Nord Stream 2 in exchange for Ukraine: what is the essence of Berlin's three conditions


At the recent Munich Security Conference, the United States and Europe tried to negotiate a restart of their relationship, which had deteriorated somewhat during the presidency of Donald Trump. At the same time, the topic of Nord Stream 2 was also raised, which has already become a bone of contention between Washington and Berlin. The formal head of the event, Wolfgang Ischinger, announced the approximate parameters of a compromise that is possible between the United States and Germany on the further fate of the unfinished gas pipeline. After reading them carefully, one must inevitably have to think, was it worth it for Russia to get involved with this energy project at all?


It should be reminded that the gas pipeline with a capacity of 55 billion cubic meters of gas per year, together with the Turkish Stream, was supposed to create two alternative export routes bypassing Ukraine. The question of the reliability of Kiev as a transit country was also earlier, but after the events of 2014, this problem has moved to a fundamentally different level. We believed that after the launch of the bypass gas pipelines, the need for Nezalezhnaya would disappear, and that the dilapidated Ukrainian GTS, empty, would fall apart by itself. After that, this country will go bankrupt, freeze in winter, then fall apart and crawl in parts on its knees to ask for forgiveness and joining the Russian Federation. In general, the same "Cunning Plan", or the notorious geopolitical "multi-move", or rather, the result of collective unconscious creativity, trying to explain all the strangeness and illogicalities of the Russian policy in the Ukrainian direction.

Let's see again what came out of this in practice. First, at the suggestion of the United States, the European Union extended the Third Energy Package to the Russian-German gas pipeline under construction, as a result of which the project operator must be ready to provide one of its two lines for other companies. Since there are none in this region, the pipeline will remain only 50% full, which means that the payback period will at least double. Then President Trump imposed sanctions directly on Nord Stream 2, and the general contractor abandoned it without completing it. After that, additional obstacles were created to complete the construction by Gazprom itself. In particular, the Akademik Chersky pipe-laying plant has not yet been able to start. More and more foreign companies are gradually leaving this international project.

The general meaning of these actions by Washington is clear: the "hegemon" demonstrates to all those involved that without agreement with him, "Nord Stream 2" cannot be completed or calmly operated in the future. However, the project is objectively needed by Germany and all of Western Europe, and the government in the United States has recently changed. The German edition Handelsblatt has announced several options for action facing Berlin. Among them were: the completion of construction without regard to the United States, the suspension of the project until the completion of negotiations with Washington, the provision of compensation to Ukraine in the event of the start of the Russian-German gas pipeline, and, finally, a compromise with the "hegemon", within the framework of which in relation to the "Nord Stream-2" a certain shutdown mechanism is being introduced in case Gazprom decides to stop or reduce transit through the Ukrainian GTS.

And following the results of the Munich conference, its head Ischinger, in an interview with Spiegel, announced the conditions of Germany under which Nord Stream 2 could be completed and launched.

At first, the same mechanism for shutting down the gas pipeline should be provided in case of termination of gas transit through Nezalezhnaya. This means a complete collapse of the idea of ​​Gazprom and the Kremlin to get rid of their dependence on Kiev. Also, the EU authorities must gain access to the pipeline. What is implied here is not clarified, but it sounds very promising and rather ominous.

Secondly, a kind of "Euro-Atlantic Energy Treaty" will be created. Within its framework, the EU should strengthen its gas market and quickly switch to alternative energy sources. Probably, this refers to the construction of additional LNG terminals for receiving American liquefied gas, as well as deepening cooperation with companies from the United States in the format of the "New Green Deal" promised by Joe Biden. This is what Berlin and Brussels are ready to offer Washington in exchange for a compromise.

Thirdly, Moscow receives a lot of additional obligations. Thus, the European Union is interested in maintaining economic stability of Ukraine, and Russia "could" become a party to an international treaty that ensures this. Apparently, we are talking about guarantees for pumping certain volumes of gas through Nezalezhnaya and after 2024, as well as the repair of its GTS. Apart from economic conditions, there are also political conditions. In particular, the Kremlin is expected to make progress in resolving the crisis in Donbass, as well as in the fate of opposition leader Alexei Navalny.

So that's it. Now compare, please, with what we wrote for two weeks ago, and then more... Almost word for word. What do we have in the bottom line?

