China's sandstorm of the decade threatens Russia: why is it happening


China has been covered by the sandstorm of the decade. Half of the country, including its capital Beijing, is now painted in all shades of yellow, very reminiscent of footage from the post-apocalyptic Blade Runner 2049. There are already dead the economy The Celestial Empire suffered serious damage. Forecasters argue whether this natural disaster will reach Russia. But if the truth comes, not today, then tomorrow, then what can we oppose?


Sand or dust storms are extremely dangerous natural phenomena. They are typical for the regions of North Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, Central Asia and China, and to a lesser extent for North America and Australia. As a rule, they are provoked by strong thunderstorms or cyclones, when strong winds lift huge amounts of dust and sand into the atmosphere and carry them over long distances, hundreds or even thousands of kilometers.

Such meteorological phenomena pose a serious danger to human health. Large particles carried by dust and sandstorms cause skin and eye irritation and conjunctivitis. Small particles are even more dangerous, as they enter the nose, mouth and upper respiratory tract and lead to asthma, tracheitis, allergic rhinitis, pneumonia, silicosis and cardiovascular disorders. It is estimated that in 2014 alone, the effects of exposure to dust particles caused the premature death of more than 400 thousand people due to cardiovascular diseases worldwide. In addition, some dangerous diseases are transmitted through the dust, which is noted in the regions of Africa, northern Mexico and the southern states of the United States. In other words, a sand or dust storm is a serious problem. Let's add to this their negative impact on the economy. This includes damage to agricultural plantings, and pollution of reservoirs and irrigation canals, and the forced cancellation of passenger flights, as well as damage to aircraft engines and cars by dust particles, and damage caused to the now popular solar power plants.

China has experienced all this to the fullest. Thirteen Chinese provinces, including Beijing, are covered with sand. The concentration of small particles in the air exceeds the maximum allowable 13 times in the capital of the country. Everything around has turned yellow due to microparticles of sand, which is now everywhere, including inside the lungs. Visibility dropped sharply, huge traffic jams formed on the roads, and over 160 flights were canceled. The only thing that saves a little is that all the Chinese are now armed with masks. Environmental Control Center expert Wang Xiaoyuan explained:

Wind currents from Mongolia mixed with our cold air and began to drive sand inland. Virtually the entire north of China was affected.

The most interesting thing is that in this gritty apocalypse there is a fair amount of China's own fault. The fact is that dust storms, ever increasing in power, are a direct consequence of the rapid economic development of the PRC. Each year, the area of ​​deserts in this country increases by about 1300 km². The vegetation cover is reduced due to active land use and livestock grazing, the soil loses its structure and resistance to erosion. At the same time, due to population growth and industrial production in China, the consumption of water resources has also increased: dams are being built, new artesian wells are being drilled. The result is a decrease in the level of groundwater and water flow in rivers. So, the famous Haunhe in the lower reaches now stands dry for six months. And this cannot be called a local problem of only one China. Dust storms from there finish off not only to neighboring Korea and Japan, but even to the United States. Now domestic forecasters are considering whether the Chinese "storm of the decade" will go to Russia.

With all this, it is impossible to say that Beijing is doing nothing to combat desertification, on the contrary. The Celestial Empire has been carrying out a program to create the Great Green Wall for several decades. By 2050, the Chinese intend to plant greenery in their country in an area roughly the size of Germany. Deforestation has been stopped (but, by the way, it has increased in Russia). Through the 13 most problematic provinces, a real wall of trees and shrubs is planted, more than 4500 km long and about 100 km wide. The planting of trees is stimulated at the legislative level: each Chinese must plant 3 to 5 seedlings per year or pay a tax to the treasury. At the same time, he is considered the owner of the trees he personally planted. Also on an industrial scale, sand dunes are torn down and leveled with the help of a special construction equipmentand the seeds are dropped onto the prepared area from planes.

In general, Beijing is pursuing a rather serious and ambitious program to green up its country. Planted forests should strengthen the soil to combat erosion, as well as prevent the formation of strong winds. And, despite all these measures taken, the deserts continue to advance, and the storms only intensify. This is an extremely disturbing trend. It is worth asking the question, how ready is our country for such a development of the situation? Our forests are being demolished on an industrial scale, largely in the interests of that very China. Millions of hectares of taiga are burned out every year. Rivers dry up. Last fall, a sandstorm hit the southern regions of Russia, the Rostov Region and the Stavropol Territory.

Maybe it's time for us to think about possible gloomy prospects and start doing something preemptively, without waiting for the problem to turn into a real ecological disaster? After all, the USSR once acted its own plan for transforming nature to create large forest belts in the steppe and forest-steppe regions to prevent droughts, dust and sand storms, and it gave excellent results. Unfortunately, after the death of its author, I.V. Stalin, this plan was curtailed, and many plantings were cut down.
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  1. steelmaker Offline steelmaker
    steelmaker 16 March 2021 12: 44
    -4
    I agree completely. Watch the video on YouTube.
    http://https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bABrc9JD240&ab_channel
    Horror, but the fans will now explain to us that Putin has nothing to do with it, this is a "boyar" thief!
    1. 123 Offline 123
      123 (123) 16 March 2021 14: 42
      +6
      Horror, but the fans will now explain to us that Putin has nothing to do with it, this is a "boyar" thief!

      Really horror belay But what was before No. No Chinese, no thieves, no logging request everything is decorous, noble yes I've been looking for Putin on the shots, I haven't found him. request Can you help?



