Russia is building its orbital station: what is known about the project


By the middle of this decade, Russia plans to withdraw from the ISS project and build its own national orbital station. The promising object has not yet received an official name, but the first details about it are already available.


So, our space station, like the ISS, will be multi-module. The NEM will be used as the base unit, which is planned to be launched into orbit in 2025.

It is also known that the new Russian "space laboratory" will be in a higher (compared to the ISS) orbit. This advantage will allow covering the entire surface of our planet without reconfiguring equipment. In addition, due to its high orbit, the promising object will be able to serve as a kind of "transshipment base" for future flights to the moon.

However, the aforementioned advantages "accompany" some difficulties. In particular, a higher level of radiation, which will not allow astronauts to be in orbit for up to 6 months, as on the ISS. However, in terms of scientific and technological development, our country is not standing still and, probably, new protective materials will be created soon, which in the future will be useful to us for conquering deep space.

In addition, for the domestic analogue of the International Space Station, an autonomous mode is provided. Consequently, the facility does not require the constant presence of the crew, which, by the way, will consist of 4 people.

Finally, our project has one more indisputable advantage. The Russian national space station will receive an unlimited service life. As conceived by the engineers, thanks to the modular design of the facility, obsolete blocks will be replaced with new ones as needed.

It is worth noting that not only Russia is building its own orbital station, but also China, which plans to launch its first blocks into orbit this year. Thus, by the end of the decade, at least three stations will be able to rotate around the Earth, including the "crumbling" ISS.

By the way about the latter. Although it is not customary to talk about this, all space projects, including orbital stations, are still initially of a military nature. It is possible that it is for this reason that the "international cooperation" on the ISS did not bring the expected results and the leading countries are striving to acquire their own "orbital laboratories".

Ad
We are open to cooperation with authors in the news and analytical departments. A prerequisite is the ability to quickly analyze the text and check the facts, to write concisely and interestingly on political and economic topics. We offer flexible working hours and regular payments. Please send your responses with examples of work to [email protected]
7 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. Bulanov Offline Bulanov
    Bulanov (Vladimir) April 28 2021 10: 51
    +1
    In particular, a higher level of radiation, which will not allow astronauts to be in orbit for up to 6 months, as on the ISS. However, in terms of scientific and technological development, our country is not standing still and, probably, new protective materials will be created soon, which in the future will be useful to us for conquering deep space.

    Work on the creation of such protective materials was carried out in the 1980s in the USSR. For example, you can create or increase the magnetic field in which the habitable module will be located.
  2. Alexndr p Offline Alexndr p
    Alexndr p (Alexander) April 28 2021 13: 02
    0
    here we need an Estonian post, how sorry he is for us wassat where, if not in the subject of space

    The USSR is dead. The Russian Federation is barely breathing. Sorry for you blind. Insight can be very painful.

    it pity us laughing Vladest, the son of the Estonian people, whose ancestors served the fascists with dignity, who is waiting for the new Fuhrer. In the meantime, he is gone - all that remains is to moan on the ax and wait for the death of the Russian Federation

    What will this son, worthy of his ancestors, say about Estonian space? Can your nazi country, which breathes deeply, can afford to have one astronaut?
    1. Petr Vladimirovich (Peter) April 28 2021 20: 01
      +1
      Alexander! Nick "Vladest" is actually a banal bot program ...
  3. 123 Online 123
    123 (123) April 28 2021 18: 35
    +1
    I would still ban Rogozin on Twitter.
    NEM is the same module "Science", in 2024 it will be 20 years since the decision was made to create and launch it. They were going to launch it this year.

    In accordance with the prelaunch preparation schedule, factory control tests of the Nauka module continue in the assembly and test building of site No. 254 of the Baikonur cosmodrome. Its launch to the Russian segment of the International Space Station (ISS) is scheduled for 2021 using the Proton-M launch vehicle. (January 23, 2021)



