ND: What Putin has failed to achieve in 20 years


It has been two decades since Vladimir Putin effectively ruled Russia. Twenty years in power is a good reason to sum up certain results of the Russian president's rule. The German edition Neues Deutschland analyzes the shortcomings of external policy RF during this period.


Twenty years of Putin's rule are characterized, in particular, by the deterioration of relations with the EU. Cooperation with Europe has stalled not only because of the Ukrainian crisis and fundamental differences in political values. From the point of view of Europeans, the basis for this cooperation was Russia's approximation to European standards, but without Russia's inclusion in the EU. Moscow's hopes that post-Cold War European elites would build a greater Europe with Russia turned out to be unrealistic. Russia's attempts to flirt with nationalist forces in European countries, which challenge the local elites, were also a mistake.

After the collapse of the Soviet Union, stagnation in relations between Russia and India continues. Combined with a significant weakening of relations with the EU, this poses a threat to Russia's geopolitical balance in Eurasia. The peace treaty with Japan, which could finally solve the territorial problems, failed. Putin tried to use the "Japanese question" as a source for the modernization of Russia and a means for achieving a Eurasian balance. This failure will further increase Russia's dependence on China.

Экономическая integration with a number of CIS countries, activated by Putin within the framework of the Customs Union, undoubtedly serves the interests of Russia and its partners. At the same time, the EAEU is a limited project that has no prospects for the geopolitical center of Eurasia. Partner countries are too concerned about their state sovereignty. The EAEU also has no opportunity to become a serious competitor or partner of other integration associations, be it the EU or ASEAN.

Putin has repeatedly assured that Russia will not allow confrontation with the United States. But the confrontation between the two countries is a fait accompli. There are now similar assurances that Moscow will not embark on a new arms race with Washington. But given the dismantling of the arms control system initiated by the White House, there is no guarantee that the militarytechnical a balance with the United States can be maintained without major defense investments. Of course, not everything depends on Moscow, and Washington has its own plans, which may change. The point is different. Russia, as a less powerful force, is obliged to defend its interests in order to avoid head-on collisions with a rival.

A serious mistake in Russian foreign policy since the mid-1990s has been its strong fixation on NATO's eastward expansion. Of course, the accession of the countries of Central and Eastern Europe to the Alliance did not strengthen Russia's security and did not weaken Moscow's foreign policy positions. At the same time, attempts by the Russian Federation to oppose the eastern movement of the Western bloc, as a rule, exacerbate the negative consequences of this expansion for Russia. And the military-political steps taken by Moscow during the Ukrainian crisis breathed new life into NATO and contributed to the fact that the Russian Federation was again perceived as a military enemy of the West. The resurgence of this image a quarter of a century after the end of the Cold War is a strategic defeat for the Kremlin.
  • Used photos: kremlin.ru
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  1. Alexzn Offline Alexzn
    Alexzn (Alexander) 16 February 2021 12: 39
    -1
    It looks like a note was published on the site of a preconception. wassat
    1. 123 Offline 123
      123 (123) 16 February 2021 13: 15
      +1
      And don't say. Why would people show the degradation of German journalism?
      1. Alexander K_2 Online Alexander K_2
        Alexander K_2 (Alexander K) 16 February 2021 23: 43
        -1
        The article is undoubtedly false, in fact, Russia has long ago reached "UNEXPECTED" heights, even in the construction of abandoned palaces, as well as missiles, tanks (though they only fly and ride in SoyuzMultfilm cartoons). !
  2. Cherry Offline Cherry
    Cherry (Kuzmina Tatyana) 16 February 2021 13: 45
    +1
    but without the inclusion of Russia in the EU

    Ha ha! And Russia asked to join the EU?!? Replace with execution!
  3. Jacques sekavar Offline Jacques sekavar
    Jacques sekavar (Jacques Sekavar) 16 February 2021 14: 02
    +2
    Cooperation with Europe has stalled due to fundamental differences in political values.
    Fundamental differences are determined not by the state structure or the form of government, but by the social system.
    If in the United States and the EU, big business governs the state through the same system of democratic elections, which allows slaves to choose their master from among the candidates presented by different groups of big business, then in China and the Russian Federation the state controls big business.
    The US and the EU represent classical capitalism, which pursues one single goal - the enrichment of the ruling classes.
    This is evidenced by research by the international organization Oxfam - the fortune of 72 million people exceeded the state of the rest of the world.
    UN Secretary General Anton Gutterisch spoke about the same - more than 70% of the world's population lives in conditions of growing inequality in income and wealth.
    The same is said at different levels in all countries.
    Unlike the US and the EU, Vladimir Putin, without changing the state structure, changed the tasks of state policy.
    In one of the interviews a couple of years ago, Vladimir Putin said that he regretted the collapse of the USSR, but what is the USSR? It is the world's first state of workers and peasants, the oppressed classes that overthrew the exploiting classes and through the dictatorship of the proletariat subordinated the capitalists to the interests of the state and the people.
    It's another matter that after the death of J.V. Stalin, careerists and functionaries who were far from Marxism were at the head of the party and state. The so-called. the class of "untouchables", isolated from the people and dropping the economy below the plinth through formal socialization of production, rubbing in something about developed socialism against the backdrop of a falling economy and an extreme aggravation of the needs of the population.
    This made it impossible to preserve the integrity of the state and the dictatorship of the proletariat, led to the collapse of the economy and the collapse of the USSR, the threat of which V.I. Lenin warned a hundred years ago, saying that economic defeat is the most serious and dangerous of all possible.
    As Vladimir Putin said, they did not know what to do, although Lenin's New Economic Policy outlined the course towards state capitalism under the leadership and control of the Communist Party, regulation of all the main spheres of capitalism - entrepreneurship, money circulation, pricing, lending , science, education, medicine, etc., etc., aimed at improving the well-being and living standards of the population, as is the case today in the PRC.
    In fact, V.V. Putin is doing in the Russian Federation exactly what the Lenin's New Economic Policy says, with the only difference that behind V.I. Lenin and Deng Xiaoping was the party and the dictatorship of the proletariat, and behind V.V. Putin is the RSPP - a gathering of the largest oligarchs who sleep and see how they get out of state control, and as soon as these poisonous spiders get out of the bank and free themselves from state control and regulation, different and often antagonistic interests will lead to their "get-together" and collapse state.
    1. steelmaker Offline steelmaker
      steelmaker 16 February 2021 15: 30
      +2
      Vladimir Putin is doing in the Russian Federation exactly what Lenin's New Economic Policy says

