The war in Karabakh allowed Turkey to cut through the transport corridor to the Caspian


Moscow hastily began to strengthen its presence in the Caspian. 2,5 billion rubles will be invested in the port infrastructure of the Russian coast. The government issued a decree on the creation of a new Special economic zones (SEZ) in the Astrakhan region. How can you explain such an increased attention to affairs in the Caspian Sea?


Due to its geographical position in the heart of Eurasia, our country is well suited for the construction of international transport corridors (ITC). New Delhi and Tehran became interested in competitive advantages in the form of a shorter logistic leverage and reduced transportation costs, which signed an agreement with the Kremlin to create the North-South ITC (NS). It is assumed that containerized cargo, grain and other foodstuffs will go from Sri Lanka through India and Iran to Russia, and then they will go to Europe. One of the key points of the route is the Caspian Sea.

In 2014, the SEZ "Lotos" was created in the Astrakhan region, in which Iranian, Italian, German and other companies are residents. The stated goal is to prepare the railway and logistics infrastructure. "Lotus" will cost the budget more than 10 billion rubles, plus in the period from 2020 to 2026 the SEZ will receive government subsidies in the amount of 8,5 billion rubles. Now in the area of ​​the seaport "Olya" a second special zone will be created. The government will allocate 1,1 billion rubles for the modernization of the port and 1,4 billion for the construction of a new container terminal. It is planned to create a unified management company, which will work under the auspices of the Ministry of Economic Development.

In general, such undertakings can only be welcomed. The Astrakhan region can become a large logistics hub through which international transit will go, and Russia will expand its opportunities for exporting its grain and other foodstuffs to the countries of the Middle East and Asia. However, it is necessary to understand that this activation is forced, since now the Caspian Sea will become more crowded.

It is easy to see that Moscow remembered about the Caspian literally immediately after the defeat of Armenia in Nagorno-Karabakh. The water area of ​​this closed sea is rich in hydrocarbon reserves, valuable fish species, and is the most important node for the possible laying of pipelines. The United States showed great interest in the Caspian Sea. Israeli military expert Yakov Kedmi spoke out quite harshly about this at one time:

Anyone in Russia who allows Turkish and NATO bases to enter the Caspian can be shot without trial.

The water area of ​​the Caspian Sea was recently divided between the countries on its coast. Among them was Azerbaijan, which in the course of the victorious war over Nagorno-Karabakh proved to be a loyal ally of Turkey. The war ended with the surrender of Stepanakert, but the entire territory of the unrecognized republic of Baku is not occupied, which leaves a formal reason to repeat it at any time. This also gives Ankara the right to deploy its military contingent and military bases in Azerbaijan to ensure stability in the region. Let the Turkish soldiers not be called "peacekeepers", unlike the Russians, but what does this change in principle? By the way, the consent of Moscow is not required for their transfer to Baku, this is purely technical a question between two sovereign states.

President Erdogan does not particularly hide his desire to go directly to the Caspian Sea and Central Asia. Turkey borders on the Azerbaijani Nakhichevan, which is an exclave. The Armenian side warned about Ankara's plans during the war with Nagorno-Karabakh to link its territory with Azerbaijan:

The main goal of Turkey and Azerbaijan is to cut off the border of Artsakh and Iran, reach the state border of Armenia and cut through the "corridor" to Nakhichevan.

Back in 2017, President Aliyev announced that he was ready to withdraw Nakhichevan from the transport blockade by building the Kars-Igdir-Nakhichevan railway:

As a result of the implementation of this project, cargoes coming from India and Pakistan will be delivered through the territory of Azerbaijan to Iran, Russia, Northern Europe and back.

