Russia conceived colossal investments in domestic industry

Russia conceived colossal investments in domestic industry

So it happened. At the highest level, it was decided to print the money box and start investing funds from the NWF. President Putin instructed the government to prepare a list of specific projects within a month. Who will win the battle for financial flows, liberals or statists?


The National Welfare Fund appeared in 2008 on the "ruins" of the Stabilization Fund, which was divided into two parts, and the Reserve Fund was almost completely depleted in 2018. The NWF is an integral part of the long-term pension scheme for citizens. It is formed by “cutting off” the super-profits of the federal budget from the sale of products of the oil and gas complex, as well as income received from the management of the fund's own funds. The latter are 80% placed on the accounts of the Central Bank of the Russian Federation, the remaining 20% ​​- in “other assets”. This is a huge amount of money, amounting to trillions of rubles.

Many independent experts and analysts have repeatedly pointed out that these colossal funds of the fund should be invested in the real sector of the Russian economics... However, in the way of these plans was the rule that investments are possible only after the liquidity part of the NWF exceeded 7% of the country's GDP. Accordingly, in any case, you will have to operate only with those amounts that exceed this threshold. And even in 2020, it was overcome, but money did not go into the economy. The reason was a furious undercover fight over these financial flows. Three different approaches were voiced.

The head of the Central Bank of the Russian Federation Elvira Nabiullina proposed to continue to accumulate funds in accounts, and at the same time to increase the threshold from 7% of GDP. The head of the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade Maxim Oreshkin made a proposal to buy foreign securities and develop foreign projects, lending to buyers of Russian products, primarily the energy sector, as well as organize production and service centers abroad. This idea was very well received by the representatives of the International Monetary Fund. Also, experts from the Higher School of Economics spoke in favor of foreign investment as more profitable. The third concept was expressed by the head of the RF Ministry of Finance Anton Siluanov. In accordance with his proposals, the funds of the NWF should have been put into infrastructure projects in Russia itself. And finally, we can mention the proposal of the head of the Accounts Chamber, Alexei Kudrin, to channel money from the reserve fund to directly support poor Russians in order to stop the growth in the number of poor people. But how many specifics were there in this proposal of one of the most prominent systemic liberals, and how much "hype"?

To all appearances, the third, statist approach won out. President Putin asked to present investment projects to him in order to launch them without delay:

I ask the government to submit concrete proposals for investing funds from the NWF within a month, including in infrastructure projects. And at the same time, of course, we need to talk about the projects being effective, cost-effective and in demand by business, the economy and the regions of the Russian Federation.

So, let's try to imagine what kind of projects they can be, and what exactly will public investment look like?

First of all, it should be borne in mind that the NWF will not fully undertake the entire financial burden for each project. From the explanatory note of the Ministry of Finance, it follows that the share of the fund's investments should not exceed 20%, and the profitability of the NWF from investments in infrastructure projects should not be lower than the profitability of government securities for the same time period. In other words, not every project will fit these strict criteria.

Which ones can correspond to them is easy to see on real examples.

Thus, the NWF has already acted as a co-investor in several large construction projects. For example, the Sibur company, with the financial support of the fund, launched Zapsibneftekhim, a petrochemical plant located in Tobolsk with a capacity of 2,2 million tons of products per year. Over a hundred domestic contractor companies took part in the project. The volume of government co-investment is estimated at $ 1,75 billion. The National Wealth Fund also actively participated in the launch of the ambitious Yamal LNG project. A liquefied gas plant with a capacity of 16,5 million tons per year and a seaport for its shipment by tankers to the markets of Southeast Asia, Japan, Vietnam and India were built. The share of NWF investments amounted to $ 2,3 billion. However, the interest of fund managers is not limited to the energy sector. Another 150 billion rubles were invested in the construction of the Central Ring Road. The Central Ring Road is a paid alternative to the Moscow Small Ring and is designed to relieve and optimize road traffic in the capital of Russia and the Moscow region.

So, based on previous experience, it can be assumed that the funds of the NWF will go to the development of energy and transport projects based on the principle of public-private partnership. It would also be highly welcomed to send them to the industrial production sector in order to implement the task of further import substitution. The situation is favorable for this: thanks to the increased oil prices, Russia will be able to receive from 200 to 250 billion rubles of super profits per month. It's time for the "petrodollars" to work for our country.
  • Author:
  • Photos used: RIA Novosti archive / Alexey Kudenko / CC-BY-SA 3.0 / wikimedia.org
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  1. steelmaker Offline steelmaker
    steelmaker 14 March 2021 14: 34
    -1
    the funds of the NWF will go to the development of energy and transport projects based on the principle of public-private partnership.

