Channel "Eurasia": Russia needs to connect the Caspian with the Sea of ​​Azov


Today, one of the most serious threats to Russia is Turkey's active expansion on its southern borders. "Sultan" Rejap the First obviously intends, within the framework of a pan-Turkist project, to gather around him all the former Soviet republics in Central Asia and take control of transit flows from China to Europe, going through the "Middle Corridor". The threat to our country hidden in this initiative is real and great, therefore it is necessary to present an alternative infrastructure project that would firmly tie the Central Asian republics not to Ankara, but to Moscow. And we have such an option.


The key point in Turkey's neo-Ottoman ambitions is the Caspian, through which transit cargo flows should go, and pipelines will run along its bottom. The main goal of Ankara's participation in the conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh on the side of Azerbaijan was to obtain a land transport corridor through Armenian territory to its closest ally and access to the Caspian coast. But this is where Moscow is able to trip it up. In the changed geopolitical conditions, the project of the Eurasia shipping channel, which should connect the Caspian Sea and the Azov-Black Sea basin, can get new life.

In fact, these two water areas are already connected by the Volga-Don channel, but its capacity is extremely small. Due to the shallow depths, vessels passing through it are significantly limited in displacement, or even forced to go only half loaded. The maximum permitted carrying capacity on it is 7 thousand tons. In 2007, the question was raised about the construction of its second branch, which would increase the total throughput from 16,5 to 30 million tons per year, but the matter did not go further. What is proposed to be done as an alternative?

The idea to connect the waters of the Caspian and Azov seas with a canal arose back in the 30s of the last century, and even work began, but the Great Patriotic War stopped them. They returned to it in 2007, and two years later, funding was allocated for exploration work. For their part, Chinese experts consider the construction of the Eurasia Canal to be a project of medium complexity. And here they are, we will tell in more detail a little later. At the end of the XNUMXs, the shipping channel between the Caspian and Azov was considered a regional "get-together" around the production and export of hydrocarbons, in which Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan were most interested. They needed it for convenient access to foreign markets, as well as for Russia, which could earn money on transit through its territory. But everything rested on money: it was calculated that the construction would cost about half a trillion rubles. Somehow, there were no people willing to invest so much. However, a lot has changed now.

At first, China has entered into a strategic partnership with Iran for a period of 25 years. In exchange for deliveries of oil at a discount, Beijing will provide Tehran with $ 400 billion in investments. This cooperation will be comprehensive and long-term.

Secondly, The "Suez incident" clearly demonstrated the need for some alternatives to this popular water route. As a matter of fact, economic the alliance of Beijing and Tehran gives life to the Sino-Iranian transport corridor, in which Russia will find a place. In this case, we are talking not only about the supply of hydrocarbons, but also about container shipments. Recall that Iran has recently publicly expressed its readiness to join the Eurasian Economic Union.

And here we again return to the Caspian Sea, which is the intersection point of both the "Middle Corridor", which Turkey is actively trying to ride, and the international transport corridor "North-South", which runs from the Indian Ocean through Iran and Russia to the countries of Northern Europe. On the Caspian coast, we are building the port of Lagan, the capacity of which for transshipment of grain and containers should be 12,5 million tons per year. Chinese and Iranian investors have already shown great interest in the possibilities for its expansion. This port should become a key link in the implementation of the Eurasia project, which in the future will be able to take away part of the cargo traffic from the Suez Canal. It is estimated that by 2030 their volume should be 20-25 million tons, and by 2050 - from 34 to 44 million tons. How will such an increase be achieved?

The fact is that vessels of much larger displacement will be able to navigate the new channel than along the Volga-Don channel, increasing the profitability of transportation. It is assumed that these will be vessels with a carrying capacity of 10 to 28,5 thousand tons, as well as ships specially designed for "Eurasia", reaching a carrying capacity of 50 thousand tons. The big advantage of the new channel will be that navigation on it will be 10-11 months a year against 7-9 months on the Volga-Don river.

Summarizing what has been said, we come to the conclusion that the new shipping channel between the Caspian and Azov Seas is capable of producing a large positive geopolitical effect in the macroregion. China will receive an additional window to Europe bypassing Turkey, which is a US NATO ally, which Beijing prefers not to forget, and will also deepen its integration with Iran. Additional transit flows will go through the territory of Russia, replenishing its federal budget. The basis for the real accession of the Islamic Republic to the Eurasian Union will appear. More importantly, Moscow will be able to anchor neighboring Kazakhstan and other Central Asian republics more economically to itself, reducing the effect of Ankara's pan-Turkic influence. Still, policies determines the economy.