The complete collapse of the entire Kremlin's foreign policy towards Ukraine is evident. Russia runs the risk of emerging from the “multi-move” on even worse conditions than it was in 2014. Now, instead of maintaining one Ukrainian GTS and paying increased tariffs, Gazprom will have to keep two trunk systems with excess capacity in working order at once, and the Kremlin will have to fulfill the Minsk Agreements on Kiev's terms.
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  1. Bulanov Offline Bulanov
    Bulanov (Vladimir) 1 March 2021 15: 41
    +12
    Filling the pipe to 100% can be done by another Russian gas company, specially open for this.
    And if Germany is still occupied by the United States, then what can you do here? The USSR took Berlin, and the Americans rule in it. There are chestnuts from the fire, the Russians dragged for the Yankees. And who is to blame for this?
    And this winter has shown all the "charm" of green energy. Meanwhile, the Gulf Stream is cooling down ...
    Russia has not gazified its territories. This is where we need to work more. Then the Western industry will be drawn to Russia, as before it went to China. Now the labor force in Russia is cheaper than in China. Welcome, gentlemen, bourgeoisie, for mass production of goods to Russia!
    1. Just a cat Online Just a cat
      Just a cat (Bayun) 1 March 2021 15: 57
      +2
      in addition, commercial, railroad transport and tankers are being converted to gas. Gazprom sales will find
    2. 123 Offline 123
      123 (123) 1 March 2021 17: 25
      +1
      Russia has not gazified its territories. This is where we need to work more.

      Everything goes according to plan hi

      Currently, the implementation of programs for the development of gas supply and gasification of the regions of the Russian Federation for 2016–2020 is nearing completion. According to preliminary data, during this period, Gazprom will build 9,83 thousand kilometers of gas pipelines, provide conditions for gas supply to 1358 settlements.
      As a result, by January 1, 2021, the level of gasification in Russia will increase from 66,2% (at the beginning of 2016) to 71,4%.
      Gas supply and gasification development programs for a new five-year period - 2021–2025 - were signed with 67 constituent entities of the Russian Federation. The documents suggest a significant increase in construction volumes. In particular, Gazprom's area of ​​responsibility includes the construction of 24,4 km of gas pipelines (an increase of 2,5 times), the creation of conditions for gasification of 3632 settlements (an increase of 2,7 times over the previous five-year plan).
      Subject to strict implementation of the programs for the development of gas supply and gasification of the regions of the Russian Federation for the period 2021–2025, the level of gasification of the country will grow to 74,7%. Technically possible network gasification will be fully completed in 35 regions.

      https://www.gazprom.ru/press/news/2020/december/article521403/
  2. Just a cat Online Just a cat
    Just a cat (Bayun) 1 March 2021 15: 49
    +6
    The Kremlin and Gazprom wanted to spit on the trash heap and local "experts". deliveries to Romania through the trash heap have already been cut. Losses in the garbage can be compensated by Gazprom in other directions. And the rusty pipe is not going to grow younger ...
    1. Monster_Fat Offline Monster_Fat
      Monster_Fat (What's the difference) 1 March 2021 16: 12
      -5
      Yes, Gazprom “compensates” everything, as usual, at the expense of the “internal consumer”. It has already been stipulated there that the domestic gas price may be higher than the "European" price - it's like a "market" .... wink Well, you can also tighten a couple of taxes and the retirement age, a year or two, raise something that you can't do for the sake of the "national property." laughing
      1. Just a cat Online Just a cat
        Just a cat (Bayun) 1 March 2021 16: 24
        +6
        I advise you to eat less bacon. Cholesterol negatively affects the blood supply to the brain.
        1. 123 Offline 123
          123 (123) 1 March 2021 17: 28
          +9
          I advise you to eat less bacon. Cholesterol negatively affects the blood supply to the brain.

          Especially if the fat is imported, from the aggressor country laughing
          1. Valery Kuznetsov (Valery Kuznetsov) 2 March 2021 17: 56
            0
            As for the bacon, this is overkill. We have no problems with our lard now. Moreover, there were serious supplies of pork for export, including China. Sincerely.
            1. 123 Offline 123
              123 (123) 2 March 2021 18: 09
              +3
              As for the bacon, this is overkill. We have no problems with our lard now. Moreover, there were serious supplies of pork for export, including China. Sincerely.

