Why Russian companies refuse to supply oil to Belarus


Policy The “multi-vector approach” that Minsk had been building for decades has finally collapsed with a deafening crash. For years President Lukashenko desperately tried to balance between West and East, but he still did not sit on two chairs. Alexander Grigorievich even blackmailed Moscow by refusing to buy inexpensive Russian oil in favor of American, but now everything has turned upside down. Already, domestic oil companies do not want to sell their raw materials to Belarus for fear of falling under secondary US sanctions. How did it turn out like this?


Before the events of 2014 in Ukraine, President Lukashenko was considered “the last dictator of Europe” and was under Western sanctions. However, he provided his capital as a platform for a "peaceful settlement" in the Donbas and managed to undergo a kind of "rebranding". In 2015, Aleksandr Grigorievich tried to become “his boyfriend” for NATO, categorically refusing to place a Russian military base on the territory of Belarus, which Moscow needed to cut off the capabilities of the American missile defense system in Poland. For this "Old Man" was patted on the shoulder and even removed, or rather, the package was frozen economic sanctions imposed against his country. However, he again became a handshake in the West after the scandalous results of the 2020 presidential elections, and recently the conspirators planned to kill him altogether. And so the US Treasury decided to unfreeze the regime of restrictions on nine Belarusian state-owned enterprises of the petrochemical complex:

Further extension (suspension of the sanctions) will be incompatible with the Belarus Democracy Act and with American values.

American individuals and legal entities are prohibited from cooperation with the following companies: Belneftekhim, Belarusian Oil Trading House, Belneftekhim USA, Naftan, Belshina, Lakokraska, Grodno Azot, Grodno Khimvolokno and Polotsk Fiberglass ". Thus, the attempt of "Batka" over Moscow's head to turn 180 degrees to the United States and Europe turned into a 360-degree turn. Ironically, but natural. And then the fun begins.

Why did Washington unfreeze anti-Belarusian sanctions? Mass violations of human rights are cited as the main reason, and the Americans demand that Minsk release all political prisoners. It should be noted that US Ambassador Julie Fisher announced the resumption of the restrictive measures regime at a meeting with “President Sveta” Tikhanovskaya, which in itself speaks volumes. Obviously, the main goal is to deprive the regime of President Lukashenko of sources of foreign exchange earnings and to sway the socio-economic situation in Belarus for his subsequent removal from power. But American sanctions alone will not be enough here, since the trade turnover between the United States and Belarus is very small. A much greater danger will be the decision of other business partners of Minsk to refuse to cooperate with it for fear of falling under secondary sanctions. So far, the White House has not said anything about such measures directly, but this risk is quite real. Therefore, it is highly likely that Western buyers of Belarusian oil products and fertilizers will voluntarily begin to avoid purchasing them. Minsk sells oil products, in addition to Ukraine, also to Poland, Lithuania and a trader registered in the Netherlands who is engaged in their further resale.

But the most terrible thing for Belarus will happen if Russia also refuses to cooperate with it. There are two refineries in Belarus, Mozyr and Novopolotsk Naftan, a subsidiary of Belneftekhim. The first refinery is now preparing to go for repairs, and the last two organizations, as we indicated above, again found themselves under American sanctions. The following Russian companies are engaged in the supply of raw materials there: Rosneft, Surgutneftegaz, Tatneft and the structures of businessman Mikhail Gutseriev Russneft and Neftisa. So, according to the information agency Reuters, "Surgutneftegaz" and "Rosneft", the largest suppliers in terms of volumes for the near future have frozen the shipment of "black gold" to the Belarusian "Naftan". Allegedly, they are afraid of falling under secondary sanctions from the United States. Indeed, you should be careful with your desires, they sometimes come true. The "Old Man" threatened that Belarus would not buy Russian oil. It is possible that nothing will happen at all, if other foreign suppliers are wary of supplying him with raw materials for fear of falling out of favor with the US Treasury.

Now let's try to imagine the worst possible scenario. Let's say private Russian and foreign companies refuse to sell oil to Minsk. Both of its refineries stop, and workers find themselves on the street, and along with other enterprises from the sanctions list, left without raw materials for processing. Belarus finds itself without the most important source of foreign exchange, and if the same fate befalls the export of mineral fertilizers, then practically without all of its foreign exchange earnings. The one-sided and weak economy is beginning to burst at the seams, which will certainly be exploited by numerous ill-wishers of President Lukashenko. But these are not all the consequences. If there is no oil in Belarus for refining, it will stop supplying motor fuel to neighboring Ukraine, where the sowing campaign is now being prepared. Russia has already stopped the supply of petroleum products, so a real fuel crisis will begin in Nezalezhnaya. Price tags at gas stations will skyrocket, and with them all other goods, which will be a heavy burden for ordinary Ukrainians. Tractors and tanks will have nothing to refuel, the latter, however, is not so bad.