    All of these projects are aimed at selling our natural resources. Raw materials appendage of the West. What is the use of all these national projects when the profits from them go to the United States and other states. Minimum wage, beggarly pensions. Prices are constantly rising, life is becoming more expensive. We need to improve the welfare of our citizens. And the government does not have such projects, only to trade in the Motherland !!!
    1. Kapany3 Offline Kapany3
      Kapany3 14 March 2021 18: 21
      0
      I haven’t read the article, but I don’t approve of it ... Do you think you need to tear up the whole jar and buy jeans with chewing gum?
    2. Cudgel Offline Cudgel
      Cudgel (Dubina) 16 March 2021 19: 39
      -1
      All the money will probably go to the Rottenbergs.
    3. Warrior Offline Warrior
      Warrior 23 March 2021 13: 23
      +1
      YOU'RE LYING...
      Russia is DEVELOPING on a large scale today.
      In Russia, only more than 1556 import substitution projects have been implemented.
      Modern equipment is now being produced in Russia:
      - MTI-350GM was developed within the framework of the sectoral import substitution program. “The mass spectrometer is the only and mandatory equipment for monitoring the isotopic composition of the uranium enrichment product at separation plants;
      - Border LLC - launched a new production of door fittings with colored decorative coating in Ryazan;
      - The Sokol CELT plant for the production of cross-glued wood (CLT) panels was launched in the Vologda region;
      - Technodinamika presented a new generation of ammunition in Abu Dhabi;
      - Assembly of a new model of 622G motor graders has begun at the John Deere plant in the Moscow region;
      - The first crab-processor for the Russian Crab Group of Companies was laid down at the Oka shipyard;
      - In Blagoveshchensk, Amur Region, the keel-laying ceremony of another vessel 3052 took place;
      - "Sibanthracite" began exporting coal to the Asia-Pacific region by large ships from the port of Taman;
      - In the Nizhny Novgorod region, two provisional vessels of project 3052 (KPMI) 1/1 were laid down;
      - A unique hovercraft was tested on the Volga;
      - In the Samara region, 3 new SVPs of the Slavir-9U project were launched on passenger routes;
      - SZ "More" built and handed over to Rosgvardia 2 high-speed boats of the "Sargan" project;
      - At the Nefteflot shipyard laid down two measurement vessels of the RDB 66.62 project;
      - At the Zvezda shipyard, the Aframax tanker Akademik Ivanter was laid down;
      - The Russian plant has released new models of crane manipulators for military purposes;
      - Production of the covid-19 vaccine EpiVacCorona has begun at the Vector-BiAlgam plant in Novosibirsk;
      - The SMM-Tyazhmash plant in the Leningrad Region reached its design capacity;
      - AVTOTOR plant started production of the updated Kia Picanto;
      - Cherepovets Metallurgical Plant began production of ultra-wide rolled products;
      - A new line for the production of polypropylene and polyethylene sheets was launched in the Moscow region;
      and so on ...
      Great Russia is DEVELOPING and BUILDING ...
  2. Sergey Latyshev Offline Sergey Latyshev
    Sergey Latyshev (Serge) 14 March 2021 14: 53
    -1
    Right. Vske former national projects have been failed and forgotten, now

    in the development of energy and transport projects based on the principle of public-private partnership.

