They want to solve the water problem of Crimea in the traditional way


Despite the fact that the dry summer has been left behind, the problem of water supply in Crimea remains urgent. Due to its shortage, water is still supplied there in a limited mode, for several hours, in the morning and in the evening. Let's face it, not the best conditions for an all-Russian resort, granary and health resort. And it is completely incomprehensible when all this will end.


To call a spade a spade, after Ukraine closed the North Crimean Canal, the Kremlin faced only three realistic options for solving the water supply problem: to throw a pipeline from the neighboring Krasnodar Territory, to build desalination plants on the coast of the peninsula, or to declare Kiev's actions as genocide and military force to take control of the water supply infrastructure, threatening to further advance inland in case of attempts to block. They did not build the water supply system, since there is already a shortage of normal fresh water in the Kuban. We are clearly afraid to go to war with Ukraine, although there is a clear example of Israel, which was able to "squeeze" the Golan Heights from Syria, and now has also achieved recognition of them from the United States. OK, let's forget it. Then what about the desalination plants for which the same Israel became famous, which managed to turn into a "water superpower" in the arid region without any nuclear power plants?

Their construction suggests itself, but it seems that President Putin himself put an end to this topic at a recent press conference:

I think this can only be done pointwise, because desalination is quite an expensive pleasure. This can fit into the water supply tariff. In general, regional leaders believe that this will be ineffective for widespread use.

Quite a controversial statement. Of course, an ocean of electricity is used to desalinate seawater, but this is a solvable problem. On the one hand, it is not clear why the head of state will not propose to introduce subsidizing tariffs "for desalination" from the federal budget personally for the Crimeans, since this region within the Russian Federation has a difficult history? On the other hand, there are options for how you can reduce the cost of desalination.

More than once, the aforementioned Israelis somehow managed to do without atomic energy, which is considered the cheapest, but Russia is ahead of the rest of the planet in the construction of safe nuclear power plants, and we have the cards in our hands. In Soviet times, there was a project to build a nuclear power plant in the Crimea, but after the Chernobyl disaster, it was frozen. Perhaps today it is really not worth building a nuclear power plant in the resort region, but there are other alternatives. For example, the idea has been voiced more than once to adapt compact nuclear reactors of the same type that are operated at nuclear submarines to the needs of desalination plants.

There is also another option. A floating nuclear power plant "Akademik Lomonosov" with a capacity of 70 MW has been created in our country. Now it works in Chukotka, where in the future it is supposed to replace the Bilibino nuclear power plant and the coal-fired power plant. Rosatom plans to build up to 7 such mobile power plants. If the Akademik is to be overtaken to the shores of the Crimea, where the appropriate infrastructure is promptly prepared, then for the next 12 years the floating nuclear power plant will be able to make its significant contribution to the supply of electricity to desalination plants. Accordingly, an order will appear for the construction of new stations. It is clear that all this is very expensive, some complex solutions are possible, but this fundamentally solves the very problem of water supply to the peninsula. By the way, for the residents of Chukotka, where Akademik Lomonosov earned, the cost of a kilowatt did not increase, since it is subsidized by the state. Desalination of sea water for Crimea is no longer a question economic feasibility and cost of a kilowatt, and national security.

However, we are taking a different path. In the next four years, 48 ​​billion rubles will be allocated to solve this problem. Within the framework of this plan, the main emphasis is on the exploration and production of water from underground horizons by drilling new wells, the construction of water intake facilities on the Belbek River near Sevastopol, as well as desalination plants, of course, "point". Meanwhile, the situation is critical. It got to the point that it is necessary to pump water into the empty reservoirs from almost any neighboring "puddle": quarries and ponds. And this is hardly a reasonable decision. For example, in the Belbek River, the water is dirty, and agricultural fertilizers can be washed into it. The water on the peninsula from the measures taken no longer becomes, it is simply transferred from one place to another. The most accurate comparison will be with Trishkin's caftan.

