Creation of a new Boeing: "reset" of the aircraft giant or a gesture of despair?


As it became known from the American mass media, the Boeing Co. corporation, the further prospects of which to many analysts have recently seemed very vague, is preparing for a fundamental "revenge". The creation of a new model of the airliner is on the agenda. Its release, in the opinion of the company's management, can become a weighty argument that can turn the tide of competition with its main competitor - the European aircraft manufacturer Airbus. The fight, which, it would seem, has already been completely lost by the Americans ...


Let's try to figure out what is really behind all these rumors - a real attempt by an aviation giant on the brink of an abyss to regain its leading positions in the industry, or is it simply a PR campaign aimed at preventing a very likely collapse?

Is it possible to remove the 737MAX "curse"?


Let me remind you that Boeing Co. has not offered its consumers any new products since 2004, when the world first saw the Dreamliner, which was released on the line 7 years later - in 2011. No, there were talks about the need to create something original, continuing their own "line" within the company, ideas, as they say, were in the air, but in the end it all came down to only further "development" of the 737 model, which gave rise to the ill-fated MAX, which turned out to be for the corporation a real curse. What are we talking about now? As far as is known, there is no reason to count on anything completely unusual - the company plans to create a narrow-body vehicle designed for 200-250 passengers.

As a matter of fact, the result should be something between the "big man" 737 MAX and the same wide-body 787 Dreamliner. The concern does not hide that its new brainchild will have to be a response to the most successful models of overseas competitors - such as the A320neo, A321 LR and XLR, which have an increased flight range, the number of orders for which at one time exceeded 3 thousand. In this way, Boeing hopes to close the critical gap with Airbus, primarily in the market for narrow-body passenger airliners. Well, and, of course, to “make amends” and make at least somehow forget all that powerful negative that poured out on her because of the extremely unpleasant story with the 737MAX. However, this problematic plane, as it turned out, is still too early to write off. There were still some desperate guys ready to take it to the sky again. As expected, in the USA. The largest American airline, American Airlines, has already announced its intention to resume the operation of machines, from which most aviators in the world have recently shied away from incense.

So far, the 737MAX will operate on just one of its many flights - daily flights from Miami to New York, which are scheduled to operate from December 29 to January 4. At the same time, all passengers will be warned without fail which board they will have to board. However, if successful, American Airlines expects this to be only "the first step towards the 737MAX's phased return to the skies." The corporation itself, which has already accumulated under 4 hundred of these machines in its hangars, is very hopeful of this. Indeed, besides the "headache" with the 737MAX, she has enough other problems. So, at Boeing Co. recognized the need to do something about the sharp drop in demand for the 787 Dreamliner. They announced their intention to reduce the production of these liners to 6 per year next year and move it to the plant in North Charleston, South Carolina, which the company launched in 2010.

Previously, the bulk of the Dreamliner was assembled in Everett, Washington, and it should be noted that there Boeing reacted very painfully to such decisions. Washington State Governor Jay Inslee generally called them "offensive" and "erroneous", and in addition threatened to "radically revise" the tax breaks that the company had in the state entrusted to him. Inslee's colleague, South Carolina Governor Henry McMaster, as you might guess, on the contrary, warmly greeted the prospect of "relocation" and promised Boeing every support. Still - after all, according to preliminary and most approximate estimates, we are talking about hundreds of jobs for highly qualified personnel, and even more - for auxiliary personnel. Given the current severe unemployment in the United States, this is a more than serious question.

Create is not a problem. The problem is to sell


It is impossible not to mention one more of the many troubles that have befallen Boeing over the past couple of years and have recently been growing like a snowball. A lawsuit was filed in the Delaware state court last month from a number of shareholders of the corporation, the largest of which are state pension funds of the states of New York and Colorado, against the board of directors of the company. Its management, and, above all, former Boeing CEO Dennis Muhlenburg, are accused of weakening control over the actions of management, as well as improper and completely inadequate response to the 737 MAX plane crash. A more global complaint is that, according to the shareholders, the people who were "at the helm" of the aircraft giant, from a certain point, stopped paying due attention to the issue of aircraft safety, continuing to "rivet" the same 737MAX, despite the problems that arose with them, which they brought corporation to its current deplorable state. Boeing Co. this lawsuit, of course, was declared "unfounded, biased and paints a one-sided picture", promising to achieve termination of the trial this year. Who knows - maybe it will.

However, even this litigation is far from the biggest threat both for the corporation and, in principle, for the entire global aircraft industry. Analysts at Boeing Co. not so long ago they released a very pessimistic forecast. According to the calculations of specialized experts, the volumes of the potential demand of world aviation for new aircraft for the next decade, announced by them the same year earlier, need to be negatively adjusted by at least 11%. And this is only as of the present moment.

