Will our "Altius" push the American RQ-4 Global Hawk


And again we return to the topic of Russian unmanned aircraft, which is being re-created literally before our eyes. UAVs of both licensed Israeli assembly and their own design are already quite successfully flying and used in combat. On the eve it became known that a contract was signed for the production of an initial batch of heavy reconnaissance and strike drones "Altius", which are positioned as direct competitors to the famous American RQ-4 Global Hawk. But will they be able to grow from a few piece samples into real "workhorses" of the RF Ministry of Defense?


For objectivity, it is necessary to carefully look at the "American" and the history of his appearance and formation. The first drones appeared in the United States at the end of World War II, and then they were widely used during the Cold War, making reconnaissance flights over the countries of Southeast Asia, where they showed themselves especially well in Vietnam. A real breakthrough in the field of unmanned aviation happened after the development of computer of technologies, the emergence of powerful processors and operating systems, satellite navigation and communications. The RQ 2 Pioneer UAVs performed well in Iraq during Operation Desert Storm, performing reconnaissance and target designation functions for artillery. Based on this experience, the Pentagon gave the task to develop a new generation reconnaissance drone, which eventually became known as the RQ-4 Global Hawk.

Without exaggeration, this American "strategist" has so far completely dominated the sky. The United States spent a lot of time on its creation and testing: the first flight was made in 1998, and it was adopted for service only in 2004, and only in 2006 the UAV actually began to perform combat missions. With a length of 13,3 meters and a wingspan of 35 meters, it is the largest production drone in the world. The materials for the creation were aluminum for the fuselage and carbon fiber for the wings. The Allison Rolls-Royce engine gives a flight speed of up to 700 km per hour, a payload of up to 900 kg, and a ceiling of up to 21 kilometers. The average time spent in continuous flight for different modifications is 30 hours. In a day, one RQ-4 Global Hawk can reconnoitre the situation on an area of ​​138 thousand square meters. kilometers, taking up to 2000 photos in good resolution.

This is a very serious "machine" that gave the US Army a great advantage over opponents. Interestingly, the Pentagon even considered the possibility of installing an atomic engine on the drone in order to increase the duration of its flight to several months.

And how can we answer this now?

The main Russian unmanned reconnaissance aircraft should be the Altius UAV. This project was originally called Altair, and work on it began back in 2011. They were led by the Sokol Design Bureau (now the Simonov Design Bureau), which had extensive experience in creating target aircraft. But then an unclear story happened with an openly "raider" smell, and in 2018 the order with all the developments on the project was transferred to another contractor, the Ural Civil Aviation Plant. UZGA at that time had experience in assembling and localizing the production of small reconnaissance UAVs "Forpost" under an Israeli license. In 2019, having turned from Altair to Altius-U, the heavy UAV successfully took off.


With a length of 11,6 meters, its wingspan is 28,5 meters. The takeoff weight reaches 5 tons, which would make it the heaviest Russian drone if it were not for the super-heavy Okhotnik, which has this figure of 25 tons. The ceiling of 12 kilometers is seriously inferior to the RQ-4 Global Hawk, but the carrying capacity significantly exceeds it, amounting to almost 2 tons, due to two power plants instead of one from the "American". The declared flight duration of a domestic UAV of 40 hours also exceeds that of a competitor. But the RQ-4 Global Hawk is still much faster than our reconnaissance aircraft, which gives out only 250 km per hour. True, domestic developers promise to do something more powerful on the basis of the helicopter turboshaft VK 800S. On board "Altius" can accommodate the most modern optoelectronic equipment, radar, surveillance cameras with thermal imagers. These drones can be very much in demand from the RF Ministry of Defense as aerial reconnaissance aircraft. They will be especially relevant in the Arctic, where they will look after the situation on the Northern Sea Route.


But this is far from all their possible purpose. Unlike the RQ-4 Global Hawk, the Altius can be reasonably armed. The air-to-surface missiles that have already been successfully tested on the Orion UAV, as well as free-fall and gliding bombs, suggest themselves. Thus, the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation will receive a second heavy attack drone in addition to the "Hunter", about the combat capabilities of which we will detail told earlier. S-70, developed by Sukhoi, certainly looks like a favorite in striking power. It will be able to carry both guided and unguided missiles and aerial bombs, as well as interact with the fifth generation Su-57 fighter as a wingman.

But Altius will have a significant advantage over the super-heavy S-70 in the form of a lower price. Also, when using domestic components, this reconnaissance and strike drone should be about 2 times cheaper than the RQ-4 Global Hawk. And this is extremely important for serial production and entering export markets.
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  1. Dmitry S. Offline Dmitry S.
    Dmitry S. (Dmitry Sanin) 25 February 2021 18: 30
    +2
    I did not understand the jump to raiding a little, I could not understand the final jumps, but I realized that "it should be better."