But what will happen if this winter is also with little snow, and the next summer is hot and dry? And if this happens again in another year? For Crimea, 2-3 dry years in a row is practically the norm. And if we take into account the factor of climate change? What then?
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  1. Igor Pavlovich Offline Igor Pavlovich
    Igor Pavlovich (Igor Pavlovich) 18 December 2020 17: 25
    -6
    Putin has already understood everything and has merged Malorosia, Novorosiya, and Donbass, and will soon merge Crimea - as the song says - it is not beer that is killing people, water is killing people ...
    1. Fourth Horseman Offline Fourth Horseman
      Fourth Horseman (Fourth Horseman) 18 December 2020 17: 32
      +2
      Farmers' hopes are nourished.
    2. bear040 Offline bear040
      bear040 18 December 2020 20: 58
      +2
      In our area, Edro merged in the last elections, and at such a rate Putin can merge too ... And there is God, maybe in the Dnieper the water from the Russian Federation will be cut off for the little ones, let's see how you sing when the geese start wading across the Dnieper near Kiev ...
      1. ODRAP Offline ODRAP
        ODRAP (Alexey) 19 December 2020 19: 01
        -2
        Do you think that if the Dnieper dries up near Kiev, then water will be added to the Crimea? bully
        1. bear040 Offline bear040
          bear040 23 December 2020 19: 25
          +3
          I think that when you start turning the turbines of the Dnieper Hydroelectric Power Station with handhelds, your mind will increase and you will begin to think how to negotiate with the Russian Federation so that geese do not wade across the Dnieper near Kiev. And then you look and recognize Crimea as a part of the Russian Federation and Kherson ... Here the mathematics is simple - If the Dnieper water does not go to Crimea, then the Russian Federation is not obliged to fill the Dnieper with water, especially for free.
  2. Igor Berg Offline Igor Berg
    Igor Berg (Igor Berg) 18 December 2020 17: 33
    +1
    in the eighth year, they just remembered about the exploration of horizons ... that at such a pace NASA and ESA on Mars will find water faster ... liquid
  3. ODRAP Offline ODRAP
    ODRAP (Alexey) 18 December 2020 18: 11
    -4
    Well, it's good at least to "make war", so no longer.
    What is Kuban? It has long been dry. Here already, Don and Volga dry up. To drag the pipe from the Krasnodar outskirts is to kill her.
    Ergo? Watermakers. The nuclear power plant will not be allowed to be dragged through inland water bodies only, through the Straits.
    Build ... five years? I do not remember. There are no desalination plants, a la Israeli. We must ask, because the sanctions. After the turbines, no Siemens will reach the middle of the Kerch Strait.
    In vain, the dear Mr. Marzhetsky, did not paint in more detail what is known to many, to those who did not take a walk at school. "The water cycle in nature" was called. repeat
    Where is the water in Crimea from? So there are two sources - rivers and underground. Both, from the atmosphere, just underground layers accumulated the leaked atmospheric moisture.
    And after all, enough! That's just, lived there then, from 300 to 700 thousand, maximum. And there were no washers and karchers at the sinks.
    And when they brought in people, after 45, there was not enough ... And they built the Canal. Contrary to myths, the construction site was of a republican level, crumbs were given from the union budget. And people were building, local.
    And then, the Canal, not only poured reservoirs, it filled underground lenses for decades.
    Which are now, predatory sucked. And emptiness, nature does not tolerate, and salty water came.
    Now, to re-fill with fresh, it will be necessary to pump out for years, making room for fresh ...
    Filled in for decades, ditched in three years.
  4. Afinogen Offline Afinogen
    Afinogen (Afinogen) 18 December 2020 18: 16
    +4
    Everything can be done much easier and even much cheaper. To send "polite people" to the Kherson region and hold a referendum on joining Russia and that's it, the water went in any quantity. I know for sure in the Kherson region everyone only dreams of returning to their native harbor.
    1. ODRAP Offline ODRAP
      ODRAP (Alexey) 19 December 2020 19: 08
      -4
      Run, what really. You yourself, will you go in the forefront?
      You will be greeted by impolite, even rude people, but they will show you just polite and quiet. And they will play beautiful sad music ... bully
      How many times have already explained: even if, suddenly, to supply water to the Canal, to the Dzhankoy itself, pumping it upwards, and pouring it all the way to the South Coast, there is nothing, no one, and nothing.
      The pumping stations are ditched, the pumps are plundered, the channel of the Channel is overgrown with forest, and where the slabs are stolen ...
      But for you, instead of building YOUR OWN, it is better to steal the ALIEN ...
      1. Afinogen Offline Afinogen
        Afinogen (Afinogen) 19 December 2020 21: 15
        +3
        You just need to tell the people of Kherson that we will join Russia and do nothing else, they themselves will catch all the Banderlog and put them back in cages (after all, someone was smart enough to release them) And we will fix the channel, it will be even better than before.

        Quote: ODRAP
        But for you, instead of building YOUR OWN, it is better to steal the ALIEN ...

