The bitter experience of the Chechen war: why a unique BMPT was created in Russia


The Russian army has received the first 8 units of BMPT "Terminator" for army tests - according to Defense News, military technique entered the 90th tank division stationed in Chelyabinsk. Why does Russia need a unique tank support combat vehicle (nothing like this in the troops of NATO countries), says Popular Mechanics.


The chassis of the T-90 tank was used as the basis of the BMPT; in place of the tower there are various weapons systems. The Terminator is equipped with two 30-mm 2A42 automatic cannons, two AGD-12 automatic grenade launchers, four 9M120-1 “Attack” missiles for destroying tanks, some models also have a 7,62-mm remote-controlled machine gun. Covered with powerful armor, the crew of the combat vehicle consists of 5 people.

The main purpose of the BMPT is to search, find and destroy enemy anti-tank weapons during a battle. The Terminator was designed in the late 80s, but it was remembered after the Chechen war of 1994-1995, during which militants in the city destroyed many tanks of the Russian Armed Forces, unable to protect themselves from attacks from terrorists shooting from above - Russian and Soviet tanks had a low landing, which made it almost impossible to move the gun barrel vertically. The armament of the new BMPT is capable of effectively attacking the positions of enemies entrenched on a hill. The bitter experience of the war in Chechnya forced Russia to return to the need to create the Terminator.

NATO troops rely heavily on anti-tank infantry, and a vehicle like the Terminator could in principle be useful in the future.

- notes the American edition.
  • Photos used: Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation
9 comments
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  1. That's what the army benefits from from wars - all the holes will pop out at once!
  2. Vladimir Tuzakov (Vladimir Tuzakov) 10 December 2020 16: 49
    +1
    The main criterion for evaluating samples is the use in a combat situation with different opponents. What is suitable for bandit formations will not suit the enemy's high-tech army ... Therefore, to develop different options, especially with the use of jointly different UAVs - shock, reconnaissance ... It seems that the "terminators" will replace MBT tanks, both in terms of high-precision fire , and versatility ...
  3. Bitter Offline Bitter
    Bitter (Gleb) 11 December 2020 11: 01
    +1
    The bitter experience of the Chechen war ...

    But something suggests that the army at that time could quite successfully cope with all the tasks available at that time with the technical means. It was a matter of planning, execution and political influence (betrayal) of some figures on the actions of the military, both from the Ministry of Defense and from the Kremlin.
    The vehicle is good, but it cannot replace the infantry.
    1. Vladimir Tuzakov (Vladimir Tuzakov) 12 December 2020 19: 54
      +1
      Gleb. Now the infantry of the Armed Forces is only for securing the areas that have been cleaned up, otherwise the losses will go off scale (demonstrative actions of the American Air Force and against the same Syrians with Wagnerians) ... In the guerrilla warfare gangs that are hiding behind the civilian population, specialized police forces should fight this, perhaps Rosgvardia, - for why such a whopper was created ... But in the article the mentioned "terminator" is suitable for all cases ...
      1. Bitter Offline Bitter
        Bitter (Gleb) 13 December 2020 19: 35
        0
        I'm talking about a "bitter" experience, it would not be so bitter if, after the start of hostilities, the military were simply given the opportunity to conduct their operations according to their plans, without shouts from the Kremlin and petty betrayals and frames from ministries and various spills of committees and ombudsmen. The same American military, if they start major operations, then all other departments quietly smoke on the sidelines and watch if they are allowed. Since they value the life of their soldiers first of all, and not what someone and somewhere thinks or writes.

        But in the article the mentioned "terminator" is suitable for all cases ...

        Naturally suitable, but not a substitute.
        1. Vladimir Tuzakov (Vladimir Tuzakov) 14 December 2020 13: 07
          +3
          The MBT cannon no longer fulfills its main task - anti-tank weapons, and more for solving general combat tasks, therefore lighter and most importantly guided missile ammunition from light multi-charge launchers becomes preferable ... "Terminators" at the first stage of development, then the set of weapons will change and so on, but he will be given anticipation ...
          1. Bitter Offline Bitter
            Bitter (Gleb) 15 December 2020 02: 19
            +1
            The MBT cannon no longer fulfills its main task ...

            So what, it means you need to adjust. New ammunition is needed, the cannon can be rationalized, the maximum firing angle, for example, can be increased. If anything, the tanks will fight again. After the first wave of the eforia of the outbreak of hostilities, the prose of the war will begin. And there is not a fact that the industry will be able to rivet high-tech equipment like those 34 at one time. It is the same with aircraft and other weapons. So the same 72s still have a good chance, especially if the crew is smart and will not hope for it.
            1. Vladimir Tuzakov (Vladimir Tuzakov) 15 December 2020 12: 58
              +1
              The shooting of Armenian tanks (in any places) in Karabakh did not give you any conclusions ... Back in the Iran-Iraq war of 1980, a couple of helicopter squadrons (Cobras) thwarted the Iraqi offensive, destroying more than 60 Iraqi MBTs in a few days ... Even then it became visible sunset MBT, but the backlog of a thousand MBT in the USSR has nowhere to go, so today they are modernizing this reserve ... Too many anti-tank weapons and too low the relative cost effectiveness of MBT in combat use. In a war with weakly armed band formations, the MBT is no longer so significant, in the presence of ATGMs (TOU-2, etc.). The fate of the MBT is similar to the fate of the cavalry in the middle of the 20th century. it's time to abandon old ideas and delve into today's and tomorrow's weapons and tactics ...
              1. Bitter Offline Bitter
                Bitter (Gleb) 16 December 2020 00: 10
                -1
                ..the shooting of Armenian tanks ...
                ... MBT Iraq ...
                ... it's time to give up ...

                I disagree. For example, in response to some pair of squadrons, you can send a couple of tactical charges to the takeoff sites of these same squadrons and voila - the helicopter war ended before it could begin. So it continued along the spiral, until the very last helicopter plant. The Armenians did not cover their tanks practically in any way, because there was nothing or they did not allow it. The Iraqis also did not manage without a conspiracy of the generals. The same Soviet Union, its leaders collapsed by common efforts without any war. It's not about tactical weapons, but primarily about people. It is not enough to have advanced weapons, you need to be able to use it competently and effectively, and the main thing is to have the will to do it. MBT will still fight, the tactics of application and support need to be revised.
                1. Vladimir Tuzakov (Vladimir Tuzakov) 17 December 2020 12: 16
                  0
                  In short: Terminator, this is an MBT without a cannon and with a different set of weapons. The tank gun is more successfully replaced by the SPG ...