Why the Nazis never received a worthy retribution for their atrocities


74 years ago, the most significant trial in human history came to an end. September 30 - October 1, 1946, the verdict of the International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg was announced, which examined the horrific crimes of the Nazi Third Reich, its leaders, leading structures and entire organizations. It would seem that a complete and final triumph of justice took place. Having overwhelmed the loops on the necks of the main executioners and their inspirers, having condemned the misanthropic ideology generated by them and given birth to themselves, the world put an end to one of the most terrible and bloody pages of its existence ...


As we now understand, this did not happen. Not that the roots of the poisonous "tree" of Nazism, the poisoned fruits of which were the world war, concentration camps and millions of hecatombs of innocent victims, were not uprooted - it was not even possible to chop off every single "branch" of it. Many perpetrators of monstrous crimes either escaped responsibility, or got off with purely symbolic (in comparison with their committed) punishment. Why did it happen? What was the Nuremberg Trials really supposed to become, and what did it ultimately result in? Let's try to look for answers to these questions, and at the same time - dispel some of the misconceptions and myths about this historical event.

Cannibalism of the "democrats" and the mercy of the "tyrant"


Once I happened to come across the opus of another "historian" who definitely belonged to the "liberal school", in which it was argued in all seriousness that Nuremberg was "Stalin's invention." The "dictator and tyrant" liked the processes in the mid-late 30s carried out on the affairs of "enemies of the people" in the USSR so much that he decided to arrange something similar for the defeated Nazis. Exclusively in order, of course, to amuse my own bloodthirsty nature ... I, as usual, I will not argue with a clinic of this level, I will just note that in this delusional statement only one moment is true: the idea of ​​a grandiose, never seen before by anyone and nowhere court ( certainly international) over the Third Reich, defeated at the cost of colossal sacrifices of the Soviet people, belonged to the Supreme. But before trying to turn his true motives upside down, it would be worth asking: what alternative did our “allies”, representatives of the “democratic” and “civilized” United States and Great Britain see?

I can say with full responsibility: the fate prepared for the defeated Germany by the leader of the Soviet Union, who lost more than 25 million people in the war and a third of its own national wealth, was the standard of mercy and humanism - in comparison with what it saw the British and Americans, whose military losses in relation to ours they were scanty, and in the case of the United States - in fact, zero. The phrase about the fact that all Germans should, forgive me, be castrated without exception, or, at least, "subjected to such treatment so that they cannot reproduce a population capable of repeating what they have done" does not belong in any way to Stalin, but to Franklin Roosevelt, the President of the United States, on whose land not a single soldier of the Wehrmacht has set foot. The kindest soul man ...

It must be said that the American leader was not just talking his tongue (this was actually unusual for Roosevelt). As early as 1944, US Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau was rushing with a plan to completely dismember Germany and turn it into a "poor agricultural country". True, his colleagues (in particular, the financier Harry White) quickly clarified that in order to realize these intentions, it is necessary to "get rid" of at least 25 million Germans as soon as possible. How to get rid of ?! Yes to liquidate to hell! But there was also the dearest American Theodore Kaufman, the author of a book with an unpretentious title "Germany must disappear", who calculated with mathematical precision that to implement this slogan, it would be enough to employ "only" 20 thousand surgeons who would be forcibly sterilized by 25 thousands of inhabitants and residents of Germany per day. And that's all - in some three months "the problem will be solved." And after 60 years not a single German will remain on the planet at all ...

And one should not think that these were the delights of empty gulls and dreamers - in the same 1944, the British ambassador to the United States, Lord Halifax, officially discussed these ideas with London and, expressing their warmest support, proposed simply to destroy all military and civilians without any trial or investigation. persons of the Third Reich who found themselves on the "black lists" of the allies and captured by their troops. There was little to do - the lists. True, many in the same London offered to include in them, for loyalty, the entire SS personnel, up to the last kid from the Hitler Youth and the entire NSDAP in full payroll. Well, and at the same time - all the army leadership, the rank of not lower than a general, or even a colonel. The possible scale of such an extrajudicial “clean-up” operation does not look weak.