              The presence of exports does not mean the absence of imports.
              At the end of 2020, 40 thousand tons were consumed in Ukraine. hi

              https://www.vesti.ru/article/2498280
              https://www.gazeta.ru/business/2020/12/04/13386925.shtml
            2. Ulysses Offline Ulysses
              Ulysses (Alexey) 2 March 2021 19: 49
              +4
              Taki that Muscovite bacon laughing

              "If last year we supplied 30 thousand tons of pork to Ukraine, including lard, then this pork export to our brothers even grew up to 40 thousand tons. Good health! We will not leave Ukraine without lard!"

              Data for 2019-2020. smile
      2. Kofesan Offline Kofesan
        Kofesan (Valery) 1 March 2021 22: 28
        -8
        Gazprom and Putin have played with the "genius" "managers".
        Walking like a rooster a few years ago and sitting silently in bunkers now means only one thing. Namely: Putin will accept all these conditions, and therefore will accept Gazprom. In addition, it is likely that the controlling stake in the "national treasure" will be veiledly transferred to the Germans. This is what the article calls the Euro-Atlantic Energy Treaty.

        But that's not all.
        After a while, NATO members, led by Germany, will make it so that Gazprom, and therefore Russia, will receive even less for every cubic meter of pipeline gas on their "market exchanges". And all the subsoil will be contracted for decades to come. But LNG will cost several times more.

        This is called - complete and unconditional surrender. And the Kremlin is already ready to surrender, it can be seen, it will only ask to do it as camouflaged as possible and with signs of external well-being.
        For example, he will ask to abolish the impersonality of Russia at the Olympics.
        Putin's mistake is that he, like Gorbachev, hopes for a softening of the West's position, at least for the rest of his life. He really wants it. Therefore, he does not want to admit that he will be allowed to finish, most likely, ... like Gaddafi. And the people of Russia? What people?

        So vengeance for our Victory has come !!!
        I am Russian. How sorry I am that my people are being destroyed again with the help of traitors.
        And this is my value judgment.
        1. Valery Kuznetsov (Valery Kuznetsov) 2 March 2021 18: 17
          0
          Continuous conspiracy on the coffee grounds mixed. The pipe to business in all senses is not Putin's project, but our grief of reformers. What can really be blamed on the president is that he too delayed the removal of Yeltsin's financial and economic bloc and our "miracle-Yudo managers" from the trough.
        2. free_flier Offline free_flier
          free_flier 4 March 2021 11: 54
          0
          Kofesan, read your nonsense with a clean head, especially about the fact that almost nothing will be paid for pipe gas, while LNG will turn gold. It means:
          1. a scribe to the economics of gayrope because of the price of energy;
          2. Let's fill the Geyts with our LNG, there, since they take what is more expensive, then we will sell;
          3. Pofiq to Ukraine, stopping deliveries in serious volumes through non-brothers will pay for SP2 in three years;
          4. If the Gay people want to supply gas through Ukraine, then they pay the increased cost of transit, if they do not want to pay more for transit because of the greed of hohliks, then they buy gas in the Russian Federation and drive their gas through the second pipe SP2, since there is 28 billion cubic meters can be run without problems.
          So there is good Russian scrap for the thin mount of the Geyts and Biden.
      3. avg Offline avg
        avg (Alexander) 2 March 2021 11: 57
        +2
        Where did you jump from? You have beguiled all the shores - the Russian Federation with Tseevropa, Gazprom with Naftogaz. Go get injected with Covishield and sleep well, rabbit.
      4. Nikita Vinogradov (Nikita Vinogradov) 2 March 2021 12: 58
        0
        you just picked it all out of your nose ...
  3. 123 Offline 123
    123 (123) 1 March 2021 17: 20
    +12
    And following the results of the Munich conference, its head Ischinger, in an interview with Spiegel, announced the conditions of Germany under which Nord Stream 2 could be completed and launched.

    A country offering billions of US dollars to enable them to work on the Nord Stream sets conditions? Who?

    Also, the EU authorities must gain access to the pipeline. What is implied here is not clarified, but it sounds very promising and rather ominous.

