Clement Voroshilov. The story of the most slandered Soviet Marshal


February 4 of this year marks the 140th anniversary of the birth of Kliment Efremovich Voroshilov, a man who went down in history as the "first red marshal." This figure is so outstanding, or, as they say now, significant for its time and the history of our Fatherland, that it is simply impossible to overestimate it in this respect. Not to mention the enormous role of Voroshilov in the Civil War, the creation, formation and development of the Workers 'and Peasants' Red Army, the Great Patriotic War would be the meanest of crimes against our common memory. No less than attempts to "blot out" the names of Stalin, Beria, or Trotsky from the descriptions of all these fateful landmarks.


It is clear that in the crazy "perestroika times", when the blame and distortion of Soviet history were put on stream and raised to the rank of state policy, the name of the glorious marshal was smeared with mud no less than the names and deeds of the absolute majority of his contemporaries and associates. Around Voroshilov, whose popularity among the Soviet people was only slightly inferior to admiration for Stalin himself, it is quite natural and vile myths heaped up, perhaps a little less than they were invented about the Leader. In my opinion, the best tribute to the blessed memory of this great man on his anniversary will be the exposure of at least the main and most common inventions.

"A military dilettante and a sycophant of Stalin ..."


To begin with, let's try to briefly summarize the main essence of the monstrous lie erected on Kliment Efremovich. We will deal with the particulars separately and in detail a little later. So, according to our dear "historians" of the liberal wing, Voroshilov was, in fact, an empty place. He did not win any "significant military victories", his high position - both rank and positions, was exclusively due to "the acquaintance with Stalin brought together during the Civil War, personal devotion to him and unbridled praise of the leader, which went beyond all the limits of flattery." For the Red Army, he did absolutely nothing good (being in the post of People's Commissar of Defense more than anyone else, who held this position for 15 years), but, on the contrary, in every possible way "slowed down technical development of the Soviet armed forces, resisting the introduction of any innovations into them, first of all - technical ones. " Indeed, he was “completely illiterate” in military affairs, and he didn’t know a damn thing about weapons and equipment. He only knew how to ride a horse and swing a sword. After the Finnish war from the post of People's Commissar he was "driven out in disgrace. During the Great Patriotic War, again, he did not show himself in anything, except perhaps for stupid attacks on foot with a Nagant against German tanks. Positions in this harsh time, again, occupied completely unimportant, he made practically no contribution to the Victory, for which he remained a marshal until the end of his life and, in addition, received the Hero's Stars - it is completely incomprehensible. Perhaps, as a "symbol of communist propaganda." This is such a simple and even, at first glance, a foldable characteristic. What's in it - a shameless lie? Yes, you already guessed, probably ... That's it! From the first to the last word.

Let's start with the fact that Kliment Voroshilov was not just an old party member - one of the oldest. He joined the RSDLP (b) back in 1903 - before the first Russian revolution. He went through all the circles of hell that fell to the lot of real Bolsheviks - arrests, prisons, exile right up to the Arctic Circle itself. In the First World War, he did not fight, because he was not subject to conscription, as an employee of a defense enterprise (remember this!), But in the Civil War he joined the ranks of the Red Army almost from the first days of its creation. Actually, he put more efforts and labor to the birth of the world's first army of workers and peasants. In particular, the legendary 1st Cavalry Army of Budyonny, in which he was later a member of the military council, was created with his very active participation. In general, during the years of the Troubles raging in the country, Voroshilov, as befits a real soldier, went wherever he was sent and did what he was ordered to do. He commanded armies, entire military districts and even spent a little time as People's Commissar of Internal Affairs in Ukraine. Even then, Voroshilov's main, perhaps, business feature was manifested - the talent of an organizer. He really was not a brilliant commander (yes, in fact, he did not pose as such), but he knew how to work for ten, like few others - and forced others to do it. But the army, you know, does not rest on Napoleons alone. A hungry soldier in bad uniform and with unusable weapons - he will, perhaps, fight ... It is for this very ability - to plow like a damned one in the place where the party will put, Stalin appreciated Voroshilov. And not at all for his article and the book "Stalin and the Red Army", as the foolish liberals are trying to assert. Iosif Vissarionovich saw millions of similar opuses of varying degrees of talent and toadying, but he had a handful of efficient people. And, by the way, about the "sycophancy" that allegedly took place. The authentic words of not just anyone have survived, but Molotov himself, who sneered at Stalin against Voroshilov: he de "your leadership is insulting"! This is how we “sneak” ... You know, very few people could afford such a thing.

