Reincarnation of "Marshal Shaposhnikov": Russia saves the fleet by altering old ships


The shortage of ships in the far sea zone of the RF Ministry of Defense has to be addressed in the most extraordinary ways. It got to the point that small missile ships, originally intended to protect large rivers and inland waters, are sent to the Mediterranean to perform real combat missions. To fill these holes in the Navy now has to be due to the deep modernization of the old Soviet frigates.


We are talking about the modernization of large anti-submarine ships (BOD) of the project 1155 "Udaloy", or the destroyers of ASW according to NATO classification. After the upgrade, thirty-year-old veterans should turn into guided missile frigates (URO), designed, in theory, to compete with the American destroyers of the Arlie Burke class. Back in 2013, retired admiral Vladimir Zakharov said:

The new destroyer of the far sea zone, which will be able to replace the "Udalykh", will appear no earlier than 2020. New ships of such a displacement as the BOD 1155 are not even in the project yet. And from modern ships, only the frigates of Project 22350 have such functions as it has.

As it turned out recently, unfortunately, we have given up on the destroyers of the far sea zone in the foreseeable future. All that remains is a deep modernization of what is left of the USSR Navy. Taking into account the fact that the cost of converting an outdated anti-submarine ship into a URO frigate is estimated at 1 to 2 billion rubles, the decision is not the worst. According to some reports, a promising Leader-class destroyer would cost the budget 100 billion rubles. So, what do we have at the moment.

BOD project 1155 began to be built in the eighties of the last century. In terms of size, displacement, autonomy and speed, the Udalye are roughly comparable to the Arleigh Burks. A total of twelve frigates were built, divided in half between the Northern and Pacific fleets. Eight anti-submarine ships have survived to this day, which now began to turn into URO frigates. BOD "Marshal Shaposhnikov" after modernization was recently called by The National Interest as "armed to the teeth." How true is this?

Shaposhnikov is an honored veteran. It was built in a uniquely tight timeframe: it was laid down in 1983, launched the next year, and in 1985 it already pulled the strap in the Pacific Fleet. The frigate fought pirates in the Indian Ocean, conducted convoys in the Persian Gulf, and was noted in Africa and Asia. He embarked on a deep modernization in 2016 in the Far East. It now has universal launchers that carry 16 Caliber cruise missiles. They can also be used for missiles "Onyx" and hypersonic "Zircons". To combat enemy ships, there are Uranium anti-ship missiles with 8 X-35 missiles. Two anti-submarine helicopters remained on board. Installed modern electronic systems and an electronic warfare complex.


The combat capabilities of the old ship have really increased significantly. It is clear that in terms of the number of missiles on board, Project 1155 frigates cannot compete with the Arleigh Burks, and the missile defense system is also significantly inferior to them in terms of characteristics. However, the modernized "Udalye" will be able to strike at ground targets, destroy surface ships and enemy submarines for all the money invested in them. The addition of hypersonic Zircons on the BOD will make even outdated frigates a force to be reckoned with. "Marshal Shaposhnikov" and his brothers in arms will still serve the country, but it is obvious that the problem of the shortage of ships of the first rank must be addressed comprehensively.
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  1. Many_ways_point Offline Many_ways_point
    Many_ways_point 27 October 2020 15: 24
    -4
    To repair this old thing so that it can swim is a correct and logical step. However, it's not worth investing in modernizing this stuff. They are 35 years old and no amount of modernization will fix this and Arleigh Burke will not be close, and they will spend a lot of money.
    And 7 more volumes. this is a destroyer, not a frigate.
  2. amateur Offline amateur
    amateur (Victor) 27 October 2020 15: 36
    +4
    1155 can not compete with the "Arleigh Burkes", and their characteristics are significantly inferior to the missile defense system.

    Why should Shaposhnikov participate in the anti-missile defense system? The Russian missile defense system has a fundamentally different structure than that of the United States. Compare this indicator "ARK" and 1155 - like boxes and apples.
  3. Sergey Latyshev Offline Sergey Latyshev
    Sergey Latyshev (Serge) 27 October 2020 17: 30
    0
    Everything is correct. Cheap and cheerful.
    He will demonstrate the flag, chase the barmaley, test the equipment and, on occasion, take refuge in the bay and fire from there ...