It turns out that with one stroke of the pen the White House is shaking the situation in two neighboring countries at once, and it will be up to us to sort it all out again. Having lost all its export earnings, Minsk will certainly rush for Moscow's help. It will either have to come up with yet another bypass schemes with oil supplies, or if the United States really toughly takes control, Russia will have to take Belarus for its own sake. Then a natural question will arise - will it be another charity "for thanks" or financial support of Belarus within the framework of a constituent part of the Union State?
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  1. Bulanov Offline Bulanov
    Bulanov (Vladimir) April 30 2021 11: 51
    +5
    Will it be another charity "for thanks" or financial support of Belarus within the framework of a constituent part of the Union State?

    It is worth mentioning here - parts of the Russian state.
    And why - it will be Russia who will have to settle all this again? Russia needs to set its own conditions. State Russian language, entry into the state of Russia, etc.
    1. Cyril Offline Cyril
      Cyril (Kirill) April 30 2021 12: 13
      -4
      If Russia aspires to the status of at least a regional leader, it will have to settle everything. Leadership is not only about power and influence, it is also about responsibility and responsibility.
      1. 123 Offline 123
        123 (123) April 30 2021 13: 46
        +2
        If Russia aspires to the status of at least a regional leader, it will have to settle everything. Leadership is not only about power and influence, it is also about responsibility and responsibility.

        Tell this to your American masters winked Otherwise they don't know laughing
        1. Cyril Offline Cyril
          Cyril (Kirill) April 30 2021 13: 58
          -3
          this is how the Americans are throwing a lot of effort and money into the "settling" of situations that happen to their allies or countries that are in their zone of influence.
          1. 123 Offline 123
            123 (123) April 30 2021 14: 01
            +2
            this is how the Americans are throwing a lot of effort and money into the "settling" of situations that happen to their allies or countries that are in their zone of influence.

            And what did they manage?
            1. marciz Offline marciz
              marciz (Stas) 1 May 2021 08: 48
              0
              They ruled so that half of Ukraine in Poland is working and the rest in Europe and only a small part in Russia forcing you to accept Muslim migrants than you and undermine the faith in your own people’s power !!!
              1. 123 Offline 123
                123 (123) 1 May 2021 10: 12
                +2
                They ruled so that half of Ukraine in Poland is working and the rest in Europe and only a small part in Russia forcing you to accept Muslim migrants than you and undermine the faith in your own people’s power !!!

                What the hell are you talking about? Does this mean, in your opinion, "settling" the situation looks like?
                It doesn't matter that the country is destroyed. The main thing is where the flows of labor migrants are redirected?
                We have a small part, but if they all poured into us, then we are great, but is it all their merit? belay
                Was Russia forced to accept Muslim migrants? fool All Central Asia has been going to Russia to work since 1991 laughing Some Turkmen to Turkey.
                And what about Muslim migrants in Europe, you certainly do not know?
                And the fact that a state of emergency has been declared in the United States because of migrants who are throwing millions there, you also do not know?
      2. Bakht Offline Bakht
        Bakht (Bakhtiyar) April 30 2021 13: 49
        +3
        And more responsibilities on the part of the "tackled". This is much more important.
        Then Russia will indeed become a regional leader.
        Still, I would like to establish real business relations with Germany and all the limitrophes will be in a deep ... crevice.
        1. Cyril Offline Cyril
          Cyril (Kirill) April 30 2021 14: 01
          -6
          And more responsibilities on the part of the "tackled". This is much more important.
          Then Russia will indeed become a regional leader.

          Those who are being tackled themselves will be drawn to the one who really solves their problems. And already fulfill their obligations. But first it must be done by the one who claims to be the leader in order to prove this very leadership.

          Still, I would like to establish real business relations with Germany and all the limitrophes will be in a deep ... crevice.