    - i.e. for export from the country ...
    1. Kofesan Offline Kofesan
      Kofesan (Valery) 15 March 2021 21: 52
      -2
      How many years have passed, and we are successful !!! continue to feed "breakfasts". Not! It would be just great if there was the fact of launching one plant. At least one.
      In the meantime, one can observe with one's own eyes the closure of the last "dinosaurs". Not renovation or modernization ... CLOSING.
      And it would be just mind-blowingly great if it were the way the next "assignment" is described in the article. How many were there? "May" decrees then. But ... the legend is fresh, but hard to believe. There are no fools. More precisely, there is almost no left. The Kremlin inmates got out of trust! There is a feeling that a simple, mechanical removal from the feeding trough of the cooperative "Praskoveevka" will raise the resources of Russia, in order to achieve the desperately needed goals and objectives stated here, on the REPORTER's margins, at least twice.
      1. Alexander Polonsky (Alexander Polonsky) 17 March 2021 22: 59
        +2
        Are you so too lazy to just pick up and hammer in a search request for new plants? If you are lazy, then just go to the site Made by us and others like him. The same Sibzapneftekhim mentioned in the article - what is it, the sale of raw materials, in your opinion? If you think so, then you are very far from the topic. And the same composites for the wing for MS-21 or gear motors for sea vessels to replace the Ukrainian ones, do you think someone very kind gave us?
        Yes, I would like to grow faster, but it is also incorrect to compare us with China. The most favored nation regime was created for China in spite of the late USSR. And now it is no longer so easy for Western companies to leave there, although intractable contradictions have accumulated in relations between this country and the United States.
        Something needs to be done, and something is being done. Putin - the first Russian ruler to save the country and citizens from one of two age-old troubles - built roads. And bridges. And much more.
        1. Kofesan Offline Kofesan
          Kofesan (Valery) 18 March 2021 00: 30
          0
          This is not so, Alexander Polonsky (Alexander Polonsky). I can describe many cases when for the "opening" was issued a move with the resulting output of the GP, from one site (usually within the city limits) to the "business territory" on the outskirts ...
          I can describe many cities where, after building highways (especially before the elections in 2018) and asphalting the central streets, they left the courtyards and driveways (not in Moscow, of course) completely abandoned (without any repairs for more than 20 years) ... profanation of "activity" did not allow themselves.
          I can describe many cases when from the window (mine) you can see the remnants of the territories that were factories a year ago ...
          I can ... But is it necessary? Seeing one thing and not seeing another is the common agenda of the "zaputintsy".
          Partly (but this is not the main point) Putin is now the main brake on the development of Russia. Not in a political sense. Here we do not need Zavalny at all. And in the economic, military, educational, financial (by the way, when will he shut down the microfinance bandits, in your opinion?).
          Main. Not the only one. But the main one ...
          And deception of everyone and everything on every little thing is the predominant line of behavior in society, from trade with its price "policy" and budget scrapping to publications in the media. "lower classes" ... - This is deception, not propaganda.
          1. Warrior Offline Warrior
            Warrior 23 March 2021 12: 51
            +1
            YOU'RE LYING...
            ALL Russian cities and ALL of Russia have Lately BEEN BUILT and REMOVED.
            In January-February 2021, 11,2 million m2 of housing were commissioned in the Russian Federation. This is 13,0% or 1,3 million m2 more than in the same period in 2020.
            Rosstat: in 2020, 80,6 million square meters of housing were commissioned in Russia.
            It is not surprising that it is in Russia, among more than a thousand different cities, that one can find those whose beauty is simply breathtaking. Of course, it is not easy to single out the most beautiful cities in Russia, because each settlement is beautiful in its own way, appreciated for its history, culture, sights, monuments and architecture. Nevertheless, out of 1100 Russian cities, we tried to single out the top twenty based on the number of picturesque places, attractions and historical monuments.
            20 most beautiful cities in Russia: St. Petersburg, Moscow, Kazan, Nizhny Novgorod,
            Yekaterinburg, Kaliningrad, Vladimir, Arkhangelsk, Sochi, Rostov-on-Don, Krasnoyarsk, Volgograd, Pyatigorsk, Yoshkar-Ola, Samara, Irkutsk, Yaroslavl, Ulyanovsk, Pskov, Voronezh ...
            In 2020, the Russian construction industry put into operation a number of important bridges, which made it possible to connect entire constituent entities of the Federation, and also continued the large-scale construction of a cosmodrome, pipelines, and giants of the domestic petrochemical industry.
            State support for mortgage lending (the preferential rate ranged from 2 to 6,5%) made it possible not to drop the pace of housing construction in Russia.
            A year ago, the launch of a bridge across the Amur linked the Russian and Chinese banks of the river in the Blagoveshchensk-Heihe region. In October this year, only one Yakutia on the Vilyui federal highway launched four bridges at once across the Sasar-Yuryakh, Ulakhan-Mugur, Malaya Botuobuya and Tyukyan rivers. Thanks to this, the bridges will open all-weather traffic between Yakutia and the Irkutsk region. In addition, the construction of four bridge crossings across the Vilyui River with a total length of about 2 km and 20 km of approach roads has begun, the total investment in which will amount to 83 billion rubles.
            At the beginning of the year, the physical launch of a large-scale two-line Turkish Stream pipeline with a length of 1100 km and a transshipment capacity of 31,5 billion cubic meters per year took place.
            The leader in capital investments (790 billion rubles) is one of the world's largest Amur Gas Processing Plant (AGPP, processing capacity - 42 million cubic meters of gas per year) in the city of Svobodny.
            Other significant projects currently being implemented in the field of petrochemicals remain the Arctic LNG-2 (600 billion rubles) and Yamal LNG (4th stage, 300 billion rubles) under construction, the EP-600 olefin complex of PJSC Nizhnekamskneftekhim ( 234 billion rubles), as well as a number of raw materials mining enterprises (Baimsky and Gremyachinsky GOKs, Usolsky potash plant, Udokansky MMC, etc.).
            The total volume of investments in projects is estimated at several trillion rubles and in the coming years will not only determine the vector of development in the petrochemical industry, but also give a dynamic impetus for the existence of the domestic construction complex.
            1. Vladest Offline Vladest
              Vladest (Vladimir) 23 March 2021 14: 42
              0
              Honestly, it's funny to read about how they prove that in the Russian Federation what is getting better or being built. Isn't this normal for any state.
              But the point is in RATES, and this, alas, in the Russian Federation is a frail thing. 1,5% growth per year (Putin demands more than 3,5%)
              Or here about housing

