Russia went all-in on the revival of national shipbuilding


In recent years, Russia has been feverishly trying to revive the domestic civil shipbuilding and has been able to achieve some success in this. However, the complex of problems facing this industry is so great that the plans of the authorities cause undisguised skepticism among the Western expert community.


In the next 15 years, the Russian government expects that the portfolio of orders for civilian ships will increase sixfold, amounting to 2,3 trillion rubles. The plans are very ambitious, and today Russia is among the world leaders in terms of order volumes, about which we are in detail told earlier. Icebreakers, ice-class vessels, dry cargo vessels, trawlers and other vessels are under construction. However, the volume of orders should not be confused with the volume of actual production. Alas, by and large, domestic shipbuilding is uncompetitive compared to Chinese, South Korean or Japanese, where a huge container ship or tanker takes up to two years, and in Russia a much more modest ship can be built for 5-7 years. At a recent government meeting, the head of the Cabinet of Ministers Mikhail Mishustin himself admitted that Russian shipbuilders were de facto uncompetitive. What is the reason for this lag?

The origins of this unfortunate phenomenon are clearly visible in the example of the program for the construction of small fishing trawlers, which, in theory, should not present any special problems. But they do. Thus, the specialized Western edition of Seafood Source stated:

The Russian government's ambitious plan to modernize its national fishing fleet with an investment quota incentive program that links quota allocation to investment in new vessels at Russian shipyards is likely to be delayed.

Experts attribute this to the fact that Russian shipbuilding companies are unable to build fishing vessels within the timeframes stipulated by the program's charter. And this is not the machinations of enemy propaganda. Sergei Mitin, representing the relevant committee of the Federation Council, confirms that last year there was a postponement of the deadlines for four contracts, this year - for seven, and next year it is expected to adjust the deadlines for at least five contracts. The dates are disrupted and shifted to the right continuously, this is a fact. There are several reasons for this.

At first, there is a large shortage of professional staff. There are more than enough people who know how to "effectively" manage from the offices, but there are not so many who can do something sensible with their hands, for example, weld or solder. Technical education and specialties are not in vogue these days, and for a long time, this is the result.

Secondly, the dependence on imported components is still very high. This, on the one hand, leads to an increase in the cost of production in the context of the devaluation of the ruble, on the other hand, from time to time you have to sit and wait for the delivery of equipment from abroad. It is necessary to develop new projects that can be pulled out only on their own.

Good news it can be considered that the government has decided to create a kind of competence center for shipbuilding equipment, which will have to coordinate the interaction between shipyards, component manufacturers and design offices. If this structure can effectively link them together by comprehensively approaching the solution of the above problems, this will be a real and big step forward in the revival of the national civil shipbuilding.
27 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. Bulanov Offline Bulanov
    Bulanov (Vladimir) 4 December 2020 15: 40
    0
    And Nikolaev shipyards stand without orders! The people have massive unemployment. Ay, Ukraine, why did you refuse to build Russian ships?
    1. Marzhecki Offline Marzhecki
      Marzhecki (Sergei) 5 December 2020 08: 56
      0
      You can counter asking why the Kremlin abandoned Nikolaev and his shipyard?
      1. ODRAP Offline ODRAP
        ODRAP (Alexey) 6 December 2020 02: 12
        -6
        And the Kremlin was offered Nikolaev?
        1. Shuravy Offline Shuravy
          Shuravy (Shuravy) 7 December 2020 20: 02
          +1
          ..., they just didn't bring it on a platter with a blue border.
          1. ODRAP Offline ODRAP
            ODRAP (Alexey) 9 December 2020 04: 01
            -3
            Dada, we bought all the flowers in the stalls.
    2. Nikolay Boldetsov 6 December 2020 05: 24
      +1
      In Ukraine, only coffins can be built ...
  2. The comment was deleted.
  3. 123 Offline 123
    123 (123) 4 December 2020 16: 30
    +3
    In recent years, Russia has been frantically trying to revive the domestic civil shipbuilding

    What does feverish mean? Systematic, purposeful revival and development of the industry. Feverishly you can throw an article on Monday after a hectic weekend.

