After the defeat of Karabakh, Turkey becomes "Beijing's window to the Mediterranean"


In an absentee dispute over regional leadership, Ankara attributed to itself another victory over Moscow. The Turkish pro-government publication Takvim literally made it clear that Turkey is no longer a "sick man of Europe", whose fate is decided by others, but has itself become a powerful power. The most unpleasant thing is that all the latest achievements of "Sultan" Erdogan were carried out at the expense of Russia and its national interests.


Takvim included the discovery by the Turks on the continental shelf of their own gas fields, the volume of which is estimated at 320 billion cubic meters, as well as unprecedented success from the use of Bayraktar TB2 strike UAVs in Nagorno-Karabakh. The logic is clear: Turkish weapons in the hands of Azeri allies defeated Russian weapons held by the Armenians, and the acquisition of a large resource base in the future will save Ankara from dependence on the Kremlin for the supply of raw materials and fuel and may even turn it into a direct competitor to Gazprom in the market South East Europe. The third victory is that Turkey takes away from Russia a part of its transit cargo flows from Asia to Europe.

Geographically, our country is the best transport corridor between the two parts of Eurasia. There is a railway connection on the Xi'an-Hamburg and Xi'an-Neuss route, which connects China and Germany via Kazakhstan, Russia, Belarus, Lithuania and Poland. This picture is overshadowed only by the low carrying capacity of domestic railways, which adds an extra 3-5 days to the transit time. It’s unpleasant, and these infrastructure problems had to be solved for a long time. But now Ankara has intervened with its idea of ​​a "logistic superpower", and the alignment began to change rapidly.

Turkey in all seriousness intends to become "Beijing's window to the Mediterranean", and China is actively investing in the infrastructure of this country: in particular, it owns 65% of the Kumport container terminal in Istanbul, as well as 51% of the Sultan Selim Yavuz bridge over the Bosphorus. By the way, China can build the next Turkish nuclear power plant. Within the framework of this mutually beneficial cooperation, the railway "Iron Silk Road / Middle Corridor" was created, which connects Istanbul and the Chinese city of Xi'an. This Trans-Caspian transport consortium also includes Azerbaijani, Georgian and Kazakh companies. Delivery time is 12 days versus 18 through Russia. The day before, this period was reduced to 10 days, which the mentioned edition of Takvim attributed to the next Turkish victory, you know who.

Taking into account the fact that bypassing our Transsib it is possible to deliver up to 1 million passengers a year and 6,5 million tons of cargo, these are really not very good news... If we consider that by 2023 the volume of freight traffic should reach 17 million tons, it becomes completely sad. True, the Turks have one serious problem - transit through the Caspian Sea. To increase the capacity, it will be necessary to use more ships and drastically expand the port capacity on both sides. It is not hard to guess that China can act as a strategic investor here.

For its part, Turkey made a powerful geopolitical move by supporting Azerbaijan in its war with Armenia over Nagorno-Karabakh. Recall that Baku was able to regain control over most of the unrecognized republic, and also de facto broke through Transport corridor through the territory of Armenia, having achieved connectivity between Azerbaijan and Nakhichevan, which borders with Turkey. As a result, Ankara received a direct road between the Mediterranean and the Caspian, which it can offer Beijing. At the same time, the logistical leverage will even decently decrease if the highway passes through the returned territory of Nagorno-Karabakh. In any case, the ambassador of Azerbaijan to the PRC Akram Akif oglu Zeynalli stated this. True, for neighboring Georgia, this in the long term means being thrown out of the international consortium. Nothing personal just business.

Well, for our country all this also does not shine anything good. The Ankara-Baku alliance is indeed taking away from Russia a significant part of transit cargo flows. But on the other hand, we did not get into the conflict on the side of our only ally in the Transcaucasus and remained like friends with everyone.
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  3. Ivan Dovgy Offline Ivan Dovgy
    Ivan Dovgy 2 January 2021 13: 51
    -5
    Was the war in Nagorno-Karabakh known in advance to all its future participants? Was the armed conflict negotiated? Has Russia played along with Azerbaijanis, Turks and Chinese by betraying Armenians and Iranians? Why did several thousand Armenians and Azerbaijanis die?

    ru.wikipedia
  4. 123 Offline 123
    123 (123) 2 January 2021 14: 02
    +4
    This picture is overshadowed only by the low carrying capacity of domestic railways, which adds an extra 3-5 days to the transit time. It’s unpleasant, and these infrastructure problems had to be solved for a long time.

    They probably had to be solved, but this is not a quick and expensive business. Tunnels, bridges, difficult terrain.

    The delivery time is 12 days versus 18 through Russia.

    As I understand it, we are talking about Delivery to Turkey? But for most cargo, this is not the end point of the route, but a transshipment point. Delivery to Germany or Holland will take some more time and is unlikely to be measured in hours. No.

