Our response to Erdogan: What Russian systems put an end to the domination of UAVs

The latest events in Nagorno-Karabakh have revealed to the whole world a fact, previously obvious only to specialists, that in the 21st century the war of motors is giving way to a war of wings and of technologies... Just as in the 17th century it was foolish to fight with a bow and arrow against smooth-bore and rifled firearms, and in the 20th to throw cavalry against machine guns and tank strike groups, so in the 21st century, tanks and MLRS of Armenians were powerless against UAVs of the Turks and Azerbaijanis.

The conduct of modern combat has moved to a new technological level, people have been replaced by machines, deserted technologies can reduce human losses, and as a result, we have come to the conclusion that it is not the bravest one who wins, but the smartest, not by number, but by skill. Actually, this was also confirmed by the Syrian military campaign, when the Russian Federation was able to turn the negative course of the war for Assad with limited air resources. Now, for the conduct of hostilities, it is not even necessary to have a personal presence on the battlefield. A computer and a joystick are enough to inflict damage on the enemy without even going to war.

Is Russia ready for new realities? What can we oppose to new technologies when drones (from the English drone - "drone") and loitering shells (kamikaze drones) decide the outcome of a war? Believe me, we have something to oppose them, and this is not only "Krasukha-4", which everyone has probably already heard about.

Stationary and mobile means of electronic warfare and electronic warfare

"Krasuha" (developed by VNII "Gradient") - a family of electronic warfare (EW) complexes, refers to stationary electronic suppression (REP), is designed to cover command posts, groupings of troops, air defense systems, important industrial and administrativepolitical objects. The complex analyzes the type of signal and acts on the enemy's radar with jamming radiation. Suppress spy satellites, ground radars and AWACS aircraft systems. The radius of action is 150 ... 300 km. All other performance characteristics are classified.

Complex of electronic warfare "Krasukha-2". Photo: Rostec

The development of the Krasukha complexes began in the mid-1990s. Simultaneously with the 1RL257 "Krasukha-4" complex, the 1L269 "Krasukha-2" system was developed. The complexes differ from each other in the composition of the equipment used ("Krasukha-2" is made on analog equipment, "Krasukha-4" on digital), characteristics and chassis used. The Krasukha-2 complex is mounted on the BAZ-6910-022 four-axle chassis (three vehicles in the complex), the Krasukha-4 - on the KamAZ four-axle chassis (two vehicles). The information allowing to compile a detailed list of differences between the complexes is also classified. Combat use: a military operation in the SAR - protection of the Khmeimim airbase, the war in Karabakh - protection of the 102nd base.

Complex for countering drones "Sapsan-Bekas". Photo: Anton Tushin / Rostec

The stationary electronic warfare system also includes the system "Sapsan-Bekas" (developed by the Avtomatika concern, part of the Rostec Group of Companies) - a mobile multifunctional complex using both passive and active detection means. In addition to radar systems, the complex includes optical-electronic surveillance equipment for drones, a visible spectrum video camera and a thermal imager. Drones recognition range by optical means up to 4 km. The range of suppression of control and navigation channels of unmanned aerial vehicles is up to 4 km, depending on the configuration and appearance of the protected object and tactics of use. In addition, the complex can act as a target designation tool for other electronic warfare and air defense systems, conduct circular observation or scan a given sector.

Mobile automated complex for countering drones "Rubezh-Avtomatika". Photo: Viktor Molodtsov / Rostec

Another development of this concern "Rubezh-Automatics" - Rostec's response to the growing problem of terrorism using drones is intended for civilian customers. The product ensures the safety of social and sports events, industrial enterprises and facilities of the fuel and energy industry. The range of the "Rubezh" can reach 30 km.

The transported UAV countermeasure complex "Bastion-Avtomatika". Photo: Concern Avtomatika

For military needs, the concern offers a transportable anti-UAV anti-aircraft complex "Bastion-Automation"designed for continuous radio surveillance, detection of signals from unmanned aerial vehicles and generation of counter signals. At the same time, the analysis of the signal from the drone is carried out in an automatic mode, means of identification "friend or foe" are being introduced, which allows the object to be protected without the participation of operators.

Acoustic reconnaissance module "Ataka-Shorokh". Photo: Ruselectronics

Another association of Rostec State Corporation, Ruselectronics, also has a wide range of anti-UAV solutions. A new acoustic reconnaissance module was presented for the first time at the recent exhibition "Interpolitex-2020" "Attack-Rustle"... The equipment is designed to protect civil and special objects from unauthorized entry of drones flying in radio silence. The module is equipped with ultra-sensitive microphones that allow you to locate an approaching drone. The detection range of drones depends on the level of ambient noise - for example, in a city the range of the equipment is 100-150 m. The required number of modules and their locations are determined depending on the characteristics of the protected object.