I must say that Joseph Vissarionovich, unlike sirs, lords and presidents, did not finish any universities and the concept of law and legality, who composed exclusively from the hundreds and thousands of books he had read, all this infuriated him extremely. To this day, the assumption has not been refuted that copies of the "Morgenthau plan" were in Berlin on his initiative and through the efforts of the eagles from the department of Lavrenty Beria. This is so that the local bosses have less bad thoughts about separate peace negotiations with the Anglo-Saxons. And later, during the Tehran and Yalta conferences, Stalin, there is evidence of this, more than once besieged Churchill, who called to "put up against the wall" almost every second German, not counting every first. Once, his argument with the bloodthirsty Briton reached the point that Sir Winston began to broadcast, they say, even our grandchildren should not see "Germany rising from its knees"! So with fire and their sword, hot iron and dust, dust! To this, Stalin replied in his calm manner: "The cruelty will just give rise to the thirst for revenge ..."

It is clear that the Supreme Commander was not sad about the fate of the Nazis, who killed millions of Soviet people, including his own son. And he was a pragmatist and a realist. And he didn't just know the story, but understood all its subtleties. He understood perfectly well that the nightmarish Third Reich "grew" out of the murderous and humiliating "Peace of Versailles" for the Germans and categorically did not want to repeat the same. So it was Stalin who took care of the grandchildren, not Churchill. Moreover, Joseph Vissarionovich did not want the transformation of just retribution into a banal reprisal. Denying the very possibility of lynching even the most infamous Nazis, he said: "This must be a judicial decision." Stalin wanted to condemn and punish not Hitler, Himmler, Goering, Bormann and others, but Nazism.

Combine the incompatible, embrace the immensity


It is from this moment, in fact, that the reasons begin that the Nuremberg trial did not become what it should have become. The victory in the Second World War seemed to be won by the allies, but in fact, already in May 1945, they were irreconcilable enemies - at least ideologically and ideologically. For Soviet people, German Nazism was not just a misanthropic ideology based on the absolutely unacceptable theory of "racial superiority", but above all, the ultimate expression of the vicious essence of the capitalist, imperialist world order. And it really was so! For the Americans and the British, Hitler and his clique, on the contrary, were a tool - they themselves created for the destruction of the Soviet Union, but got out of control and began to do something completely different from what was expected of him.

Moreover, many researchers are inclined to believe that the desire of the same British to destroy high-ranking Nazi officials, military and functionaries on the spot was not dictated by "righteous anger", but by the most banal desire to keep them from opening their mouths and shedding light on the true history of Germany's transformation into the Third Reich. First of all, the revival of its army and military industry. There is nothing surprising in the fact that the first in the list of those Nazi tycoons who were acquitted by the Nuremberg court is the name of Hjalmar Schacht, a man who did not just lay the foundations of the "military economics"Hitler's state, and, above all, the former main" link "between the Nazis and bankers of Great Britain and the United States. Without his participation, Berlin would not have received that colossal financial support from them, which, in fact, made it possible to create the Wehrmacht, the SS and all other instruments for the extermination of millions of people. Recognized as innocent, like a lamb, after a symbolic "imprisonment" he lived right up to 1970, far from being in poverty.

Few people remember this today, but after the announcement of the verdict, Major General of Justice Ion Nikitchenko, who represented our country as a judge of the tribunal, presented a special Dissenting Opinion expressing the position of the USSR. He openly spoke about the inadmissibility of any acquittals in this trial at all. Especially in relation to such clearly guilty persons as Hjalmar Schacht or Franz von Papen and Hans Fritsche who also escaped retribution. The first, let me remind you, was a diplomat, played one of the leading roles in the capture of Austria and many subsequent secret international operations of the Third Reich. The fact that Papen's actions posed a danger to the USSR is evidenced by the fact of an attempt to eliminate it, undertaken by Soviet intelligence in 1942 in Turkey and sanctioned at the very top. Alas, the operation then failed, and at Nuremberg Papen again eluded retribution. Fritsche was not just an ordinary Nazi propagandist, but one of the leading employees of the Goebbels department, a member of the Nazi party. And also justified ...