      The forests on the river bottom have been so "stacked up" that they are now being mined on an industrial scale.

  2. 123 Offline 123
    123 (123) 16 March 2021 13: 06
    +4
    Deforestation has been stopped (but, by the way, it has increased in Russia).

    Pebble past the vegetable garden request The largest supplier of timber to China is the USA repeat

    Our forests are being demolished on an industrial scale, largely in the interests of that very China.

    What does China's interests have to do with it? The forest is cut down for profit, and the industry is in order. Is not it so?

    Millions of hectares of taiga are burned out every year.

    In California and Australia, there is no taiga, but there is no less blaze. The forest burned, burns and will burn forever and throughout the planet.

    Last fall, a sandstorm hit the southern regions of Russia, the Rostov Region and the Stavropol Territory.

    Is the forest cut down there too? Surely in the "interests of China"?
    The development of agriculture in the southern regions is the main reason for the occurrence of dust storms on the territory of our country. This has nothing to do with deforestation and forest fires. hi

    "In Russia, the northern border of the spread of dust storms passes through Saratov, Samara, Ufa, Orenburg and the foothills of Altai. Dust storms are most widespread in the South of the European part of Russia, as well as in the Central and Volga districts. Dust and sand storms in the North Caucasus and on The Lower Volga region was noted by researchers at the end of the 1976th century. In the 9th century, according to the summary of KS Kalyanov (XNUMX), strong dust storms were observed in this region XNUMX times.

    Plowing in the 60s XX century 110 thousand hectares of virgin sandy lands in Kalmykia subsequently formed the main nuclei of the formation of dust storms in the republic and the largest tracts (more than 150 hectares) of mobile sand. Particularly active dust storms are exposed on the territory of Kalmykia Komsomolsky, Utta, Naryn-Khuduk, etc.

    On the territory of the Rostov region, especially in its eastern part, dust storms are often observed. They are quite long (up to several weeks) and cover large areas. The most dangerous period is considered the end of March - the end of April. The number of days with dust storms naturally decreases when moving to the west: from 19 days per year in the village. Treasured up to 8 days in Rostov-on-Don. The largest dust storms, which had the character of catastrophic processes, were observed in the Rostov region in 1837, 1885, 1892, 1928, 1939, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1952, 1957, 1960, 1969, 1984, 1999. Dust storms were especially strong and prolonged in January – February 1969.
    In the Volgograd region, dust storms are most frequent in the Trans-Volga and northern regions of the region. Their total duration there is at least 10-15 days annually. Particularly violent dust storms sometimes occur. For example, in February 1969 and early May 1972.
    such storms caused the death of crops over large areas.
    In the Astrakhan region in April 1988, dust storms covered 60% of the territory, lasted for several hours at a wind speed of 18–20 m / s. The consequence of this natural disaster was the death of crops on hundreds of hectares.

    http://method.meteorf.ru/publ/tr/tr378/05.pdf
    1. Marzhecki Offline Marzhecki
      Marzhecki (Sergei) 16 March 2021 14: 20
      +1
      Quote: 123
      What does China's interests have to do with it? The forest is cut down for profit.

      The timber is cut down as a profit to be sold to China. So it will be more accurate. hi
      1. 123 Offline 123
        123 (123) 16 March 2021 15: 11
        +2
        The timber is cut down as a profit to be sold to China. So it will be more accurate

        Timber is sold not only to China. Why is it singled out?
        We are being told that it is a shame to trade in oil and gas with Europe, or that we are selling timber to the Chinese. And what is typical, where we should be ashamed, the Americans calmly and without blushing try to climb in and take our place yes
  3. Bulanov Offline Bulanov
    Bulanov (Vladimir) 16 March 2021 13: 14
    +1
    Urgently preserve the river beds and start planting forest belts!
  4. Marzhecki Offline Marzhecki
    Marzhecki (Sergei) 16 March 2021 14: 01
    0
    Quote: 123
    Is the forest cut down there too? Surely in the "interests of China"?
    The development of agriculture in the southern regions is the main reason for the appearance of dusty boules on the territory of our country. This has nothing to do with deforestation and forest fires.

    About this in the second article. Wait hi
    1. 123 Offline 123
      123 (123) 16 March 2021 15: 13
      +2
      About this in the second article. Wait

      No doubt. I expected a splash of articles on the environmental topic. Sorry for being immodest - auto quote three days ago after an article on the California drought hi

      So soon the entire information space will be filled with messages about the taiga burning in Russia.
  5. Sapsan136 Offline Sapsan136
    Sapsan136 (Sapsan136) 16 March 2021 14: 22
    +4
    Deforestation of forests and trees is a big problem for the Russian Federation. In the same Voronezh, trees are massively cut down to please construction companies, which do not care about what people will breathe. Officials with dual and triple citizenship who allow this lawlessness also do not care about the Russian Federation and its indigenous population.
  6. FrankyStein Offline FrankyStein
    FrankyStein (FrankyStein) 16 March 2021 23: 44
    +1
    The climate is getting hotter, the deserts are spreading, the winds are getting stronger. Forest belts, for example in Volgograd, are not cut down, they simply dry up and burn out.
    1. Petr Vladimirovich (Peter) 17 March 2021 19: 29
      0
      Hello everyone! In the early 70s, there was a program in the ANDR, copied from our, Stalin's, forest strip across the country, called Barrage vert.
  7. olpin51 Offline olpin51
    olpin51 (Oleg Pinegin) 17 March 2021 20: 21
    +2
    Thunder will not strike, the man will not cross himself. And it's all about us