Russia took up the massive modernization of T-72 tanks


The Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation intends in the near future to modify all existing T-72 tanks to the T-72B3M version. What characteristics will the updated combat vehicle have and what does the tank biathlon have to do with it? Let's figure it out.


At the moment, the T-72 of various modifications is the backbone of the Russian tank forces. It is believed that the current version of the combat vehicle is practically not inferior to the American "Abrams" М1А2С. However, the Pentagon intends to send 435 units of improved tanks to the army by 2024, which may violate parity. Therefore, we also need a new, more modern modification of the tank.

It is known that the new engine of the T-72B3M version will receive a power of 1130 horsepower, which is almost a third more than its predecessor. The dynamic protection "Relikt", which will replace the "Contact-5", will increase the survivability of the combat vehicle by 15%, and the installation of the "Sosna-U" sighting system will improve the accuracy, speed and effectiveness of cannon fire.

We add here an automatic transmission, new tracks, active protection "Arena-M", as well as optimization of the location of fuel and ammunition. As a result, we get a tank, which, according to some military experts, will surpass the American "Abrams" of the third version.

According to Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu, all T-72s available in the army will switch to this modification in the coming years. At the same time, the new car has already begun to enter the troops.

When it comes to tank biathlon, many consider this competition a waste of money. However, this is not at all the case. In the course of such competitions, a combat vehicle is run-in under extreme conditions. The process is closely monitored by engineers, fixing technical indicators and identifying "bottlenecks". As a result, improved versions of the combat equipment, like T-72B3M.

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  1. gorenina91 Offline gorenina91
    gorenina91 (Irina) 26 September 2020 15: 11
    -4
    When it comes to tank biathlon, many consider this competition to be a waste of money.

    - This is the valuable "seed" of the topic ... - It (this topic) should have been developed ...
    -Who needs all this expensive window dressing ??? - Well, let's gather people from different (mostly "poor") states and arrange a "rocket biathlon" ... -And we will give each of the arrivals to shoot an S-400 rocket for free ... -And for this we "train" the new arrivals by our instructors ... - And whose crew will catch the target faster and launch at the target ... - Why waste time on trifles ...

    The process is closely monitored by engineers, fixing technical indicators and identifying "bottlenecks".

    -What is there to find out something ??? - What are the "technical indicators" and "thin spots" ???
    - Long live the upgrade ... = And the upgrade should not be public, but rather secret ...
    - I repeat again ... - Personally, I would re-equip all T-72B3M tanks with rifled guns ... - Install modern thermal imagers, modern tank sights from "Shvabe" ... - For a rifled gun ... like a sniper sight ... - And this T-72B3M could well destroy Chinese and American (NATO) tanks and other targets ...
    1. Magog Offline Magog
      Magog (Gog Magog) 28 September 2020 15: 04
      +1
      Especially for Irina Gorenina: why the guns of all modern tanks (except for the NATO Challenger 2 tank) smooth-bore, not rifled? Rifled guns are difficult to manufacture compared to smoothbore guns. The resource of a smoothbore cannon is noticeably higher than a rifled one. On all types of modern projectiles, stabilizing empennage is installed, in which the need for a rifled gun is eliminated. The rotation of HEAT shells is highly undesirable, because under the action of centrifugal force, the jet will not be able to concentrate as necessary. Modern sabot projectiles are longer, and the longer the projectile, the faster it must rotate for better stabilization. The rifled cannon turned short caliber rounds well, but problems arose with long ammunition. Therefore, armor-piercing subcaliber projectiles received plumage, which stabilized the projectile in the air. These shells are most effective when firing smoothbore guns. The power of a shot from a smoothbore cannon is higher, and, therefore, the speed and range of the projectile is greater, all other parameters being equal. That is, such an output power of a shot from a smooth barrel is due to a decrease in resistance in the channel itself (no rifling), the passage of which requires energy.
  2. steelmaker Offline steelmaker
    steelmaker 26 September 2020 21: 37
    -2
    And what time will this modernization be up? And I believe that one should not compare with the Abrams, but with the T-90. This is our best tank, according to our own experts.
    On YouTube, I watched foreigners watching our tank biathlon. And the more foreigners watch it, the longer the world will remain for Russia. I think that in general it is necessary to make short cuts and show them at sporting events. This is an advertisement for our weapons and let everyone be afraid of us!
  3. Dima Dima_2 Offline Dima Dima_2
    Dima Dima_2 (Dima Dima) 26 September 2020 21: 43
    0
    Automatic transmission, why?
    1. Dear sofa expert. 26 September 2020 23: 07
      +2
      Automatic transmission, why?

      Allows you to simplify the control of the machine. The war will require accelerated mass training of crews.
      1. Igor Pavlovich Offline Igor Pavlovich
        Igor Pavlovich (Igor Pavlovich) 27 September 2020 14: 45
        -2
        Who is Russia going to fight with? As in 39, Poland with the Germans gathered to share? Or Ukraine and Belarus - only in company with whom?
        1. Dear sofa expert. 27 September 2020 15: 50
          +1
          Who is Russia going to fight with?

          Gathered, or getting ready. Think as you like. It's like in mathematics - the sum does not change from the change of places of the terms.
          The result will be the same. Better think about which trench you personally want to sit in. It will be more useful for your health.
          1. Vladimir Tuzakov (Vladimir Tuzakov) 28 September 2020 16: 16
            -2
            Better think about which trench you personally want to sit in.

            - for such statements, they were quickly put up against the wall, and in a state governed by the rule of law for treason and a considerable time ... As for the modernization of the T-72, the main problem is the explosion of ammunition when a tank is hit. It is high time to use ammunition with a reduced danger of ignition and detonation (it is better to use binary ammunition with an inert initial state). Already in the Second World War, the Americans used shells with reduced ignition (gunpowder) and detonation in tanks. (From the memoirs of a Red Army tanker: when hit, Sherman caught fire, everyone jumped out and took cover, waited for the explosion of the BC, but the tank burned out, and the explosion did not follow, - then they learned that the shells in Sherman with special gunpowder did not ignite as quickly as ours .. .) Next, the crew must be placed in isolated armor capsules with duplication of the most important functions - movement control, fire control ..., When a tank is hit, one capsule is usually affected, the rest are not damaged and the tank can continue to operate ... Such a division of the crew. necessary on the T-14, and on cells for soldiers in the BMD and other armored personnel carriers ...