However, much more indignation in the USSR was caused by the fact that British, American and French judges flatly refused to admit guilt in war crimes and crimes against humanity, not only of the government of the Third Reich, but also of the General Staff and the High Command of the Wehrmacht! Having reached the heights of mockery of justice, they declared that the SA - the assault troops of the Nazis, who shed rivers of blood in their time, can in no way be ranked among the criminal organizations, since ... "there is no evidence of their solidarity and organization"! He who has ears, let him hear ...

In fact, the Nuremberg trials became not only the last attempt by yesterday's "allies" to cooperate outside the battlefield, but also an excellent demonstration of how differently they see both the barely ended war and, most importantly, the future fate of the world. Disagreements arose on almost every key issue, but I will give just one example - the Soviet side was categorically opposed to former members of the Nazi party acting as lawyers for the defendants. "Allies", making big eyes, rejected this demand. As a result, the overwhelming majority of the defenders of the leaders of the Third Reich were just members of the NSDAP. Is it any wonder that one of them, who defended the interests of such "innocent" organizations as the SS and SD, Ludwig Babel, agreed at the trial to the point that he demanded that all those who resisted the invaders in the German-occupied territories and such " illegal actions "literally" provoked "the Nazi thugs to the atrocities they committed!

As for me, this "thief" should be hanged on the same rope with his clients! Nevertheless, nothing like this happened, and it could not have happened. By sending a dozen Nazi bosses to the gallows, introducing the concept of "genocide" into international legal circulation and condemning the Third Reich as such, the Nuremberg Tribunal, on the other hand, initiated the process of removing many Nazi criminals from the punishing hand of Justice, who subsequently appreciated their true worth " generosity ”of their Anglo-Saxon saviors and who served them faithfully for many years.

What just retribution could there be if the leadership of the United States and Great Britain, by the time the trial was completed, already saw the Soviet Union as a mortal enemy, and in many of the defendants as potential assistants in the fight against it? By that time, Churchill's Fulton speech, which launched the Cold War, had already been sounded, and the chief prosecutor from the United States, Robert Jackson, instead of performing his direct duties, ran around European capitals with lectures on the "communist threat", after which he sent dispatches to Washington about the messages he had given to local anti-Soviet forces "a sure sign" regarding future US support.

To our great regret, the Nazi evil did not receive a worthy retribution for their atrocities committed on Soviet soil - and all thanks to those who took over from it the baton of mortal enmity with our country.
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  1. Sapsan136 Offline Sapsan136
    Sapsan136 (Sapsan136) 3 October 2020 10: 34
    +8
    This mercy to the enemy always goes sideways for Russia, and the enemy who has not received adequate punishment for his crimes takes up the old and continues to harm Russia and its indigenous population. It's time to quit with such not clever mercy.
  2. steelmaker Offline steelmaker
    steelmaker 3 October 2020 10: 57
    +2
    "Cruelty will just breed a thirst for revenge"

    And humanism? As history has shown, the enemy cannot be re-educated. This is a lesson for our contemporaries. And whatever the conscience does not bother, you just need not take prisoners. Then there will be no need to worry about fair punishment!

    If you are shot with a steel bullet,
    do not tolerate, but fight back with a combat grenade!
  3. Pishenkov Offline Pishenkov
    Pishenkov (Alexey) 3 October 2020 11: 51
    +2
    What was the Nuremberg Trials really supposed to become, and what did it ultimately result in?