    But on the other hand, we did not get into the conflict on the side of our only ally in the Transcaucasus and remained like friends with everyone.

    Karabakh is not "our only ally in the Transcaucasus."
    1. Petr Vladimirovich (Peter) 2 January 2021 14: 42
      +2
      Happy New Year, my friend, you and all colleagues in the forum! Currently, the Kars-Baku railway is operating through Georgia. The Kars-Nakhichevan branch does not exist. One-way 90 km through Armenia and the southern regions of Azerbaijan has been dismantled. If desired, Turkey will connect its railway network with Nakhichevan, restore a single track in Armenia (with its consent) and Azerbaijan and receive not one iron pot from Kars to Baku, but two. That is, Turkey will be able to carry on the second railway line to the point of transshipment on the Aktau-Baku ferries, Armenia, transit fees and jobs for railway workers. Everything is in full openwork ...)))
      1. Petr Vladimirovich (Peter) 2 January 2021 14: 58
        +2
        Oh, can I have a reason?
      2. 123 Offline 123
        123 (123) 4 January 2021 16: 03
        +3
        Happy New Year to you too!
        You are absolutely right, transit is expected to revive. The benefits of Turkey and Azerbaijan are obvious, Armenia will also receive a share for transit through its territory. (By the way, this transit will essentially be controlled by Russia). I admit the possibility that these agreements are linked to transit to Iran (China's role in the region is quite high). So far only Georgia is the loser, but what can be done, they have allies in Europe and overseas. So let the transit from Alabama to Normandy be established.
    2. Peter rybak Offline Peter rybak
      Peter rybak (Patrol) 4 January 2021 07: 20
      -1

      But on the other hand, we did not get into the conflict on the side of our only ally in the Transcaucasus and remained like friends with everyone.

      Karabakh is not "our only ally in the Transcaucasus."

      Have you also noticed this nonsense? De jure, no Karabakh exists, it is an integral part of AzResp.
      It seems to me that Mr. Marzhetsky is calling Russia to war. He is dissatisfied with the results of the peace treaty in Transcaucasia (the devil only knows why, we can only guess). Russia had no ally in the Transcaucasus. There was and remains a trading partner, there was and still is a recipient, who desperately needs Russia as a donor.
      And, I think, the author is so blinkered that he does not see any economic advantages in the current situation for all parties to the past conflict, including the Russian Federation and Iran.
  5. Hayer31 Offline Hayer31
    Hayer31 (Kashchei) 2 January 2021 14: 25
    -6
    Remained like all friends ??? Ha ha ha, there are no friends, only business, I lost the Caucasus, Central Asia is next, and then present the Kuriles or Kaliningrad. This is a wise decision of V.V.
    1. Petr Vladimirovich (Peter) 2 January 2021 15: 26
      +3
      and then the Kuriles

      - this is really strong !!! I love foreign colleagues ...
  6. Sergey Latyshev Offline Sergey Latyshev
    Sergey Latyshev (Serge) 2 January 2021 18: 29
    -2
    All nonsense.
    Here they wrote a bunch of articles - Russia won all, Russia won.

    But he can offer Beijing, he can’t - it’s all nonsense. Turkey has been lying at the pedestrian crossroads Europe-Asia-Africa for a long time, for centuries. AND?
    And nothing special, she collects bribes from trade routes, but everyone envies her about it.
  7. Ulysses Online Ulysses
    Ulysses (Alexey) 2 January 2021 22: 24
    0
    The most unpleasant thing is that all the latest achievements of "Sultan" Erdogan were carried out at the expense of Russia and its national interests.
    Takvim referred to these as the discovery by the Turks on the continental shelf of their own gas fields, the volume of which is estimated at 320 billion cubic meters, as well as unprecedented success from the use of Bayraktar TB2 strike UAVs in Nagorno-Karabakh