"Genius" and "horseman"


Now let's move on to almost the main part of the lies about Kliment Efremovich. Here the imagination of our liberal "exposers of Stalinism" takes on especially violent forms and they take on the most complete nonsense. Voroshilov hindered the development of the Red Army? It was he who was the People's Commissar for Naval Affairs and the People's Commissar of Defense from 1925 to 1940 ?! Yes, if at the head of our army there really was a brainless dunduk, a mossy retrograde and an "illiterate horseman" whom some particularly rabid clever men try to paint the marshal with, the Red Army on June 22, 1941 would have met the Wehrmacht on half-dead nags, in sandals and budenovkas. And not with tank corps, air divisions, with MLRS and automatic rifles, which the Fritzes did not have at all. It's okay that it was under Voroshilov that the Red Army finally moved from the territorial-militia to the cadre principle of formation (that is, in fact, it took shape as an army in general), it finally introduced normal military ranks, uniforms, and created a new commanding staff. generations? For a detailed listing of all the merits of Kliment Efremovich in this area, no article will be enough, and neither will the book. Only such a moment should be mentioned separately: Voroshilov did not entrust anyone with the development and introduction of new types of weapons and equipment (not new breeds of horses!). He personally wound around laboratories, design bureaus, training grounds and military units. He poked his head into the barrel of each new weapon, personally checked and rechecked the conclusions of the commissions that conducted their tests. Still - after all, they just knew this business from his youth - he himself stood at the machine at the tool factory. But what about his "conflict with the technocrats?" - you ask, yes, yes, how did it happen ... I mean the most severe confrontation between Voroshilov and Tukhachevsky, who could not bear this "genius". He, I must say, responded with complete reciprocity and arrogant nastiness about the "oaky horseman" said a lot. This, however, is emotions, and would you like to get acquainted with the facts?

Liberal "historians" willingly cite Voroshilov's words addressed to Tukhachevsky that, to put it mildly, he stretches his legs beyond his clothes and tries to bite wider than his mouth. In other words, it makes plans for the "technical development" of the Red Army, which, not only are absolutely unrealizable, but also when trying to implement them will ruin the country clean, literally let it go around the world. At the same time, the conclusion is drawn: the "brainless horseman" wanted to continue forming horse armies instead of armored units. Would you like to know exactly what kind of lies of Tukhachevsky that Clement Efremovich reacted so sharply? There are no problems with this - the "Plan for the Development of the Red Army", drawn up by this figure when he was the head of the Leningrad Military District, is an unclassified document a long time ago. So - in this opus, Tukhachevsky proposed to churn out tanks in the amount of ... 100 thousand a year! This was in 1930, when the domestic heavy industry was still in its infancy. Everything is clear with the "genius" or is it still necessary to explain? It was thanks to Voroshilov, and not by anybody Tukhachevsky, that the Red Army had more than 15 thousand tanks by the beginning of the Great Patriotic War. Despite the fact that at the time of his entry into the post of People's Commissar, there were about a dozen of them in our country, and even then they were all trophy, foreign ones. The same story with rocket weapons - while its development was supervised by Tukhachevsky associates, absolutely nothing came of it. As soon as it was entrusted to Voroshilov, the Red Army soon received the Katyusha ... Here we come to another, extremely important point. They are trying to blame Voroshilov for "participation in the Stalinist repressions against the command staff of the Red Army." Here, really, it is also worth digging deeper.