              Quote: Warrior
              In January-February 2021, 11,2 million m2 of housing were commissioned in the Russian Federation. This is 13,0% or 1,3 million m2 more than in the same period in 2020.

              A little math 11,2 * 6 = 67,2 million m2 of housing per year. Or there were no promises from the GDP of 117 - 135 million per year?
              So before you beat yourself in the chest and scream we are cool, refresh your memory of promise and reality.
              As I remember in the Russian Federation, the provision of housing is about 25-27 m2 per person. In the States 70.
      2. Vladimir Daetoya (Vladimir Daetoya) 18 March 2021 05: 28
        0
        Cave savagery! Check out Time Forward on youtube.com and the Russia Post. 10-20 new factories are launched every month.
        1. Kofesan Offline Kofesan
          Kofesan (Valery) 18 March 2021 06: 40
          +2
          Do you know something about Uralmash? There were 100 thousand employees ... Now - 2 (Q332 4). So who is the savage? B ...
      3. Warrior Offline Warrior
        Warrior 23 March 2021 13: 10
        +2
        YOU'RE LYING..
        Russia is DEVELOPING and BUILDING ... read the site "Made by us":
        - "Galich Truck Crane Plant" has released a new truck crane;
        - Agricultural equipment plant "Voronezhselmash". Photo report;
        - OMK started production of new casing sizes;
        - GAZ Group started production of buses running on liquefied natural gas;
        - Balakovo Metallurgical Plant has mastered a new type of wire rod;
        - The Altai enterprise launched a series production of several new models of tires for agricultural machines;
        - Bor glass plant launched the production of new types of glass for vehicles and trains;
        - "Tomsk Electric Drive Plant" launched mass production of new types of products;
        - The exoskeleton of the second generation of the ExoAtlet company has passed medical certification in Russia;
        - The NCHKZ company supplied new cranes to Russian enterprises and construction companies;
        - In Tatarstan, at the Knorr-Bremse Kama plant, a line for the production of components for P6 engines was launched;
        - Uralvagonzavod produced the 40th innovative car;
        - EVRAZ ZSMK has mastered the production of a channel for car building;
        - In the Moscow Region, MSZ created a fuel production site for the Chinese CFR-600 reactor;
        - Kemerovo Mechanical Plant automated the processing of tracer chambers for special products;
        - The Russian plant has released new models of concrete mixer trucks on the KAMAZ chassis;
        - Intelmashin developed and delivered to the customer a new panel stacker with a vacuum gripper;
        - Ryazan company "Border" has established an import-substituting production of door fittings;
        - AVTOTOR plant has mastered the production of a new cross-van Kia Carnival;
        - ESAB localized the production of Filarc rutile wire in St. Petersburg;
        - More than 1556 import substitution projects have been implemented in Russia:
        - Launched the first production of digital transformer substations in Russia;
        - The company "GlobalInformService", which is part of the State Corporation "Rostec", announced the development of the first domestic base station LTE-Advanced, which is also compatible with fifth-generation networks. The level of localization of production exceeds 90%;
        - The start of production of coated cardboard took place on February 5 in the Perm Territory at the Kama PPM;
        - Launched "Rostov plant of filtering equipment";
        - A polymer coating plant of the Metal Profile company was opened in Lobnya;
        and so on..
        Read more and DO NOT spread LIES about Russia ...
    2. Warrior Offline Warrior
      Warrior 23 March 2021 14: 44
      0
      Stop lying..
      Russia is BUILDING and DEVELOPING, therefore it sells a lot of things abroad and not only oil and gas.

