An insidious pest threatens the Russian crop


2020 never ceases to amaze you. We are not satisfied with the coronavirus pandemic, the consequences of the "oil war" and the abnormal heat that was exhausting many Russian regions for weeks. Now these "intrigues" have been added to the "locust", or rather, its functional analogue - the meadow moth.


Despite the fearless name, the meadow moth is an especially dangerous omnivorous pest that can cause enormous damage to agriculture. Its caterpillars eat everything, but they especially prefer healthy and juicy crops: perennial legumes, sunflowers, corn, sugar beets, carrots, cabbage, and potatoes. If 5-6 caterpillars sit on one sugar beet, then the yield will be at least half as much, 15-20 will simply destroy the plant at the root. The insect leaves behind a real desert, no worse than a locust.

Currently, the most affected by the meadow moth are the Novosibirsk region and Khakassia. Over 4 thousand hectares were affected. First, pests eat weeds, then they take up crops. Insects constantly migrate like a living black river, devouring everything in their path. The threat of their spread was noted in the Altai Territory, Buryatia and Tuva.

It is impossible to stop the pest with anything other than chemistry. Experienced gardeners recommend using agents such as bitoxibacillin and lepidocid, which should be applied prophylactically to plants. Having started its meal, the insect dies in 2-3 days. If the caterpillars have already occupied the plant, then they can be driven out by karbofos or dichlorvos. By the way, Novosibirsk gardeners were attacked by a pest expelled from the fields of the Scientific Institute of Agriculture and Chemicalization by chemical treatment. Local residents turned to the authorities with a request to carry out preventive treatment of the forest belt between their plots and the plantings of the Institute, but the implementation was delayed and the problem worsened.

Curiously, there is even a version on social networks that it was scientists who bred a meadow moth for targeted weed control. In favor of such a "conspiracy theory" is evidenced by the fact that the pest prefers weeds first, and only then switches to everything else. However, these popular hypotheses are refuted by science. The meadow moth was described as early as the 18th century; this species is common in Europe, Asia and North America. Insects live mainly in the steppe and forest-steppe regions, migrate, but in unfavorable climatic zones, after 1-2 generations they die out on their own. The period of their mass reproduction usually occurs every 10-12 years. In our country, this pest actively manifested itself at the turn of 2000-2002 and 2008-2011. Experienced gardeners recall with horror the summer of 1998, when the moth larvae "juicy churned" their harvest.

In today's massive invasion of caterpillars, not only the notorious cyclicality is to blame, but also the abnormal heat that contributed to the growth of the population. There is a rather high risk that the pest will move further to the Irkutsk region, Kalmykia. Transbaikalia, Vologda and Rostov regions, Stavropol and Dagestan.
Photos used: https://pixabay.com/
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  1. 123 Offline
    123 (123) 26 July 2020 14: 57
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    Interestingly, they grumble hogweed?
    1. Sergey Tokarev Offline
      Sergey Tokarev (Sergey Tokarev) 26 July 2020 15: 30
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      We will grump the hogweed if they multiply ...
      1. 123 Offline
        123 (123) 26 July 2020 15: 46
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        We will grump the hogweed if they multiply ...

        I doubt it.

        Insects live mainly in the steppe and forest-steppe regions, migrate, but in unfavorable climatic zones, after 1-2 generations they die out on their own.
        1. Sergey Tokarev Offline
          Sergey Tokarev (Sergey Tokarev) 26 July 2020 15: 54
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          This includes the Kuban, Rostov region, Stavropol, Orenburg, Bashkiria. Or do we grow bread in Siberia?
          1. 123 Offline
            123 (123) 26 July 2020 17: 37
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            this includes the Kuban, Rostov region, Stavropol, Orenburg, Bashkiria. Or do we grow bread in Siberia?

            The article, however, does not mention Kuban, Orenburg, Bashkiria, but this is not the point.

            There is a rather high risk that the pest will move further to the Irkutsk region, Kalmykia. Transbaikalia, Vologda and Rostov regions, Stavropol and Dagestan.

            Firstly, he still needs to get there, I doubt that it will come to winter, * legs will get tired).
            Secondly, there are methods of dealing with it and everything is not so sad.
            Thirdly, try to gnaw the cow parsnip yourself (maybe you will like it), I'm not going to participate in this.
            And finally, you won't believe it, but in Siberia not only cones and cranberries grow. hi

            https://www.agroinvestor.ru/regions/news/30325-sibir-demonstriruet-rekordnuyu-urozhaynost-pshenitsy/

            https://vn.ru/news-kachestvo-zerna-v-sibiri-vyshe-chem-v-tsentralnoy-rossii/

            https://ria.ru/20191022/1560084763.html
            1. Sergey Tokarev Offline
              Sergey Tokarev (Sergey Tokarev) 26 July 2020 18: 00
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              Did you get to the word? Is it okay that the Krasnodar Territory (Kuban) is the neighboring region of Rostov? How do locusts get from Kazakhstan to Russia? Legs don't get tired ??? And I didn’t seem to have heard that Russia had a cold summer this year and promised an abnormally frosty winter. Read your garbage links yourself. Only the granary of Russia is the Krasnodar Territory, the Volgograd Region, etc., and not Siberia.