    What does access mean? Eurocommissioners want to fill lighters there? In my opinion, it sounds not ominous but ridiculous.

    a kind of "Euro-Atlantic Energy Treaty" will be created. Within its framework, the EU should strengthen its gas market and quickly switch to alternative energy sources. Probably, this means the construction of additional LNG terminals to receive American liquefied gas, as well as deepening cooperation with companies from the United States in the format of the "New Green Deal" promised by Joe Biden

    Or maybe it means hydrogen or wind turbines. The United States simply does not have gas physically, so it can build terminals as much as necessary. This has nothing to do with SP-2.

    Moscow receives a lot of additional obligations.

    Commitments are made and not received.

    Thus, the European Union is interested in maintaining the economic stability of Ukraine, and Russia "could" become a party to an international treaty that ensures this. Apparently, we are talking about guarantees for pumping certain volumes of gas through Nezalezhnaya and after 2024, as well as the repair of its GTS.

    Interested, let him support, he can redirect subsidies from the Polish direction or from the Baltic states. What does Moscow have to do with it? She could have become, but why? The international consortium was discussed even under Yanukovych, what's the point? Why does Russia need it? The United States is not able to influence its position on the pipeline, Fortuna is working quietly, the last few days more than 800 meters per day, laid 12,5% ​​of 63 kilometers. plot. There is reason to believe that Chersky is also ready to start work. What can Germany do in this situation? Threaten Putin with a thug of his own ears and carve himself in the square? Merkel has nothing to put pressure on Moscow.

    Apart from economic conditions, there are also political conditions. In particular, the Kremlin is expected to make progress in resolving the crisis in Donbass, as well as in the fate of opposition leader Alexei Navalny.

    To wait in such conditions for concessions on Donbass and the "prisoner" of colony No. 2 is simply stupid. Let them wait.

    So that's it. Now compare, please, with what we wrote two weeks ago, and then again. Almost word for word. What do we have in the bottom line?

    What has changed in two weeks? request We have all the same nonsense of a female horse of a gray color.

    The complete collapse of the entire Kremlin's foreign policy towards Ukraine is evident.

    Again? What's the bill for the week?

    Russia runs the risk of emerging from the “multi-move” on even worse conditions than it was in 2014. Now, instead of maintaining one Ukrainian gas transmission system and paying increased tariffs, Gazprom will have to maintain two trunk systems with excess capacity at once, and the Kremlin will have to fulfill the Minsk Agreements on Kiev's terms.

    The conclusion about the implementation of the Minsk agreements is simply epic, hair on end. belay

    Russia is forced to merge Donbass because ... they want to establish a control mechanism for the gas pipeline and create a "Euro-Atlantic Energy Treaty". Everyone has arrived. Unharness. sad
  4. Bakht Offline Bakht
    Bakht (Bakhtiyar) 1 March 2021 17: 37
    +8
    Today, the JV 2 gas pipeline is needed not so much by Russia as by Europe. This should be the starting point. So this is more of a complete failure of Europe than of Gazprom.
    What is the price of gas in Europe? Will be even higher
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  7. Cucumbers Offline Cucumbers
    Cucumbers (Cucumbers) 1 March 2021 18: 37
    +4
    And nothing and not a crash. Now it's our turn, the ball is on our side. Submit your conditions, such as changing the political course of Ukraine to one that is loyal to Russia. Stop shelling Donbass. Next: Remove sanctions - that's in a nutshell. The list can be expanded. Otherwise, there will be no gas, and no reverse gas either. No, buy expensive state-owned LNG and compete with them. Although what I suggest, I myself am against these flows. I don't have gas at home
  8. steelmaker Offline steelmaker
    steelmaker 1 March 2021 20: 13
    -11%
    The complete collapse of the entire Kremlin's foreign policy towards Ukraine is evident.

    And I am of the same opinion! And the boor won't even apologize later !?
    1. free_flier Offline free_flier
      free_flier 4 March 2021 12: 13
      0
      the steelmaker disgraced such an honorable profession by taking this nickname.
      So you cook meth or hemp in Ukraine, judging by your conclusions.
      Would you be tied up there, in the 404th with hemp, pots and other mutations.
  9. Fourth Horseman Offline Fourth Horseman
    Fourth Horseman (Fourth Horseman) 1 March 2021 20: 43
    +10
    As always - Russian! Capitulatory!
    Yes, right now!
  10. Ulysses Offline Ulysses
    Ulysses (Alexey) 1 March 2021 20: 45
    +10
    The Netherlands is shutting down next year Groningen field (the main European gas basin). Gas, in addition to its own consumption, was imported to Germany, France, BelgiumThe question is about 10-12 billion cubic meters of gas.