It is curious that this road is also implemented within the North-South transport corridor, but according to Baku's plan, transit to Russia should go through Azerbaijan. Now an additional land corridor along the Iranian border has been cut through by military force, and Ankara will have direct access to the resources of the Caspian Sea through a friendly country. Turkey is a NATO member. With which we all congratulate.
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  1. amateur Offline amateur
    amateur (Victor) 11 November 2020 12: 11
    +2
    Mr. Marzhetsky made me remember Zhenichka Psaki and her Belarusian Sea. He has the same problems with the geography of the borders of Iran, Azerbaijan, Armenia and the Caspian Sea.
    1. Bakht Offline Bakht
      Bakht (Bakhtiyar) 11 November 2020 12: 53
      +1
      I gave you a plus, because I completely agree. And I don't want to comment because ... laughing
      1. Kristallovich Offline Kristallovich
        Kristallovich (Ruslan) 11 November 2020 13: 03
        0
        Quote: layman
        Mr. Marzhetsky made me remember Zhenichka Psaki and her Belarusian Sea. He has the same problems with the geography of the borders of Iran, Azerbaijan, Armenia and the Caspian Sea.

        Your nickname fully confirms your knowledge. Marzhetsky was never mistaken. The agreements on Karabakh imply a complete unblocking of transport links in the region. That is, the Turks will be able to freely drive their goods through the territory of Armenia and Azerbaijan to the Caspian Sea.
        1. Bakht Offline Bakht
          Bakht (Bakhtiyar) 11 November 2020 13: 32
          -1
          Marzhetsky never guessed anything. You need to know the geography.

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        2. Bakht Offline Bakht
          Bakht (Bakhtiyar) 11 November 2020 13: 37
          +1
          Suppose this comment is dated October 31st. Did something go wrong?

          Armenia officially asked Russia for help in the war with Azerbaijan
          What if Russia creates a base in Karabakh? To guarantee the safety of the Armenians who remained in Nagorno-Karabakh. I think I. Aliyev will agree to this. It will not be a small base in Gyumri, which is difficult to supply, but a full-fledged base on the territory of Azerbaijan. In the very center of the South Caucasus. From where you can easily control a huge chunk of the Middle East.
          True, Azerbaijan basically does not want to have any foreign bases on its territory. They brought out the radar station in Gabala. But here the situation is a little different. Determination of the status of Nagorno-Karabakh as an administrative unit of Azerbaijan and Russian peacekeepers as guarantors of the security of the Armenian population.
          I think this can be discussed during negotiations between Moscow and Baku.
          1. Marzhecki Offline Marzhecki
            Marzhecki (Sergei) 12 November 2020 07: 07
            -1
            The Turkish military will operate in Karabakh with the aim of observing and monitoring the agreements on the same basis as the Russian ones.

            President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said this in an interview with reporters after a meeting of the parliamentary faction of the ruling Justice and Development Party in Ankara on Wednesday.

            The Turkish leader recalled that Russian military peacekeepers began to deploy in the territory of the Karabakh region of Azerbaijan.

            https://www.aa.com.tr/ru/азербайджан-борьба-за-целостность/эрдоган-сообщил-о-скором-прибытии-делегации-рф-по-карабаху/2040303
            ___________
            Didn't fit, Bach, didn't fit
            1. Bakht Offline Bakht
              Bakht (Bakhtiyar) 12 November 2020 09: 07
              0
              It came together. It all came together. You are using old information that has not been verified. There will be no Turkish peacekeepers in Karabakh.
            2. Woland Offline Woland
              Woland (Woland) 16 November 2020 12: 12
              0
              The troops of the country that officially participated in the war as an ally cannot legally be peacekeepers. That does not negate the possibility of simply bringing Turkish troops to Azerbaijan (but not to Karabakh), as rightly noted in previous posts
        3. Bakht Offline Bakht
          Bakht (Bakhtiyar) 11 November 2020 13: 42
          +1
          Comment from October 29th. Did something go wrong?