    The Nuremberg trial, the results of which many people now like to refer to as a decision of the highest instance, in fact was neither fair, nor fair, nor even legitimate from a legal point of view - there were too many violations, even the status of the trial is not clear, it is there was neither a normal court nor a military tribunal. Something that the legal system did not have then and does not have now ... In theory, it should have been a trial over the crimes of the Second World War, but it was a farce played out primarily by the Western allies. At the same time, it was the very first Western "wiring" to which the USSR was led immediately after the end of the Second World War. And the reason is in our eternal desire to have an undefiled reputation, to remain "white and fluffy" even in the bloodiest war in history, which is a priori impossible. And we had dark spots, but their number and volume could not be compared either with Germany or even with the Western Allies. What is even worth the carpet bombing of German cities or the aimless use of nuclear weapons in Japan?
    As soon as for the first time and precisely from the Germans, on whom they initially tried to blame, the topic of Katyn surfaced with more than 20 thousand Poles shot by the NKVD, the Soviet side was not ready for this and was shocked, they were afraid, apparently, that they would pull out something else. They were so afraid that for the sake of hiding this incident, in fact, they went further on the lead of the Anglo-Americans, without raising any of the terrible atrocities committed by them. And the Westerners, in turn, closed their eyes to many of the crimes of the Germans, in exchange for not touching upon the painful issues for the allies.
    Katyn was hushed up then - a Belarusian village burned by the SS was found with a very similar name, although there were worse things there, but they chose Khatyn, it was painfully suitable for replacement, and was there almost ... But after half a century, we still apologized. And THEY apologized for something? At the same time, although prisoners were destroyed in Katyn, they were still Polish servicemen. And in Hamburg, Dresden, Hiroshima and Nagasaki hundreds of thousands of ordinary people were destroyed in minutes, such genocide and Hitler never dreamed of ... So what? There are guilty ones, are they punished? Has our reputation remained unsullied? No, none of that. There is no well-deserved punishment of Nazism. So what was it? The fairest judgment in history, to which you can refer all your life, justifying and condemning something, or a pompous farce? Another example of how to deal with Western "partners on a" mutually beneficial basis "....
  4. Oleg Rambover Offline Oleg Rambover
    Oleg Rambover (Oleg Rambover) 3 October 2020 14: 39
    -6
    in this delusional statement, only one moment is true: the idea of ​​a grandiose, never seen before by anyone or anywhere, trial (certainly international) over the Third Reich, defeated at the cost of colossal sacrifices of the Soviet people, belonged to the Supreme.

    So this is also not true. Joseph offered without further ado to shoot 50 thousand Germans without any trial and all the cases.
    1. isofat Offline isofat
      isofat (isofat) 3 October 2020 15: 54
      +2
      For the first time, the idea of ​​an international trial of Nazi criminals was put forward by the Soviet Union.

      Oleg Rambover... Where do you see the lie?

      https://tass.ru/info/5904414
      1. Oleg Rambover Offline Oleg Rambover
        Oleg Rambover (Oleg Rambover) 3 October 2020 16: 16
        -3
        Unknown quotes are of course an argument. The first project of an international body for the investigation of war crimes was proposed by Hopkins at 42. At 43, the United Nations Commission on War Crimes was created, the USSR did not enter it.
        1. isofat Offline isofat
          isofat (isofat) 3 October 2020 16: 26
          +2
          Oleg Rambover, no one bothers you to look at the link.

          PS... This is not the first time you have been trapped, it is time for you to get used to it and stop getting angry.
          1. Oleg Rambover Offline Oleg Rambover
            Oleg Rambover (Oleg Rambover) 3 October 2020 16: 59
            -3
            I'm angry, akst.
            This is not the first time you sit in a puddle and persist in doing it.
            This article was written by the same connoisseur of history as you.
            First government statement yes from October 14, but only 42 years old
            Secondly, anyone can get acquainted with it:

            http://spandau-prison.com/zajavlenie-sovetskogo-pravitelstva-14-10-1942/

            Knowing how much you love quotes, especially for you from this statement:

            Soviet government according to the statement President of the United States of America Mr. Roosevelt, made in his speech on October 12, on the issue of punishing "Nazi leaders specifically responsible for countless acts of atrocities", namely that "a clique of leaders and their cruel accomplices should be named, arrested and convicted under criminal law».
            1. isofat Offline isofat
              isofat (isofat) 3 October 2020 17: 13
              +2
              Oleg Rambover... Eco carried you away. Cool down, p-p-fu on you. And the article is good, I liked it.
              1. The comment was deleted.
    2. magma Offline magma
      magma (Tatyana) 4 October 2020 11: 10
      +1
      Joseph offered without further ado to shoot 50 thousand Germans without any trial and all the cases.