    Russia is crying. laughing
  8. Alexzn Offline Alexzn
    Alexzn (Alexander) 3 January 2021 08: 45
    0
    A good note, briefly showing the situation around Turkey. Turkey has historically been a transport (now also a logistics) hub in Asia, Europe and Africa. To sea, railway and gas and oil pipeline transit, it is necessary to add a mention of air transit. Already, the airports of Istanbul accept twice as many foreign passengers as Moscow.
  9. aries2200 Offline aries2200
    aries2200 (aries) 3 January 2021 19: 53
    +1
    To catch a big fish, you need to give it a good swallow ... and then CUT ... We are waiting for a sweep ......... Turkey out of 27 warriors with Russia was only three times in kings, and then not long .................. history
    1. Bitter Offline Bitter
      Bitter (Gleb) 3 January 2021 22: 55
      +1
      The Chinese are out with their tackle, the Europeans have also been feeding for a long time, and the Americans are about to come (possibly with dynamite). laughing
  10. Peter rybak Offline Peter rybak
    Peter rybak (Patrol) 4 January 2021 07: 12
    +1
    After the defeat of Karabakh ???
    Mr. Marzhetskiy, what is this political illiteracy with a claim to a loud headline? You surprise from article to article with the absence of any respectful relationship to Azerbaijan, Turkey and their achievements. This most likely speaks of your Armenian-philanthropy, weakly veiled by patriotism. I don't care which side you are on, but will you ever try to write materials like a true journalist - disinterested, presenting only facts so that we can draw conclusions ourselves? Or should we always interrupt the reading of your opuses somewhere in the middle, if not at the beginning?
    1. Petr Vladimirovich (Peter) 4 January 2021 16: 25
      +1
      Namesake hello! It is said, "cut through the corridor", is not subject to discussion! Passed ...
  11. boriz Offline boriz
    boriz (boriz) 5 January 2021 00: 55
    +3
    And there is no other opinion, except for the Turkish newspaper and Sergey? China, for example.
    Japan is actively booking facilities of the Trans-Siberian Railway. https://topcor.ru/17697-japoncy-aktivno-bronirujut-moschnosti-transsiba-i-dalnevostochnyh-portov-rf.html
    And there are very few people who want to start the route described in the post. Central Asia and the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous District of China are a zone of potential slide into chaos. The technologies are well developed.
    For example, there are those who want to lay pipes for hydrocarbons through Syria. As much as it was good for the Arabs, but something constantly goes wrong. Either the war in Iraq, or ISIS in Syria. And, it seems, Russia completely defeated the Barmaleevs and the opposition, but to the end, something does not work out. Either the evil Americans will not leave Syria in any way, then the Turks have rolled their lips into Syria, and Russia again will not win the Turkish militants. No, there are some successes, but the final victory only looms in the distance. I wonder why this is so?
    Maybe because neither the USA, nor the Russian Federation, nor the WB do not need these pipes in FIG? From the word "absolutely". And when Turkey got into its own business in the Caucasus, the Russian Federation began cooperation with the Kurds to create checkpoints against the pro-Turkish opposition. And this is a nightmare theme for Turkey. Who knows what and in what quantity the Russian Federation will arm the Kurds within the framework of this agreement?
    Why does Sergei think that someone will allow Turkey and Azerbaijan to have this transit?
    Turkey now has a new "ally" (or master). Great Britain.
    The WB now (especially after Brexit) business with the economy is full of seams. It was not for nothing that the virus mutated and a strict quarantine was introduced. Just so that no one would think about why life went so bad and did not ask stupid questions. According to estimates, only customs clearance will now require about 50 customs officers and 000 billion euros.
    So why does Sergei think that the World Bank will allow some Erdogan to take away from her a big piece - the insurance of Asia-Europe ships? Insurance at sea is a centuries-old WB monopoly. Even if the insurers are not based in the World Bank, they do not belong to the country where they have jurisdiction. And insurance at sea is VERY big money.
    Did Sergey look at the map? After all, the route south of the Caspian Sea is much more convenient. And in short, there is no transshipment by sea. Azerbaijan, of course, takes off, but Turkey will not grieve over this.
    But, for a long time, there is no talk about this route. And why? The answer is simple: KURDS. It is enough to look at the places of their settlement on the map - and everything will become clear. There can be no route there.
    The interested parties are again the same: USA, RF, World Bank. The fact that they are sabotaging to the public - "tse take", to the public. Nonsense will not hurt to find common interests. Let's remember the old saying in the World Bank about eternal interests.
    China, unlike a Turkish newspaper, understands this well. He understands that his zone will not be there. Therefore, the enthusiasm has long since dried up.
    And about gas in the Black Sea: who said that Turkey will be allowed to extract it? As the classic said: "You take it out of rank!" The right of law fades into the background. The right of force comes to the fore. Who, so far, did not understand - then it will be more painful to understand.
    1. chemyurij Offline chemyurij
      chemyurij (chemyurij) 5 January 2021 13: 31
      +2
      Quote: boriz
      Why does Sergei think that someone will allow Turkey and Azerbaijan to have this transit

      Quote: boriz
      So why does Sergei think that the World Bank will allow some Erdogan to take away from her a sickly piece - the insurance of ships Asia - Europe

      Right questions. I will add - if China considered it necessary, would it have been able to establish railway transit through Turkey already about ten years ago after the construction of a tunnel through the Bosphorus? Directly to Europe, bypassing all these extra links from countries that cannot guarantee quiet work.

      Quote: boriz
      China, unlike a Turkish newspaper, understands this well. He understands that his zone will not be there. Therefore, the enthusiasm has long since dried up.

      It is also true, China needs the reliability and adequacy of partners, but in the end money also plays a role, the fewer partners in the chain, the less costs.