet portal Defense Express.


The leading maritime powers are actively developing the underwater component of their navies and navies. Submarines have become an important element of strategic containment and defense of the interests of states. The activities of Russian submarines in the Arctic, North Atlantic, off the coast of Syria and in the Black Sea deserve special attention. For example, in the Black Sea, Russian submarines absolutely do not hesitate to work in groups, simulating torpedo and missile attacks on ships of NATO countries. At the same time, in the Arctic, the Russians conducted a comprehensive military exercise Umka-2021. Washington defiantly ignored Moscow's "threats".

According to the Military Balance 2021 (published by the International Institute for Strategic Studies), six countries, whose fleets have nuclear submarines, remain members of the world's elite nuclear club. These are the USA (14 strategic missile and 54 multipurpose), China (6 missile and 52 multipurpose, of which 6 and 12 are nuclear), Russia (12 strategic missile and 26 multipurpose), Great Britain (4 and 7), France (4 and 4 ) and India (1 and 15). All submarines of the USA, Great Britain and France are nuclear-powered; other fleets have both nuclear and diesel-electric submarines in service. After a while, Brazil may join the nuclear club, which has begun a program to create its own nuclear submarines.

In 2019, the United States ordered 9 new Virginia-class multipurpose submarines, 8 of which will receive 28 additional modules for firing Tomahawk cruise missiles. The next step will be the construction of 12 newest Ohio-class strategic submarines with 16 SLBMs.

The Chinese Navy is also replenishing with new nuclear and diesel-electric ones. By 2030, Beijing plans to increase the size of its submarine fleet to 76 units. First of all, we are talking about the deployment of new type 095 multipurpose submarines (analogous to the American Virginia) and strategic missile nuclear submarines of type 096. At the same time, the Chinese are gradually reducing their technological lag behind the West.

In 2021, the Russian Navy is to replenish the strategic nuclear submarine "Knyaz Oleg" (project 955A "Borey-A") and multipurpose nuclear submarines "Kazan" and "Novosibirsk" (project 885 "Ash"). By 2028, the Russians plan to build 5 more nuclear submarines of project 955A "Borey-A". In addition, Moscow continues to commission multipurpose diesel-electric submarines. This year the Russian Navy will receive the Magadan submarine (project 636.3). By 2024, Russia will have 6 such submarines.

A heavy torpedo with a nuclear power plant 2M39 "Poseidon" with a nuclear warhead of 2 megatons and a range of up to 10 thousand km is of particular danger. The carriers of these "super torpedoes" should be a special-purpose nuclear submarine (project 09852). The first of them is the nuclear submarine "Belgorod" (being tested). Russia is developing other underwater weapons, various deep-sea vehicles for disrupting communications, cables, installing eavesdropping equipment and for other purposes.
  • Used photos: http://mil.ru/
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  1. Sergey Latyshev Offline Sergey Latyshev
    Sergey Latyshev (Serge) 9 May 2021 16: 07
    0
    In general, China has already overtaken us here.
    On near-military sites, they endlessly complain about the failure of the deadlines for the introduction of nuclear submarines in our country.

    But ... Poseidon ... once ...
    1. General Black Offline General Black
      General Black (Gennady) 9 May 2021 20: 14
      +2
      On near-military sites, they endlessly complain about the failure of the deadlines for the introduction of nuclear submarines in our country.

      Whom are they complaining to? If you are talking about the Military Review, then there is a bunch of pike vests. If the terms are slightly shifted, then there are objective reasons for this. A submarine is not a scooter made of boards and bearings.
      1. Sergey Latyshev Offline Sergey Latyshev
        Sergey Latyshev (Serge) 9 May 2021 21: 30
        -1
        Eco you specifically.
        1) Complain - read as "pay attention" (ie the general meaning)
        2) Not only VO.
        3) not only "shift a little,". Those who really follow the promises paint a different picture. Approximately: they promised to lay 8 according to the plan, passed 3 and with a large violation of the deadlines.

        The listed number speaks for itself: 69 for JSA, 58 for China and 38 for RF. All US submarines are nuclear-powered.
        1. General Black Offline General Black
          General Black (Gennady) 9 May 2021 23: 26
          -1
          Those who really follow the promises paint a different picture.

          Really follow the promises and collect ship hulls and not only ships are a little different things. Those who really follow the promises probably did not hold anything heavier than a glass in their hands, but talk about matters in which they do not understand a damn thing.
          1. Sergey Latyshev Offline Sergey Latyshev
            Sergey Latyshev (Serge) 10 May 2021 09: 43
            0
            Yeah, retired military sailors do not understand nifiga, and you cut through everything in a moment.
            I really envy your genius.

            On VO and other sites, there are often signatures at the end of the article. With ranks.
            For example: full name, Captain 2 rank in reserve .....
            1. General Black Offline General Black
              General Black (Gennady) 10 May 2021 10: 17
              0
              Good morning! Have you already had your coffee?

              On VO and other sites, there are often signatures at the end of the article.

              And often they don't. And in the comments, real army generals and admirals clap their tongues. The issues of the construction and development of the Armed Forces are controlled by people of much higher rank than, for example, full name, captain of the second rank in reserve ... And this information has certain signatures. By the way, considerable. How many of the 69 US boats are waiting to be repaired? How many boats are waiting to be decommissioned?
              1. Sergey Latyshev Offline Sergey Latyshev
                Sergey Latyshev (Serge) 10 May 2021 11: 35
                -1
                1) What kind of coffee ??? That's it, the 19th century has passed. It's time to get used to new realities.
                2) I am seriously glad for you. That "much higher rank", and understand much better than them.
                3) There is not a word in the article about repair and write-off. Neither YUS nor the Russian Federation.
                Similar data can be found on near-military sites, but there the rank of articles is low for you, probably
  2. Wolter Offline Wolter
    Wolter (Wolter) 10 May 2021 15: 44
    -5
    Doesn't develop in any way. Junk rockets stolen from the British back in the 60s ... Mace ... There is nothing in the series except Putin's cartoons.
    1. General Black Offline General Black
      General Black (Gennady) 10 May 2021 18: 46
      +2
      You shouldn't be thinking about Bulava, not about Russia, but about how to change your shoes in a somersault on time and beautifully. So that Donetsk people would like it when they come.
  3. SemVale Offline SemVale
    SemVale (Vale) 4 June 2021 22: 14
    -3
    Everything is in the future tense.
    China has not yet overtaken, in particular in stealth, but in terms of quantity it has surpassed.
    "Chakra" is driven to Vladivostok, they say that the Indians will refuse it.
    Is there at least one DPL with VNEU?
    Don't talk about Poseidon ... tell us more about Losharik and Nyonoks.
    About "Umka"))) is not even funny.
    About the DPL at the Black Sea Fleet, as they were designated in a couple of hours R-8 Poseidon at Sea Breeze-2017 in the course?
  4. Lime Bayun_2 Offline Lime Bayun_2
    Lime Bayun_2 (Lime Bayun) 12 June 2021 21: 24
    +1
    The most complex technical mechanism that mankind has ever created is a nuclear submarine. And judging by the number of crews, which means the state of automation, Russian submarines at the moment are the crown of technical human creation.