    But why does he smoke so?
  4. Cat Offline Cat
    Cat (Sergei) 28 October 2020 04: 54
    +1
    Of course, the news is certainly good, but you don't need to delude yourself. The ship was not armed with the most important, the latest air defense systems, at least medium-range. SAM Dagger or Thor MF is a short-range weapon with a limited ceiling not exceeding 10 km. Strike weapons are provided in limited quantities. As a carrier of SLCM, it is useless, 16 "Calibers" will not make the difference. That is, this is not Burke and he is "not a warrior alone in the field." But as a combat unit in a squadron of ships, it can already use 8 Onyx anti-ship missiles and 8 Answers PLUR, which was not at the Pacific Fleet. And there are only three such ships for our entire Navy, two Gorshkovy and Shapka. The command perfectly understands this situation and therefore he was called not a destroyer, but a frigate. Therefore, in a company with the Varyag, he will be very good and will complement his shock and anti-submarine capabilities. The only thing that he lacks is PTZ "Package NK". Most likely, he is now being modernized to be the "page" of the cruiser. Varyag is specifically outdated, especially in terms of air defense MD, which is represented by the Osa air defense system ... there is no PTZ Package NK, the Vulcan anti-ship missile system will not reach anywhere ... He needs at least three Pantsir M air defense systems, and part SAM replace with small-sized SAM 9M96! Maybe Zircons will be able to fly from NPU instead of Volcanoes?
    1. Many_ways_point Offline Many_ways_point
      Many_ways_point 28 October 2020 10: 39
      -4
      And they did the right thing that they didn't arm

      the latest air defense systems at least medium-range

      Firstly, this is an PLO ship, and secondly, you don’t want to spend a lot of money on this galosh, it’s already 35 years old.
    2. Brama agnihotra Offline Brama agnihotra
      Brama agnihotra (Brama Agnihotra) 28 October 2020 15: 15
      +1
      These are attack ships of the strike surface group .. Air defense is not their task. It is necessary to build 3-4 escort aircraft carriers and all problems will be solved in the squadron and finish with the ships "all smart". This was the vice of the ships of the USSR.
  5. greenchelman Offline greenchelman
    greenchelman (Grigory Tarasenko) 28 October 2020 12: 45
    0
    Good stuff.
  6. Brama agnihotra Offline Brama agnihotra
    Brama agnihotra (Brama Agnihotra) 28 October 2020 15: 09
    +1
    The 1155 and Sarychs have excellent, not worn out hulls. Another 25 years pass with new weapons and updated engines. The main thing is to complete the modernization program by 2030. And there will already appear and 22350M.
  7. Pishenkov Offline Pishenkov
    Pishenkov (Alexey) 28 October 2020 16: 03
    +1
    The estimated service life of a large surface ship in the same United States upon delivery is about 50 years. And that's how they walk. Modernization of such ships, bearing in mind that rebuilding a new one is dozens of times more expensive, is a completely reasonable procedure. And it has always been that way - battleships and cruisers built BEFORE the First World War, in a modernized form, participated in the Second, and many WWII participants, in the same America, went until the 90s, fulfilling their tasks.
    Today, in general, the role of large surface ships, and even more so the AUG, raises strong doubts: in the battle of the superpowers, they are unlikely to play a decisive role, given the availability of modern weapons, and for the sake of anti-Barmaley operations it is hardly reasonable to spend such money. There are, again, other means and types of the same ships. Yes, of course, for the sake of prestige, I would like to have something new, but prestige is far from the most important thing in life. I personally regretted very much when the last battleship was decommissioned - no, in my opinion, it is more beautiful and imposing in the world of the ship, but the era of them is gone, and it was too expensive to maintain just for beauty. Even for the United States during the period of their maximum prosperity and power ... What can we say now about our situation ...
    At the moment, all these American destroyers have something to destroy - and good. And if these ships are technically in good condition, then they deserve modernization.