Irreplaceable Voroshilov


In this case, the falsehood being raised is based, in fact, on a couple of pieces of paper - the "execution lists" of representatives of the army elite approved by Kliment Efremovich. On one (the one where Tukhachevsky was listed), he allegedly inscribed with his own hand: "Take all the scoundrels." It is clear that, as Messrs. Liberals explain, the People's Commissar sent absolutely innocent people to certain death "out of cowardice and weakness, because he knew that if he did not endorse such lists, then he himself would be in the next." All ... I can no longer express myself with restraint! This is bullshit - that's what it is! Firstly, the lists were not "firing squad" - Voroshilov simply, as the head of the military department, agreed to bring his high-ranking subordinates to justice. Secondly, no podmahivaniya such papers saved anyone and from anything. An example of this is the fate of Yagoda and Yezhov, the People's Commissars of Internal Affairs, not only who signed, but who personally made up the actual execution lists, so much that Voroshilov never dreamed of. Both ended up with a "wall", because there was a reason. Well, and, finally, thirdly, and, in fact, "in the main": let's dare to assume that Voroshilov sent the same Tukhachevsky and his entire company on trial not out of selfish motives, but because he clearly knew that they were enemies and pests ?! Can't you let this happen? And in vain, because this is how it probably was. Who, if not Kliment Efremovich, knew how much real damage these "geniuses" caused the Red Army and understood what would happen if they remained in positions and power? No, you can, of course, continue to believe the liberals tweeting that "Voroshilov hated Tukhachevsky because he undermined his authority" and was his "competitor." Only then I do not recommend reading further.

For whom the truth was - for Stalin, Beria and Voroshilov, or for the executed "innocent marshals", the summer of 1941 showed. Those who are trying to present Voroshilov's actions at the initial period of the Great Patriotic War as "talentless" are simply silent about the fact that in the North-West direction he led, there were no such horrific devastations, "cauldrons" and columns of prisoners, as, for example, in the West the military district, which was led by Tukhachevsky's comrades-in-arms who just avoided a timely "landing". The first counterattack against the advancing Wehrmacht was inflicted not by Zhukov, but by troops led by Voroshilov near the village of Soltsy, Novgorod Region. And here's another thing - Kliment Efremovich never went into an attack with a Nagan at the ready during the command of the defense of Leningrad! This is definitely known from the recollections of eyewitnesses, including his personal adjutant. This episode, either to heighten the drama, or because of bad zeal, was invented by the creators of the film "Blockade". There, I remember, Voroshilov was even wounded in this stupid attack. The marshal was not injured. And not at all because he was hiding from bullets - the desperate bravery of the Marshal was confirmed even by the Sami by his fierce ill-wishers. The man was just so lucky. And he commanded, as befits a marshal - from the command post, and not running across the field like a platoon. Subsequently, in the process of the Great Patriotic War, as the "chroniclers" of a quite definite sense write again, "Stalin did not entrust Voroshilov with significant tasks." Yes of course. The regiment or division did not trust - it's true. But otherwise ...

The Marshal played a "completely unimportant" role as a representative of the Supreme Command Headquarters, and in the "hottest" sectors of the front - near Leningrad during the breakthrough of the blockade, in the Crimea before the general offensive. He was involved in the formation of reserve armies, whose forces reached a turning point in the course of the war in 1943, led the partisan movement, created and headed the Trophy Committee. At the same time, he was also very active in the diplomatic field - Kliment Efremovich accompanied Stalin at almost all the most important meetings and negotiations with the leaders of the countries of the Anti-Hitler coalition, in particular at the famous Tehran conference, carried out a lot of other assignments that the Supreme would definitely not entrust " illiterate "or" mediocre ". Surely we will never know about many of them due to their secrecy ... In order to put an end to the question of Voroshilov's competence, it is enough to remember that Stalin changed the heads of the NKVD more than once, and in the most radical way. Voroshilov had to vacate the post of the People's Commissar of Defense in 1940 - after the Finnish War, when the question arose about the radical transformations of the Red Army and the "rejuvenation" of its leadership. At the same time, no one personally blamed the People's Commissar for the miscalculations and failures of that campaign, and certainly did not "expel in shame." Accordingly, they did not touch him with a finger. And with the beginning of the Great Patriotic War, they were immediately introduced to the highest body - the State Defense Committee.