      Do you have evidence for this claim?
      1. Oleg Rambover Offline Oleg Rambover
        Oleg Rambover (Oleg Rambover) 4 October 2020 12: 18
        -1
        Memories of Elliot Roosevelt

        https://tunnel.ru/post-ruzvelt-o-staline-i-ego-spore-s-cherchillem
        1. magma Offline magma
          magma (Tatyana) 4 October 2020 12: 35
          +1
          What the hell is this? Or do you think that some left article on some left site is proof?
          Following your "proof", we can write that it was you who proposed to shoot 50 thousand Germans ...
          Something like that.
          1. Oleg Rambover Offline Oleg Rambover
            Oleg Rambover (Oleg Rambover) 4 October 2020 21: 54
            -1
            Oh, be quiet when cornering.
            You google "Through His Eyes" Elliot Roosevelt, find this book on a website you trust (you can buy), find chapter seven "Tehran Conference" in it and read it. And the previous link contained the necessary fragment of this book, but you can do it yourself.
      2. isofat Offline isofat
        isofat (isofat) 4 October 2020 14: 37
        +1
        magma... Churchill, as a man with humor, perfectly understood Joseph Vissarionovich's joke. The comic aspect of the situation was that the Americans did not understand the joke. They expressed their unconditional support for this proposal of Stalin in earnest. smile

        Churchill also recalled this incident.
  5. Oleg Rambover Offline Oleg Rambover
    Oleg Rambover (Oleg Rambover) 3 October 2020 16: 20
    -3
    The phrase about the fact that all Germans should, forgive me, be castrated without exception, or, at least, "subjected to such treatment so that they cannot reproduce a population capable of repeating what they have done" does not belong in any way to Stalin, but to Franklin Roosevelt, the President of the United States, on whose land not a single soldier of the Wehrmacht has set foot. The kindest soul man ...

    Can you tell me more about when and where did you say that? And it looks like a fake ...
    1. isofat Offline isofat
      isofat (isofat) 3 October 2020 16: 54
      +2
      Quote: Oleg Rambover
      Can you tell me more about when and where did you say that? And it looks like a fake ...

      Oleg Rambover, there is even a book containing such a proposal.

      PS. After the atrocities perpetrated by the Nazis, there is no need to be surprised at the proposals made.
      1. Oleg Rambover Offline Oleg Rambover
        Oleg Rambover (Oleg Rambover) 3 October 2020 17: 19
        -3
        Quote: isofat
        even the book contained such a proposal.

        What do you mean, a whole book, yes, a worthy argument.

        Quote: isofat
        PS. After the atrocities perpetrated by the Nazis, one should not be surprised at the proposals made.

        Collective responsibility is not right, it should be personal. If the winners applied the principles of collective responsibility, then it is not clear how the winners are better than the losers.
  6. isofat Offline isofat
    isofat (isofat) 3 October 2020 17: 52
    +2
    - Roosevelt's oral statement:

    We should be tough with Germany; I mean the German people, not just the Nazis. You need to either castrate the Germans, or treat them in such a way that they cannot reproduce offspring who want to behave as they did in the past.

    - In Theodor N. Kaufman's book "Germany Must Perish", a proposal was made to sterilize all Germans.

