“Natural desalination plant”: what could be the danger of water found in Crimea


The problem of water supply to Crimea arose immediately after its transfer to the Russian Federation. Six years ago, Ukraine blocked the water canal, which dealt a severe blow to the agriculture of the peninsula and became one of the causes of a real environmental disaster in Armyansk in 2018. Since then, a lot of water has flowed past Crimea to the Sea of ​​Azov, but the problem has not been fundamentally resolved.


The fact that another environmental disaster is brewing on the peninsula due to drought caused by an abnormally warm and snowless winter told already repeatedly. It got to the point that the regional authorities, in all seriousness, called for prayer to God so that rainfall would finally fall. And so, about a week before the start of voting on amendments to the Constitution, they were heard. But what is it, the “Gift of God" or the "tricks of Satan"?

It is reportedthat in the Crimean mountains discovered giant sources of fresh water, which just should be enough for all the needs of the peninsula. The daily water consumption there is from 300 to 400 million cubic meters, and the productivity of the “natural desalination plant” is about 365 million cubic meters per day. What kind of miracle is this that has fallen on our heads like manna from heaven, so on time?

It is a unique natural phenomenon: at a great depth there are immediately two high-temperature water sources, where sea water naturally evaporates and desalinates. One focus lies at a depth of 900-1100 meters, the second - from 300 to 500 meters. Having cleared of salts, water circulates through a network of tectonic faults, sometimes flowing from the lower layers to the upper. Beauty, here it is, “natural desalination plant”, a gift of fate for those who in six years have not bothered to build industrial ones, according to Israeli technology. Drill and download, we can do it.

However, despite the seriousness of Crimean water problems, do not rush so as not to aggravate them:

At first, experts note a rather high cost of drilling deep wells.

Secondly, you should think about why this natural source of water supply was not developed back in Soviet times. Then they knew perfectly about him, but did not hurry. If you begin to actively intervene in natural processes and pump out water on an industrial scale, there is a risk that the “natural desalination plant” will gradually cease to cope, and groundwater will become more and more salty. Artesian wells in Crimea have already been played to fame: the large amount of mineral salts in such water gradually makes the soil less fertile. The question is, how safe will the next experiments with nature be?

Why reinvent the wheel, if you can apply the experience of Israel to create powerful desalination plants? This small country in the desert was able to turn into a real “water superpower”. Is it really beyond the power of Russia, and if so, are we entitled to stutter at all about some claims to "superpower"?
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  1. 123 Offline
    123 (123) 21 June 2020 11: 23
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    Firstly, experts note a rather high cost of drilling deep wells.

    And "experts" do not note the high cost of desalination "by Israeli technology"? Is desalination cheaper than drilling wells?

    Secondly, one should think about why this natural source of water supply was not developed back in Soviet times. Then they knew perfectly about him, but did not hurry.

    Probably because this was not necessary, request there was a canal and there was enough water. fellow
    Of course, it didn’t occur to you that there was even enough water to grow rice, and in such conditions, to drill wells, given the "fairly high cost", is it just stupid?

    Why reinvent the wheel, if you can apply the experience of Israel to create powerful desalination plants? This small country in the desert was able to turn into a real “water superpower”.

    As already tired of this limitless admiration for "abroad". The USA was able to send people into orbit, all of them are a space superpower, Israel was able to provide itself with water, now they are a "water superpower".

    1. aleksandrmakedo Offline
      aleksandrmakedo (Dubovitsky Victor Kuzmich) 21 June 2020 14: 00
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      Quote: 123
      Firstly, experts note a rather high cost of drilling deep wells.

      And "experts" do not note the high cost of desalination "by Israeli technology"? Is desalination cheaper than drilling wells?

      Secondly, one should think about why this natural source of water supply was not developed back in Soviet times. Then they knew perfectly about him, but did not hurry.

      Probably because this was not necessary, request there was a canal and there was enough water. fellow
      Of course, it didn’t occur to you that there was even enough water to grow rice, and in such conditions, to drill wells, given the "fairly high cost", is it just stupid?

      Why reinvent the wheel, if you can apply the experience of Israel to create powerful desalination plants? This small country in the desert was able to turn into a real “water superpower”.

      As already tired of this limitless admiration for "abroad". The USA was able to send people into orbit, all of them are a space superpower, Israel was able to provide itself with water, now they are a "water superpower".


