The West found out "how Stalin became Stalin"


Joseph Stalin was not crazy, they state in the West ...


This is evidenced by the huge number of remaining archival documents. He was a very intelligent and very rational person, guided by ideology, writes the American magazine The Atlantic, studying the biography of the Soviet leader.

How did Stalin become Stalin? Rather, like Joseph Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili, the grandson of serfs from a small Georgian town, the son of a laundress and a semi-literate shoemaker, a devout young man studying in a theological seminary, became Generalissimo Stalin - a cruel dictator who controlled half of Europe.

After the discovery of Soviet archives in the 90s of the twentieth century, it turned out that most of our knowledge about Stalin is a lie. Decades later policy still affects the attitude of society towards this person. But the availability of thousands of documents has shed light on the dark spots of history, enabling historians to write the truth.

For example, after studying Stalin's correspondence with his relatives and friends in Tbilisi and Moscow, the historian and journalist Simon Sebag-Montefiore in his book "Stalin's Youth" showed us a young troublemaker, poet and pamphleteer, and not at all the vulgar bureaucrat that Stalin was demonstrated by Leon Trotsky.

In turn, the scientist Oleg Khlevnyuk, after a scrupulous analysis of archival documents, compiled an amazingly detailed report on the transformation of communism in the USSR from the revolutionary chaos of the Bolsheviks to Stalinism. He proved that Stalin did not create the Soviet dictatorial regime alone or through deception. He was helped by thousands of convinced, sometimes fanatic, supporters.

In a large-scale biography of Stalin, Professor Stephen Kotkin tried to combine the work of these and other people. His work "Stalin" was supposed to rid Soviet historiography forever from confusion and myths. He debunked the theory of Freudians (admirers of Sigmund Freud) and proved that young Stalin became famous in Tiflis at the end of the 19th century not as a robber, but as a very gifted student who entered the local seminary by the age of 16. It is later that he will quit school and plunge headlong into criminal revolutionary activities. The main advantage of the three-volume edition, as well as its main disadvantage, is its very wide coverage. The author tried to communicate the slightest details about Stalin's life.

The events of 1917 helped Stalin and his comrades experience the heady taste of success for the first time. Their revolution, the result of Lenin's risky actions, substantiated their vague ideology. They gained personal security, fame and power that they had never dreamed of before.

Unlike the illiterate cynic who lives in Trotsky's imagination, the real Stalin substantiated his every decision using the language of ideology, both in public and in private conversations. It is a big mistake not to take his statements seriously, because he did what he said. From Kotkin's point of view, Stalin was neither a boring bureaucrat nor a criminal, he was a man whose personality was shaped by a staunch adherence to Puritan doctrine.

His behavior was not a product of the subconscious, it was a consequence of the Bolsheviks' adherence to the Marxist-Leninist ideology, which gave Stalin the opportunity to feel confident in the face of any problems. It was convenient, because you could always see the "counter-revolution".

The civil war had a particularly powerful formative influence on Stalin, since during it he received his first experience in the exercise of power. In 1918 he was sent to Tsaritsyn. He was supposed to provide food for the workers of Moscow and Petrograd. However, Stalin's activities then almost led to a military collapse at the front, after which Lenin returned him to Moscow. But Stalin still got the grain. After the Civil War, Tsaritsyn was renamed Stalingrad, and the failures were quickly forgotten.

Whenever Stalin faced a crisis, he used "revolutionary methods" to solve them, sometimes showing brutality instead of harshness. Ideology helped Stalin justify the deaths of millions of people. Therefore, one must be very careful about the statements of contemporary Russian Stalinist politicians who threatened to use nuclear weapons. Do not think that if their words seem strange, then they or their followers will not want to implement what was said, summed up the media from the United States.
  • Used photographs: Vladimir Fedorenko / wikimedia.org
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  1. Oleg Rambover Online Oleg Rambover
    Oleg Rambover (Oleg Rambover) April 4 2021 15: 09
    -8
    And these Steven Kotkins with Simon Sebag-Montefiore did not explain the reasons for the great terror? I don’t remember his justification, not only from an ideological, but also from a practical point of view. Aggravation of the class struggle? So he himself aggravated it.
    1. steelmaker Offline steelmaker
      steelmaker April 4 2021 19: 22
      +2
      the reasons for the great terror?