System of countering drones "Attack-DBS". Photo: Rostec

Recently, tests of the modernized complex for countering civilian drones were successfully carried out "Attack-DBS" using a new type of antennas. The results showed that the range of the complex increased almost 2 times in terms of detection and 2,5 times in terms of suppression. The complex is based on radio frequency detection and suppression modules. The equipment is capable of automatically detecting a drone within 0,1 seconds, identifying an object according to the "friend or foe" principle, blocking its communication and navigation channels.

Mobile complex with high cross-country ability to counter drones "Attack-Trophy". Photo: Ruselectronics

On the basis of the UAZ off-road vehicle, Ruselectronics has also created a mobile version of the UAZ countermeasures complex "Attack-Trophy"... The complex can, without the participation of the operator, identify the drone according to the principle of "friend or foe" and automatically prevent unauthorized entry into the protected area. The deployment time of the complex is 5 minutes. The peculiarity of "Attack-Trophy" is that it can work "on wheels", without preparation and installation of equipment. A dual-use product for both military and civilian needs (protection of industrial facilities, critical infrastructure, crowded places).

Anti-UAV complex "Rat". Photo: Rostec

The next product of Ruselectronics is intended exclusively for the needs of the military. Multifunctional mobile complex to combat drones "Rat", demonstrated at the end of August at the Army-2020 forum, made a splash there. The Rat was created on the basis of a special armored vehicle and is equipped with a full range of drone detection and suppression equipment to protect critical objects from unauthorized UAV intrusion. The novelty includes a radar station, a complex for automatic recognition and suppression of telecommunication channels, a system of directed ultrahigh-frequency (microwave) suppression and a system of directed laser destruction. All equipment is integrated into a single intelligent system for collecting, processing and displaying information.

Data from the means of detection and observation are sent to the central control panel, the system processes the target parameters and offers the operator several options for further actions. The complex detects drones at a distance of up to 3,5 km, carries out directional suppression of UAV control channels within a radius of up to 2,5 km. In case of an unauthorized intrusion of several objects, it blocks their communication and satellite navigation channels. The operator of the complex can also physically destroy the drone using a system of directed laser radiation.

Now the developers of Ruselectronica are working on a new system called "Aegis", which, using special software, will be able to distinguish an aircraft-type drone from a helicopter and aerostatic one, which will allow predicting its landing trajectory after the drone's communication channel with the control point is interrupted. After that, the drone that has lost control can be quickly found and its purpose found out. In addition, the system will be able to counter UAVs that even use an encrypted communication channel or jam their signal.

Portable means of electronic warfare and electronic warfare

We figured out the stationary objects, but how to protect the column on the march? Can't you carry a Rati for each BTG (battalion tactical group)?

Electronic gun REX-1. Photo: ZALA AERO

And here the Kalashnikov concern comes to the rescue. Electronic gun REX-1designed by Izhevsk designers Zala Aero Group effectively protects against light drones. The weapon is built on a modular basis and can be assembled for specific tasks. Simple pictograms on the modules facilitate assembly: the "quadrocopter" suppresses the control and information transmission channels of the drones, the "satellite" extinguishes the navigation systems, the "antenna" - Wi-Fi channels, and the "phone" - mobile communications. The REX-1 can also be used to detain intruders: a laser and a strobe will blind and disorient a potential terrorist, and electronic countermeasures will prevent him from contacting accomplices or transmitting a signal to an explosive device. The REX-1 will not be superfluous if it detects suspicious objects: it blocks radio communication, and you can safely wait for the arrival of the sappers.

Electronic shotgun REX-2. Photo: Rostec

Now the series is being launched REX-2... This system is the most compact in the world as it is based on a pistol. At the same time, all the characteristics of the basic sample - the REX-1 gun are preserved The REX-2 is equipped with a replaceable set of modules for jamming radio and satellite navigation signals for controlling drones. As a result of optoelectronic jamming, operators lose control of the drones.

Portable device for jamming satellite navigation systems ZALA ZONT. Photo: ZALA AERO

Another system - ZALA ZONT suppresses signals from satellite navigation systems (GPS, GLONASS, BeiDou, GALILEO) within a radius of 2 km, ensuring the safety of ground groups from attacks by kamikaze drones and taking the exact coordinates of the group.