      According to customs statistics, in January 2020, Russia's foreign trade turnover amounted to 46,2 billion US dollars and decreased by 2019% compared to January 4,4.
      In the total value of exports, the share of metals and metal products in January 2020 amounted to 8,7% (in January 2019 - 8,6%). In the commodity structure of exports to non-CIS countries, the share of these goods amounted to 7,5% (in January 2019 - 8,1%),
      to the CIS countries - 18,6% (13,1%).
      The share of exports of chemical products in January 2020 amounted to 4,8% (in January 2019 - 5,5%). In the commodity structure of exports to non-CIS countries, the share of these goods amounted to 3,9% (in January 2019 - 4,8%), to the CIS countries - 12,6% (11,4%).
      The share of exports of machinery and equipment in January 2020 amounted to 5,2% (in January 2019 - 3,7%). In the commodity structure of exports to non-CIS countries, the share of these goods amounted to 3,8% (in January 2019 - 2,5%), to the CIS countries - 16,9% (14,2%).
      The share of exports of food products and raw materials for their production in the commodity structure of exports in January 2020 amounted to 6,4% (in January 2019 - 5,4%). In the commodity structure of exports to non-CIS countries, the share of these goods amounted to 5,7% (in January 2019 - 4,9%), to the CIS countries - 12,5% ​​(9,6%).
      The share of exports of timber and pulp and paper products in January 2020 remained at the level of the previous year and amounted to 3,0%. In the commodity structure of exports to non-CIS countries, the share of these goods amounted to 2,7% (in January 2019 - 2,8%), to the CIS countries - 4,8% (4,7%).

      etc..
  3. Valentine Offline Valentine
    Valentine (Valentin) 14 March 2021 15: 21
    0
    Investing funds from the NWF in some regular fake projects (?!?!?!) In our time is another sawing and theft of these funds, as in many construction sites, such as the Vostochny cosmodrome, Crimean bridge, and pl. others, and if at least 30% of this money is spent on business, then the rest will settle in our pockets
    "dear" officials of all ranks and ranks.
    1. Warrior Offline Warrior
      Warrior 23 March 2021 12: 27
      +2
      Read the site "Made by us" more often, for example:
      - Rosatom put into commercial operation a new second power unit at the Leningrad NPP-2;
      - Soyuz-2.1a launch vehicle and Fregat upper stage launched 38 satellites into target orbits;
      - In the Trans-Baikal Territory, the electrification of the railway from the Trans-Siberian to the border with China has been completed;
      - Chelyabinsk Metallurgical Plant began production of a new construction profile on a rail and structural mill;
      - "REP Holding" introduces additive technologies in the production of gas turbines;
      - A company from the Chelyabinsk region has released new models of fire fighting equipment;
      - AEKhK launched a pilot plant for the production of lithium hydroxide;
      - A garment factory was reopened in Ingushetia;
      - The production of components made of high-strength cast iron was launched in Lipetsk;
      - Khabarovsk plant "Dalenergomash" presented a new type of product;
      - In the Yaroslavl region, the Raskat plant produced the first batch of mini-loaders;
      - The production of new format plywood has started at the Svezy plant in St. Petersburg;
      - How cool tractors are built in the Urals. Photo report;
      - "NovoMedica" has released the first commercial batch of the anti-aging drug "Avifavir";
      - The stone wool plant in Ryazan increased its capacity and export volume;
      - Severstal-metiz has mastered the production of new products for the nuclear industry;
      - "Metrowagonmash" - how the most modern metro trains are produced. Photo report;
      - GAZ Group has started production of buses running on liquefied natural gas:
      and so on..
      Russia under Putin IS BUILDING AGAIN ...
  4. If I were Putin, I would have invested money in atomic missiles, tanks, orbital bombers - I give a grudge, Dudley will arrange World War III!
    1. Warrior Offline Warrior
      Warrior 23 March 2021 15: 04
      +2
      And military equipment is developing in Russia:
      - The Russian Navy will receive three nuclear submarines by the end of the year;
      - The submarine "Magadan" will be launched on March 26, 2021;
      - Source: frigates of the modernized project 22350 will be able to carry hypersonic weapons;
      - A new ship with missiles "Caliber" entered the Black Sea Fleet;
      - Serial fighters MiG-35S were delivered to the troops;
      - By the end of 2021, the Central Military District will receive five modernized MiG-31BM;
      - Su-57 received the most automated cockpit;
      - - attack drone "Thunder" will be a carrier of high-precision missiles Kh-38;
      - Tank "Breakthrough". Why the T-90M is considered a "monster";
      - The Russian Armed Forces will receive the first batch of equipment on the Armata platform in 2022;
      - The Ural Tank Division will receive more than 2021 weapons in 20;
      - State tests of the Magnolia self-propelled gun for extreme conditions will be completed in 2022;
      - Russia will present its Boomerang combat vehicles abroad for the first time;
      - General Designer Saprykin: Russia's early warning system can track missile launches from anywhere in the world;
      - Russia has completed tests of the missile attack warning system;
      - Russian radar "Volga" in Belarus will track the US missile defense if deployed in Europe;
      - In Russia, promising developments in the field of strategic missile systems are underway;
      - Almaz-Antey will present the S-2021 Triumph system and the Viking air defense system at Aero India 400;
      - The Ministry of Defense has revealed the characteristics of the Yars-S strategic complex;
      - Rosoboronexport will present the Prima mobile radar abroad for the first time;
      - The newest artillery reconnaissance complexes "Penicillin" entered the troops for the first time;
      and so on
      In Russia today is the MOST STRONG and MODERN Army and Navy
      1. Alexander Stupin (Alexander Stupin) 31 May 2021 11: 13
        0
        In Russia today is the MOST STRONG and MODERN Army and Navy