          Ah, dreams, dreams.
          1. Bakht Offline Bakht
            Bakht (Bakhtiyar) April 30 2021 14: 03
            +5
            The responsibilities of the "tackled" are clearly spelled out. Following in the wake of Russian politics. The choice is theirs.
            Dreams come true ... There is no getting away from it. An example of SP-2 in plain sight. The Germans need him more than Russia.
            1. Cyril Offline Cyril
              Cyril (Kirill) April 30 2021 21: 00
              -6
              The responsibilities of the "tackled" are clearly spelled out. Following in the wake of Russian politics. The choice is theirs.

              Only on condition that the leader provides protection. This can be seen on the example of Armenia and Azerbaijan.

              Dreams come true ... There is no getting away from it. An example of SP-2 in plain sight. The Germans need him more than Russia.

              SP-2 has not yet come true.
              1. Bakht Offline Bakht
                Bakht (Bakhtiyar) 1 May 2021 00: 39
                +3
                The example is unsuccessful.
                SP-2 will be completed. This is already clear. But whether gas will flow through it depends on ... Germany. And only from her.
                1. Cyril Offline Cyril
                  Cyril (Kirill) 1 May 2021 04: 01
                  -5
                  The example is unsuccessful.

                  Why all of a sudden?

                  SP-2 will be completed. This is already clear. But whether gas will flow through it depends on ... Germany. And only from her.

                  The fact of the matter is that this is exactly the catch.
                  1. Bakht Offline Bakht
                    Bakht (Bakhtiyar) 1 May 2021 09: 02
                    +5
                    The example of Armenia and Azerbaijan is unfortunate for a simple reason.

                    What kind of protection was Russia supposed to provide in Armenia? Protection of the territorial integrity of Armenia. Russia has fulfilled this obligation in full. Azerbaijan is not a member of the CSTO and has repeatedly received warnings from Moscow that in the event of the transfer of hostilities to the territory of Armenia, Russia will be forced to intervene in the conflict.
                    Now tell me, has the territory of Armenia been attacked at least once? There were a couple of attacks on installations shelling the cities of Azerbaijan. And that's all. Russia has fully ensured the territorial integrity of Armenia.

                    I am surprised at your arguments. Armenia exists only because Russia protects it. You don't have to believe me. But look what happened. Are some of the "elites" of Armenia now stuttering about leaving the union with Russia? It dawned on everyone that it was Russia that ensures the independence of Armenia. They can say whatever they want on the streets. Now compare how many times in six months Pashinyan traveled to Moscow and talked to Putin? And how many times did he go to Brussels and talk, for example, with Macron?

                    Your example is not just bad. He fully confirms my point of view.
                    1. Cyril Offline Cyril
                      Cyril (Kirill) 1 May 2021 11: 00
                      -4
                      Now tell me, has the territory of Armenia been attacked at least once? There were a couple of attacks on installations shelling the cities of Azerbaijan. And that's all. Russia has fully ensured the territorial integrity of Armenia.

                      Isn't that enough?

                      From the Collective Security Treaty:

                      If one of the participating States is subjected to aggression (an armed attack threatening security, stability, territorial integrity and sovereignty), then this will be considered by the participating states as aggression (an armed attack threatening security, stability, territorial integrity and sovereignty) against all states parties to this Treaty.

                      In the event of an aggression (armed attack threatening security, stability, territorial integrity and sovereignty) against any of the participating States, all other states - Participants, at the request of that State Party, will promptly provide it with the necessary assistance, including militaryand will also provide support with the means at their disposal in order to exercise the right to collective defense in accordance with Article 51 of the UN Charter.

                      There were attacks by Azerbaijan on the territory of Armenia (not NK). And not only for "the destruction of missile systems that threaten the cities of Azerbaijan." There were attempts to penetrate the border regions of Armenia, and shelling of settlements. Does it threaten the country's security? Undoubtedly.

                      What was the reaction of Russia? Calls for a peaceful settlement, although there seemed to be a pretext for forceful pressure.

                      Now compare how many times in six months Pashinyan traveled to Moscow and talked to Putin? And how many times did he go to Brussels and talk, for example, with Macron?

                      Naturally, he will visit Putin more often, because Russia has a military base in Armenia, and Europe is from Armenia across half the continent.
                      1. Bakht Offline Bakht
                        Bakht (Bakhtiyar) 1 May 2021 12: 51
                        +3
                        Which settlements in Armenia were fired upon from Azerbaijan?
                        The base has nothing to do with it. As soon as Armenia leaves the sphere of influence of Russia, it will immediately leave the ranks of the CSTO. And then I. Aliyev will receive the "fas" command from Moscow and will fulfill it with great pleasure.
                        I don’t understand what this is all about? I wrote

                        And more responsibilities on the part of the "tackled". This is much more important.