    Alas, by and large, domestic shipbuilding is uncompetitive compared to Chinese, South Korean or Japanese, where a huge container ship or tanker takes up to two years, and in Russia a much more modest ship can be built for 5-7 years.

    What a shame, we are lagging behind the three leaders .. Dashing trouble is the beginning .... How are the others doing with this? I'm not talking about the Baltic states sawing trawlers and an agrarian superpower Where is the "mistress of the seas"? Where is the bulwark of democracy of tolerance? Why are the Anglo-Saxons not in the top three? Do the pale-faced grow decrepit?
    1. Bitter Offline Bitter
      Bitter (Gleb) 6 December 2020 17: 16
      +2
      What does feverish mean? Planned, purposeful revival ...

      "Feverishly" probably means the same as "broke". Before starting to revive it, colossal efforts were made to stop it.

      What a shame, we are falling behind ...

      Guinean friend and rushing -
      More and more backlog -
      Well, I hope to come
      Second breath to me.

      I'm looking for the third,
      The fourth breath, -
      Well, I'm on the fifth cut
      Guinean distance!


      Why, having only the seas and Oikians around, threw the industry at the mercy of hucksters and swindlers, and now, with incredible efforts, they began to "revive". Only, gentlemen, they decided to wash the stolen goods from the people.

      Do the pale-faced grow decrepit?

      "Childish babble", why nod at the pale-faced. They did not sell their ships and boats for a pittance, neither on the left, nor for scrap? And the Balts, so in general - about anything, these "leading" economies on the map without glasses and a magnifying glass can not be found.
      So let the "market" continue to "settle" everything.
      1. 123 Offline 123
        123 (123) 6 December 2020 18: 17
        +4
        "Feverishly" probably means the same as "broke". Before starting to revive it, colossal efforts were made to stop it.

        Feverishly means as with a fever, in a figurative sense hastily, hastily, fidgety. In this case, we have long-term development paragrams linked to related industries.
        As a rule, they revive what is lost. If you are saying that "it was not necessary to break", then I do not mind. After each such "cataclysm" everything falls into decay. It was no better in 1917. And I absolutely do not want something new.
        In all fairness, it is believed that the decline in volumes in certain areas of shipbuilding began in the mid-70s of the last century.

        https://studfile.net/preview/3208670/

        So I can’t assume that there were no problems in shipbuilding under the USSR, many civilians and partly military were bought abroad. In addition, a huge part of the shipbuilding industry in 1991 remained abroad and this news pleases me.

        https://vz.ru/economy/2020/11/9/1069247.html

        Why, having only the seas and Oikians around, threw the industry at the mercy of hucksters and swindlers, and now, with incredible efforts, they began to "revive". Only, gentlemen, they decided to wash the stolen goods from the people.

        You ask such interesting questions ... I do not mind. Ask this question to those who destroyed the USSR. If they were not Martians, they had a direct relationship to the ruling party.

        "Childish babble", why nod at the pale-faced. They didn’t sell their ships and boats for a pittance, neither on the left, nor for scrap?
        And the Balts, so in general - about anything, these "leading" economies on the map without glasses and a magnifying glass can not be found.
        So let the "market" continue to "settle" everything.

        At whom do you propose to nod? Industry leaders China, Japan, South Korea. We do not reach them. With whom do you propose to compare? Well, for objectivity, to see how things are going? It was for these reasons that the Tribalts were dismissed.
        Yes, the Anglo-Saxons did not cut the court ... You speak as if I did it .... So I did not dance lezginka over the monument to Dzerzhinskogm.

        So let the "market" continue to "settle" everything.

        You cannot please. They sawed badly, they started building again, I don't like it. laughing
        1. Bitter Offline Bitter
          Bitter (Gleb) 7 December 2020 13: 30
          +2
          In this case, we have ...

