Is Roscosmos capable of creating a replacement for the ISS?


In just five years, the ISS may cease to exist when the cost of its maintenance increases due to the increasing number of breakdowns, and the United States refuses to bear its share of the cost of maintenance. At the same time, the Americans are developing a project for their own near-moon station, and the Chinese are developing their own national near-earth orbital station. What then will be left with Russia, which in 2001 safely drowned "Mir"?


It has been known for a long time that not everything is in order on the ISS. The station has to constantly deal with air leaks, various equipment fails. RSC Energia Deputy Head Vladimir Soloviev commented on the situation in orbit as follows:

There are already a number of elements that have been seriously damaged and are out of service. Many of them cannot be replaced. After 2025, we predict an avalanche failure of numerous elements on board the ISS.

There is nothing particularly surprising here, since the station has been in operation since 1998, everything has its own resource. In theory, it can be extended until 2028 and even 2030. But what's next? The main burden of financing this project, despite its international status, lies with the United States. But the Americans are no longer so interested in the ISS. Since then, NASA has gained experience in the construction of an orbital station, astronauts have learned to stay in zero gravity for a long time, have carried out all the necessary research. The next logical step is the construction of a near-lunar visited station, which should serve as a "bounce space" for the exploration of the Moon, Mars and deep space. The first violin in this kind of international project is played by the United States, China is not allowed to it in principle, Russia can participate in it only in third roles.

The Chinese do not sit idly by either. They rapidly go through all stages of the space race, spending 2-3 times less time on them than before the USA and the USSR. "Imitation is the highest form of flattery," and Beijing flatters us a lot by copying Soviet and Russian Technology... Just a few days ago, a Chinese probe was successfully sent to the moon to obtain soil samples. The Celestial Empire prefers not to get involved with international cooperation, putting its own stations into orbit. Now "Tyangun-1" and "Tyangun-2" are already circling the Earth. By the end of 2020, it is planned to launch the first module of the third orbital station, which will consist of at least three modules. It is planned to complete its assembly by 2022.

It turns out that both the USA and China have their own national orbital projects, but what does Russia have? In 2001, allegedly due to funding problems and equipment obsolescence, the Soviet Mir was flooded. The budget did not find $ 200 million a year to maintain its operability, while the assembly of the ISS cost all participating countries a total of $ 120 billion. Today, servicing the Russian segment of an international station costs our country from 150 to 200 million dollars. Is it any wonder that RSC Energia proposed to re-create a national orbital station?

If implemented, the Russian Orbital Service Station (ROSS) will consist of five modules, including one "tourist" one. Due to a more convenient tilt angle than the ISS, the entire territory of Russia will be monitored from orbit, with special attention paid to the Arctic. From the station it will be possible to conduct not only observation of the "dual-purpose" Earth, but also to conduct scientific research. According to the head of Roscosmos Dmitry Rogozin, ROSS can become our gateway to space:

It should have the functions of repairing and refueling space complexes and become a kind of space launch complex for ships of long-range expeditions.

This initiative of RSC Energia can only be welcomed, but there are some difficult questions. First, there is not even a paper draft of the national station yet. KB im. Khrunichev, if such a task is set for him, he will have to start everything from scratch, and this is not a quick matter. Secondly, it is not clear what means to do all this. It will be expensive, very expensive, to develop, manufacture and launch a new station into orbit. According to the President of the Russian Academy of Sciences Alexander Sergeev, Moscow allocates 60 times less funds than NASA to finance scientific space. These programs are "cut" in the first place. Just think, by 2022 their funding will be reduced from 15 billion rubles (not dollars!) To 2,9 billion rubles. What kind of ROSS can we talk about today?