In conclusion, a few more touches. In the famous "trophy case", according to which the generals were imprisoned and even shot, it was not Voroshilov, the "main trophy officer" of the USSR, who was "smeared", but Marshal Zhukov. Kliment Efremovich (unlike, alas, from the heroic Georgy Konstantinovich) was not in the least tainted with money-grubbing. Until the end of his life, in fact, he did not have his own apartment - he lived in the state, however, in the Kremlin. He was almost the only one who was not afraid to support Stalin's son Vasily, who was released from prison, and later took part in an unsuccessful, alas, attempt to oust Khrushchev. For this he gets special respect. Voroshilov did not win the battles of the Great Patriotic War. However, the system of pre-conscription youth training he created gave the Red Army millions of fighters when the time came. "Voroshilov Riflemen" became that inexhaustible reserve, on which the steel waves of the Wehrmacht crashed. It was they, boys and girls, who dreamed of being like the "first red marshal" Voroshilov who saved the world and won the war. For this alone, Kliment Efremovich deserves our eternal memory and gratitude.
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  • Photos used: RIA Novosti archive / Shagin / CC-BY-SA 3.0 / wikimedia.org
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  1. Jacques sekavar Offline Jacques sekavar
    Jacques sekavar (Jacques Sekavar) 6 February 2021 10: 59
    +5
    Clement Voroshilov. The story of the most slandered Soviet Marshal

    After the coup, the blasphemy and perversion of Soviet history were put on stream and elevated to the rank of state policy
    It could not be otherwise.
    After the coup d'état under the leadership of Yeltsyn, it was not the government that changed, the social system.
    The division of public property under the leadership of Chubais created a class of large capitalists - oligarchs, who became Yeltsin's reliable support.
    Ideology, as a reflection of the social system, was subject to inevitable revision in accordance with the interests of the ruling class.
    All proletarian organizations were liquidated, and the proletariat itself was declassified, its leaders were slandered, and history and its heroes were revised.
    The modern appeal to combat the distortion of history is aimed not at restoring historical truth, but at countering the aggression of the Western agitation industry and educating slaves in readiness to work and defend the property of their masters.
  2. Sergey Latyshev Offline Sergey Latyshev
    Sergey Latyshev (Serge) 6 February 2021 11: 39
    +1
    Yesterday on VO there was an article about him.
    Author 1n or retold?

    And so what to reason now. Pro historians treat him rather positively.
    1. Xuli (o) Tebenado 6 February 2021 13: 15
      +3
      Author:
      Alexander Samsonov

      There is a credit photo: Marshal K. E. Voroshilov takes a parade in Kuibyshev on November 7, 1941

      The parade in Moscow is often remembered on this day. And they obviously don't like to remember Kuibyshev.
  3. Xuli (o) Tebenado 6 February 2021 12: 42
    0
    a lot of bukaff, no assilil.

    https://hystory.mediasole.ru/pochemu_lenin_nazyval_voroshilova_balalaykoy
    1. Xuli (o) Tebenado 7 February 2021 18: 50
      0
      In my humble opinion, he was a man of his time in all his many places... Of the first five Soviet marshals, the thirties survived Voroshilov and Budyonny. Stalin believed that they did not pose any threat to him, served faithfully, sagged powerfully, hesitated only along with the party line, were not too smart, "they did not finish the academies." "The first red officer", while still in civilian life, crossed paths with the leader, the Red Army, where after seven classes of school they "gave a sergeant", and after the middle ten years - immediately a lieutenant, was fully consistent. Khrushchev himself, who led the USSR, was from the same row. If the first secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU was with three classes, then why could not the marshal be the same "scientist"? The question is rhetorical ...
      1. isofat Offline isofat
        isofat (isofat) 7 February 2021 19: 25
        0
        Quote: Xuli (o) Tebenado
        If the first secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU was with three classes, then why could not the marshal be the same "scientist"?