      That is why he constantly closes the Mausoleum with rags for the holiday? I can't even imagine how much you need to drink to drive such a "blizzard"? Palenka probably some kind? Or were you kicked too?
      20 years of Putin. Outcomes:
      1. Minus 8 million people. Panfilova will say exactly.
      2. It has become half the number of hospitals.
      3. The number of schools decreased by 40%, schoolchildren by 21%. Instead of 63100 schools in 2000, there were 41349 in 2018/19 (Rosstat)
      4. The ruble depreciated by 129%, from 28,1 rubles. per $ in 2000 to 64,5 rubles per $ in 2019 (Rosstat)
      5. Gasoline has risen in price by 483%, from 7,2 rubles. AI-92 in 2000 up to 42 rubles. in 2019 (Rosstat)
      6. The number of $ -billionaires has grown by almost 14 times (from 8 in 2000 to 110 in 2019)
      7. Russia has become one of the leaders in inequality (10% of the richest Russians own more than 80% of the country's national wealth.)
      8.The number of officials almost doubled (from 485566 in 1999 to 855 in 000)
      9. The number of temples has doubled (from 19 thousand in 2000 to 38649 in 2019)
      10. First place in the world in the number of suicides among men (48,3 per 100 thousand people according to WHO)
      11.First place in the world in the number of HIV-infected in Europe (71 cases per 100 thousand people according to WHO)
      1. Roman Mikhailovich (Roman Mikhailovich) 17 February 2021 09: 01
        -1
        Suggesting back to Bolshevism and communism with your head? Or do you think that the new government in each village will rebuild the plant, the school and the hospital? just EBN had the most favorable conditions, almost all industries and factories worked by inertia, which, by the way, EBN and So generously squandered, because of which thousands of small towns and villages were left without city-forming enterprises. This was the root cause of all the consequences that you described: this is the outflow of the population and the reduction of hospitals and schools, etc. Or maybe we can count how many times the ruble sank against the dollar from 91 to 99? 10-20 years is not a period for the development of the state. America has been following this path for more than a hundred years, and social inequality is even worse, they consume more than they produce, the external debt is a colossal $ 20 trillion, they are sucked out of the whole world, they live in debt, which cannot last indefinitely. The only difference is that there is a pronounced middle class, we are only in the bud. It will take another 30 years there and you can draw conclusions, but right now and here, with the swoop of a magic wand, no one will change anything, and what do you want for a dollar or do you lack for an iPhone? go learn engineering, send your children to study, make your iPhone not for a dollar, but for a ruble, create jobs) or is it necessary for all this time?
        1. steelmaker Offline steelmaker
          steelmaker 18 February 2021 10: 06
          0
          IN, IN !! Putin can only be compared with EBN. He doesn't deserve anything else !!
  4. steelmaker Offline steelmaker
    steelmaker 16 February 2021 15: 38
    0
    12. For 10% of the money that Russia received from the sale of raw materials, we could provide everyone with normal housing.
    13. More than 50% of young people aged 18-24 (Levada), who have lived almost their entire lives under Putin, want to leave Russia.
    14.No other leader-politician in Russia was in more favorable conditions than V.V. Putin.
    15. The average pension in Russia, compared to 2013, increased from 9153 rubles. up to 14904 rubles, that is, from $ 295 to $ 193 US !!!!
    1. Jacques sekavar Offline Jacques sekavar
      Jacques sekavar (Jacques Sekavar) 16 February 2021 16: 03
      +1
      After Yeltsin's coup in 1991 and the restoration of capitalism in the Russian Federation, apparently you lived a lot better than under Putin, but my parents remember that time with great reluctance.
      1. steelmaker Offline steelmaker
        steelmaker 16 February 2021 16: 05
        -1
        Those who have a gap in education, Putin is always compared with EBN and the 90s. But because there is no one else to compare him with !!!
      2. Alexander K_2 Online Alexander K_2
        Alexander K_2 (Alexander K) 16 February 2021 23: 47
        -3
        There is someone who remembers how they lived under the Germans, why not compare?
  5. _AMUHb_ Offline _AMUHb_
    _AMUHb_ (_AMUHb_) 16 February 2021 22: 37
    0
    ... not a bad reason to sum up certain results of the Russian president's rule. The German edition Neues Deutschland analyzes the shortcomings of the Russian foreign policy ...

    88 your number 6 ... keep your Frau better
    1. The comment was deleted.
  6. Alexander K_2 Online Alexander K_2
    Alexander K_2 (Alexander K) 16 February 2021 23: 53
    -4
    So, "Frau" is deep on the drum, I think she is even very GUT, that Russia has turned into a "gas station", and Russia should puff up her cheeks more, because Russia can repeat it! It is not clear just what and so far it turns out only in relation to your country?