                        Russia ensures the existence of Armenia as a state, and in return requires loyalty. This is exactly what happened in the case of Armenia. You wrote

                        Only on condition that the leader provides protection. This can be seen on the example of Armenia and Azerbaijan.

                        Right. It is seen. It was Russia that kept Azerbaijan from completely annihilating Armenia.
                        I can repeat - your example is unfortunate.
                      2. Cyril Offline Cyril
                        Cyril (Kirill) 1 May 2021 21: 08
                        -3
                        Which settlements in Armenia were fired upon from Azerbaijan?

                        I sent a link to the article.

                        The base has nothing to do with it.

                        Well, yes, just think, it stands there and stands. For the sake of beauty, I guess.

                        And then I. Aliyev will receive the "fas" command from Moscow and will fulfill it with great pleasure.

                        I. Aliev - the chain dog of Moscow? O_o

                        I don’t understand what this is all about?

                        It can be seen.

                        Right. It is seen. It was Russia that kept Azerbaijan from completely annihilating Armenia.

                        With all due respect, Azerbaijan will not have enough strength to completely destroy Armenia even with the support of Turkey. The Azerbaijani army showed itself well in this war, but it should not be overestimated either.

                        As for Russia, it began to take control of the situevina only when the Azerbaijanis shot down a Russian helicopter.
                      3. Bakht Offline Bakht
                        Bakht (Bakhtiyar) 1 May 2021 21: 25
                        +1
                        Links not seen
                      4. Cyril Offline Cyril
                        Cyril (Kirill) 1 May 2021 21: 33
                        -3
                        Yes, for some reason the moderator did not let her through.
                    2. Bakht Offline Bakht
                      Bakht (Bakhtiyar) 1 May 2021 21: 30
                      +2
                      The Armenian army was practically destroyed. So Azerbaijan has enough strength.
                      Moscow managed the situation much earlier than the helicopter.
                      Didn't you realize that Russia has solved its problems in the South Caucasus with the hands of Azerbaijan? But here you are not alone.
                      Nobody needs a base in Armenia without communications. Is it still not clear? For so many years of war in Syria, they shot wherever you want, they also flew hundreds of kilometers. Has anyone heard of the use of the base in Gyumri?
            2. Bakht Offline Bakht
              Bakht (Bakhtiyar) 1 May 2021 09: 03
              +2
              No problem. SP-2 will work and Germany will take care of it first of all. This will be one of the steps towards the de-occupation of Germany.
              1. Cyril Offline Cyril
                Cyril (Kirill) 1 May 2021 11: 01
                -3
                It is possible to say that the SP-2 will work only after it starts working.
                1. isofat Online isofat
                  isofat (isofat) 1 May 2021 19: 28
                  0
                  Quote: Cyril
                  It is possible to say that the SP-2 will work only after it starts working.

                  Cyril, you are wrong again. Right now we can say will... After the SP-2 starts working, it is inappropriate to use the future tense. fool
                2. Cyril Offline Cyril
                  Cyril (Kirill) 1 May 2021 21: 00
                  -3
                  The expression "will work" in the context of this branch means not so much the future time as the confidence that the SP-2 will definitely work. So there will be confidence in this only when the SP-2 is put into operation.

                  Isophat, walk to 123, he missed.
                3. isofat Online isofat
                  isofat (isofat) 1 May 2021 21: 14
                  +1
                  Quote: Cyril
                  So there will be confidence in this only when the SP-2 is put into operation.

                  Cyril, whose confidence are you talking about now?
                4. Cyril Offline Cyril
                  Cyril (Kirill) 1 May 2021 21: 15
                  -2
                  The confidence of the one who first used the expression "will work". And it wasn't me.
                5. isofat Online isofat
                  isofat (isofat) 1 May 2021 21: 19
                  +1
                  Cyril, I do not expect objective forecasts from you. And with Bakht I agree that SP-2 will work and Germany will take care of this first of all. laughing
                6. Cyril Offline Cyril
                  Cyril (Kirill) 1 May 2021 21: 23
                  -3
                  Yes, I somehow parallel with whom you agree there or not, Isophat.
                7. isofat Online isofat
                  isofat (isofat) 1 May 2021 21: 32
                  -1
                  Cyril, I was ready that you and me forbid to use the future tense, just because you do not like this forecast. lol
                8. Cyril Offline Cyril
                  Cyril (Kirill) 1 May 2021 22: 03
                  -1
                  I forbid? Completeness, I am not at all. You can even consider SP-2 as an astroengineering structure of the future, I somehow don't care
  • sharp-lad Offline sharp-lad
    sharp-lad (Oleg) April 30 2021 21: 02
    +2
    Those who are being tackled themselves will be drawn to the one who really solves their problems.

