Why IL-114 is more important for Russia even than MS-21


Undoubtedly, December will go down in history as the most “aviation” month of 2020 in Russia. The flight with engines of domestic production was made at once by two airliners, MS-21, and also Il-114. The importance of both liners for our country can hardly be overestimated. However, if our medium-haul lines are fully and for years to come provided with the products of Boeing and Airbus, massively purchased by domestic airlines, there is almost nothing to carry out regional transportation. In this context, the new IL is a much more needed aircraft for Russia.


After the collapse of the USSR and the beginning of the degradation of the national aviation industry, the aging Tu-134, An-24 and Yak-40 remained to work on domestic airlines. Competitors from Bombardier and SAAB produced their own regional airliners, while Russian ones were given barriers to access the world market in the form of limits on environmental friendliness and low noise of aircraft engines. It was not particularly interesting for those in power to develop their modern power plants, since we had a paradigm “we buy everything we need abroad for petrodollars”.

The result was natural: the existing aircraft fleet grew old, and experienced pilots moved to work abroad for higher salaries. An-24 turboprop, very decent for its time, began to suffer disaster after disaster. In 1997, an An-24RV crashed in Karachay-Cherkessia, killing all 50 people flying on it. In 2010, in Russia, during the crash of a liner of this type, performing flight 9357 on the route Krasnoyarsk - Igarka, 11 people out of 14 on board were killed. In 2011, flight 9007 from Tomsk to Surgut was forced to make an emergency landing on the Ob River due to an engine fire, as a result of which seven passengers died from their injuries. In 2013, in Donetsk, an An-24 crashed with fans of the Shakhtar football club, five of them were killed, seven more were injured. In 2019, in Buryatia, in the city of Nizhneangarsk, during an unsuccessful landing, the An-24RV was seriously damaged, two crew members were killed, and four more were hospitalized.

The need to renew the fleet of short-haul lines is beyond doubt. In theory, Superjet was supposed to cope with this task, but instead of the most demanded segment of 65-75 passenger seats, it was pushed into 100. Everyone has already heard about its problems with imported components, which the domestic industry has now undertaken to replace. But, alas, it seems that they did not have time. On the eve of the new US sanctions came into force, which should prohibit the use of components produced in the United States on the Superjet and MS-21. In a short-haul liner, these are the chassis, hydraulic system, electrical and oxygen supply equipment. It is clear that sooner or later it will be possible to replace all this, but here and now a serious failure is forming in the production chain.


In this context, the Il-114-300 arrived just in time. The aircraft can carry up to 64 passengers, that is, it can functionally replace the Superjet on domestic routes, although these are liners of different classes. "Ilyushin" is more severe and unpretentious than "imported constructor", but the most important thing is that it is completely ours. Although this project was developed three decades ago, it has received a new life in modern Russia. Its main advantage is its own TV7-117ST-01 aircraft engine. The power plant can produce up to 3100 horsepower, is economical and meets modern requirements for low noise and environmental friendliness. Work on it began in 2014, when it became clear that things went wrong with the West. And it's good that they didn't waste time.

Now Russia has its own short-haul liner capable of delivering 64 passengers over a distance of 1500 kilometers in three hours. It will be especially in demand in the difficult conditions of the Far North and the Far East. The Il-114-300 with good reason claims to become a reliable "workhorse" of local airlines, increasing the transport connectivity of the vast country. In addition, the RF Ministry of Defense will be able to order its military modifications intended for patrolling sea borders, reconnaissance and electronic warfare.
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  1. 123 Offline 123
    123 (123) 24 December 2020 14: 17
    +3
    Few details about the engine.

    1. Just a cat Offline Just a cat
      Just a cat (Bayun) 24 December 2020 17: 03
      0
      Scientists SibNIA them. Chaplygin installed an electric motor on superconductors on an experimental aircraft and carried out its test launches with a propeller. The work is carried out in preparation for flight tests. This was told in the press service of the Central Institute of Aviation Motors (CIAM) named after P.I. Baranova.

      The electric motor is part of the demonstrator of the hybrid power plant, which is being developed by CIAM. An innovative 500 kW (679 hp) high-temperature superconductor electric motor was developed by SuperOx. Previously, he passed a set of tests at special ground stands. The system is now awaiting flight tests

      A flying laboratory is being created for them on the basis of the Yak-40 aircraft. Flight tests are scheduled for 2021.