      After the shooting of the Supreme Soviet with tanks in 1993 and the terror of the 90s, only those who are sick in the head or simply enemies and traitors to Russia can accuse Stalin of something. Such as Gebels, General Vlasov, Solzhenitsin, Gorbachev, Yeltsin, Svanidze, Chubais, etc. Congratulations, you are on a par with this ..... audience. It remains only to find out for stupidity or for ideological reasons.
      1. Oleg Rambover Online Oleg Rambover
        Oleg Rambover (Oleg Rambover) April 4 2021 20: 13
        -4
        Comparing the terror of the 30s, which claimed the lives of more than 600 thousand only executed, not counting those who died in prison or exile with the shooting of parliament or the mythical terror of the 90s, can only be sick Stalinists and simply enemies of Russian citizens. Such as an enemy of the people and a spy Yagoda, a sodomite, an enemy of the people and a spy Yezhov, an enemy of the people, a spy and defeatist "at the cost of the concession to fascist Germany of the Soviet lands of Ukraine, Belarus, the Baltic states, the Karelian Isthmus, Bessarabia, Bukovina and the enslavement of Soviet people, enter into a shameful agreement with Hitler to end the war Beria. I congratulate you, you have stood on a par with this ..... traitors and sodomites. It remains only to find out for stupidity or for ideological reasons.
        1. isofat Offline isofat
          isofat (isofat) April 4 2021 20: 23
          +2
          Oleg Rambover, your spells do not work today. Thanks to the internet.

          PS You are so smart that you saw the comparison. On what basis is this comparison, can you tell? laughing
          1. A.Lex Offline A.Lex
            A.Lex (Secret information) April 4 2021 21: 07
            +2
            Yes, he is sick in the head!
        2. A.Lex Offline A.Lex
          A.Lex (Secret information) April 4 2021 21: 07
          +4
          So this is Beria

          entered into a shameful agreement with Hitler to end the war

          wassat wassat laughing laughing laughing
          THIS IS FAST TRASH !!!!!! laughing laughing laughing
          You add to him the seduction of young schoolgirls, with their abduction on the streets of Moscow !!! laughing laughing laughing
          1. Oleg Rambover Online Oleg Rambover
            Oleg Rambover (Oleg Rambover) April 5 2021 00: 20
            -4
            I don't know about schoolgirls, I've heard similar rumors, but who will check them. And this quote is from the indictment.
    2. Miffer Offline Miffer
      Miffer (Sam Miffers) April 5 2021 08: 13
      +1
      I don’t remember his justification, not only from an ideological, but also from a practical point of view. Aggravation of the class struggle?

      As socialism is built, the resistance of the exploiting classes inevitably grows.
      1. Oleg Rambover Online Oleg Rambover
        Oleg Rambover (Oleg Rambover) April 6 2021 12: 20
        -1
        So why, during this aggravation, they shot semi-literate peasants and Poles?
        1. isofat Offline isofat
          isofat (isofat) April 6 2021 13: 42
          0
          Quote: Oleg Rambover
          So why, during this aggravation, they shot semi-literate peasants and Poles?

          Oleg Rambover... In scientific circles, there is still no consensus on what was the cause of the terror. yes
  2. zzdimk Offline zzdimk
    zzdimk April 4 2021 15: 10
    +4
    ABOUT! How long have I not read press releases. Why did the slightly modified press release become an article?
  3. GRF Offline GRF
    GRF April 4 2021 15: 56
    +3
    “I know that after my death a heap of garbage will be put on my grave, but the wind of history will mercilessly scatter it!” - Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin

    While it is only being thrown over ...
    1. aquarius580 Offline aquarius580
      aquarius580 April 4 2021 16: 06
      -4
      This alleged "quote from Stalin's interview with Kollontai" is a fiction, for there has never been such an interview.
      1. GRF Offline GRF
        GRF April 4 2021 16: 16
        +4

        Probably, but this, often, does not change the meaning ...
        1. aquarius580 Offline aquarius580
          aquarius580 April 4 2021 16: 17
          -4
          It is difficult to say who and why came up with this "interview".
          1. The comment was deleted.
      2. A.Lex Offline A.Lex
        A.Lex (Secret information) April 4 2021 21: 22
        +1
        What does Kolontai have to do with it? This was said (although not quite accurately) to Golovanov, and it looked like this:

        “I know,” he began, “that when I am gone, not one tub of mud will be poured on my head.” - And, walking a bit, he continued: - But I am sure that the wind of history will dispel all this ...
    2. Miffer Offline Miffer
      Miffer (Sam Miffers) April 5 2021 08: 30
      +1
      False quote.
      1. GRF Offline GRF
        GRF April 5 2021 09: 53
        0
        Yes, he is one of the most slandered people who have ever lived on earth, because this is also attributed to him:

        death of one person, and death of millions - statistics

        there are no prisoners of war in the Red Army, but there are only traitors and traitors to the Motherland

        no matter how the people vote - it is important who counts these very voices and how