    The plans have changed again, undoubtedly there are reasonable explanations and objective reasons for this, the technical condition of the ISS is changing, negotiations are underway about its future, and so on.
    But contradictory statements and voicing of constantly changing plans do not go to the benefit of the image.
    1. Petr Vladimirovich (Peter) April 28 2021 20: 14
      -1
    2. Dron73 Offline Dron73
      Dron73 (Alex) April 29 2021 03: 40
      0
      And now, if you are an honest person, then I suggest that you free yourself from all social networks. NEM - has nothing to do with the Science module at all, the sketch of this module was approved only in 2015, at the moment it is in the process of creation, the assembly began at the end of 2017. You obviously heard the ringing (the word "scientific" in the name of both modules), but did not understand where it is. And you obviously don't know anything about Science either. Science was originally a backup of the Zarya module, the first module of the ISS, was created by the enterprise at its own expense, just in case, back in the 90s. Since Zarya was successfully brought out, the understudy was not completed and was thrown away. In the 2018s, we remembered that somewhere there was Zarya's backup, we decided to take it as the basis for a new module and launch it cheaply. But the module was unfinished, in addition, it contained a marriage, as a result, twisting and turning it turned out that it could not be done with little money. As a result, it was only in 500 that they decided to do it all over again, all the old systems were removed from it, new ones were developed (more than XNUMX nodes, by the way) and assembled, now only the body and the repaired old tanks with engines, for one-time use, remain from the backup. Science is now preparing for launch at Baukonur, until NEM is withdrawn, it will be part of the ISS, and then it will be re-docked to the new station.
      1. 123 Online 123
        123 (123) April 29 2021 17: 28
        0
        NEM - has nothing to do with the Science module at all, the sketch of this module was approved only in 2015, at the moment it is in the process of creation, the assembly began at the end of 2017.

        Are they different modules? I understood the news as another change in plans for the Science module. If you are not right, I am ready to apologize to Roscosmos, personally to Rogozin and to everyone who has touched a quick fix. hi

        You obviously heard the ringing (the word "scientific" in the name of both modules), but did not understand where it is. And you obviously don't know anything about Science either. Science was originally a backup for the Zarya module, the first module of the ISS, was created by the enterprise at its own expense, just in case, back in the 90s. Since Zarya was successfully brought out, the understudy was not completed, they were thrown away. In the 2018s, they remembered that somewhere there was Zarya's backup, they decided to take it as the basis for a new module and launch it cheaply. But the module was unfinished, in addition, it contained a marriage, as a result, twisting and turning it turned out that it could not be done with little money. As a result, it was only in 500 that they decided to do it all over again, all the old systems were removed from it, new ones were developed (more than XNUMX nodes, by the way) and assembled, now only the body and the repaired old tanks with engines, for one-time use, remain from the backup. Science is now preparing for launch at Baukonur, until NEM is withdrawn, it will be part of the ISS, and then it will be re-docked to the new station.

        thanks for the info hi The truth is to say that I learned something fundamentally new, I cannot. And I really heard the ringing, it's just in my ears. Too much of this ringing. More recently, they were going to launch the module last fall.

        https://kosmolenta.com/index.php/1412-22.05.2019-nauka

        And then in April 2021 (Roscosmos has another day to meet the deadline smile ).

        https://regnum.ru/news/it/3007637.html

        You can only hear how the module is going to be launched, then they postpone the launch, change something, alter it and are going to launch it again. This is no longer a bell ringing, just some kind of bells. laughing
        Either run it already or throw it on fellow and don't punch people's brains. am How long is it possible? The generation of journalists specializing in the description of the epic with the module is retired.
        A module, roughly speaking, is a container inside which equipment and life support systems are located. The package bundle and purpose are constantly changing, what is there in the end and whether it will be changed again, I honestly find it difficult to say. It has long been tired of watching the rushing creative thought of Roscosmos employees.
        They will pull a little more with the launch of "Science" and it will become clear that there is no point in sending it to the ISS. By the way, why send it there for 3 years and then carry it in orbit? Can you send it to a new one right away? Or maybe they want to leave it on the ISS and sell it to former partners, replacing Zarya?
        Too much remains unclear. Will they ever have a sane press service?
        In general, I will not be surprised at all in the fall when I hear that the launch is postponed and after the upgrade it will be launched into a new orbit.

        And now, if you are an honest person, then I suggest you free yourself from all social networks.

        What does social networks have to do with it? If people self-cut after each change of plans by Roscosmos, the Internet will be empty and depressing. Are you planning to do self-sawing in the fall if the launch is postponed? smile