Boeing believes that the maximum number of winged aircraft that all their manufacturers can expect to sell in the next 10 years is 18 units. The total revenue will not reach even up to $ 350 trillion, which for an industry such as aircraft construction is sheer trifles. Yes, with the restoration of the "key drivers" of the industry, which is now in a state of deep stagnation - international traffic, tourism and the like, it will probably be about 3-43 thousand civil aircraft. But this will happen, at best, in 45 years, not earlier. In the meantime, according to Boeing experts, they themselves and their colleagues can only rely on government orders and, above all, on cooperation with the military. The volume of demand for goods such as military aircraft, satellite systems and other spacecraft, in the next 20 years, should remain at $ 10 trillion. At the same time, as they hope in corporations, 2.6% of these funds should be spent in the United States.

Time will tell how the situation will develop in reality. In the meantime, September of this year has become an extremely alarming "line" for aircraft manufacturers - during this month, both Boeing and Airbus have not received a single order for new aircraft. We can say that Europeans have an even more noticeable deterioration - they began to face refusals by potential buyers from previously concluded deals, to which Boeing is already accustomed. In the best case, with a desire to change their conditions in order to save their own funds as much as possible. Thus, the Australian leasing company Macquarie Financial Holdings, which initially “aimed” at purchasing 220 aircraft, refused from three A300-40 airliners. Turkish Pegasus Airlines and Mexican Viva Aerobus decided to purchase more spacious A320neo instead of A321neo (in the first case we are talking about 8 cars, in the second - about two). Unsurprisingly, Airbus COO Michael Schellhorn recently announced that the company plans to cut 15 employees and called such reductions “minimal,” hinting that it might not end there.

To expect something different in the current situation would be, at least, naive. Last month, the European Organization for the Safety of Air Navigation significantly worsened its forecast for a drop in aviation traffic in 2020. Earlier, its experts predicted its recovery by the end of this year to the level of 85% of the indicators of 2019 (in the optimistic version) or at least up to 75% (in the pessimistic one). Now it is becoming quite obvious that the best result can be the resumption of air traffic up to half of last year's volume. This is in the event that the second wave of coronavirus, which is increasingly "covering" the planet, does not cause the same hard lockdown as it did in the spring.

So far, the aviation industry across the planet is in complete disaster. An example is the UK, which has long been at the forefront of air travel. There the alarm is sounded already at the level of the government and parliament. There is something - the country's leading airline British Airways was forced to lay off 12 thousand employees. 5 thousand people had to be fired by Virgin Atlantic (and this is exactly half of its state). Considered the largest low-cost airline in Europe, Easyjet, ending this year for the first time in its history with a colossal loss of more than a billion dollars, is putting 4 and a half thousand employees out the door. The Irish low-cost airline Ryanair has so far limited itself to dismissal of 3 thousand people, but already this winter, all of its personnel may go on “unpaid leave”.

The picture is roughly the same all over the world. American airlines may lay off more than 30 thousand of their workers after the program for the implementation of measures to support the American economics in a pandemic (CARES). So far, the US Treasury Department is trying to support at least the largest of them by allocating impressive loans (the same American Airlines received at least 5 billion in September), but how much more will the government have enough funds for such "injections"? Boeing Co. the creation of new winged machines may well remain wonderful dreams - if there are no buyers, no pilots, no passengers for them.
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  1. Sergey Latyshev Offline Sergey Latyshev
    Sergey Latyshev (Serge) 23 October 2020 14: 17
    0
    Owl on a globe
    Airbus, too, suddenly began to promote projects.
    The virus essentially helped Boeing, as everyone stood up, not just him.
    And Boeing, unlike many, planes many other things besides airliners. Squeeze, and that's it ...
  2. Natan bruk Online Natan bruk
    Natan bruk (Natan Bruk) 23 October 2020 14: 26
    -2
    You can immediately see a "specialist", Necropny in his repertoire. Know-it-all, what can you say ... New Boeing-777? No, I have not. Parity in transportation with Airbus? And what is this? Military orders for many billions? And how is it?
    1. Marzhecki Offline Marzhecki
      Marzhecki (Sergei) 24 October 2020 08: 57
      +1
      Quote: Natan Bruk
      You can immediately see a "specialist", Necropny in his repertoire. Know-it-all, what can you say ..

      Well, who would say, an omniscient Israeli expert wink
      1. Natan bruk Online Natan bruk
        Natan bruk (Natan Bruk) 24 October 2020 18: 49
        -3
        In order to determine the amateurishness of Necropny, one does not need to be a great expert.
  3. Kuramori Reika Offline Kuramori Reika
    Kuramori Reika (Kuramori Reika) 23 October 2020 16: 59
    +1
    Let's wish Boeing ruin, bankruptcy and liquidation. May unemployment and poverty come to the United States. They will just clear the sky for our developments.
    1. Natan bruk Online Natan bruk
      Natan bruk (Natan Bruk) 24 October 2020 01: 18
      -2
      Pray harder until God hears you.
      1. Marzhecki Offline Marzhecki
        Marzhecki (Sergei) 24 October 2020 08: 58
        +2
        You don’t speak for God. You and his son did something wrong once repeat
        1. Natan bruk Online Natan bruk
          Natan bruk (Natan Bruk) 24 October 2020 18: 48
          -3
          This was our internal Jewish showdown.
  4. Pete mitchell Offline Pete mitchell
    Pete mitchell (Pete Mitchell) 23 October 2020 21: 14
    +3
    The author, may God grant you patience when preparing the material, if you do not already monitor the situation constantly.