          Literally and figuratively. Of course, at first "we" squander this very national economy right and left, we steal. we sell and recycle. Then, having tightly filled our pockets with banknotes and pocketing the depreciated assets, we suddenly discover the "decline" of the industry and again pump budget money, only "transparently" straight into our pocket. Thief in a square and in a cube, if not higher. wassat

          It was no better in 1917.

          I don’t know, I don’t live, someone (most likely) was still better, otherwise it would not have taken root. Until now, all these "volunteer" or if normal volunteer actions on the scale in which they are carried out throughout the country, these are the "forgotten" echoes of that very "senseless and evil" system. In "normal" capitalism, this also works, of course, but the scales are completely different.

          I can't believe that there were no problems in shipbuilding under the USSR ...

          And where they were not, these problems. There were both in the west and in the east in the same way. But, somehow, all the other states worried about their "state" property, fought and continue to do so. yes

          a huge part of the shipbuilding industry in 1991 remained abroad ...

          It would be more accurate to say that this part, like many others, including people, was banally thrown beyond the same "line" by drawing a new one.

          They sawed badly, they started building again, I don't like it. laughing

          That's the problem, there is no consistency in all actions. Neither inside nor outside. They used to write plans, but now they draw creative, unparalleled transparent roadmaps. Who knows where the curve will lead tomorrow?
          1. 123 Offline 123
            123 (123) 7 December 2020 16: 24
            +3
            Being a captain is obvious and telling that in 1991 everything was ruined and how bad I can too. It's not entirely clear what you want from me? That I would stand up for them and tell them what a fellow Chubais is? So it is, sorry to the wrong address. What I would urge everyone to do a new coup immediately, again, this is not for me. I don't like such events and, as a rule, they do not benefit the country. And I also have some shading on the effectiveness of the Soviet economy. There were also disadvantages. They were "doing business" before purchasing grain from the Americans. It was also invented to drive gas and oil to Europe in those days, only now they manage without bourgeois pipes, and then they were exclusively imported.
            I personally watched all this, saw how five-year plans are being fulfilled, products that no one needs are stamped, I remember empty stores, at gas stations, hoses tied into a knot during the harvest season. How they dragged everyone from work, some with bags, some with cars. And the articles in the Criminal Code for theft are two different, and for the state they gave more, and people practically did not consider it a theft. Everything around is collective farm, everything around is mine ... Is that a familiar expression? The plans were written no worse than road maps, but where the curve took it is known. hi
            1. Bitter Offline Bitter
              Bitter (Gleb) 8 December 2020 01: 37
              +2
              I often read confessions about how bad, empty, corrupt and immoral everything was under the Soviets. I also often catch myself thinking that they tell me stories about some other country. Storytellers from the central regions are especially surprising. But this is understandable, because for them the 90s were the most golden ones.

              where the curve took out is known.

              Definitely. Betrayal at the highest level, the saying about everything around the collective farm came true in the person of Boris Nikolaich and his camarilla. Grabber's dreams have come true, nothing more. Everything else is babbling "experts" trying to justify betrayal and clothe in a scientifically grounded framework. That's all. Today, Yeltsin's initiatives are alive and well, they have simply been streamlined a little and given a "friendly" look, but they have become much more efficient in extracting resources from the country that belong, in principle, to descendants.
  4. Sergey Latyshev Offline Sergey Latyshev
    Sergey Latyshev (Serge) 4 December 2020 16: 36
    +3
    In principle, right.
    If a new business is started, there will certainly be disagreements at the beginning.
    Only so that there was no window dressing, or even there were already plans, and Peskov's daughter went to the shipyard, steer, and

    The dates are missed and moved to the right continuously ...