      The monkey became old with weak eyes,
      but she heard from people ....


      Israel is FORCED to do what it does. Just because he has nowhere to get fresh water, and there will never be such an opportunity. Just because it is surrounded by a hundred million hostile population, and for him, desalination is the ONLY opportunity not to die. In addition to these technologies, which are very expensive, he uses water in drops. And this also requires enormous capital costs. There is no such situation in Crimea; we can use other tools. And not by military operations pushing the enemy away from water and canals, as it will soon be in Africa. Or build super projects, like Benishangul-Gumuz in Ethiopia, which threatens to go into a full-scale war.

      I see this article as the desire of the Belarusian “BROTHER” to instill in Russians the idea that to fight with Ukraine is an entirely acceptable occupation. And I do not regard it as a provocation.
      1. 123 Offline
        123 (123) 21 June 2020 14: 41
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        I practically agree with everything, but what does the “Belarusian brother" have to do with it? request
        1. aleksandrmakedo Offline
          aleksandrmakedo (Dubovitsky Victor Kuzmich) 21 June 2020 14: 42
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          Quote: 123
          I practically agree with everything, but what does the “Belarusian brother" have to do with it? request

          I called him that because of his territorial location and the desperately anti-Russian orientation of the articles.
          1. 123 Offline
            123 (123) 21 June 2020 14: 44
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            I called him that because of his territorial location and the desperately anti-Russian orientation of the articles.

            Got it. yes
            1. Marzhecki Offline
              Marzhecki (Sergei) 29 June 2020 09: 34
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              Brothers in mind: one came up with the other smartly nodded. good
              1. 123 Offline
                123 (123) 29 June 2020 10: 27
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                Brothers in mind: one came up with the other smartly nodded.

                You are sick full head

                You are sick? I am a citizen of Russia, I was born here and live my whole life.
                You Putinoids are really inadequate.

                Which Putin is a scout? He worked as a heel, the Fifth KGB Directorate, which worked with informers in enterprises. Only after the elimination of the “heel” he was transferred to Germany, where he headed the club for officers.
                Here you are complaining about someone else's "amateurism", but who themselves?

                Could you determine the political orientation of the author?

                But you understand everything

                Who are the judges?

                What was it? A burst of creativity on Monday morning? winked
                1. The comment was deleted.
          2. Nick Offline
            Nick (Nikolai) 22 June 2020 08: 57
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            Quote: aleksandrmakedo
            Quote: 123
            I practically agree with everything, but what does the “Belarusian brother" have to do with it? request

            I called him that because of his territorial location and the desperately anti-Russian orientation of the articles.

            So is he also a foreign agent ?! angry angry angry
            1. Marzhecki Offline
              Marzhecki (Sergei) 29 June 2020 09: 19
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              You are sick all head.
              1. Nick Offline
                Nick (Nikolai) 30 June 2020 07: 21
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                Quote: Marzhetsky
                You are sick all head.

                Are you a doctor or a graphomaniac? Decide already.
      2. Marzhecki Offline
        Marzhecki (Sergei) 29 June 2020 09: 18
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        Quote: aleksandrmakedo
        I see this article as the desire of the Belarusian “BROTHER” to instill in Russians the idea that to fight with Ukraine is an entirely acceptable occupation. And I do not regard it as a provocation.

        You are sick? I am a citizen of Russia, I was born here and live my whole life.
  2. Dmitry S. Offline
    Dmitry S. (Dmitry Sanin) 21 June 2020 11: 28
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    So what is the danger? Is it that salt will become salted again earlier, or that there is no info line, but is it so drawn to write?
    Very often, comments under an article are more informative than the article itself.
    1. Vladimir Tuzakov (Vladimir Tuzakov) 21 June 2020 12: 26
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      The first to the United Nations and various authoritative courts of the Crimean civil collective and private lawsuits of Ukraine in a crime against the civilian population of Crimea for a deliberately artificially created lack of water is a humanitarian crime. For the rest, work in all directions, from desalination plants, drilling wells, laying pipelines from Taman ...
  3. steelmaker Offline
    steelmaker 21 June 2020 12: 34
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    Why do we need power that cannot protect people? Why do we need a power that can not feed and drink people? Israel, to protect itself, simply captured the Golan Heights and spit on international laws. And still no one can do anything! The question is: “Why did Putin conclude the Minsk agreements, when then it was possible, with the help of the republics, to add half of Ukraine. And now Crimea would not cry about the lack of water and did not show the lack of education of the current government! Or maybe these problems arose from Putin’s ignorance and his team? To build up, more brains are needed than when you sell, especially not built by you !!!
    1. Vladimir Tuzakov (Vladimir Tuzakov) 21 June 2020 12: 59
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      The Kremlin’s brains are enough, the problem is who the majority of liberals are serving and working for in the Kremlin and the government and in the whole oligarchy ... According to the results of the thirty-year reign of the liberals, it’s clear that Russia is being robbed and impoverished ...
    2. Nick Offline
      Nick (Nikolai) 22 June 2020 09: 04
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      Quote: steel maker
      And now Crimea would not cry about the lack of water and did not show the lack of education of the current government! Or maybe these problems arose from the lack of education of Putin and his team?