      https://rg.ru/2020/12/23/reg-sibfo/samolet-so-sverhprovodnikovym-dvigatelem-gotovitsia-k-pervomu-poletu.html
  2. Vladimir Tuzakov (Vladimir Tuzakov) 24 December 2020 14: 31
    -1
    They are trumpeting about the IL-114, which is still being tested in tests, but they are silent about the L-610, which is already ready for production (the Czech L-40 has been increased to 410 seats), they are on the same shelf, and the L-610 version is not the worst ... L-610, vysokoplan for "off-road", the reason seems to be unfair competition for the market. Competition is always needed to spur development, but monopoly is always harmful, which we see in the Russian Federation ...
    1. Just a cat Offline Just a cat
      Just a cat (Bayun) 24 December 2020 14: 44
      +3
      Need to fill the Russian market with planes from a NATO country? Can also replace Russian transport workers with oats for competition?
      1. Vladimir Tuzakov (Vladimir Tuzakov) 24 December 2020 14: 50
        +2
        You presented an ill-conceived comparison, the L-610 is only Czech drawings, and all production and equipment are from the Russian Federation ... This is how everyone acts, this is how the USSR developed, taking the best and buying licenses ... It's impossible to create everything, you need to use it correctly ...,
        1. Just a cat Offline Just a cat
          Just a cat (Bayun) 24 December 2020 15: 00
          -1
          Well, ride any G under license. And I prefer a purely Russian development. I don't live in a banana republic. Maybe we'll start collecting Tatras under a license to compete with Kamaz?
        2. igor.igorev Offline igor.igorev
          igor.igorev (Igor) 10 January 2021 13: 01
          0
          Nothing like this. The Czechs made everything for their planes themselves. But the L-610 was never serially built. In total, no more than 10 vehicles were built. He just wasn't needed.
      2. oderih Offline oderih
        oderih (Alex) 26 December 2020 12: 56
        -1
        The Czech L-610 was completely bought out from the Czechs.
        1. igor.igorev Offline igor.igorev
          igor.igorev (Igor) 28 December 2020 08: 59
          +1
          How many of you are here tired of the sun? Not the L-610 was bought from the Czechs, but the L-410. These are two completely different aircraft.
        2. igor.igorev Offline igor.igorev
          igor.igorev (Igor) 10 January 2021 13: 02
          0
          You are confusing with L-410. These are two completely different aircraft.
    2. igor.igorev Offline igor.igorev
      igor.igorev (Igor) 28 December 2020 08: 57
      +1
      Don't talk nonsense about the L-610. It will take at least 10 years to put it into production. It has never been serially built. The Il-114, which was previously built in small series, has been brought to mind for five years already. And another 3 years will be required to complete fine-tuning. And for the production of the L-610 we have absolutely nothing and, most importantly, we do not have and do not foresee our own engine. Nobody will build L-610.
    3. igor.igorev Offline igor.igorev
      igor.igorev (Igor) 10 January 2021 13: 00
      0
      There is no L-610 and never will be.
  3. Gadlei Offline Gadlei
    Gadlei 24 December 2020 14: 46
    +2
    the author you are wrong for Russia we really need both planes
    1. Just a cat Offline Just a cat
      Just a cat (Bayun) 24 December 2020 15: 02
      +1
      Silt is more versatile. And the author did not seem to say that the MS is not needed.
      1. Kristallovich Online Kristallovich
        Kristallovich (Ruslan) 24 December 2020 21: 14
        0
        It's not about universality. The first paragraph clearly states why IL is more important than MS-21.
        1. Just a cat Offline Just a cat
          Just a cat (Bayun) 25 December 2020 07: 26
          0
          Rechecked ... Il is short-haul, and MC is medium-haul. But most of our flights are not direct, but through Moscow.
          1. Kristallovich Online Kristallovich
            Kristallovich (Ruslan) 25 December 2020 12: 07
            0
            most of the flights are not direct, but via Moscow.

            They are through Moscow precisely because regional transportation is underdeveloped. And they are underdeveloped due to the lack of the necessary aircraft.
            1. Just a cat Offline Just a cat
              Just a cat (Bayun) 25 December 2020 12: 14
              -1
              Let's not argue. It is more profitable to send a Boeing to Moscow twice a day than once a week a corn plant between Mukhosr @ nsk and the village of Gadyukino. hi
              1. Marzhecki Offline Marzhecki
                Marzhecki (Sergei) 26 December 2020 10: 23
                -1
                Quote: Just Cat
                Let's not argue. It is more profitable to send a Boeing to Moscow twice a day than once a week a corn plant between Mukhosr @ nsk and the village of Gadyukino.

                A very controversial statement. Who is more profitable, by the way? Carrier or passenger?
                1. Just a cat Offline Just a cat
                  Just a cat (Bayun) 26 December 2020 12: 11
                  0
                  Ruslan Kristallovich has already fulfilled YOUR standard for communication with voters ... sorry with readers. so you can relax.
                2. tanyurg56 Offline tanyurg56
                  tanyurg56 (Yuri Gorbunov) 2 January 2021 21: 50
                  0
                  And in our country, in general, something beneficial for the consumer (people), and not for business (although 90 percent of budget development projects can hardly be called a business) is being done !? Can you give examples?
      2. oderih Offline oderih
        oderih (Alex) 26 December 2020 12: 59
        +1
        MS-21 jet. Silt - turboprop. It's just cheaper to buy and operate.
  4. nikolaj1703 Offline nikolaj1703
    nikolaj1703 (Nikolai) 24 December 2020 18: 04
    +3
    Reincarnation of the IL-14 Workhorse, which started the post-war Civil Aviation of the USSR. History has begun a new round.
    1. archer20 Offline archer20
      archer20 (Dmitriy) 26 December 2020 17: 21
      +3
      Not really, in my opinion. The "original" Il-14 had a capacity of 32 passengers. And the new one has twice as much. More is not always better - where the Il-14 was especially in demand, the people did not become more. Therefore, it is either rare to fly, or to carry air. I hope that something will close this gap. The same as in the An-2 class.
      But the plane, of course, will find where to fly and who to carry. And I really hope for its engines. They will be reliable and durable.
  5. Jacques sekavar Offline Jacques sekavar
    Jacques sekavar (Jacques Sekavar) 14 January 2021 00: 32
    +1
    The state is provided with livestock carriers of foreign production for years to come, and in order to start stitching, aircraft of local lines of the An-2 type and transport aircraft are required to deliver goods to hard-to-reach regions such as Il-112