        do not lie. Azerbaijanis have smashed to pieces the Armenians who profess the Russian (Soviet) military science and use our weapons. Don't say hop until you jump over
  5. Jacques sekavar Offline Jacques sekavar
    Jacques sekavar (Jacques Sekavar) 14 March 2021 16: 11
    +6
    Who will win the battle for financial flows, liberals or statists?

    liberals and statists - who is this, which of the political parties represents them, and what is the difference between them?

    it was decided to print the "money box" and start investing funds of the NWF

    They didn’t print a "money box", but only an amount that exceeds 7%. Big difference.

    Many independent experts and analysts have repeatedly pointed out that the fund's resources should be invested in the real sector of the Russian economy.

    Without preliminary preparation, i.e. creation of our own scientific, industrial, agricultural base and there was nowhere to invest.
    All funds would instantly flow to foreign banks without leaving any material traces in the Russian economy.
    Today the situation has changed radically + the coronavirus and the fall of the economy, which must be supported not only by benefits and subsidies, but also by injections of fresh "blood" - finance.

    Three different approaches were voiced

    1. The proposal of the Central Bank is reduced to a popular saying - greed will destroy the frayer. Money should work for the country and not in the speculative interbank market, but creating material and other values ​​within the country.
    2. The offer to buy foreign securities and develop foreign projects is impossible if your own economy is on the verge of clinical death from “anemia” - a lack of working capital.
    3. The concept of the head of the accountant of the Russian Federation seems to be the best - to invest in infrastructure projects in Russia itself.
    4. Kudrin's proposal to direct money from the reserve fund to direct support of poor Russians is similar to the dilemma, to save the hungry by giving them fish or a fishing rod.

    So, let's try to imagine what kind of projects they can be, and what exactly will public investment look like?

    The point is not what the projects are, but what their financing will look like. The main thing is not to allow the funds of the NWF allocated for investment projects into civilian circulation, otherwise the rise in inflation will devalue the whole undertaking. The Soviet experience says that for this it is necessary to switch to a two-tier financial system and abandon the free exchange rate of the ruble, but this is not possible - the times are not right.
    1. Warrior Offline Warrior
      Warrior 23 March 2021 12: 15
      +1
      Nabiulina, Gref, Kudrin ... these are ENEMIES of Russia and therefore they propose projects that improve and develop the economies of other countries ...
      Putin is doing the RIGHT thing - he invests the NWF only in the development of profitable industrial sectors of the Russian economy ...
  6. Igor Pavlovich Offline Igor Pavlovich
    Igor Pavlovich (Igor Pavlovich) 14 March 2021 17: 03
    -10%
    Meanwhile

    The US Senate has approved a package of economic measures that should provide $ 1,9 trillion in support of the country during the coronavirus pandemic.
    Associated Press and NBC write about it.
    The initiative includes direct payments of up to $ 1400 for most Americans, an extension of $ 300 weekly payments for the unemployed, and a child benefit of up to $ 3600.
    1. isofat Offline isofat
      isofat (isofat) 14 March 2021 17: 29
      +4
      Igor Pavlovich... The USA is a downtrodden, illiterate people. They do not understand what real freedom is, just give them dollars. In the USA it is boring and not at all interesting.