        What stranger ??? request I give a reference. The Kherson region has been Russia all its life, as well as Nikolaev, Odessa and all the lands up to the Dnieper. Lenin gave it away for some reason. So the time will come, everything will return to normal, there is no doubt about it.
        1. ODRAP Offline ODRAP
          ODRAP (Alexey) 21 December 2020 00: 30
          -2
          Come, I'll give you MegaFon ...
          So loudly, on the main square of Kherson ... laughing
          Be sure to fix it. Cover the channel with a nanofilm and cover it with a nanodome.
          Dada, all my life.
          Was it Russia? What is this? A country? There is no such. There was the Russian Empire, there was the Russian Social FED.Sov.Republic, there is the Russian Federation. Russia, no.
          The word Russian is an adjective everywhere. Attached to something. Maybe first to Russia, and now to Ukraine? bully
          And if you delve into history, it turns out that Moscow and its environs, before becoming the ulus of the Golden Horde, were behind the regular settlements of Russia.
          Look, we will exact arrears, not we, so the Mongols ... drinks
  5. Binder Offline Binder
    Binder (Miron) 18 December 2020 18: 36
    -6
    In 2014. when the Kremlin was celebrating the successful operation of the Russian special services that annexed the peninsula to the Russian Federation, and the proud “Crimea is ours!” sounded triumphant throughout Russia, no one in a frenzy of patriotism understood that the annexation of Crimea would turn out in this way. The strategists in Moscow planned to tear away from Ukraine not only Crimea and a piece of Donbass, but the territory from Kharkov to Odessa, to Transnistria itself, the entire south of Ukraine, the coast of the Black and Azov Seas, including the southern part of the Dnieper, from where water was pumped into the North Crimean Canal ... However, it turned out as in an old joke - "Well, I didn’t do it!" It was then possible to carry out the annexation of Crimea, to turn part of the Donetsk and Luhansk regions into war-torn disaster areas, and most of the Russian-speaking Ukraine did not support the separatists. As a result, Crimea for the Russian Federation has turned into a kind of suitcase without a handle - it is difficult to drag and throw it away. The best solution to the issue of water supply to the peninsula would be the construction of modern large-scale desalination plants, all other methods will only aggravate the ecological catastrophe, turn Crimea into an arid barren wasteland over the next few years. So, has Putin outplayed everyone here too? negative
  6. 123 Offline 123
    123 (123) 18 December 2020 18: 53
    +4
    the Kremlin had only three realistic options for solving the water supply problem: to throw a pipeline from the neighboring Krasnodar Territory, to build desalination plants on the coast of the peninsula, or to declare Kiev's actions as genocide and to take control of the water supply infrastructure by military force, threatening to further advance inland in the event of attempts to block it.

    They did not build the water pipeline, since there is already a shortage of normal fresh water in the Kuban.

    Do you think this option is realistic? Build a pipe to a region where there is no excess water to fill it? Quite a strange idea of ​​realism. sad

    We are clearly afraid to go to war with Ukraine, although there is an illustrative example of Israel, which was able to "squeeze" the Golan Heights from Syria, and now has also gained recognition from the United States.

    Remind you how the Golan ended up in Israel? Or do you think that Israel did not have enough water and started a war for this territory? Are you suggesting that we also start a war with Ukraine, seize part of the territory, and ideally gain recognition from the United States? belay Is the recognition of the USA an achievement for you? Don't you think that this is Kholui psychology? Who is the United States to seek their approval? By the way, it is quite curious what methods you plan to use to achieve this recognition ... smile

    Of course, an ocean of electricity is used to desalinate seawater, but this is a solvable problem.

    True? Were you able to solve it? Will you publish the research results?

    On the one hand, it is not clear why the head of state does not propose to introduce subsidizing tariffs "for desalination" from the federal budget for the Crimeans personally, since this region within the Russian Federation has a difficult history?

    Why do we need economic feasibility request true? Let's grow rice in Crimea in spite of all adversaries and subsidize it from the budget.

    On the other hand, there are options for how you can reduce the cost of desalination.

    Read the entire list please. winked

    More than once, the aforementioned Israelis somehow managed to do without atomic energy, which is considered the cheapest, but Russia is ahead of the rest of the planet in the construction of safe nuclear power plants, and we have the cards in our hands.

    He opened a bourgeois Google, he still claims that a cube of water in Israel costs 7,369 shekels or 167,21 rubles, in Crimea it costs 31,55 rubles. I doubt that the Crimeans will be happy with the water that has risen in price by 5 times.
    Building a nuclear power plant in a resort area is far from the best idea. There will be only one benefit from it, you can endlessly write articles about the stupidity of the country's leadership who thoughtlessly built nuclear power plants and how this negatively affects tourism.

    Desalination of sea water for Crimea is no longer a matter of economic feasibility and cost of a kilowatt, but of national security.