        You can also remember Chapaev, Vasily Ivanovich. He did not graduate from academies, but Kolchak A.V. It did not help. smile
  4. boriz Offline boriz
    boriz (boriz) 6 February 2021 13: 15
    +3
    On one (the one where Tukhachevsky was listed) he allegedly inscribed with his own hand: "Take all the scoundrels."

    In this case, Voroshilov does not need protection. Claims to him: before where he looked, this is your deputy.

    Voroshilov had to vacate the post of the People's Commissar of Defense in 1940 - after the Finnish War, when the question arose about the radical transformations of the Red Army and the "rejuvenation" of its leadership. At the same time, no one personally blamed the People's Commissar for the miscalculations and failures of that campaign, and certainly did not "expel in shame." Accordingly, they did not touch him with a finger.

    What do you mean "had to be released"? According to the results of the Finnish war Voroshilov raised.
    On the same day that Tymoshenko was appointed an NGO, Voroshilov was appointed deputy chairman of the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR (Molotov) and chairman of the Defense Committee under the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR. That is, by today's standards, the deputy prime minister (and then there was no herd of vice prime ministers, as now) for defense. And no one removed the duties of a member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the All-Union Communist Party of Bolsheviks. Accordingly, he handed over his current responsibilities for the leadership of the NGO to his man from the group of Ukrainians / first-timers, which ruled the USSR until 1982. and the USSR Armed Forces until 1976. Timoshenko Civil passed alongside Budyonny, Voroshilov and Stalin.
    At the same time, if the People's Commissar Voroshilov was a member of the PB of the Central Committee of the VKPB, then Tymoshenko was never a member of the PB.
    The current generation does not understand who the members of the PB Central Committee are. They were, practically, the inhabitants of heaven. But Voroshilov belonged to a narrow circle of PB, with a decisive vote.
    In the Wiki article dedicated to Voroshilov, there is a scan of the encryption dedicated to the request of the Irkutsk region to increase the limit for execution by 4 people. It was approved by 000 PB members, 6 in person and 4 by phone poll. Stalin, Molotov, Voroshilov, Kaganovich personally and Mikoyan, Chubar on the phone. The encryption had to be agreed within 2 hours. Yezhov, in this case - the executor of the document, he was not a member of the PB.
    There should have been a seventh member of the PB, the first secretary of the All-Union Communist Party of Ukraine, Kosior, but he was just arrested, and the new secretary Khrushchev was in the process of taking business and was not bothered. Or have not yet been accepted into a narrow circle.
    So, Voroshilov was a member of this select circle of 7 people who led the country. There were more PB members, but these had a decisive vote.
    The work was, as we can see, responsible. Not like now. Kosior, at that time, had already been arrested and was on his way to the execution cellar. Chubar still had to go this way.
    Huge rights, huge demand.
    So, do not judge these people by current standards. They worked for the result. And the result was. We are still holding on to it.
    1. Captain stoner Offline Captain stoner
      Captain stoner (Captain Stoner) 12 February 2021 07: 55
      0
      In his youth, the Luhansk locksmith Klim Voroshilov stood out for his violent character and irascibility, he used to resolve disputes by force. He was superbly physically developed, with sinewy hands and large fists. In fights, the future commander was very successful. This helped to gain credibility among the workers. Dumpy, with a high-cheekbone face, who knew how to make difficult decisions, Voroshilov quickly stood out from the crowd and even achieved that the Minister of Internal Affairs Pyotr Stolypin, signing the order of exile, remembered his name. Even in the first revolution, he led the creation of military squads.

      So, do not judge these people by current standards. They worked for the result. And the result was. We are still holding on to it.
  5. Taras on Parnassus (Taras on Parnassus) 7 February 2021 09: 47
    +1
    An article, so-so, a lot of letters.
    In our family, the marshal was respected, my grandfather was in his Grazhdanskaya "head of the garage" - a personal horse breeder. Here's a story ...
  6. Ulysses Online Ulysses
    Ulysses (Alexey) 7 February 2021 19: 49
    +1
    From 21.50. about Voroshilov.



    PS Isaev, in my opinion, is the most adequate researcher of the Second World War in recent times.