              Insects live mainly in the steppe and forest-steppe regions.

              Orenburg in the steppe. Borders with Kazakhstan and the Astrakhan region through Kazakhstan.
              1. 123 Offline
                123 (123) 26 July 2020 18: 52
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                Did you get to the word? Is it okay that the Krasnodar Territory (Kuban) is the neighboring Rostov Region? How do locusts get from Kazakhstan to Russia? Legs don't get tired ???

                I didn't get to the bottom of anything. It takes time to spread the pest, it is unlikely to be in time.

                And I didn’t seem to have heard that Russia had a cold summer this year and promised an abnormally frosty winter. Read your garbage links yourself.

                "Agroinvestor", "RIA", "vn.ru" (Novosibirsk region news) - garbage sites? Is news from the fields propaganda? Well, okay, read the familiar, ideologically consistent. What does the cold summer have to do with it? request

                Only the granary of Russia is the Krasnodar Territory, the Volgograd Region, etc., and not Siberia.

                Of course, more wheat is harvested in Krasnodar, but not all. Bashkiria, Omsk, Tatarstan, Tyumen collect about the same amount of wheat as the Krasnodar Territory. There is also Altai, Novosibirsk and so on. I hope you don’t think that Krasnodar feeds all of Russia? And then I already heard about one granary, it remained beyond the Dnieper.

                Insects live mainly in the steppe and forest-steppe regions.

                Orenburg in the steppe. Borders with Kazakhstan and the Astrakhan region through Kazakhstan.

                Absolutely.
                1. Sergey Tokarev Offline
                  Sergey Tokarev (Sergey Tokarev) 26 July 2020 18: 57
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                  The pest will calmly overwinter and under similar conditions, as this year, will continue to spread. And your links are trash, because when the main producers of grain, beets, etc. Siberia will not change anything, even if pineapples grow on their windowsills .. In Vladivostok, tomatoes are grown in greenhouses - and what - now you can not bring them from Turkey? Oh, I sense it smells like a Little Russian spirit ...
                  1. 123 Offline
                    123 (123) 26 July 2020 19: 37
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                    The pest will calmly overwinter and under similar conditions, as this year, will continue to spread.

                    There are always pests, even as a child I have seen locusts and trees gnawed to branches by all sorts of caterpillars. I don't see anything supernatural in this situation. You just have to do the processing of the fields.

                    And your links are trash, because when the main producers of grain, beets, etc. Siberia will not change anything, even if they have pineapples growing on their windowsills.

                    And why will they be "knocked out"? Isn't it too early to breed panic?

                    In Vladivostok, tomatoes are grown in greenhouses - and what - now you can not bring from Turkey?

                    From Turkey? You may not be lucky. As a last resort, Central Asia is closer and tastier. Greenhouse tomatoes are for the winter. We also built them well.

                    Oh, I sense it smells like a Little Russian spirit ...

                    I recommend changing your underwear. Should help.
                    1. Sergey Tokarev Offline
                      Sergey Tokarev (Sergey Tokarev) 26 July 2020 20: 07
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                      Did you see locusts in childhood? Congratulations))) I drove into a cloud of locusts in a car ... and the whole frontal was covered with a solid mass of mucus, not to mention the radiator clogged with organic matter. There is definitely a smell. A Ukrainian will never admit that he is wrong. ChSV goes off scale. Greenhouse tomatoes are not for the winter. The crop is harvested twice a year - in early spring and late autumn.
  2. SASS Offline
    SASS (Sass) 26 July 2020 16: 32
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    Oh woe to us, oh woe ... Gray, save ...)))
  3. Rum rum Offline
    Rum rum (Rum rum) 26 July 2020 18: 13
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    Pan Marzecki. You are a sad, pessimistic person. Just a little, you shout - "Polundra, we will all die."
    Look at life more calmly. You, in the sense of calmness, are not some kind of Russian.
    Although, what am I talking about?
    1. Marzhecki Offline
      Marzhecki (Sergei) 27 July 2020 06: 35
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      Quote: Rum Rum
      Pan Marzecki. You are a sad, pessimistic person. Just a little, you shout - "Polundra, we will all die."

      This is just your opinion. And yes, Russian indifference and relying on chance are not peculiar to me. But not because you personally are sadly and boringly hinting at.
      1. Rum rum Offline
        Rum rum (Rum rum) 27 July 2020 13: 59
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        Pan Marzhecki.
        And I'm hinting sadly and boringly? what
        Damn it, but I thought it was humor. sad Now I was upset and discouraged. tongue
        What you call indifference and randomness, I call "optimistic fatalism" - "Do what you must and be what will be."
        How effective this approach is, the political map of the world and the history of Russia speak volumes.