    The country in the center of Europe has become suspiciously often shaken by earthquakes.

    Moreover, Poland, Great Britain and Germany also "canteen" from the gas-bearing basin.

    However, the author, in his usual state, is carried away by the ideas of certain "conditions of Europe" for Russia.
    That's really really, "from a sore head to a healthy one" ... request
  11. Wanderer039 Offline Wanderer039
    Wanderer039 1 March 2021 22: 33
    +12
    Everything that the USSR promised NATO has not been fulfilled, so the Russian Federation today can just as well promise anything, and when the SP-2 is completed, and a cold winter begins in the EU, like this year, or worse, then we will talk differently, and the EU will save his own skin, not Ukraine
  12. boriz Offline boriz
    boriz (boriz) 2 March 2021 02: 03
    +9
    Actually, Germany is in the most unpleasant position right now.
    Nord Stream 2 has all permits. From a legal point of view, only Germany, as a state, can stop JV 2. At the same time, Germany's actions will be completely illegal.
    Everybody mentions the price of JV 2 at 9,5 billion euros, of which half was contributed by Western companies Engie, OMV, Shell, Uniper, and Wintershall. Even this money is not weak. If these companies go to court (and they go), then this amount will increase many times. And in one set of claims there will be JV 2 documents. Therefore, bank interest and lost profits and image losses and a lot of other things that would never even occur to me will be taken into account. Because the lawyers will not be from Gazprom, but will be hired by these five companies.
    But the whole trouble with Germany is that the sum of 9,5 billion euros, as the initial issue, will not be limited.
    There is also ground infrastructure, which was built specifically for JV 2 and without an underwater pipe is a waste of money. On the territory of the Russian Federation alone, this amounts to $ 31 billion. That, you see, is a nice appendage to the claim. There are facilities in Europe as well. There are a lot of them and in total they run up, in my opinion, for 6 billion euros. Although, maybe more.
    And then new companies appear. So, for example, through the territory of the Czech Republic (from Germany to Germany, this is how the geography developed), a Czech company built an interconnector gas pipeline (gas is taken from it through the Czech Republic, so it does not fall under the provision of the 3rd energy package about 50% of the gas volume of one owner ). The gas pipeline costs 600 million euros. And the shareholders of the company are pension funds of the USA and Canada. I'll see how Merkel dares to offend Canadian and American retirees!
    Nord Stream 2 remains quietly doing its job. Russia - not to agree to anything. And in general, what does Russia have to do with the Swiss company Nord Stream 2?
    And let Germany get out as it wants and determine with whom it is on the way.
    From the figures given, it is easy to understand why Merkel so easily offered Biden 1 billion euros from the German budget, if only he would get rid of JV 2.
    The situation in Germany is disastrous, only the initial amount of the claim is over 45 billion. Here the economy of the state will lay down very tightly.
    Germany budget for 2020 was approved in the amount of 362 billion euros.

    The budget, in particular, assumes a record investment of 42,9 billion euros in the development and repair of transport infrastructure, support for kindergartens and the digitalization of school education.

    Here, for a start, an amount that exceeds last year's investment will go away. And this, for a minute, planned jobs, incomes of the population. Plus, how much lawyers will cheat there.
    And in 2021. the situation is even worse. The budget is 500 billion, but 180 billion of them is borrowing. The country has no money, but the crown must be fought.
    I suspect that if JV 2 is stopped, then all those who barked against it will remain without EU investments. Well, EU officials will have to shrink their salaries.
    Therefore, JV 2 is likely to be completed. Especially considering the past winter.
  13. Scharnhorst Offline Scharnhorst
    Scharnhorst (Scharnhorst) 2 March 2021 08: 46
    +5
    I'm not worried at all about the spread of Germany. The Germans are smarter than the Poles and understand perfectly well that if SP-2 is closed, then the Russian Federation and Gazprom will simply close the pipe to the Kaliningrad region. There is an LNG plant and a port. And then let them try to compete, it's not to drive gas carriers along the NSR. The outskirts of Kaliningrad in the form of Tribaltic extinctions, through Millet Dill and Vaterlyand and other Eastern European trifles will themselves pull pipes to us. Well, or self-pickup from the region. This will also affect the cheap electric power industry at gas power stations. UGS facilities in the region will eventually turn it into a European hub. And when SP-1 gets old and Pshenka gets used to bending burghers during transit, then it won't be long before the renaming of Gdansk.
    1. boriz Offline boriz
      boriz (boriz) 2 March 2021 15: 07
      0
      An LNG plant and a port are being built there.