      Real freedom today is only in Russia.
      Russian folk fun - try it, catch up! laughing

      1. Valentine Offline Valentine
        Valentine (Valentin) 14 March 2021 18: 25
        -3
        Well, what is surprising about this video is that this is a simple Russian mortgagee, from whom they stripped off their last clothes for non-payment of interest to SberGref, and soon the majority of Russian residents will run around like that, having got into mortgage debts.
        1. Warrior Offline Warrior
          Warrior 23 March 2021 12: 07
          +1
          Do not go into a MORTGAGE if you cannot earn enough ...
      2. 123 Offline 123
        123 (123) 14 March 2021 18: 46
        +4
        Some strange shares went. He made the people smaller. Previously, a hammer, a nail, paving stones and a scrotum will come out to the square, here it is the artist's tool, and now the main thing is the legs. laughing
      3. sludge Offline sludge
        sludge (Rianna Kem) 15 March 2021 07: 40
        +3
        Quickly packed the idiot
    2. 123 Offline 123
      123 (123) 14 March 2021 18: 31
      +3
      Meanwhile

      The US Senate has approved a package of economic measures that should provide $ 1,9 trillion in support of the country during the coronavirus pandemic.
      Associated Press and NBC write about it.

      Here are just some of the details they are modestly silent. laughing

    3. Warrior Offline Warrior
      Warrior 23 March 2021 12: 11
      0
      In the USA they don't make money, they print ...
      therefore, the main task is to distribute them to the population - but this no longer helps the US economy, which simply DOES NOT ...
      In the United States, 50 million people live in cardboard boxes and 100 million live on waste distributed by various Foundations ...
  7. gorenina91 Offline gorenina91
    gorenina91 (Irina) 14 March 2021 18: 03
    0
    Russia conceived colossal investments in domestic industry

    - Well... -

    Bast and wet - start over

    or another part about what ....

    what a pity that we will never be able to hear the head of the transport department.
  8. Vladest Offline Vladest
    Vladest (Vladimir) 15 March 2021 01: 48
    -2
    Over the 20 years of Putin in power, such things have been written a lot.
    " And nothing has changed!".
    1. Warrior Offline Warrior
      Warrior 23 March 2021 12: 02
      +1
      Stop lying...
      In Russia, the salary has become 20 times higher, people began to live better, this is your Yeltsin - he gave Russia to foreigners to be plundered ..
      Plants and new production facilities are being built and are already producing products ...
      ALL branches of the national economy are developing (mechanical engineering, aircraft engineering, rocket engineering, machine tool engineering, nuclear industry, etc.) ..
      ALL consumer goods are produced ...
      Finally, ALL of Russia is fed, which was not even under the USSR, and now Russia sells products abroad (meat, eggs, wheat, vegetable oil, sugar, etc.)
      The infrastructure of cities is improving, roads are being built ..
      Only FOOLS can't see it
      1. Vladest Offline Vladest
        Vladest (Vladimir) 23 March 2021 14: 25
        -1
        Quote: Warrior
        In Russia, the salary has become 20 times higher