      belay Yes, steelworkers here are much more educated than KGB scouts, and they can manage the state much better. fellow Well, almost as good as the cooks. lol
      1. Marzhecki Offline
        Marzhecki (Sergei) 29 June 2020 09: 17
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        Quote: Nick
        Quote: steel maker
        And now Crimea would not cry about the lack of water and did not show the lack of education of the current government! Or maybe these problems arose from the lack of education of Putin and his team?

        belay Yes, steelworkers here are much more educated than KGB scouts, and they can manage the state much better. fellow Well, almost as good as the cooks. lol

        Which Putin is a scout? He worked in the heel, the Fifth KGB Directorate, which worked with informers in enterprises. Only after the elimination of the “heel” he was transferred to Germany, where he headed the club for officers.
        Here you are complaining about someone else's "amateurism", but who themselves?
        1. Nick Offline
          Nick (Nikolai) 30 June 2020 07: 08
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          Quote: Marzhetsky
          Only after the elimination of the “heel” he was transferred to Germany, where he headed the club for officers.

          I don’t know what Putin was officially in charge of in Germany, but, in your opinion, he had to go with the KGB resident badge?
          To expand your horizons, I inform you: Putin still led the FSB, headed the Russian Government, and for 16 years he has successfully led Russia as president.
          Like this! You are our informed.
    3. Piramidon Offline
      Piramidon (Stepan) 27 June 2020 10: 38
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      Quote: steel maker
      when then it was possible, with the help of the republics, to join half of Ukraine.

      And these half-Ukraine sought to join?
    4. 123 Offline
      123 (123) 29 June 2020 12: 04
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      Why do we need power that cannot protect people? Why do we need a power that can not feed and drink people?

      When will you get drunk already?
    5. Nick Offline
      Nick (Nikolai) 30 June 2020 07: 13
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      Quote: steel maker
      Why do we need power that cannot protect people? Why do we need a power that can not feed and drink people?

      Equal to yourself. In your opinion, all the people of the pig that need to be fed, watered, and manure should be scooped out for them, but a person, if he is a person, is capable of supporting himself and his loved ones.
  4. aleksandrmakedo Offline
    aleksandrmakedo (Dubovitsky Victor Kuzmich) 21 June 2020 13: 39
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    Quote: Dmitry S.
    So what is the danger? Is it that salt will become salted again earlier, or that there is no info line, but is it so drawn to write?
    Very often, comments under an article are more informative than the article itself.

    You are mistaken. The content of the article, with its political focus, says a lot. On the political preferences of the author, for example. Write it Kasparov, there would be a penny ....
    It is necessary to send this fabulist on an expedition to study the situation on the spot. And, after passing the exams, admit to poetry. Much needs to be done, in the expectation that all methods will be used to some extent. It is necessary to hammer into these heads in the head that the only tool, whatever it is, is the only solution. And many are always better.
    1. Marzhecki Offline
      Marzhecki (Sergei) 29 June 2020 09: 15
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      Quote: aleksandrmakedo
      The content of the article, with its political focus, says a lot. On the political preferences of the author, for example. Write it Kasparov, there would be a penny ....