    Probably, you need to build the logic of the text?

    Will our "Altius" be able to press the American RQ-4 Global Hawk - But "Altius" will have a significant advantage over the super-heavy C-70 in the form of a lower price.

    Personally, I see a dissonance between the title and the conclusion. And I don't see the answer to the question.
    1. Marzhecki Offline Marzhecki
      Marzhecki (Sergei) 26 February 2021 06: 47
      0
      For me, everything is fine with the logic of the text. About raiding - this is a hint to everyone who wants to study this issue. You don't have to study.
      The answer to the question is, if you want, then re-read and see.
  2. amateur Offline amateur
    amateur (Victor) 25 February 2021 18: 44
    +6

    Due to the fact that the last time Mr. Marzhetsky cheated by changing the text of his article after my comment, I put a screen.
    For the information of the author: aircraft with a straight wing DO NOT fly at a speed of 800 km / h (aerodynamics does not allow). Well, and a tip: before writing something, especially technical specifications, you can check them at least on Wikipedia:


    Then you will not be nervous about reviews of your articles and unsubscribe in the style of "You are a fool"
  3. cmonman Offline cmonman
    cmonman (Garik Mokin) 25 February 2021 18: 56
    -3
    Will our "Altius" push the American RQ-4 Global Hawk

    It will be able - either in price or in a cramped hangar! laughing
    1. Marzhecki Offline Marzhecki
      Marzhecki (Sergei) 26 February 2021 07: 08
      0
      The price will be able to.
      1. cmonman Offline cmonman
        cmonman (Garik Mokin) 26 February 2021 16: 49
        +2
        The price will be able to.

        Marzhetsky, both UAVs have only one thing in common - they fly.
        And the difference is also the same (comparison according to Gorky): one is Petrel, the other is Gagara.
        You were correctly exposed by the readers of your article! Do you want to return to the legal profession?
  4. Sergey Latyshev Offline Sergey Latyshev
    Sergey Latyshev (Serge) 25 February 2021 19: 47
    -4
    Again some kind of garbage.
    Compare propeller and 3 times faster, distant and older strategic jet UAV YUSA?
    It could be 2 times cheaper with YUSA-production.

    With the Russian ruble, only 2 times cheaper, a slow, and therefore vulnerable, UAV is like a mockery.
    1. Marzhecki Offline Marzhecki
      Marzhecki (Sergei) 26 February 2021 07: 09
      0
      Why bullshit? There are 2 UAVs with similar tasks and functionality. Why not compare them, huh?
      And since when did Hawke's higher speed save him from air defenses?
      1. Sergey Latyshev Offline Sergey Latyshev
        Sergey Latyshev (Serge) 26 February 2021 09: 17
        -4
        Yes, what kind of air defense has different ....... swarthy? rarely, rarely one will be shot down and rejoice.

        Even on the wiki - heavier, faster, high-altitude, large, etc. Strategic scout.
        And a smaller, lower, lighter, with the speed of a maize, a reconnaissance bomber. (Here it is for air defense - a priority. Tk slow, low, screws, rivets, 2 engines give a lot of guidance for the air defense system.).

        should be about 2 times cheaper

        - this is a pure swindle of production workers, IMHO.

        Surely it would be better from the Chinese to buy 4 pieces for the same price. 3 fly, 1n for parts)))
    2. avg Offline avg
      avg (Alexander) 27 February 2021 10: 54
      0
      Quote: Sergey Latyshev
      It could be 2 times cheaper with YUSA-production.

      As a cool, categorical economist, explain how, with such a difference in the budget, the Russian Federation has the Armed Forces comparable to the United States.

      Quote: Sergey Latyshev
      With the Russian ruble, only 2 times cheaper, a slow, and therefore vulnerable, UAV is like a mockery.

      Actually, he is not going to compete in Formula 1. Soviet long-range and operational-tactical UAVs, since the 60s of the 20th century, are faster and faster than Hawke. Those. according to your logic, "partners" are far behind. Zrada, however!
      1. Sergey Latyshev Offline Sergey Latyshev
        Sergey Latyshev (Serge) 27 February 2021 20: 16
        0
        Comparable is a very loose concept.
        You yourself could figure it out.
        There is no expensive naval fleet, no expensive foreign bases on the balance sheet, a bunch of USSR reserves, take it and upgrade it (like T72). the wooden price of a new weapon of the SU57 type is 2-4 times cheaper than the dead-presidential price of 22-35.
        And something like that.