    PS... Theodore N. Kaufman, American Jewish businessman and writer.
  7. Jacques sekavar Offline Jacques sekavar
    Jacques sekavar (Jacques Sekavar) 4 October 2020 14: 31
    +2
    JV Stalin is the last theorist of Marxism and the practitioner of building socialism.
    The liquidation of the new economic policy of VI Lenin, which led to the distortion of the very concept of “Socialism”, which is just a transitional (!) Stage of social development, can be considered a strategic mistake of JV Stalin.
    As V.I. Lenin said, the essence of Socialism is not to completely destroy the old social order, but, on the contrary, to support and strengthen capitalism, but as it develops to subordinate to state regulation not everything, but its main (!) Elements are money circulation , defense industry, entrepreneurship, trade, media.
    In the end, this mistake predetermined decay, the formation of a so-called clan. "Untouchables" which were not under Joseph Stalin and which immediately arose after his death. Their isolation from the people, the formal socialization of production and, as a result, party membership became a step in career growth. All this ultimately led to the decay of the party, the collapse of the USSR and the restoration of capitalism only some 38 years after the death of J.V. Stalin. As he himself wrote - "after death, a lot of rubbish will be put on my grave, but the wind of history will scatter it." Hopefully.
    The question is whether J.V. Stalin had a choice in those conditions - an economic blockade, sabotage of the overthrown ruling class and the largest owner of capital - the church, devastation and anarchy in all spheres, confusion and vacillation in the party, the threat of war, etc. ... It was necessary to have extraordinary abilities and courage in order at the XNUMXth Congress of the All-Union Communist Party of Bolsheviks to adopt the program of industrialization, which caused unprecedented enthusiasm in the history of the victorious proletariat and to implement it in spite of the murmur of “clever people”, external ridicule and opposition. They did this, and only thanks to this they won the Great Patriotic War, and then they became the second economic and military power in the world, the most educated, nominated the greatest scientists in the world.
    As they said in ancient Greece - everyone imagines himself a strategist, seeing the battle from afar.
    After the collapse of the USSR and the restoration of capitalism, the People's Republic of China took up the banner of socialism. Deng Xiaoping returned to the basics of the Leninist New Economic Policy as applied to Chinese conditions, and the result speaks for itself.
    Vladimir Putin is also trying to do something similar in the Russian Federation - monetary policy, price regulation, state control of natural monopolies, strategically important enterprises, etc.
    The fundamental difference is that all reforms in China, from Deng Xiaoping to Xi Jiping, relied and are still based on the dictatorship of the proletariat in the person of the Communist Party of China, and on whom does Vladimir Putin rely? At the Duma parties, for whom the very word "socialism" evokes aggression like a red rag to a bull?
    Large Russian capital is asleep and sees it as it jump out from under state regulation, pushed through the entry of the Russian Federation into the WTO, the IMF, etc., where everything is run by the largest transnational banks and corporations, the overwhelming majority of the USA. For multinational banks and corporations, there is nothing more important than profit. Karl Marx wrote about this that for 300% of the profit the capital will go to any crime, even under penalty of the gallows.
    After Yeltsin's coup d'etat and the restoration of capitalism, big business dispersed all domestic and international proletarian organizations, declassified the proletariat itself, the main goal of which was to find an owner and a desire to sell itself at a higher price. He discredited Marxism, Lenin, and Stalin was almost written down as criminals because he did not shoot thousands of bandits and internal enemies, millions of traitors who fought on the side of the Nazis, but forced them to atone for their guilt in special camps. The past hunger and cold, backbreaking work and war, the population would lynch such people without trial and investigation, and now they seem to be innocently injured, kind and fluffy. In modern times, it is strange that they are not paid compensation. After Vladimir Putin leaves the political arena, he will try to discredit him too. With a high degree of probability, problems in all spheres will aggravate in the Russian Federation, and this will destabilize the state as a whole, to which the “democrats”, protestors and ordinary people offended by life will only be glad. Therefore, everything is so-called. “Democrats” like Kasparov, Ryzhkov, Chubais, Kinder Surprise, Gref, Kudrin, “Democrats” in a hearse - Sobchak, Navalny and the like, are making plans for 2024, and who have identified China and Russia as strategic opponents, such as they always are supported not only morally and financially, but also with "peacekeeping" contingents and operations, as in Yugoslavia, Iraq, Libya, Syria. It will be “fun”, only to survive.