      Could you determine the political orientation of the author?
  5. The comment was deleted.
  6. aleksandrmakedo Offline
    aleksandrmakedo (Dubovitsky Victor Kuzmich) 21 June 2020 13: 47
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    Quote: steel maker
    Why do we need power that cannot protect people? Why do we need a power that can not feed and drink people? Israel. to protect himself, he simply captured the Golan Heights and spit on international laws. And still no one can do anything! The question is: “Why did Putin conclude the Minsk agreements when then it was possible, with the help of the republics, to add half of Ukraine. And now Crimea would not cry about the lack of water and did not show the lack of education of the current government! Or maybe these problems arose from Putin’s lack of education and his team? To build, you need more brains than when you sell, especially not built by you !!!

    What for? Well, at least not to be used as a gasket under a mortar plate, so as not to spoil the iron.
    Have you already experienced the NATO bombing, as it was in Yugoslavia? Or in Odessa? Not? Is it really your merit? And the fact that your fellow tribesmen survive many times more successfully than the incredibly socialist Sweden, and, 10 times, if counted in relation to population, is dozens of times more successful than your idol, is the United States. Did you do that too?
    1. Fourth Horseman Offline
      Fourth Horseman (Fourth Horseman) 21 June 2020 14: 34
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      No, his idol Platoshkin and the Commercial Party of the Russian Federation.
      Engaged in goliman criticism and demagogy, they are eager to go to the feeding trough.
  7. jekasimf Offline
    jekasimf (jekasimf) 21 June 2020 14: 42
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    In Crimea, we have generally strange authorities. Instead of increasing the capacity of existing reservoirs while they are empty, they drove an excavator and take out the soil. And instead of strengthening the shores of the North Crimean Canal and using its gigantic capacity for accumulating water, they put forward incomprehensible floodlights and build meaningless waterways. It's the rainy season. But, all the water that drains into the rivers after the reservoirs stupidly spills into the sea. And if they had carried out earthwork, now, when filling the reservoirs, it would have been possible to store much more water.
    1. aleksandrmakedo Offline
      aleksandrmakedo (Dubovitsky Victor Kuzmich) 21 June 2020 16: 31
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      Quote: jekasimf
      In Crimea, we have generally strange authorities. Instead of increasing the capacity of existing reservoirs while they are empty, they drove an excavator and take out the soil. And instead of strengthening the shores of the Severokrymsky Canal and using its gigantic capacity for accumulating water, they put forward incomprehensible floodlights and build meaningless waterways. It's the rainy season, but all the water that drains into the rivers after the reservoirs stupidly spills into the sea. And if they had carried out earthwork, now, when filling the reservoirs, it would have been possible to store much more water.

      You see, there is such a science. Geology. Which says that specifically HERE can be digged without harm, but here it is impossible. Water is such a thing, it will not be in the trellis bucket. And in a pond with walls and a bottom not of heavy greasy clay. She will run away with great pleasure and speed in the sand and sandy loam.
      Speaking of deepening the bottom, in order to increase the volume, one must also know such things, man.
      And one more thing: how much can the reservoir be increased so that its capacity increases significantly? This, after all, is millions of cubic meters, multiply by 3 (get the weight of the displaced rock). You agree to sell your house, not to receive a salary for a dozen or two years to do the job, on the shoulder of these machines:



      Where to get them quickly? From Krasnoyarsk, if only, dismantled there, brought in parts and collected in the Crimea. And this work has been carried out for ten years by smaller mining excavators. For reference: the performance of an excavator with a bucket of 5 m³ per shift of 3 thousand m³. With shipment to vehicles with installation on its two sides (this is maximum performance, without waiting for the car to taxi).
      1. Stokman Offline
        Stokman (Andrei) 21 June 2020 16: 57
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        Oh, not that picture: here would be my 126 ES 15/90 - there would be no price. But in general it’s right: you won’t throw a hat, and you should look at stratigraphy. The questions are true sea. From what he read, everything looks like an interview with a fiery Ivanov who wants to devour Petrov.
        1. aleksandrmakedo Offline
          aleksandrmakedo (Dubovitsky Victor Kuzmich) 21 June 2020 17: 14
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          Quote: Stokman
          Oh, not that picture: here would be my 126 ES 15/90 - there would be no price. But in general it’s right: you won’t throw a hat, and you should look at stratigraphy. The truth is the sea, without a bulldozer. From what he read, everything looks like an interview with a fiery Ivanov who wants to devour Petrov.