          Consequently, it is necessary to freeze the conflict for a certain number of years. Russia is behaving competently. The deployment of Russian border guards along the Azerbaijan-Armenia border guarantees peace on this border. To give Armenia a carrot, the Russian peacekeepers must take control of the Lachin corridor. But Azerbaijan already controls this route. So far, only by fire. I would suggest a joint Azerbaijani-Russian patrol. It is like a bone in the throat of Armenia, but it is a guarantee that Karabakh will not lose contact with Armenia.
          My forecast is that Azerbaijan will also regain Aghdam and that's it. Russia will not allow further progress. Karabakh (most of it) will remain under Armenia.
        4. Petr Vladimirovich (Peter) 11 November 2020 23: 05
          +1
          And what's wrong with that? At one time, because of the war in Chechnya, the border with Azerbaijan was closed. So Iranian trucks began to travel through Turkey, in Trabzon by ferry and by sea to Novorossiysk. So now the Turkish will travel not through Iran along the right bank of the Araks, but through Armenia, on the left ...
          1. Marzhecki Offline Marzhecki
            Marzhecki (Sergei) 12 November 2020 07: 15
            -2
            Well, then why is Russia in the North-South scheme at all, if it will now be possible to carry goods from the Caspian through Azerbaijan and Turkey to Europe?
            1. Bakht Offline Bakht
              Bakht (Bakhtiyar) 12 November 2020 09: 08
              0
              Geography problems again?
      2. Marzhecki Offline Marzhecki
        Marzhecki (Sergei) 11 November 2020 13: 17
        -2
        Agreeing with the nonsense of an incompetent commentator only confirms my earlier thesis of inadequacy. fellow
    2. Marzhecki Offline Marzhecki
      Marzhecki (Sergei) 11 November 2020 13: 15
      -1
      Before scribbling comments, read the question, layman
    3. Kristallovich Offline Kristallovich
      Kristallovich (Ruslan) 12 November 2020 13: 33
      -2
      Read:

      https://www.rbc.ru/politics/12/11/2020/5fad07149a7947f689ccce79
  2. Bakht Offline Bakht
    Bakht (Bakhtiyar) 11 November 2020 13: 43
    0
    The author's adequacy does not depend on someone's personal antipathies or sympathies, but on a competent analysis of the situation. And knowledge of such simple things as politics, geography, history.
    1. Kristallovich Offline Kristallovich
      Kristallovich (Ruslan) 11 November 2020 13: 46
      -1
      And from a competent analysis of the situation.

      As I understand it, for a competent analysis - is it for you?
      1. Bakht Offline Bakht
        Bakht (Bakhtiyar) 11 November 2020 13: 47
        0
        Actually, yes. So far I have never been wrong. If you find a mistake, you are welcome. Always ready to admit my mistake
        1. Kristallovich Offline Kristallovich
          Kristallovich (Ruslan) 11 November 2020 13: 59
          -2
          Actually, yes.

          Look, lest your inflated arrogance obscure the sun ...)
          1. Bakht Offline Bakht
            Bakht (Bakhtiyar) 11 November 2020 14: 02
            +1
            I will try. But I don't have "inflated conceit." I just know the situation. And unlike journalists and bloggers, I have been interested in the issue for 30 years.
            I beg you to point out to me my mistakes and inconsistencies. I am always open to criticism and never insisted on omniscience.
            1. Kristallovich Offline Kristallovich
              Kristallovich (Ruslan) 11 November 2020 15: 14
              -1
              I beg you to point out to me my mistakes and inconsistencies. I am always open to criticism and never insisted on omniscience.

              I have not read your posts. They, in fact, were not addressed to me. Anyway, there is no desire to read the private opinion that the author is trying to pass off as the truth. I don't like that.
    2. Marzhecki Offline Marzhecki
      Marzhecki (Sergei) 12 November 2020 07: 14
      -1
      Quote: Bakht
      .A from a competent analysis of the situation. And knowledge of such simple things as politics, geography, history.

      You should first apply these wise advice to yourself, Bach. And then you look pale in the end.
      1. Bakht Offline Bakht
        Bakht (Bakhtiyar) 12 November 2020 09: 09
        0
        As a result, I have already proved that your “analysis” is worthless.
  3. Bakht Offline Bakht
    Bakht (Bakhtiyar) 11 November 2020 13: 55
    +2
    And this is an article by Mr. Marzhetsky with a forecast. Did something come true?