Yes, the construction of such an infrastructure project will require huge investments and will take considerable time. There are also certain environmental risks. However, the potential of "Eurasia" is so great that it is advisable to build this shipping channel within the framework of an international consortium, in which all interested parties should participate.
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  1. beeper Offline beeper
    beeper April 9 2021 13: 08
    +6
    The prospects of the Eurasia shipping channel, if realized, are tempting! good
    And, indeed, in such a channel it will be possible to use specially designed vessels of increased carrying capacity.

    And the "starred" neo-Ottoman "sultan" is something like that ...

    if you want to make God laugh, tell him about your plans!

    As our Russian classic of literature wrote (I quote from memory, the very essence): "... man is mortal, ... unexpectedly mortal!" ..the law of karma has not yet been canceled! winked
    IMHO
  2. Sergey Kov Offline Sergey Kov
    Sergey Kov (Sergey Kov) April 9 2021 15: 10
    +1
    on your map there is a dark strip along the Caucasus where the connection took place not so long ago
    1. Kristallovich Online Kristallovich
      Kristallovich (Ruslan) April 9 2021 15: 13
      -1
      what?? laughing
  3. Sergey Latyshev Offline Sergey Latyshev
    Sergey Latyshev (Serge) April 9 2021 18: 44
    -1
    Looked at the map where it all is.
    Turkey ... which is endlessly frightened here ... and the Caspian ...

    In general, I hope there are no fools to throw 15 billion dollars into the pipe ...
  4. greenchelman Online greenchelman
    greenchelman (Grigory Tarasenko) April 9 2021 19: 19
    +1
    I see no point in digging a new canal, we need to expand the Volgodonsky ...
  5. Vladest Offline Vladest
    Vladest (Vladimir) April 9 2021 23: 07
    .
    This "NECESSARY" is accumulating so much. It only remains to do. Putin alone has promised so much in 20 years .. And what did he do?
    1. kapitan92 Offline kapitan92
      kapitan92 (Vyacheslav) April 10 2021 00: 58
      +7
      Quote: Vladest
      This "NECESSARY" is accumulating so much. It only remains to do. Putin alone has promised so much in 20 years .. And what did he do?

      Fathers! Again this representative of the "Baltic mosecs" blathers. laughing
      We know what Putin did, where he "got used to" in the field of internal Russian reforms - we also know!
      Here, what are you, with "a pig's snout and in a kalashny row" !? (pog) laughing
      1. Vladest Offline Vladest
        Vladest (Vladimir) April 10 2021 15: 41
        -3
        Quote: kapitan92
        Fathers! Again this representative of the "Baltic mosques"

        Before applying over introduce yourself. Whose representative are you? The diplomat was found.
        Gop say when they jump over. Is this expression familiar? Or are you not Russian?
        1. kapitan92 Offline kapitan92
          kapitan92 (Vyacheslav) April 10 2021 19: 53
          +1
          Quote: Vladest
          Gop say when they jump over. Is this expression familiar? Or are you not Russian?

          laughing
          "Don't say gop until you jump over." This is exactly what this expression sounds like!
          I have to remind the representative of the European intelligentsia that we did not drink at brotherhood.
          Control yourself, comrade! hi
          1. Vladest Offline Vladest
            Vladest (Vladimir) April 11 2021 13: 49
            -2
            So let's go back to the beginning. First jump over, and then gop. You are fed up with breakfast.
            1. kapitan92 Offline kapitan92
              kapitan92 (Vyacheslav) April 11 2021 14: 02
              +2
              Quote: Vladest
              So let's go back to the beginning First jump over, and then gop


              Jumpers! laughing

              Quote: Vladest
              You are fed up with breakfast.

