Railgun: future "god of war" or the salvation of mankind?

Artillery, as you know, is the “god of war”, but the railgun has every chance of becoming a weapon, which in its destructive power will be considered second after nuclear.

For the first time, the concept of an electric apparatus for dispersing a projectile was proposed by the French inventor Andre Viepli back in 1917. The development consisted of two copper rails placed inside the muzzle barrel over which coils of wire were hung. Despite testing innovative weapons in the same year, the project was eventually abandoned by the French government.

The undeniable advantage of the railgun is the speed of fire. So, if an ordinary powder shell can theoretically accelerate to 2,5 km / s, then the damaging element of the electric gun, again in theory, is unlimited in anything. Today, her projectile speed reaches 10 km / s.

The principle of the "weapons of the future" is extremely simple. Two parallel rails act as electrodes. The accelerated shell is also a conductor and is located between them. As a result, the Lawrence force turns electric energy into kinetic energy, pushing the damaging element with hypersonic speed.

It would seem an ideal weapon. But the railgun has several drawbacks. In particular, he is very "gluttonous" in terms of electricity. In addition, a material with maximum conductivity is needed to make the projectile. Otherwise, the latter will simply “evaporate” even before exiting the trunk.

However, various countries do not abandon attempts to solve the above problems and get at their disposal a “superweapon”. Today, the United States leads the race. So, General Atomics has already tested the Blitzer artillery railgun. The electricity needed to fire the shot is stored in special batteries of ultrafast capacitors. It is estimated that the hit of such a shell weighing 18-20 kg in an aircraft carrier will produce the effect of a nuclear strike. But at this stage, the ammunition for the Blitzer is much smaller.

There are also developments in Russia. Domestic engineers were able to create a railgun with a barrel length of 2 meters. At the same time used in the project technology allows you to get muzzle speeds higher than American.

Another promising holder of the railgun is China. However, China is still in the early stages of development.

There is no doubt that the electromagnetic gun will “get life” soon. But, fortunately, not all countries intend to use it as a weapon against humans. In particular, the scientific community proposes to use the railgun to save our planet from asteroids and comets.

  • Photos used: General Atomics
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  1. Sergey Latyshev Offline Sergey Latyshev
    Sergey Latyshev (Serge) 8 July 2020 14: 40
    About 3 years ago, allegedly, Yusa announced the beginning of their installation on ships. The star announced, it turned out - lied.

    They say for a long time, there is little sense. Price, reliability, efficiency is not enough ....
  2. delvin-fil Offline delvin-fil
    delvin-fil (Alex) 8 July 2020 14: 59
    Do not watch the video! The author is a dope.
  3. shinobi Offline shinobi
    shinobi (Yuri) 9 July 2020 21: 38
    The speed limit for railguns is determined by the mass and density of the projectile. The higher the speed, the more it should be stronger. For a shell weighing up to 10 kg, the limit is 11,5 km / s. The shell simply burns out in the atmosphere, not reaching the target. The main unresolved issue at the moment are compact power supplies to ensure an acceptable rate of fire. All currently available samples are inferior to conventional naval artillery assault rifles.