        Above whose?
        RIA News. The median monthly salary (the salary of an average employee) in Russia over the past year is 35 thousand rubles, according to the results of a study by RIA Novosti.
        1. Warrior Offline Warrior
          Warrior 23 March 2021 14: 32
          0
          In June 2019, Russians were paid an average of 49,3 thousand rubles ...
          ... after the denomination in 1999 - 1 rubles.
          Read more CAREFULLY
          https://storm100.livejournal.com/6918180.html
        2. Gouged out the Nameless (Unnamed) April 28 2021 19: 26
          -2
          Well, where is 35? less by 10 thousand, the average is 25 thousand, and most work for 15-18 thousand, and about 35 it is not known where, and that fool Vaughn generally writes 49 thousand average, at least to see where such
  9. zzdimk Offline zzdimk
    zzdimk 15 March 2021 17: 01
    0
    All this is wonderful and good, but there is a question: what language will they speak in the industry? Who will invest in the development of the Russian language? Or is there a desire to be able to produce everything, but forget the native language?
    1. Warrior Offline Warrior
      Warrior 23 March 2021 11: 55
      +2
      Enough to LIE and LEAVE the conversation aside ...
      Russian is studied in schools, institutes, ALL Russia speaks it and in industry too ...
      It's you - you don't speak Russian
      1. zzdimk Offline zzdimk
        zzdimk 23 March 2021 19: 20
        0
        Remember Chekhov, comrade. And shut up.
  10. Yurets Offline Yurets
    Yurets (Yuri) 17 March 2021 15: 16
    0
    It is high time! So much time wasted! China is already doing this, and we are all chewing snot!
  11. _Vyacheslav_ Offline _Vyacheslav_
    _Vyacheslav_ (Vyacheslav Karpin) 18 March 2021 13: 46
    0
    All this is not that, all this is for the oligarchs, but not for the people. There can be no question of any development. Everything is transferred abroad and everyone knows about it very well. There was no gap and there never will be. They will take out the last Russians to the cemetery and then the natives will serve the feeder for the oligarchs. The time is not far off when a complete collapse will come.
    1. Warrior Offline Warrior
      Warrior 23 March 2021 11: 53
      0
      Enough LIES ... these new enterprises create jobs and Russians receive wages, taxes are paid to the state budget ... Russia's prosperity is growing ..
      1. Gouged out the Nameless (Unnamed) April 28 2021 19: 23
        -2
        So we can go to Europe, they also pay salaries and do not owe anything to anyone and do not owe anything.
  12. margo Offline margo
    margo (margo) 18 March 2021 17: 44
    +1
    conceived a colossal investment

    - now there will be twice as many millionaires in Russia, or the existing ones will become twice as rich.
    1. Warrior Offline Warrior
      Warrior 23 March 2021 11: 51
      0
      Work and you (a millionaire) will become
  13. zholin Offline zholin
    zholin (zholin) 18 March 2021 21: 36
    0
    Soon elections to the State Duma.
    Putin needs to save the rating of his party, Jules and Verne.
    There will be a lot of promises to everyone this year.
    Maybe even arrange some small victorious war.
    It is necessary to somehow cheer up the electorate and distract it from the struggle for survival in a successful Russia.
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. Warrior Offline Warrior
      Warrior 23 March 2021 13: 26
      0
      Putin does not need to SAVE ANYTHING ...
      ALL Russia sees that the country is DEVELOPING SUCCESSFULLY under Putin ...
      This is the result of SUCCESSFUL GOVERNANCE of the state, which gives Putin the right to continue to be the leader of Russia ...
      There is NO alternative to Putin in Russia ...
      1. Gouged out the Nameless (Unnamed) April 28 2021 19: 18
        -2
        Who is this Russia? it seems, according to official statistics, the level of income has fallen and is not growing ... So if the oligarch becomes richer, then it won't make me feel better, or is it Russia that oligarchs?
  14. Warrior Offline Warrior
    Warrior 23 March 2021 11: 49
    0
    There are many ENEMIES of Russia on this site - it immediately catches your eye ...
    They cannot object anything specifically to the large-scale construction of high-tech enterprises in Russia and therefore they slander Putin as if it was not they who destroyed EVERYTHING in Russia and now they are sitting on the neck of the Russian people and robbing it ..
    1. Gouged out the Nameless (Unnamed) April 28 2021 19: 21
      -2
      Go tell the tales of the Vienna woods to the fools .. And that Putin is Russia? When we say Putin, we mean Motherland? or before Putin in the USSR there was no homeland? it's strange how they lived without a homeland and the main population grew
  15. _Vyacheslav_ Offline _Vyacheslav_
    _Vyacheslav_ (Vyacheslav Karpin) April 2 2021 23: 15
    0
    Do not roll your lips, all these national projects will be created for the oligarchs. And it will serve them, i.e. to work on these oligarchs. Are you not enough examples?
  16. Gerix Offline Gerix
    Gerix (GERIX.) April 25 2021 21: 34
    0
    Colossal investments flew abroad! We've only been listening to fairy tales for 20 years.
  17. Gouged out the Nameless (Unnamed) April 28 2021 19: 15
    -2
    All projects that are opened for some reason turn out to be Putin's childhood friends by coincidence, and then the idea arises that the stub fund was created to ensure the welfare of the oligarchs, that is, our money is devoured by a narrow circle of the chosen ones of Moses' tribe
  18. Vladest Offline Vladest
    Vladest (Vladimir) 12 May 2021 19: 44
    -2
    Quote: Warrior
    Read more CAREFULLY

    So I also think more attentively. The dominant ruble is not equal to the old one.
    The royal ruble was also called the ruble, but then salaries were 50 -100 rubles.
    The purchasing power must be considered.