              And on the road to a bright European future with lace panties, no one promised to feed you. laughing
    2. Anatoly Nekrasov (Anatoly Nekrasov) April 10 2021 18: 54
      +4
      Vladimir Putin has done a lot and will do even more for Russia. Just do not interfere with him. For all the time after J.V. Stalin, he is the most competent and adequate leader of the country. Vladimir Putin is a patriot of RUSSIA!
  6. Indifferent Offline Indifferent
    Indifferent April 10 2021 01: 13
    +4
    Interestingly, but the author knows that there is already such a channel and was dug in the days of Stalin. It is called Volgodonsky! Any ship can safely go from one sea to another. I was still a very young man when the yacht of the Shahanshah of Iran, Mahamed Reza Pahlavi, was transported from the Caspian Sea through the Azov, Black and Mediterranean Sea to Italy for repairs, and then back. Or our "geographers" and "historians" from the Unified State Exam, after understanding the topic, want to lobby the project in order to cut the next loot? I'm afraid that Putin knows geography and won't have to cut the loot. In any case, to deepen and expand, as Gorbachev used to say, an existing canal is several times cheaper than building a completely new one.
  7. Gadlei Offline Gadlei
    Gadlei April 10 2021 04: 25
    -1
    there is not enough fresh water in the south and the canal will further reduce the supply of fresh water.
  8. Marzhecki Online Marzhecki
    Marzhecki (Sergei) April 10 2021 09: 42
    +3
    Quote: indifferent
    Interestingly, but the author knows that there is already such a channel and was dug in the days of Stalin. It is called Volgodonskaya! Any ship can safely go from one sea to another.

    Have you read the article before commenting?
    I will duplicate for you personally:

    In fact, these two water areas are already connected by the Volga-Don channel, but its capacity is extremely low. Due to the shallow depths, vessels passing through it are significantly limited in displacement, or even forced to go only half loaded. The maximum permitted carrying capacity on it is 7 thousand tons.

    This is a response to your comment regarding "any ship". Not a fig not any.

    I'm afraid that Putin knows geography and won't have to cut the loot

    laughing good
    Who will cut something? Who are the kings of the state order and the main contractors of all mega-projects?
    1. yuratanja1950 Offline yuratanja1950
      yuratanja1950 (Yuri) April 16 2021 16: 57
      0
      Quote: Marzhetsky
      This is a response to your comment regarding "any ship". Not a fig not any.

      Somehow we passed by the problem of the shallow water of the Sea of ​​Azov ... And this is also in conjunction with the project ...
      Honestly, judging by the article I have read, China-Kazakhstan-Turkmenistan-Iran will grab more gingerbread cookies than Russia ...
      This raises the question of equity financing: who and how much?
      And if we talk about some kind of naval security of Russia, then there is nothing special to drive from the KF to the Black Sea Fleet and back ... hi
  9. igor.igorev Offline igor.igorev
    igor.igorev (Igor) April 10 2021 10: 02
    -5
    Our liberda cherishes this project. Indeed, in this way, NATO ships can safely enter the Caspian Sea. Even Nazarbayev, under pressure from the United States, tried to push through a similar project, although there it was necessary to dig a canal from the Black Sea to the Caspian Sea. But there is only one point for NATO ships to be in the Caspian Sea.
  10. Hayer31 Offline Hayer31
    Hayer31 (Kashchei) April 10 2021 11: 44
    -6
    The idea is good, you can also use the Volgadon canal somehow, but for 20 years they have been silent about this, why ?? Either they are dumb or not profitable, or they have not thought of it. While V.V. at the helm, nothing will change.
  11. Smirnov Sergey Offline Smirnov Sergey
    Smirnov Sergey (Smirnov Sergey) April 10 2021 16: 44
    +1
    Personally, it seems to me that such a channel is not needed. What and how do you think the goods will go from China to Iran? Dead end? It is advantageous for us to have the Northern Sea Route or the Transsib, and not through Iran. You will dig a channel and lower the entire Azov Sea into the Caspian Sea.
    1. olpin51 Offline olpin51
      olpin51 (Oleg Pinegin) April 10 2021 19: 34
      +1
      Quote: igor.igorev
      Indeed, in this way, NATO ships can safely enter the Caspian Sea.

      Here are the ones on? And who will let them in?
      1. igor.igorev Offline igor.igorev
        igor.igorev (Igor) April 19 2021 22: 50
        0
        Nobody yet. And no one knows how events will develop further.
  12. Yuri Bryanskiy Offline Yuri Bryanskiy
    Yuri Bryanskiy (Yuri Bryansky) April 10 2021 18: 01
    0
    Good analytical article. It is necessary to think, analyze and implement the best option.
  13. Mark Offline Mark
    Mark (Mark) April 10 2021 18: 25
    0
    In winter, navigation on the Volga is closed and practically only the railway is capable of transporting all year round. But the direct channel may be somehow by the way. Lishby did not seize the initiative. Wouldn't the booze of work on the Volga-Don be left bully
  14. olpin51 Offline olpin51
    olpin51 (Oleg Pinegin) April 10 2021 19: 32
    +1
    Quote: Vladest
    Putin alone has promised so much in 20 years .. And what did he do?