Seriously though, there are three real options. The first involves trying to enter the American project in third roles or in the Chinese project in the second. The second way allows joining forces with some third force, excluding the USA, EU and PRC. For example, India, which has its own space ambitions, is generally friendly to Russia and directly competes with China. The third option requires a strict revision of budgetary expenditures in our country in order to pull the project out on our own, giving priority to the development of science, advanced technologies, industry and technical education.
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  1. Vladimir Tuzakov (Vladimir Tuzakov) 30 November 2020 16: 12
    0
    If today the main trend is for unmanned vehicles, so why are the crew in orbit? There are fundamentals to visit and change, configure, repair a large accumulation of equipment, but why should people constantly "hang around" there, because commands for execution can be given from the ground ... It is high time to change the concept of orbital stations, because the 21st century is long gone ...
  2. gorenina91 Online gorenina91
    gorenina91 (Irina) 30 November 2020 16: 17
    -1
    Is Roscosmos capable of creating a replacement for the ISS?

    - Yes ... easily ... - Roscosmos will create as many ... any ISS ...

    Vladimir Putin asked French President Emmanuel Macron for help in the production of the Russian Sputnik V coronavirus vaccine

    - For the production of one "satellite", Russia may already have a technical sponsor-curator ...
    - Now it only remains to find sponsors for the creation of the Russian ISS ... - as well as suppliers of all components, suppliers of all technical units; suppliers of all the necessary equipment and radio-video-technical all kinds of equipment, etc. and so on ... - Yes, and ... most likely ... - now foreign specialists-assemblers and adjusters of all this complex equipment for "Russian specialists" will be required ... -the train left a long time ago ... -It's not Rogozin himself who will collect and debug all this ... - especially since he is in this business ... -no boom boom ) ... - Once they mentioned the space robot "Fyodor" ... - But all this has already grown into reality ...
  3. amateur Offline amateur
    amateur (Victor) 30 November 2020 16: 55
    +1
    Dmitry Rogozin, as a real patriot, must leave the post of director of Roscosmos and voluntarily fly to the ISS with a bunch of hats and pieces of a trampoline in order to personally eliminate all holes by plugging them with hats and trampolines. And then no one can say that he is a "journalist".
  4. zenion Offline zenion
    zenion (zinovy) 30 November 2020 18: 07
    +2
    They can easily do it, just get the MIR station from the bottom of the ocean. As soon as the water is pumped out of it, it will immediately take off.
  5. Petr Vladimirovich (Peter) 30 November 2020 23: 36
    +2
    And if without banter. It may be better to do it first, so that in the surgical 14 dep. GKB 64, Moscow in each ward for 6 people. toilets and towels were in the dining room disposable dishes, but cockroaches, on the contrary, were not. And then at least fly to Andromeda ...
  6. rotkiv04 Offline rotkiv04
    rotkiv04 (Victor) 1 December 2020 00: 34
    +2
    judging by what leapfrog happens to heavy carriers and how much the Federation is already being brought to mind, under the leadership of a brilliant journalist, the station will never be built.
  7. greenchelman Online greenchelman
    greenchelman (Grigory Tarasenko) 1 December 2020 00: 49
    +1
    The Roscosmos budget is $ 3 billion, the same amount is allocated in Russia for the media. Therefore, if something happens, we will always draw a beautiful cartoon, but for now, everything looks something like this ...

  8. Mikhailov Offline Mikhailov
    Mikhailov (Mikhail Ivanov) 1 December 2020 06: 38
    +3
    The main thing is to be in the process of discussing anything: the new ISS, the Federation spacecraft, the new GLONASS, and so on, so that everyone (including the president) knows about the vigorous activity of Mr. Rogozin and his department. The nimble guy's motto seems to be: as long as we speak, we exist. There are numerous of his projects and projects, which have been and are still being talked about, but none of which has ever been implemented in terms of meeting the stated goals. And you are counting some rubles ...
  9. Cheburashk Offline Cheburashk
    Cheburashk (Vladimir) 1 December 2020 22: 23
    0
    Is Roscosmos capable of creating a replacement for the ISS?

    Well, my opinion is that if they do not steal and do nonsense, they will create it. And so all one talk and empty chatter!