        No man - no problem

        Partially taken from https://topcor.ru/4819-samye-obolgannye-citaty-stalina.html
  4. aquarius580 Offline aquarius580
    aquarius580 April 4 2021 16: 05
    -2
    This topic has long been described in detail by Boris Bazhanov, who was Stalin's personal secretary.
  5. beeper Offline beeper
    beeper April 4 2021 16: 10
    +3
    The title of the news is "promising", but after reading the content it becomes clear that in the West they did not understand anything about Stalin and about us (nothing new and previously unknown, but only "extended rewrites" of ingrained "cliches" added to such "political science fiction "already" in three volumes "?! winked ). request
    As for me, even from the above ultra-short "digest" one can see a superficial "study of the topic" by this American "professor", his "stamped" consciousness and a clear inability to holistically (holistically) comprehend the accumulated (in the process of compillational "processing" ?! smile ) information. request

    On the face comprehensive attempts of Western analysts in this way to understand and predict the motives and actions of the current authorities of the Russian Federation (which the Washington aggressors - the so-called "our dear partners" already openly announced his main "strategic enemy"!) ?! winked

    Incidentally, much more interesting and relevant "open topic with (still variable) continuation", I give it to unbiased researchers of the West and East-"How did Putin become Putin and his place in the formation of the modern history of the Greater Russia-Russian World ?!" wink

    After carefully "digging up" the past of the USSR-Soviet Greater Russia since the "times of Lenin-Stalin", all sorts of "independent researchers" -grant-eaters and "scientific analysts" of the special services of "respected partners" from the "NATO bloc" are not at all out of "friendly intentions" , are persistently looking for critical "vulnerabilities", "levers of hacking" of Russian statehood and effective "master keys" to the leader of the Russian Federation V.V. Putin (and his entourage), whom they demonize in the West as an alleged "dictator" and "new Stalin" ?! winked
    IMHO, I do not impose!
  6. Petr Vladimirovich (Peter) April 4 2021 17: 13
    +4
    In 1974 he bought and read in Algeria a book by Djilas in French "Conversations with Stalin". I remember the moment when two KGB agents named Natasha and Vova were sent to their room in the National ... good
  7. Alexander Betonkin April 4 2021 17: 26
    +5
    The West found out "how Stalin became Stalin"

    - less than seventy years have passed.
    1. Vladest Offline Vladest
      Vladest (Vladimir) April 4 2021 18: 49
      -2
      Quote: Alexander Betonkin
      - less than seventy years have passed.

      Someone was not too lazy to find something trash in the media in the West. And a theme like Malevich's Black Square. Nothing, but discussing.
    2. A.Lex Offline A.Lex
      A.Lex (Secret information) April 4 2021 21: 26
      +4
      Alexander ... and all the same - we get fucked up ... because. not having lived IN ANY TIME in Russia, they are trying to reason by picking their nose ...
  8. Vladest Offline Vladest
    Vladest (Vladimir) April 4 2021 18: 47
    -2
    It was not known without the West?
  9. Vladest Offline Vladest
    Vladest (Vladimir) April 5 2021 12: 20
    -1
    What is the West? At least one smart guy is there who will give the ANSWER?
    What is the West? I would answer. Although, for the most gifted, is India the West?
  10. isofat Offline isofat
    isofat (isofat) April 6 2021 13: 55
    0
    Quote: I.V. Stalin
    Many of the affairs of our party and people will be perverted and spat on, above all, abroad, and in our country too. Zionism, striving for world domination, will cruelly avenge us for our successes and achievements. He still sees Russia as a barbaric country, as a raw materials appendage. And my name will also be defamed, slandered. Many crimes will be attributed to me.

    World Zionism will by all means strive to destroy our Union so that Russia can never rise again. The strength of the USSR lies in the friendship of peoples. The edge of the struggle will be aimed primarily at breaking this friendship, at breaking off the outskirts of Russia. Here, I must admit, we have not done everything yet. There is still a big field of work.

    Nationalism will raise its head with particular force. He will crush internationalism and patriotism for a while, only for a while. National groups within nations and conflicts will arise. Many pygmy leaders will appear, traitors within their nations.

    In general, in the future development will go more complex and even frantic ways, the turns will be extremely steep. The point is that the East will be particularly upset. There will be sharp contradictions with the West.

    And still, no matter how events develop, but time will pass, and the eyes of new generations will be turned to the affairs and victories of our socialist Fatherland. Year after year, new generations will come. They will once again raise the banner of their fathers and grandfathers and give us their due. They will build their future on our past.

    "Stalin's conversation with AM Kollontai (November 1939)".
    I.V. Stalin, Collected Works vol. 18, p. 606.
  11. Neil Neil Offline Neil Neil
    Neil Neil (Neil Neal) April 10 2021 15: 40
    +1
    Stalin the Great of the Russian Holy Land.