    There is such a site RUCSPERT, so the head will swell to read what has been done all the time. On all topics. But this is only for patriots. Others don't need to worry.
  15. The comment was deleted.
  16. olpin51 Offline olpin51
    olpin51 (Oleg Pinegin) April 10 2021 19: 38
    +1
    Quote: Sergey Smirnov
    You will dig a canal and lower the entire Azov Sea into the Caspian Sea.

    Yeah, probably really fools were thinking about this project?
  17. 123 Offline 123
    123 (123) April 10 2021 23: 19
    +2
    Doubtful idea. If you measure bast shoes on a map, then everything is simple and wonderful. In fact, everything is probably more complicated.
    1) The level of the Caspian Sea is 27-28 m below the Baltic standard (ocean level). We get a gigantic crossflow of water from the Sea of ​​Azov to the Caspian, how much will go under the water just horror, including those ports under construction. The salinity of water in the Caspian Sea fluctuates, on average, 11-14%, in the Black Sea 17%, in the Mediterranean up to 39%. If all of this is set in motion, the consequences for the ecosystem are difficult to predict.
    2) I don't know who promoted the project in 2007, I suspect Ilyumzhinov. The fact is that, judging by the drawing on the map, the route is laid so as to maximize the use of the territory of Kalmykia and there is no rapid agriculture, only closer to the Rostov region, and there the most interesting begins. In the area of ​​Manych, the Proletarskoye reservoir and beyond, everything goes through the fields. If there will be salty water, respectively, salinization of the soil, the damage to agriculture and the ecosystem as a whole I do not presume to predict. Moreover, reclamation is developed there, without watering it is possible to grow only a camel thorn.
    3) This means a sluice system is needed and most likely there should be fresh water in the canal. Pole still needs dredging in the shallow Taganrog Bay, there is no more than 4,9 m.

    In general, without new details of the project, I am against No. Let's better build a canal through Iran for now, from the Caspian to the Gulf of Oman. There are Chinese investment partners and consortia with consensus. Any whim laughing Let's see what comes of it, we'll experiment there, and then we'll see and decide. In the meantime, we will be engaged in the reconstruction of the Volga-Don Canal. Enough for the first time.
  18. Alexey Permyakov (Alexey Permyakov) April 13 2021 17: 13
    0
    ... and all this cargo traffic will rest against the narrowness of the Black Sea straits - or the ports of not overly friendly Bulgaria, Romania and Ukraine
    1. Petr Vladimirovich (Peter) April 13 2021 17: 50
      0
      In the 90s, he received Iranian goods by trucks on the shoulder Tehran-Astara-Baku-Derbent-Moscow. Our transit was closed in connection with the well-known events, the Turks, at the suggestion of Iran, organized the Samsung-Novorossiysk ferries. It went, went, and then they realized, why do our trucks go to Moscow through Istanbul and four countries?
      First of all, they began to put their own on the ferries ... laughing
  19. repcom Offline repcom
    repcom (Eugene) April 13 2021 18: 06
    0
    All this is unrealistic to carry out in the given conditions. However, it makes no sense. There is no such powerful flow of cargo through the Volga-Caspian Canal. Even the existing bandwidth is not required. In addition to its grain, there are some petroleum products and fertilizers from Turkmenistan. From time to time, one hears nonsense about "cruises in the Caspian", but who needs them. The liner, "Maria Ermolova", was brought in. So they cut the poor one into scrap metal.
  20. Pavel Timokhin Offline Pavel Timokhin
    Pavel Timokhin (Pavel Timokhin) 2 May 2021 11: 24
    -1
    Yes, you are generally fucking ... the level in the Caspian Sea is 28 meters below the world ocean! What are you going to connect there? all the Eurasians taken together will rip your head off.
  21. The comment was deleted.
  22. Vladimir_10 Offline Vladimir_10
    Vladimir_10 (Vladimir Kravchenko) 21 May 2021 12: 42
    0
    The Azov Sea is shallow.
    If you dig, then immediately into the Black Sea, north of Novorossiysk, where there are no mountains.
    The distance is about the same.
  23. Pan philosopher Offline Pan philosopher
    Pan philosopher (Pan philosopher) 25 May 2021 08: 38
    0
    Russia needs to connect the Caspian with the Sea of ​​Azov

    Yes, not bad - the Algemba of our time. But it’s not the same scale, my friends, it’s not the same ... Now, if we could dig a canal from the Tsimlyansk reservoir - through the Caucasian ridge - to the Armenian Lake Sevan - then even the Brezhnev BAM would nervously smoke on the sidelines.