    Most likely, the acute stage of the armed conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh will end when Baku can take control of the "buffer belt" and both sides will exhaust their resources. Then the negotiation process will be led by a coalition of leading Western countries, relegating Moscow to a secondary role in it.

    I don't want more discussions. This author always hits the sky with his finger.
    1. Marzhecki Offline Marzhecki
      Marzhecki (Sergei) 12 November 2020 06: 39
      -1
      Too much pathos, proud son of the Azerbaijani people. More than 90% of my predictions for all the topics under consideration come true.
      And if something doesn't come true, what's the problem? Have you paid me money for them and made a bet?
      1. Bakht Offline Bakht
        Bakht (Bakhtiyar) 12 November 2020 09: 09
        +1
        No, "I didn't bet". But if the forecasts do not come true, then it would be nice for the author of the "forecasts" to revise his basic settings.
    2. Marzhecki Offline Marzhecki
      Marzhecki (Sergei) 12 November 2020 07: 13
      -1
      Turkey is a power in the western bloc. It has already pushed Russia aside into secondary roles in determining the status of Karabakh. Moreover, this is documented through the creation of a joint monitoring center

      https://www.interfax.ru/world/736347

      Here comes Britain pulling up

      https://www.aa.com.tr/ru/турция/анкара-и-лондон-обсудили-карабах/2040731

      Bach, less pathos
      1. Bakht Offline Bakht
        Bakht (Bakhtiyar) 12 November 2020 09: 12
        +1
        And what is the "pulling up Britain"? That she was informed? This is how the Russian Federation informed the members of the UN Security Council.
        Read Russian sources carefully. The Monitoring Center is not a peacekeeper. And it will not be located in Karabakh, but on the territory of Azerbaijan. Russian and Turkish officers will be there. I can't say how many there will be. Most likely a few people.
        They are not peacekeepers. It is a surveillance and communication center.
  4. Sergey Tokarev Offline Sergey Tokarev
    Sergey Tokarev (Sergey Tokarev) 11 November 2020 14: 26
    +2
    Something the United States was on the side of Armenia, and not on the side of Turkey as a NATO member .... Maybe it is better to have such a "enemy" as Turkey than such "friends" as Ukraine and Armenia? The ambitions of Erdogan, Merkel and Macron are splitting NATO. Would Pashinyan have prevented the Turks from attacking Russia at the behest of the United States? I doubt it ... a fig buffer from Armenia.
  5. Bulanov Offline Bulanov
    Bulanov (Vladimir) 11 November 2020 14: 45
    0
    By the way, the consent of Moscow is not required for their transfer to Baku, this is a purely technical issue between the two sovereign states.

    Moscow does not need Baku's consent to run into Azerbaijani business in Russia, this is a purely technical issue ...
    1. Peter rybak Offline Peter rybak
      Peter rybak (Patrol) 13 November 2020 08: 37
      -1
      Quote: Bulanov
      By the way, the consent of Moscow is not required for their transfer to Baku, this is a purely technical issue between the two sovereign states.

      Moscow does not need Baku's consent to run into Azerbaijani business in Russia, this is a purely technical issue ...

      And what prevents Azerbaijan from running into Russian business in its country? Or do you think that Russia has no economic interests in Azerbaijan?
      Russia is the largest grain supplier to Azerbaijan. Drive out Azerbaijani vegetables from Russian markets, grain will be bought from anyone, but not from Russia.
      Agricultural equipment, cars, military equipment, oil supplies are supplied from Russia. Well, what is the problem for Azerbaijan to change the supplier?
      Why not kick LUKoil and Rosneft out of Azerbaijan? Why not take away Gazprom's share in SOCAR's assets?
      Do you know how many Russian companies have their branches in Baku? How many banks?
      The route from Nakhichevan to Azerbaijan is also an opportunity for Russia to strengthen economic ties with Iran and Turkey.
      You understand that Russia has no other land route to Iran, except through Azerbaijan. Or by rounds through Central Asia.
      You do not understand a damn thing either in economics or in politics, but, like another hurray-patriot, you rush into sofa battles.
      1. Bulanov Offline Bulanov
        Bulanov (Vladimir) 13 November 2020 09: 28
        0
        grain will be bought from anyone, but not from Russia.
        Agricultural equipment, cars, military equipment, oil supplies are supplied from Russia. Well, what is the problem for Azerbaijan to change the supplier?