    Who told you such nonsense? The problem can be easily solved by "traditional" methods.

    But what will happen if this winter is also with little snow, and the next summer is hot and dry? And if this happens again in another year? For Crimea, 2-3 dry years in a row is practically the norm. And if we take into account the factor of climate change? What then?

    Maybe we should play it safe and build desalination plants all over the country? Are you suggesting this? By the way, what about "world experience"? Are other countries with similar climatic conditions preoccupied with building desalination plants?
    1. Alexzn Offline Alexzn
      Alexzn (Alexander) 20 December 2020 15: 10
      -1
      He opened a bourgeois Google, he still claims that a cube of water in Israel costs 7,369 shekels or 167,21 rubles, in Crimea it costs 31,55 rubles. I doubt that the Crimeans will be happy with the water that has risen in price by 5 times.

      A very mechanical comparison. After all, you will not offer the Crimeans not to go by bus because in Israel the fare in cities is 150 rubles ...
      It is clear that desalinated water is not the cheapest pleasure, because not from a good life. And the cost of desalination in Crimea will be much cheaper than in Israel (according to the logic of the existing pricing system).
      1. 123 Offline 123
        123 (123) 20 December 2020 15: 50
        +2
        A very mechanical comparison. After all, you will not offer the Crimeans not to travel by bus because in Israel the fare in cities is 150 rubles.

        Of course not, but it will be difficult to explain to them the increase in ticket prices by 6 times. Our fare is 25-30. 150 it is already possible for a taxi ride.

        It is clear that desalinated water is not the cheapest pleasure, because not from a good life.

        Is life really that bad? I mean, how big is the need for desalination? The climate is still different. If there is simply nowhere to take water from you, in Crimea it is enough to put things in order in the communal services. If this does not completely solve the problem, it will significantly reduce its severity. For example, I saw the hoses laid under the trees, maybe in the Crimea it is worth adopting this experience and not watering it from the tank of a water carrier. This is me for an example, I hope you understand what I mean.

        And the cost of desalination in Crimea will be much cheaper than in Israel (according to the logic of the existing pricing system).

        Perhaps, but it will definitely be much more expensive than it is now. All the same, I think it is necessary to change pipelines, develop the reuse of treated wastewater, and so on. Do not get excited and thoughtlessly build nuclear reactors along the resort coast.
  7. zloybond Offline zloybond
    zloybond (steppenwolf) 18 December 2020 23: 41
    0
    All academicians urgently go to the nomads for practice, let them learn to desalinate water from the Kazakhs.
  8. Vladimir Tuzakov (Vladimir Tuzakov) 19 December 2020 12: 47
    +1
    England, as you know, is an island, and for centuries has been living with a shortage of fresh water, so we need to learn from them. The first is to find their reserves, in Crimea only water losses are more than 50% (precipitation and losses of storage and water supply), this is one of the sources of replenishment. Secondly, water must be distinguished into drinking and technical water, and the prices for them must be different, everywhere water metering (meters) and payment is appropriate, then savings will appear. Additionally, you can use closed solar watermakers for private needs, they are not complicated and not expensive on free solar energy, and several buckets of distilled drinking water per yard daily (multiplying by thousands), also an increase ... Of course, look for opportunities to obtain large volumes of water, this is it won't work out fast, but work for the future ...
  9. Cucumbers Offline Cucumbers
    Cucumbers (Cucumbers) 19 December 2020 19: 02
    +1
    I don’t know how in Crimea, but in Sevastopol there are no problems with water. It goes from the crane around the clock and even in high-rise buildings on the upper floors. There is a problem and it is being solved: the Belbek reservoir is being built at an accelerated pace. The bottom is being concreted. The soil there is light, not rocky. There are underground springs, but I disagree with the author about the desalination of sea water. You don't need it. In addition to electricity, there is also the problem of processing brine (experts call everything that is obtained besides desalinated water), it is forbidden to dump it into the sea. In general, there is no decadent mood here, no one has yet regretted the choice in favor of Russia. The people are actively building up. Such areas are built up, just holes I never thought that they would get to them. Who is smarter among the Ukrainians has already moved here. I think that the nationally preoccupied is simply strangled by a toad. And what are the roads and infrastructure, you need to see a lot of changes with your own eyes
  10. Anton Poluektov Offline Anton Poluektov
    Anton Poluektov (Anton Poluektov) 19 December 2020 21: 23
    +1
    The floating nuclear power plant is very efficient, especially since, as far as can be judged from the media, a project of an optimized floating power unit with a nuclear installation is being developed. Soon there will be many places like that to work.