German media spoke about the impending environmental disaster in the Caspian Sea


The Caspian Sea is the largest enclosed body of water on our planet. At present, its water area is actively shallowing and a large-scale ecological disaster is approaching the adjacent region, writes the German newspaper Der Tagesspiegel.


A group of scientists from the Center for Marine Environmental Sciences (MARUM) at the University of Bremen (Germany) conducted a study, the results of which were presented to the public. The specialists came to the conclusion that the decrease in the level of the Caspian Sea is going much faster than it was previously assumed.

Ecologists expect that in the coming years the balance between the inflow of water from the Volga and the evaporation of moisture from the surface of the Caspian will be upset. They disagree with the conclusions of Russian experts, who believe that due to climatic changes, the Volga will become more full-flowing and the population of the Caspian will increase.

It won't be enough

- confident Mathias Prange, who studies climatic changes and interactions, as well as the circulation of water masses in the seas and oceans.

In his opinion, the Caspian Sea may lose up to a third of its area in several decades. Probably, the grandchildren of modern residents of Baku will need to walk several kilometers to the sea, from the place where it begins today. According to the scientist's calculations, by the end of the century the level of the Caspian will drop by 9-18 meters.

At the same time, biologist Thomas Wilke believes that the situation in the Baku region will not be the worst. It will be much worse in the northern part of the modern Caspian. Huge areas will dry up there, which will turn into a lifeless saline desert, where it will be impossible to conduct agriculture. At the same time, the population will begin to suffer massively from respiratory diseases. Russia and Kazakhstan will suffer the most.

The shallowing effect is well known for the disappearance of the Aral Sea

- recalled the biologist.

Scientists called for verification of their data by international expert groups and a quick response from the leadership of the countries adjacent to the Caspian Sea. However, environmentalists doubt that the states that have not been able to divide the Caspian for more than 20 years will be able to quickly agree and take urgent measures. It will be too late in 20 years.
  • Photos used: Zhanat Kulenov / wikimedia.org
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  1. 123 Offline 123
    123 (123) 19 January 2021 21: 30
    +1
    The problem is really serious. Judging by the depth map, the northern part is the shallowest. What to do? Since we do not have a spare Volga, it is worth following the example of Kazakhstan, which has fenced off a part of the Aral Sea with a dam. In cooperation with him and Turkmenistan, we are building a dam from Derbent to Krasnovodsk. What in this situation to negotiate with the rest of the neighbors is not entirely clear. And yes, no gas pipelines, this is too harmful for the fragile ecology of the Caspian.


    But seriously, what the German scientists want is not clear. What kind of reaction do they expect? Want to offer your water? Although there is an option, to dig a channel through Iran.
    1. Ulysses Offline Ulysses
      Ulysses (Alexey) 19 January 2021 22: 11
      +2
      What to do?

      To do nothing. smile
      German pseudoscientists to read this article at their leisure:

      "How and why the level of the Caspian has fluctuated in the last several thousand years."
      http://www.anl.az/down/meqale/kaspi/2010/iyul/129354.htm
      1. 123 Offline 123
        123 (123) 19 January 2021 22: 58
        +1
        What do you belay how can you burden a respected person with such trifles laughing
    2. Igor Mikhailov Offline Igor Mikhailov
      Igor Mikhailov (Igor Mikhailov) 20 January 2021 09: 47
      +1
      We have already done 60 years) Kara Bogaz was blocked by a dam .. the level of the Caspian Sea rose, and the bay dried up and it turned out today's Aral in miniature .. Fortunately, everything was fixed
  2. Alexey Lan Offline Alexey Lan
    Alexey Lan (Alexey Lantukh) 19 January 2021 22: 02
    0
    If the Caspian is really getting shallow, then it is easier to dig the Azov-Caspian channel through the existing depression. Moreover, this can be done for the money of all the Caspian states.
    1. boriz Offline boriz
      boriz (boriz) 19 January 2021 22: 34
      +2
      Right! And in the Don, let the waters of the Desna, taken from the dam, which must be built at the Ukrainian border. Otherwise, Azov will become too salty with the waters of the Black Sea.
      In addition, the Desna is not the only tributary of the Dnieper flowing through our territory.
      Water blockade! It's so fashionable and relevant!
      To bring the waters of these tributaries to the Crimea is an unlikely undertaking. But to Don - quite. Besides, Don will need extra water.
  3. amateur Offline amateur
    amateur (Victor) 20 January 2021 06: 34
    0
    And the photo "from the Aral Sea" was inserted for greater persuasiveness?

    People grabs everything
  4. Igor Mikhailov Offline Igor Mikhailov
    Igor Mikhailov (Igor Mikhailov) 20 January 2021 09: 45
    +3
    Throughout its geological history, the water level in the Caspian Sea either goes down or up, this info is no secret to anyone and is available from many sources, so this all-missing article supposedly from German ecologists is just a horror story for inexperienced inhabitants, nothing more ..
  5. kriten Offline kriten
    kriten (Vladimir) 20 January 2021 17: 26
    +1
    Fluctuations in the Caspian happen periodically. This has already happened in our life. And in history, when they predicted its shallowing was many times, and then suddenly everything changed.
    1. Petr Vladimirovich (Peter) 20 January 2021 18: 32
      +1
      Everyone remembers the photo of the Maiden Tower in Baku / or saw it alive (tower)?
      Where is the beauty of Segala? That's right, in the stormy waves of the gray-haired Caspian ... Daria-e-Khazar in Persian ... laughing