Complex of suppression of communication channels "Pishchal-PRO". Photo: Rostec

The already mentioned specialists from the Avtomatika concern are not lagging behind their Izhevsk colleagues. They offer their development for these needs. "Pishchal-PRO"that looks like a gun. It does not require any special operator training or special technical knowledge. Seeing the target, the operator simply pulls the trigger, and the radio-electronic impact begins immediately. The drone is suppressed means of communication, control, navigation. The drone seems to be in a state of prostration. And heavy aircraft-type UAVs simply fall.

"Kupol-PRO" portable UAV countermeasures system. Photo: Concern Avtomatika

Another mobile portable interference device is Kupol-PRO, made in the form of quick-assembly units, allowing one person to assemble and disassemble the product within three minutes. The device acts by means of a protective electromagnetic effect on the on-board electronic subsystems of the drone, due to which they become inoperable.

"Luch-PRO" UAV detection and counteraction complex. Photo: Rostec

The third representative of this family is a portable UAV detection and countermeasures complex Luch-PRO - can be deployed within five minutes and applied even from unprepared positions. It detects drones and creates interference suppressing control and navigation channels in a given sector at a distance of at least 5 km.

As you can see, our developers did not waste time, standing on the sidelines of technological progress, but paid serious attention to the means of combating the bites of modern "drones", offering the Ministry of Defense and civil customers a large number of effective means of countering these mechanical "insects", both intelligence and shock.
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  1. Sergey Latyshev Offline Sergey Latyshev
    Sergey Latyshev (Serge) 7 December 2020 09: 02
    Kapets UAV.
    The video from Karabakh shows that the missiles and drones are guided from the UAV hanging 5-8 km away.

    Helicopter SU missiles, which are now hitting from 8-20 km, can be taken as the standard.
    1. Volkonsky Online Volkonsky
      Volkonsky (Vladimir) 7 December 2020 17: 12
      The video from Karabakh shows that the missiles and drones are guided from the UAV hanging 5-8 km away.

      Even wondering how you can determine the UAV echelon from the video? do you have your own software for this?
      1. Sergey Latyshev Offline Sergey Latyshev
        Sergey Latyshev (Serge) 7 December 2020 19: 20
        You are absolutely right. No software.

        1) Video - wide field of view, and lack of fisheye distortion, typical for shooting close
        2) Video - comparison of the latitude of the view with the flight time of the attacking missiles 9s x 300 m / s - much over 3 km.
        3) Video - poor quality of frames, which is typical for remoteness, and their similarity with shots of shooting from helicopters, airplanes, etc.
        4) And google to help, you can see the performance characteristics of the UAV. The ceiling for common scouts is 6-9 km
  2. Dmitry Donskoy Offline Dmitry Donskoy
    Dmitry Donskoy (Dmitry Donskoy) 7 December 2020 09: 22
    If they existed, then the CSTO ally would have landed everything ...
    1. Kristallovich Online Kristallovich
      Kristallovich (Ruslan) 7 December 2020 10: 00
      If they existed, then the CSTO ally would have landed everything ...

      Why didn't you go to fight?
    2. Just a cat Offline Just a cat
      Just a cat (Bayun) 7 December 2020 14: 19
      Is Karabakh in the CSTO or in Armenia?
  3. Uneven Offline Uneven
    Uneven (X) 7 December 2020 13: 08
    Whether they can "give up" or not is still a question! But who will let them do this?
    1. Volkonsky Online Volkonsky
      Volkonsky (Vladimir) 7 December 2020 17: 13
      and who to them, i.e. can we forbid to do it?
      1. Uneven Offline Uneven
        Uneven (X) 8 December 2020 12: 32
        The same "accountant" who stopped the Russian army in Ukraine in 2014:

