Chinese "One Belt - One Road" is not needed by Russia


Looking at the globe, Russia is an ideal transit country for the Belt and Road transport corridor between Europe and Asia. Given the partnership between Moscow and Beijing, as well as their common opposition to Washington, one would expect a close economic integration within the framework of this global infrastructure project. However, this does not happen, as the foreign press drew attention to.


Foreign Policy writes the following about this:

Despite the public commitment and words of support to this project from the heads of the two states, which are constantly heard at the meetings where the One Belt initiative is discussed, in reality, practically nothing is being done to implement it jointly.

As a confirmation of this thesis, foreign colleagues cite the fact that the head of our foreign ministry, Sergei Lavrov, refused to participate in a videoconference on the prospects for an international project that took place last month. If this is true, does Russia need One Way?

“One Belt and One Road” is without exaggeration an infrastructure megaproject. It should be noted that the main beneficiary from it is China, which is building a route for the delivery of its goods to the European market, the second most important for itself after the American one. Given the "trade war" unleashed by President Trump, the importance of the "One Belt" has only grown. Shipping cargo by sea is 20-30% cheaper than by land, but due to the aggravation of the confrontation with Washington, there is a risk of overlap for the PRC of the sea trade of the US Navy, which dominates the ocean.

The overriding task of the project is to connect the existing transport arteries into a single network, build the missing ones and, most importantly, introduce an end-to-end tariff grid. Now the shipper has to pay for transit through each country, which increases logistics costs. Beijing wants to create a transportation system in which a freight container travels by rail, road, river and air, and the customer only has to pay for its shipment once. The idea is certainly great, but there are a number of important nuances.

On the one hand, the Chinese promise to all countries participating in the project an increase in household income by 0,7-2,9%, an increase in budget revenues due to transit, of technologies partners through the construction of regional platforms, the introduction of services of the navigation platform "Beidou".

On the other handThere is also serious criticism of One Way. It is quite right to point out that China dominates the project, setting the rules of the game and promoting, above all, its own national interests. There are accusations that Beijing is driving many states involved in the construction of the transport corridor into a "debt trap". It is believed that China may transfer excess and environmentally harmful production facilities to the territory of transit countries. As for the "transfer of technology", for example, in Belarus the widely advertised industrial park "Big Stone" has, by and large, turned into a center for transshipment of Chinese consumer goods to Europe.

Beijing strongly disagrees with the criticism. Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi said:

Some countries that are unable to succeed do not want other countries to succeed, this feigned disregard and indifference to what you yourself cannot achieve will not benefit anyone.

But the truth is that in this format, China really plays the first violin in the project, defending its own interests. It is not so much an international structure with bodies, where all participants are represented, but rather China's relations with all transit countries, where Beijing itself sets the tone. Should I bow to the eastern neighbor and dance to his tune? The question is ambiguous, and everyone will be able to make their own opinion on this matter. The initiative itself is interesting and useful, but the format of its implementation clearly requires rethinking.
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  1. Sergey Latyshev Offline Sergey Latyshev
    Sergey Latyshev (Serge) 22 July 2020 12: 30
    -2
    Pure water water.
    How much someone will invest, how much will receive, the term of work and payback, the flow of goods - there is nothing ... And why then ask about the "format"?
    1. Marzhecki Online Marzhecki
      Marzhecki (Sergei) 22 July 2020 13: 07
      -1
      Quote: Sergey Latyshev
      Pure water water.
      How much someone will invest, how much will receive, the term of work and payback, the flow of goods - there is nothing ... And why then ask about the "format"?

      This is already for a fee. smile
    2. Marzhecki Online Marzhecki
      Marzhecki (Sergei) 22 July 2020 13: 31
      0
      The publication works in the format in which it sees fit. Journalism takes time and costs money. If the information provided for free is not enough for you, you can ask to make a paid subscription, where everything will be described in numbers, payback periods, etc.
      But, you yourself understand that such a format of a detailed multi-page analysis should cost something to a demanding, discerning reader. Do you disagree with this formulation of the question?
      1. Sergey Latyshev Offline Sergey Latyshev
        Sergey Latyshev (Serge) 22 July 2020 18: 02
        -2
        I will not waste your time. Maybe someone else will answer.

        ..income growth of the population by 0,7-2,9%, an increase in budget revenues due to transit, technology transfer to partners through the construction of regional platforms, the introduction of services of the Beidou navigation platform.

        China dominates the project

        - good or bad?
  2. Ivan Dovgy Offline Ivan Dovgy
    Ivan Dovgy (Ivanushka) 22 July 2020 12: 49
    +1
    No, it was Russia who did not find a place in the project. The moment of truth has arrived. The paths of the Russian Federation and the PRC diverged.
    In my opinion, China will not be able to complete the "girdle" of the planet, since the globalist West-centric world was closed for rediscounting and reconstruction, which will result in the blocking of the Celestial Empire in the American and European markets.
    1. Sergey Tokarev Offline Sergey Tokarev
      Sergey Tokarev (Sergey Tokarev) 22 July 2020 14: 31
      -1
      Will Americans block their iPhones and medicines in China?)))) White assembly has long been a fantasy.
    2. Vladimir Tuzakov (Vladimir Tuzakov) 22 July 2020 16: 05
      0
      That is closed for rediscounting, it is true, only the reasons for this from the coming chaos and collapse are Western-centric with the US supremacy of the world ... Russia has not quarreled, it is just that China does not put all its eggs in one basket. And the Celestial Empire is more threatened not by blockage, but by chaos and insolvency, that is, the closure of markets for rediscounting, as they correctly put it ...
  3. Bulanov Offline Bulanov
    Bulanov (Vladimir) 22 July 2020 13: 12
    0
    Consent is a product of non-resistance from the parties. Who sets the tone for transportation - a taxi driver or a passenger?
  4. gorenina91 Offline gorenina91
    gorenina91 (Irina) 22 July 2020 17: 09
    +1
    The Chinese promise to all countries participating in the project an increase in household incomes by 0,7-2,9%, an increase in budget revenues through transit, technology transfer to partners through the construction of regional platforms, and the introduction of Beidou navigation platform services.

    - Yes, China has already transferred such "technologies" to Belarus; I have dragged such used old stuff, such rubbish that you can dump it in a landfill even now ...

    There are accusations that Beijing is driving many states involved in the construction of the transport corridor into a "debt trap". It is believed that China may transfer excess and environmentally harmful production capacity to the territory of transit countries

    - Yes, and they sound right ... - These states will invest their funds, they will build roads and railways at their own expense; and then the Chinese, flying along these routes through these states, will simply dump their consumer goods on the way to them on the way to Europe (this will be the "pay-share" for the alleged joint partnership of these countries with China); moreover ... these partner countries will be obliged to maintain all roads (including railways) ... and China will definitely indicate this in the "partnership" agreement; so as not to prevent China from transporting its goods to Europe ...
    - Here ... and these countries will only live in life ... - drag the sleepers and rails, repair the tracks; yes, roll up asphalt on highways ... yes, make a living for Chinese consumer goods ...
    -This is all the "growth of household incomes by 0,7-2,9%" promised by China to those countries that risk cooperating with China ...
  5. Nikolay Malyugin (Nikolai Malyugin) 22 July 2020 20: 14
    +2
    China operates according to the rules of world capitalism. Therefore, there is no need to wait for cooperation in the economy.