How big was the Typhoon? In the USA, Russian and American submarines were visually compared


If you've ever watched the film adaptation of The Hunt for Red October, you're probably familiar with Russia's truly enormous Typhoon-class nuclear submarines. These giant Cold War submarines are still the largest ever built submarine in the world and are more terrifying sea monsters than you might imagine, writes the American magazine Popular Mechanics.


Typhoons are real leviathans. To appreciate how big they are, it is enough to mention that these submarines are more than 1,5 times the length of a standard football field and 3 times the height of the average American home.


In the 1970s, the USSR embarked on a new nuclear weapons program. Heavy missile submarine strategic cruisers of Project 941 "Shark" (NATO codification: "Typhoon"), with a displacement of more than 23 thousand tons, had to accommodate 20 ballistic missiles R-39 (RSM-52). Six such nuclear submarines were built. As of 2020, one TK-208 "Dmitry Donskoy" (launched in 1980) remained in service, two more nuclear submarines, TK-17 and TK-20, were awaiting disposal.

The size of the Typhoons made it possible to get away from the Spartan situation and significantly improve the conditions for the stay of submariners. The engineers of the Rubin Design Bureau even equipped the nuclear submarine with a solarium, a swimming pool and a sauna.


Typhoons are only a few meters longer than Ohio, but they are much wider and taller, and they look so menacing because their wheelhouse is located behind the missile silos, not in front of them.


The fictional "Red October" was supposed to be an even more powerful nuclear submarine, containing 26 ballistic missiles, with a total nuclear firepower of 52 kilotons (a 000 kiloton bomb was dropped on Hiroshima).

The experience of operating Typhoons allowed the Russians to develop new Project 955 Borey submarines of the fourth generation, armed with 16 R-30 Bulava SLBMs. Each nuclear submarine received 7200 kilotons of power, but the missiles became much more accurate and smaller. The newest submarines have turned out to be more compact and the Russian Navy plans to acquire at least 8 units for the Northern and Pacific fleets.

It should be noted that Typhoons were created even before computers and solid-propellant rockets appeared, so they were very large. Probably, such nuclear submarines will never appear in the world, although knowing Russia, you should never say "never", summed up the media from the United States.
  • Photos used: Bellona Foundation / wikimedia.org and http://www.hisutton.com/
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  1. amateur Offline amateur
    amateur (Victor) 7 March 2021 19: 28
    +1
    It should be noted that Typhoons were created even before computers and solid-propellant rockets appeared, so they were very large.

    They were big plus they had an excess surface displacement and a fortified wheelhouse, not because someone did not know how to build nuclear submarines and did not know Archimedes' law, but because the excess surface displacement (48000-23200 =) 24800 tons and the fortified wheelhouse allowed the boat to emerge from under the ice by breaking through it practically at any time and in any place of the Arctic Ocean in order to strike at the enemy. Well, it was almost impossible to find this one of the quietest boats under the ice.
    Well, the "klikuha" "Vodovoz" was invented either for conspiracy, or "from a big mind"
    1. Michael I Offline Michael I
      Michael I (Michael I) 8 March 2021 07: 32
      0
      The water carrier because it has a double hull, and carries water between the hulls
      1. amateur Offline amateur
        amateur (Victor) 8 March 2021 08: 22
        0
        The water carrier because it has a double hull, and carries water between the hulls

        They were called "Water carriers" because they had to "carry on board" in ballast tanks ~ 20000 tons of water in order to submerge, and not because they had 5 strong and one lightweight hulls. And why did they need so much water in ballast tanks - see above.
        1. anton hit Offline anton hit
          anton hit (anton hit) 8 May 2021 22: 15
          0
          this was necessary not only for surfacing and breaking through, these tasks are solved by the buoyancy reserve, a decent supply of compressed air and powerful ciscernas. Do not forget that add. inertia is required for the platform itself for launching 84t R39u missiles, to stabilize the axis of the missile cup during launch, provided that an 84 ton blank spits out of the missile cup in which excessive pressure is created, plus the gas generators create a cavity, and this is all at a depth of up to 50 m under water at a certain speed, if not for this inertia, the boat would sink decently in depth at each launch, but we must not forget that the Sharks and others 667 can carry out salvo firing when the missiles go one after the other. This is the point, but the fact that ignoramuses call the Sharks water carriers is all out of ignorance, where general designers do not spit everywhere) and in some cases special propaganda works, which, unfortunately, many are led to. No one else with a nuclear submarine except the USSR has been able to launch an 84t missile and I doubt that they can. These machines did not fit into the American balance sheet and therefore were the first to be eliminated. Because the complex had colossal modernization potential. Butyl rubber fuel was slightly inferior to highly dispersed fuel on 2d5 tridents, but we must not forget that the p39u flew further at maximum load, because the Americans from the Atlantic reach our industrial centers from 7t km, and we need 9-10t km to get the states from the pier ... In general, the formula was then 10tkm x 10x100kt. But in the next modification of R39utth, the scheme was 10x10x250kt and the rocket was worked out (the pilot batch was successfully tested), which is now kept quiet, but with the collapse of the USSR, they lost the production of fuel in Pavlograd for the first stage, it was of excellent quality and the Makeev Design Bureau had to quickly redesign and use the fuel for the first is the same as in the 2nd and 3rd, what was produced in the Russian Federation and then they came to the 10x8x250kt scheme and the rocket began to be called R39utth Bark, an experimental batch of 10 missiles was made, 3 were launched, at the 3rd launch the systems worked normally , but there was a violation in the assembly (I believe that this was done deliberately, if memory serves, the molybdenum washers are not installed https://www.kommersant.ru/doc/1206878), the 4th launch was not allowed, the groundwork from the remaining missiles was hastily destroyed ... The rockets on the R39u Sharks, knowing that there would be no other rockets, was hastily disposed of by air blasting. And Bark was intended for the Boreis, a grouping of Sharks and Boreis was planned. And the Borei were designed for Bark, and then they were hastily redesigned for the Bulava, which flew in, but after 20 years and gobbled up tons of money.
      2. alex5450 Offline alex5450
        alex5450 (Alex L) 10 March 2021 17: 41
        -2
        Because it is a clumsy and oversized project.
  2. Ulysses Offline Ulysses
    Ulysses (Alexey) 8 March 2021 15: 58
    0
    the fortified wheelhouse allowed the boat to emerge from under the ice by breaking through it practically at any time and in any place of the Arctic Ocean in order to strike at the enemy.

    It was an extreme case, nevertheless, yes, they could.

  3. alex5450 Offline alex5450
    alex5450 (Alex L) 10 March 2021 17: 44
    -2
    The experience of operating Typhoons allowed the Russians to develop new Project 955 Borey submarines of the fourth generation, armed with 16 R-30 Bulava SLBMs.

    I guess how "Typhoon - Shark" helped the 955 project - it gave a clear understanding that it is not necessary to build submarines in this way and it is necessary to further develop the "Gorbunkov" - project 667, plus slowly adopt the American experience.