  4. Michael I Offline Michael I
    Michael I (Michael I) 7 December 2020 14: 25
    In theory, everything is very beautiful, but until there is a successful combat use, this remains an advertising booklet, no more
    1. Volkonsky Online Volkonsky
      Volkonsky (Vladimir) 7 December 2020 17: 16
      Krasukha-4 has been successfully working in the SAR for a long time, did you know? In Armenia, by the way, also, defending our 102nd military base
      1. Michael I Offline Michael I
        Michael I (Michael I) 7 December 2020 20: 10
        About successful, no, I did not know.
        1. Volkonsky Online Volkonsky
          Volkonsky (Vladimir) 7 December 2020 22: 59
          this is a stationary system, jamming everything within a radius of 300 km, even being afraid to fly up - all avionics stalls, the plane becomes blind and deaf, here the task is not to screw up and return home
          1. Michael I Offline Michael I
            Michael I (Michael I) 8 December 2020 08: 32
            We have already heard that with the arrival of the S-300/400 in the SAR, Israeli aircraft will not even be able to take off from the airfields. But so far this is not visible, and the intensity of the Israeli raids depends only on the wishes of the Israeli Air Force
      2. Binder Offline Binder
        Binder (Miron) 8 December 2020 17: 32
        Has anyone attacked 102 bases?
      3. margo Offline margo
        margo (margo) 15 December 2020 16: 56
        And who told you that she successfully defends? From whom? On the 102nd used submarines? It's just chees.
        1. Volkonsky Online Volkonsky
          Volkonsky (Vladimir) 15 December 2020 19: 23
          because God protects those who are saved!
  5. KYYC Offline KYYC
    KYYC (OXOTHuK) 7 December 2020 18: 19
    The cross - this is very loudly said, while the UAVs of the Turks are in charge, in Syria they defeated our + CAA, therefore Idlib was given to the Turks, in Libya, too, our failure, PNS + Turkey took all the oil fields. There is a complete failure in Karabakh. We were barely able to come to an agreement with Azerbaijan, moreover, they paid huge amounts of money to Aliyev. But electronic warfare and all that is good in conjunction with air defense systems, artillery, sabotage forces, and UAVs.
    The enemy is not asleep either.
    Vaughn Israel using drones-kamikaze destroys the SAM forces of the SAA. And does not even blush. Then he also praised our "Krasukha" - they threw their hat and wrote - now the Khan to the planes and missiles of Turkey and Israel. But Israel, as it destroyed the forces of the SAA, is destroying it, and Turkey is shooting down Syrian planes with might and main, hordes of UAVs fly close to 70 km from Khmeimim, and our vaunted electronic warfare was never able to stop them.
    1. Aleksey Glotov Offline Aleksey Glotov
      Aleksey Glotov (alexey glotov) 8 December 2020 08: 15
      hordes of UAVs fly near 70 km from Khmeimim,

      Why don't they fly to Khmeimim?
      1. Binder Offline Binder
        Binder (Miron) 8 December 2020 17: 34
        Quote: Alekey Glotov
        Why don't they fly to Khmeimim?

        There was no order. While...
        1. ODRAP Offline ODRAP
          ODRAP (Alexey) 9 December 2020 02: 15
          Elusive Joe, patamushta ...
      2. associate professor_2 (Srul Solomonovich) 10 December 2020 12: 35
        The time has not come ...
  6. lahudra Offline lahudra
    lahudra (Nikolay Kondrashkin) 7 December 2020 22: 18
    Quote: Volkonsky
    Krasukha-4 has been successfully working in the SAR for a long time, did you know? In Armenia, by the way, also, defending our 102nd military base

    From whom did Rubella save our 102nd base, from the Armenians?
    1. Volkonsky Online Volkonsky
      Volkonsky (Vladimir) 7 December 2020 23: 03

      rubella is a very contagious disease, get well! and Krasuha is there - so that even a thought does not arise! God saves man, who save himself! it will be late to transfer when enemy UAVs are already flying there
  7. greenchelman Online greenchelman
    greenchelman (Grigory Tarasenko) 8 December 2020 00: 38
    Excellent! It remains to check all this in Libya.
  8. Andrey Akishev Offline Andrey Akishev
    Andrey Akishev (Andrey Akishev) 9 December 2020 23: 16
    To the author V. Volkonsky. Respected! To write articles, you need to be on the subject. Electronic warfare is electronic warfare. It consists of 2 parts: 1st - RER (electronic intelligence), 2nd - REP (electronic suppression). There is a mistake in your subheadings "Stationary and mobile means of electronic warfare and electronic warfare" as well as "Portable means of electronic warfare and electronic warfare", since you divided a single whole (electronic warfare) into two independent parts (electronic warfare and electronic warfare)! There are stationary vehicles and vehicles (not mobile). Even a hedgehog in the fog understands the meaning and meaning of the words "stationary" and "mobile". How can your stationary object be mobile? Let’s explain it in an adult, military way: stationary is one that stands (so to speak) on a foundation, and mobile is one that is "carried" on wheels, on goslings, on wings, on boats and even in space. And don't argue with me, because more than 20 years gave to the electronic warfare service!
  9. Logan Offline Logan
    Logan (Sergey Rebrov) 10 December 2020 16: 05
    If in Syria Russia were opposed not by scattered gangs of militants, but by a regular army equipped with modern air defense systems, then it would have been possible to assess the real capabilities and training of the Russian army. And so, to give the example of Syria as an indicator of the readiness of the army, it is not entirely correct.
    Although, it should be recognized that the very participation of Russia in the war in Syria after the complete collapse of arms. forces in the 90s. speaks of the increased power of the Russian army and its readiness to defend the interests of Russia beyond its borders.