    Ah, dreams, dreams.
  • igor.igorev Offline igor.igorev
    igor.igorev (Igor) 1 May 2021 23: 04
    0
    Russia owes nothing to you. feed yourself. You have been sitting on our necks since 1917.
  • zzdimk Offline zzdimk
    zzdimk April 30 2021 12: 12
    +3
    Belarus exists as a state only due to funding from Russia. It's time to stop playing at independence and become a Belarusian republic within the Russian Federation.
  • Dima Dima_2 Offline Dima Dima_2
    Dima Dima_2 (Dima Dima) April 30 2021 12: 20
    -3
    Why is that) Russia does not care about the sanctions) But it turns out not everything is so simple)
  • Sergey Latyshev Offline Sergey Latyshev
    Sergey Latyshev (Serge) April 30 2021 12: 58
    -3
    It turns out that dad was right when he made trial small purchases from various directions in a multi-vector manner, despite RECORD purchases from the Russian Federation. I figured out the logistics, made connections.

    but about "in favor of the American," - for the first time I meet. There were hydrocarbons and Germany, Poland was, Arabs were - they allegedly offered cheaper prices, I tried logistics, but yusa ...

    And yusa shook her finger, and GosRosneft "froze the shipment of" black gold "to the Belarusian" Naftan "....." - under the article
    1. Bakht Offline Bakht
      Bakht (Bakhtiyar) April 30 2021 13: 51
      +2
      There was American oil. Much has been written about this. As well as Azerbaijani. Not much, but it was. Much more expensive than Russian.
      1. Sergey Latyshev Offline Sergey Latyshev
        Sergey Latyshev (Serge) April 30 2021 14: 14
        -1
        Thank you.
        This means that I made trial logistic purchases all the same ...
        1. Bakht Offline Bakht
          Bakht (Bakhtiyar) April 30 2021 14: 18
          +5
          I didn't follow on purpose. It seems there were two tankers. And a couple more purchases from Azerbaijan. Azerbaijan refused to sell at a reduced price and set the world price.
          In both cases, it is much more expensive than the Russian one.
          And on the topic of the article. It seems to me that in this case, under the guise of American sanctions, Moscow is conducting a choke hold. There will be a Union State - there will be oil. Something like this story

          During the war, Stalin instructed Baibakov to open new oil fields. When Baibakov objected that this was impossible, Stalin replied:
          - There will be oil, there will be Baibakov, there will be no oil, there will be no Baibakov!
          Soon deposits were discovered in Tatarstan and Bashkiria.
  • 123 Offline 123
    123 (123) April 30 2021 13: 43
    +2
    Allegedly, they are afraid of falling under secondary sanctions from the United States.

    It is quite reasonable and pragmatic behavior of Russian companies. Is Lukashenka Ready to Compensate for Losses? The earth then it turns out to be round. winked
    It's time to remember the first, second, third, fifth, tenth. This is the attitude of the ally towards you sad

  • Ronin Offline Ronin
    Ronin (Ronin) April 30 2021 21: 42
    +4
    If the Republic of Belarus needs money from the budget of the Russian Federation, it will have to become a part of the Russian Federation, on the rights of Buryatia, praised by Bandera, but does not want to, let him go to Poland to ask for money, they (the rich) and Lukashenko (love)
    1. 123 Offline 123
      123 (123) 1 May 2021 10: 19
      +1
      If the Republic of Belarus needs money from the budget of the Russian Federation, it will have to become a part of the Russian Federation, on the rights of Buryatia, praised by Bandera, but does not want to, let him go to Poland to ask for money, they (the rich) and Lukashenko (love)

      There is a small problem, the fact is that Poland is the largest recipient of subsidies in Europe, on average about 7,3 billion euros per year. I doubt that they will want to share laughing
  • alexey alexeyev_2 (Alexey Alekseev) 2 May 2021 05: 59
    -1
    The multi-vector Luka has finished badly. Where do not throw a wedge everywhere
  • Pilot Online Pilot
    Pilot (Pilot) 3 May 2021 19: 10
    0
    If we also lose the buffer zone from the side of Belarus, it will be a big ass.