    And the children of Peskov and K cannot be made to "cook or solder" ...
  5. ioan-e Offline ioan-e
    ioan-e (Boris) 4 December 2020 16: 48
    +3
    The "Western expert community" goes on an erotic journey on foot! And only those who do nothing have no problems! Let their "Gerald, his mother Ford" be discussed, which for 11 years will not be completed in any way, and these are people from the "city on the hill" who, as they say, farts with Chanel!
  6. Dmitry Donskoy Offline Dmitry Donskoy
    Dmitry Donskoy (Dmitry Donskoy) 4 December 2020 16: 52
    0
    Nobody needs it. Will be taken away or plundered
  7. gorenina91 Offline gorenina91
    gorenina91 (Irina) 4 December 2020 17: 24
    -3
    Russia went all-in on the revival of national shipbuilding

    In the next 15 years, the Russian government expects that the portfolio of orders for civilian ships will increase sixfold, amounting to 2,3 trillion rubles. The plans are very ambitious, and today Russia is among the world leaders in terms of order volumes

    - Are they going to appoint Chubais, who is being removed from his previous post, to lead all this ...
    - And what ... - the amounts of the amounts are quite suitable ... - just right ...

    The good news is that the government has decided to create a kind of competence center for shipbuilding equipment, which should coordinate the interaction between shipyards, component manufacturers and design offices. If this structure can effectively link them together by comprehensively approaching the solution of the above problems, this will be a real and big step forward in the revival of the national civil shipbuilding.

    - That's right ... just right it will fit for Chubais ... - Then such "steamers"; or even altogether ... -the paper boats will start to launch ... -then you won't find the ends ... -and where did the people's trillions go ??? - Because Chubais's finale has long been known ... is all the ends - in ... in ... in the water ...
  8. RFR Offline RFR
    RFR (RFR) 4 December 2020 23: 58
    +5
    It is necessary to train specialists, and not to produce millions of economists, lawyers, actors ...
  9. Potapov Offline Potapov
    Potapov (Valery) 5 December 2020 10: 05
    +2
    Convenient flags were hung on the Union fleet and the fleet disappeared. Do you think that something has changed in capitalism - we will sleep everything new too ...
    1. Ibuprofen Offline Ibuprofen
      Ibuprofen (Novel) 5 December 2020 12: 52
      +3
      Quote: Potapov
      hung up flags of convenience and the fleet perished.

      Do you think just like that, out of harm, brought the fleet under the flags? It is not profitable to work under the Russian flag, you will give "uncle" much more than you put in your pocket.
      And building ships in Russia is not profitable. For the same reasons, + low quality.
      1. Bitter Offline Bitter
        Bitter (Gleb) 6 December 2020 18: 15
        +2
        So fishing is not profitable, the Japanese cope better with the Chinese and Koreans. It is necessary to continue in Yeltsin's way - "we'll buy everything" there ""?
        And we will also earn money "there" and leave it "there". And "here" is not profitable. good
        For the same reasons.
        1. Ibuprofen Offline Ibuprofen
          Ibuprofen (Novel) 9 December 2020 01: 13
          0
          So far it turns out so. The power that convinces us that we have chosen them does everything to make it unprofitable to work for us. Why do they need this - I do not understand.
  10. Archon Offline Archon
    Archon (Alexey) 5 December 2020 10: 08
    +3
    The statement that no one wants to work with his hands does not correspond to reality.
    The truth is, people don't want to work hard for low wages.
    As soon as there are good conditions and technical schools with a decent education, then young people will go to study and work.
  11. Nikolay Boldetsov 6 December 2020 05: 22
    +2
    The Soviet fishing fleet ordered to live long, and the Russian one died in childbirth ...
  12. Eugene Offline Eugene
    Eugene (Eugene) 6 December 2020 11: 26
    +1
    Nothing, patience and work will grind everything.
    1. Bitter Offline Bitter
      Bitter (Gleb) 7 December 2020 13: 46
      +1
      2,3 trillion rubles

      There is something, what and what to "rub" about. good
  13. volk.bosiy Offline volk.bosiy
    volk.bosiy (Volk Bosiy) 6 December 2020 18: 49
    +2
    Chubais is scum, he killed generations of workers and engineers ... that's the result ...
    1. Bitter Offline Bitter
      Bitter (Gleb) 7 December 2020 13: 52
      +1
      Well, he is not alone, do not flatter him so much. There is a whole cabinet of special, untouchable celestials, from the time of the Russian lamp of freedom and independence BNE, keeps its finger on the pulse.