        The problem is logistics and prices! And you, as I understand it, are a very great specialist in economics and politics? Do 3 million Russians also live in Azerbaijan and give their country the second income after the oil industry? Is "folk Azerbaijani festivities" with Turkish flags in Russia a perfectly acceptable thing for a strong state? There are no questions about Russian interests in Azerbaijan, but Azerbaijani business does not always operate as legally in Russia as LUKoil does in Azerbaijan. In your opinion, let the Turks deploy their military bases in the Caspian, so that the interests of the branches of Russian companies in Baku do not suffer? Be sure that if the Turks are firmly established in the Caspian, these branches will significantly squeeze the branches of Turkish companies!
        1. Peter rybak Offline Peter rybak
          Peter rybak (Patrol) 13 November 2020 09: 50
          0
          Quote: Bulanov
          The problem is logistics and prices! And you, as I understand it, are a very great specialist in economics and politics? Do 3 million Russians also live in Azerbaijan and give their country the second income after the oil industry? Is "folk Azerbaijani festivities" with Turkish flags in Russia a perfectly acceptable thing for a strong state? There are no questions about Russian interests in Azerbaijan, but Azerbaijani business does not always operate as legally in Russia as LUKoil does in Azerbaijan. In your opinion, let the Turks deploy their military bases in the Caspian, so that the interests of the branches of Russian companies in Baku do not suffer? Be sure that if the Turks are firmly established in the Caspian, these branches will significantly squeeze the branches of Turkish companies!

          Just do not need emotions about festivities and stuff. Many world capitals and resorts remember Russian folk festivities.
          And I will give you an example of many ethnic Azerbaijanis who have no relationship with their historical homeland. And there are not 3 million of them. Do not confuse citizens of the Russian Federation of Azerbaijani nationality with migrant workers. This is one of the obvious mistakes of writing experts.
          Why did you change the subject? What does the legality of some vegetable seller have to do with it? And there is no logistical and cost problem. Opposite - Central Asia, on the side - Iran, and then all of Asia. And through Nakhichevan and Georgia - all of Europe.
          And why did you start talking to the military bases of Turkey, which, according to the agreement of the interested countries, including Iran, are simply impossible in the Caspian?
          You will explore the issue in more depth. The keyboard will endure everything. And do not believe would-be analysts scribbling article after article. It has its own logic, a world map, Wikipedia and other reference books. You can raise an agreement between in a certain area.
          This is my topic and I am seriously studying economic relations between the CIS countries.
          1. Bulanov Offline Bulanov
            Bulanov (Vladimir) 13 November 2020 09: 57
            0
            Have you carefully read the title of the article?
            1. Peter rybak Offline Peter rybak
              Peter rybak (Patrol) 13 November 2020 10: 55
              -2
              Quote: Bulanov
              Have you carefully read the title of the article? - "The war in Karabakh allowed Turkey to cut through the transport corridor to the Caspian Sea."

              The transport corridor to the Caspian means the possibility of reaching Central Asia and further, but does not in any way speak of a military base in the Caspian.
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  7. LeeSeeTsin Offline LeeSeeTsin
    LeeSeeTsin (Stas) 12 November 2020 01: 15
    +3
    And I like Erdogan more and more. He knows what he wants.
  8. amateur Offline amateur
    amateur (Victor) 12 November 2020 14: 56
    +2
    Quote: Marzhetsky
    Have you paid me money for them and made a bet?

    "Poking" and being rude is much easier than writing analytical articles. Neither knowledge nor intelligence is needed. Only the keyboard. am
  9. Peter rybak Offline Peter rybak
    Peter rybak (Patrol) 13 November 2020 08: 40
    -1
    Dear editors! Do you publish articles of everyone in a row or does this require certain skills and knowledge? Simply, I also want to publish on your home page.