        And point 2 you yourself indirectly confirmed
  5. Binder Offline Binder
    Binder (Miron) 25 February 2021 20: 36
    -7
    To the question put by the author in the title of the publication, there is a completely unambiguous answer - the Russian "Altius" will not be able to press the American RQ-4 Global Hawk. American UAV manufacturers do not sit idly by and while in Russia they will bring their product to mass production (if at all), in the USA they will go far ahead. One should not discount the fact that the whole world works for America, and Russia can rely solely on its own limited opportunities. So Mr. Marzhetsky is free to continue to indulge in naive dreams that have nothing to do with reality.
  6. Michael1950 Offline Michael1950
    Michael1950 (Michael) 26 February 2021 01: 45
    0
    Quote: layman
    For the information of the author: aircraft with a straight wing DO NOT fly at a speed of 800 km / h (aerodynamics does not allow).

    - In fact, they fly:
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ilyushin_Il-28#Specifications_(Il-28)
    Maximum speed: 902 km / h at 4,500 m
    Cruise speed: 770 km / h at 10,000 m
    smile
    1. amateur Offline amateur
      amateur (Victor) 26 February 2021 06: 43
      +1

      However, already at a speed that corresponded, there was an increase in the efforts at the steering wheel, which increased with further acceleration, and then, with the elevator trim remaining unchanged, the loads on the steering wheel changed from pressing to pulling ones, and the plane tried to smoothly go into a dive. With the trimmer rejected, the Il-28 reached values ​​of M = 0,81-0,82, but at the same time, vibration of the plumage and shaking of the entire machine occurred, warning the pilot about the approach of a dangerous regime. (http://www.airwar.ru/enc/bomber/il28.html)

      Thank you for your comment. But the cruising speed of the Il-28 was 700 and not 770 km / h, and at maximum it could collapse. Due to the straight wing, the Il-46 (700/895 km / h) did not go into the series, which completely gave way to the Tu-16.
      In addition, the RQ-4 Global Hawk has a "high aspect ratio" wing, which increases its aerodynamic quality and thereby reduces specific fuel consumption and increases altitude, but reduces speed. drinks
      1. Marzhecki Offline Marzhecki
        Marzhecki (Sergei) 26 February 2021 07: 07
        -1
        My advice to you: less of your "amateurish-revealing" pathos.
        As for the "scam" with corrections of some nuances in the text: this is a normal practice in the work of the media, when some inaccuracies are corrected. If they are. An article in the format of a daily operational review is written not for a week, but for several hours, sometimes something skips.
        Want to mock this, your right. But this only shows the whole world around you your wretched inner world. hi
  7. Marzhecki Offline Marzhecki
    Marzhecki (Sergei) 26 February 2021 06: 44
    -3
    Quote: layman
    Then you will not be nervous about reviews of your articles and unsubscribe in the style of "You are a fool"

    Other commenters have already answered. Read it, layman.
    Wikipedia is not the ultimate truth, I use not only it, but other more specialized sources as well. Know how to distinguish between cruising speed and maximum speed.
  8. Marzhecki Offline Marzhecki
    Marzhecki (Sergei) 26 February 2021 06: 49
    0
    Quote: Bindyuzhnik
    So Mr. Marzhetsky is free to continue indulging in naive dreams that have nothing to do with reality.

    Well thanks for letting me hi
    1. Binder Offline Binder
      Binder (Miron) 26 February 2021 07: 12
      -3
      Yes, good health, you are always welcome! yes
  9. The comment was deleted.
  10. Oder Offline Oder
    Oder (Wojciech) 26 February 2021 11: 44
    -1
    Speaking of drones, a short information on the other side of the curtain.

    “In the second half of February, MALE-class MQ-71 Reaper unmanned systems belonging to the American 9th Strike Group, which still carried out anti-terrorist missions in the Middle East, began hostilities from the Romanian 25st Campia Turzi airbase. are designed to enhance the intelligence capabilities and concept of Agile Combat. Employment on the southern flank of NATO's eastern border. American vehicles operating from the 12th unmanned aerial vehicle base in Miroslawiec, Poland are performing similar tasks in the north. "
  11. Tektor Offline Tektor
    Tektor (Tektor) 26 February 2021 13: 31
    +4
    The Altius is a highly anticipated car with impressive capabilities.
  12. The comment was deleted.
  13. Ulysses Offline Ulysses
    Ulysses (Alexey) 26 February 2021 23: 44
    +3
    There is no need to rush with victorious reports.
    The process is going on.
    Unmanned aerial vehicles of different classes only "take the wing".
    However, we see progress and inspire some optimism.
  14. Polente the Wanderer 27 February 2021 01: 06
    -2
    He may or may not be able to see when he flies like RQ4.

    According to Interfax, citing materials from the report of the Minister of Industry of Tatarstan Albert Karimov, it is planned to assemble drones that will undergo military tests by the end of 2021.

    And the RQ4 is constantly being modernized, and unfortunately we have not even adopted it yet ...