        Why anathema threaten you Russia?
        What angered you? The unrest of Lithuania?
        Leave: this is a dispute between the Slavs,
        Home, old dispute, weighted by fate,
        A question that you will not solve.

        For a long time among themselves
        These tribes are at war;
        More than once bowed under a thunderstorm
        Theirs, then our side.
        Who will stand in an unequal dispute:
        Puffy Lyakh, il true Ross?

        Will Slavic streams merge in the Russian sea?
        Will it run dry? Here's the question.

        Leave us: you have not read
        These bloody tablets;
        It’s incomprehensible to you, alien to you
        This is a family feud;
        The Kremlin and Prague are silent for you;
        Pointlessly seduces you
        Fights of desperate courage -
        And you hate us ...

        What for? Respond: for whether,
        What is on the ruins of flaming Moscow
        We did not recognize the brazen will
        Who were you trembling under?
        For the fact that they plunged into the abyss
        We are idol over kingdoms
        And redeemed with our blood
        Europe, freedom, honor and peace? ..

        You are formidable in words - try in practice!
        Or the old hero, deceased in bed,
        Unable to screw up your Izmail bayonet?
        Is the Russian tsar already powerless to speak?
        Or should we argue with Europe new?
        Il Russian weaned from victories?
        Or a little of us? Or from Perm to Tauris,
        From the Finnish cold rocks to the flaming Colchis,
        From the shocked Kremlin
        To the walls of immobile China,
        Shiny bristles,
        Will not the Russian land rise? ..
        So send us to us, Vitia,
        His angry sons:
        There is a place for them in the fields of Russia,
        Among the coffins that are not theirs.

        Well, now with some humor?
        1. Lawyer Offline
          Lawyer (Olaf) 2 August 2020 04: 48
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          Oh my God.
          This one will start dancing here soon, like Masha the Dirty Head.
          1. Rum rum Offline
            Rum rum (Rum rum) 2 August 2020 20: 02
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            Another bore?
  4. cmonman Offline
    cmonman (Garik Mokin) 26 July 2020 20: 40
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    Sergei, why were you given a certificate? For positive news, if you don't remember. Your news / fact is scary because it really:
    1) the crop is destroyed and
    2) local / central authorities do nothing to solve the problem.
    And here you would give a positive example of how this problem is solved in the USA without a huge amount of poisons, but with the help of biology (not GMOs) and a strip of plants.
    I give a tip: the meadow moth - "meadow moth".
    1. Marzhecki Offline
      Marzhecki (Sergei) 27 July 2020 06: 38
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      Quote: cmonman
      Sergei, why were you given a certificate? For positive news, if you don't remember. Your news / fact is scary because it really:

      Mister emigrant, don't teach me to do my job. I write as honestly as possible about both negative and positive news from my country and abroad. The first is simply, alas, more.
      1. Rum rum Offline
        Rum rum (Rum rum) 27 July 2020 14: 28
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        Pan Marzhecki.
        These comments contain consumers of your (if I may say so) products. Think of the "Comments" section as a "Book of Complaints and Suggestions" and draw conclusions.
        This is where your customers talk about the quality of your work. And this should be respected.
        My regards. hi
  5. Netyn Offline
    Netyn (Netyn) 27 July 2020 18: 21
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    Quote: Marzhetsky
    I write as honestly as possible

    Petrosyan gives a standing ovation)))
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  7. Netyn Offline
    Netyn (Netyn) 27 July 2020 21: 45
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    I suggest our friend change the platform to Censor. not.
    Some pluses are chapters. ed. one-thinker, grateful audience, which hawked the themes of "Rashka FSE" for both cheeks and judging by the past six years - she can write on this topic for another 50 years and swim in laurels)
    1. The comment was deleted.
  8. Dmitry S. Offline
    Dmitry S. (Dmitry Sanin) 31 July 2020 10: 51
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    As I recall, the qualitative adjective "insidious" applies only to animate and sentient objects. It follows that caterpillars have intelligence. Collective, perhaps?
  9. Lawyer Offline
    Lawyer (Olaf) 2 August 2020 04: 44
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    So much for you. We bought imported grain, watered it with a foreign chemical, drove through the fields on overseas tractors, well, they think we’ll collect our grain, Russian!
    And then bang - and the State Department moth. But why poor fellows are so unlucky?
    Probably, I'll start collecting funds in Netanya for the purchase of nets for the Altai pioneers.
    And maybe Khakassia too. We must somehow save the Russians.
  10. Lawyer Offline
    Lawyer (Olaf) 2 August 2020 04: 54
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    The moth is formidable, but not fatal.
    But what will they do very soon with the soil, which in the Kuban and Stavropol regions has actually been transferred to a two-field system - a year of sunflower, a year of wheat?
    Overwhelmed with chemistry?
    So they already have Russian wheat - the main carcinogen. Few, I'm afraid, survive their GDP.
    They have almost all forms of cancer there.