    737MAX ... There were some desperate guys ready to take it to the sky again. As you might expect - in the USA ...

    You will not believe it: they were allowed to fly in Europe too, Asia is catching up, probably the case will not be for RossAviation.

    Boeing is used to rejected orders.

    - that's what capitalism is called. But before you clap your hands, check the number of orders for the same 737MAX. IGA bought 200 units, Ryanair paid two and a half hundred and is getting another 18 lard. This is for the last time.

    British Airways fired ...

    - VA disgusting that he laid off 12000 staff the day after receiving multi-billion dollar aid ...

    Ryanair fired ..

    - are you talking about the Ryanair airline? I doubt it has 3000 employees at all. Are you talking about Ryanair Group? Which of the companies do you broadcast about ?, there are five of them. And they have not cut any of the operating personnel prepare however. Aeroflot managers should learn how to do business: making profit / Ryanair / is one thing; to sit on the neck of the budget / Aeroflot / it's called quite differently.
    Author - learn materiel please
    1. Natan bruk Online Natan bruk
      Natan bruk (Natan Bruk) 24 October 2020 01: 17
      -6
      Well, this is Necropny, what kind of materiel is there, the main thing for him is to say that the capitalists will soon be finished, and Russian braces will conquer the whole world.
      1. Pete mitchell Offline Pete mitchell
        Pete mitchell (Pete Mitchell) 24 October 2020 12: 47
        +1
        Probably tired of this whining about the prospects of throwing Boeing out of the market: if it turns out to move Westerners on its territory, it will be a great success. But this will not happen either tomorrow or in five years: we have to work, and not grind whatever it gets.
        1. Natan bruk Online Natan bruk
          Natan bruk (Natan Bruk) 24 October 2020 18: 53
          -1
          This, if it will be, it will be very, very soon - today the absolute majority of civil aircraft is Boeing and Airbus. Well, a little more Embrayer and a little Bombardier.
  5. Kirill Valkovsky (Kirill Valkovsky) 25 October 2020 08: 24
    +1
    Boeing has serious problems. This is a chance for the Russian aircraft industry to rise.
    1. Pete mitchell Offline Pete mitchell
      Pete mitchell (Pete Mitchell) 26 October 2020 00: 25
      +1
      Quote: Kirill Valkovsky
      a chance for the Russian aircraft industry to rise ...

      .. at least on its own territory. It would be very foolish to lose this chance, but for now "Generation of managers" not ready for this, which is sad
      1. TANKISTONE Offline TANKISTONE
        TANKISTONE (TANKISTON) 29 October 2020 01: 00
        +2
        In his article, Platoshkin only touched on the machine tool industry:

        In order to produce anything worthwhile in the modern world - from a washing machine to tomato juice - machines are needed. It is on machine tools (metal cutting) that any equipment for any industry is made. Only galley oars can be hewn with an ax. Even stone. It is believed that if any country imports more than 60% of the machine tools it uses, then it has completely lost its technological independence. So how are we doing with that? Tsarist Russia itself practically did not make machines. During the Soviet industrialization of the 30s, a colossal breakthrough was made in machine tool construction. In 1930, only 34% of the installed machines were domestic, and in 1937 - 91%. It was on these machines that we won the great war. These machines, for example, produced the best tank of the Second World T-34. The last word in machine tool building is considered to be computer numerical control (CNC) machines. That is, these machines can do without workers, they function according to a computer program pre-assigned to them. The workers act as adjusters. In 1958, the USSR demonstrated such machines at the World Exhibition in Brussels. And in 1972 we got the first section with machines using "unmanned technology". Such are the galoshes! Deserted! In 1991, 428 machine-tool factories operated in the USSR, which produced 160 thousand machine tools (including 22 thousand CNC machines, the 2nd place in the world for CNC machines after Japan - there are 24 thousand there). There were more than 7 thousand machine-tool engineers alone in the Union. Now only the galley slaves remained. Now Russia produces about 6 thousand machine tools. Another 8 thousand are imported. Mostly cheap and not very high quality machines from China. We don't even need expensive and modern Japanese, German and American machines - there are almost no factories for them. In general, the dependence on the import of machine tools is about 78%, and on the tools for machine tools (cutting parts, for example, cutters, etc.) - the dependence on foreigners is 90%. So foreign "partners" can stop our entire industry in a year, simply by ceasing to supply machines and tools to them. Therefore, there have not really been any real sanctions against us. Note that in 2019, 34.5 million metal-cutting machine tools were produced in the world. But it was not Russia that produced them. And China (9 million), the United States - 4 million and Germany - 2.5 million. And we supply them all with oil and gas, which were left to us by grateful dinosaurs hundreds of millions of years ago.
        1. Pete mitchell Offline Pete mitchell
          Pete mitchell (Pete Mitchell) 29 October 2020 11: 43
          +1
          You are no doubt right. It seems that the program for the production of machine tools was announced. And another problem is who to work for them, also needs to be solved