      And how many years and money it will take, can you imagine?
  14. boriz Offline boriz
    boriz (boriz) 2 March 2021 15: 21
    +2
    In general, theoretically, only one option for stopping SP 2 is possible.
    In light of the presidential bill No. 3553, which has just been adopted in the first reading in Ukraine, on toughening the army conscription.
    The passage of this bill is suggestive. It will allow in a short time to build up the ATO grouping (now the OOS) and start a massive offensive on the LPNR. Recently, Zelensky has finally lost its relevance and I admit that he will be "persuaded" to do this. He has already surpassed Poroshenko in almost all positions, except for one - until he began massive hostilities. Poroshenko, the Americans have not been able to force it to do after 2015.
    Then the Russian Federation will be forced to intervene and hype will be raised around this, they will declare this a force majeure circumstance and spit on legal procedures. What will come of this is a difficult question.
    1. Ulysses Offline Ulysses
      Ulysses (Alexey) 2 March 2021 15: 52
      +3
      In general, theoretically, only one option for stopping SP 2 is possible.
      In light of the presidential bill No. 3553, which has just been adopted in the first reading in Ukraine, on toughening the army conscription.
      The passage of this bill is suggestive. It will allow in a short time to build up the ATO grouping (now the OOS) and start a massive offensive on the LPNR. Recently, Zelensky has finally lost its relevance and I admit that he will be "persuaded" to do this.
      Then the Russian Federation will be forced to intervene and hype will be raised around this, they will declare this a force majeure circumstance and spit on legal procedures. What will come of this is a difficult question.

      In this situation, the Ukrainian pipe will be empty first.
      The pretext is "The inability of the Ukrainian authorities to ensure the safe transportation of Russian gas to Europe."
      PS Serious turmoil in Novorossiya can play in favor of SP 2.
      1. boriz Offline boriz
        boriz (boriz) 2 March 2021 16: 31
        +1
        It depends on who is promoting the hype. All media have been bought from the globalists. So they rule.
        Everything here will depend on the sanity of Germany.
        The pipe will be empty, but the season will be over by that time.
        1. Ulysses Offline Ulysses
          Ulysses (Alexey) 2 March 2021 17: 05
          +2
          Gas storage is usually pumped in during the summer season.
          HYIP HYIP, but approaching the beginning of the winter season with empty storage facilities means getting yourself a lot of unpleasant questions from those wishing to seize power in Germany (after all, nobody canceled the inter-party fuss in the "democracies").

          So, to sanity, I would add healthy pragmatism in the struggle for political survival, for the current European "elite" has an archaic concept alone.
  15. Rinat Offline Rinat
    Rinat (Rinat) 3 March 2021 13: 04
    +3
    The article lists the wishes of some countries of the European peninsula. There is no Russian signature under these Wishlist. Therefore, the conclusion that we will maintain the Ukrainian gas transportation system at our own expense is false. The Russian policy towards the project "Russophobic Ukraine" is aimed at careful and systematic dismantling of dependence on the previously created joint infrastructure within the framework of a single state. The projects of the new gas pipelines are aimed precisely at this. This is not a quick and costly affair and the result will not be visible immediately. For the same reason, new seaports have been built and old seaports are being expanded in Ust Luga, Novorossiysk, Tuapse and in the Murmansk region. These capacities will completely stop the flow of goods through the ports of the Russophobic Baltic countries and Ukraine, thereby depriving them of billions of dollars a year.
  16. Cherry Offline Cherry
    Cherry (Kuzmina Tatyana) 3 March 2021 19: 03
    +1
    Was it worth it for Russia to get involved with this energy project at all?

    "If I knew where to fall, I would spread straws"? How many years have passed since they started to build it? And nothing boded! And who thought that the West would harness such a decoration?
  17. Astronaut Offline Astronaut
    Astronaut (San Sanych) 6 March 2021 01: 09
    +1
    The author, your predictions turned out to be zilch, Fortuna increased the laying speed to almost 1 km per day and Chersky joined her laughing