          Colleague! Three to five perides? Can. Everything is possible. Even wear pants over your head.
      2. AdepT55 Offline
        AdepT55 (Moshe) 25 June 2020 19: 59
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        You obviously did not notice that jekasimf made a proposal to use the North Crimean Canal, which is empty, as a reservoir, that is, you don’t need to dig anything, just strengthen the walls and, possibly, the bottom.
        Otherwise, you are probably right.
  8. Stokman Offline
    Stokman (Andrei) 21 June 2020 16: 42
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    It's nice that at least something pleases you. But I dare say that while the Paskuda smiled, a lot of things in Russia became “contrary to”.
    1. aleksandrmakedo Offline
      aleksandrmakedo (Dubovitsky Victor Kuzmich) 21 June 2020 17: 19
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      Quote: Stokman
      It's nice that at least something pleases you. But I dare say that while the Paskuda smiled, a lot of things in Russia became “contrary to”.

      Yes, we ourselves survived in the 90s despite. Years without a salary. Four dismissals of one’s own free will only for the purpose of receiving the debt of everything, immediately with full settlement.
  9. steelmaker Offline
    steelmaker 21 June 2020 17: 28
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    Catching golem criticism and demagoguery rush to the feeding trough.

    And your Putin is not torn to the trough? He plowed for 20 years, already his legs give way, with zeal.
    1. aleksandrmakedo Offline
      aleksandrmakedo (Dubovitsky Victor Kuzmich) 21 June 2020 18: 18
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      Quote: steel maker
      Catching golem criticism and demagoguery rush to the feeding trough.

      And your Putin is not torn to the trough? He plowed for 20 years, already his legs give way, with zeal.

      Well, Putin is not mine, but ours. And there’s more sense from him than from you.
      Flies with the thought that I regretted my words and asked you for forgiveness.
      1. The comment was deleted.
    2. 123 Offline
      123 (123) 29 June 2020 12: 07
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      And your Putin is not torn to the trough? He plowed for 20 years, already his legs give way, from zeal

      How does it make you jealousy. lol
  10. Sapsan136 Offline
    Sapsan136 (Sapsan136) 21 June 2020 18: 35
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    Mr. Marzhetsky, scientists who have found this natural desalination plant indicate that fresh water from it in large quantities simply goes into the sea ... So the only problem is the cost of drilling, because we need wells with a depth of 300 meters, this is the minimum depth of extraction of this water.
    1. aleksandrmakedo Offline
      aleksandrmakedo (Dubovitsky Victor Kuzmich) 21 June 2020 19: 13
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      Quote: Sapsan136
      Mr. Marzhetsky, scientists who have found this natural desalination plant indicate that fresh water from it in huge quantities simply goes into the sea ... So the only problem is the cost of drilling, because we need wells with a depth of 300 meters, this is the minimum depth of production of this water.

      His only assumption is that water vapor, condensing at a decent distance from a warm lake underground, can accumulate sea salt from somewhere, says that he slept in chemistry classes. Salt evaporates, water precipitates.
  11. aleksandrmakedo Offline
    aleksandrmakedo (Dubovitsky Victor Kuzmich) 21 June 2020 18: 58
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    Deep drilling? Why is that? Why drill to a kilometer depth, to salt water, when fresh, naturally cleaned is at a depth of up to 500 meters (as it is written in the article). And this is already an ordinary event.
    Further. Crimea is the old, cooled mountains, and the tectonics are cold there. If you look through the Wiki, the geothermal gradient at these depths gives about 30 ° C at a kilometer depth. Hence, the vapor pressure is not enough to arrange geysers of boiling water. A depth of 300 ... 500 meters gives other, lower temperatures, which makes pumping water from bottom to top a one-way pump. Condensing steam in a colder environment. Of course, these are average numbers. And the specifics may be slightly different. But it differs sharply from such a picture where there is volcanism of the depths, it is lively and active. For example, in Kamchatka.
  12. Georgievic Offline
    Georgievic (Georgievic) 22 June 2020 00: 56
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    Yes, of course, it is high time to apply the experience of Israel. For example, operation Babylon !!! good And to warn that it will be worse, since it is impossible to block the water!
    1. Warrior Offline
      Warrior 28 June 2020 20: 31
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      That's right, it’s high time to RELEASE he Ukrainian fascists in the Kherson region ...
      And the Khersons will only be happy about it ..
  13. Nick Offline
    Nick (Nikolai) 22 June 2020 08: 34
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    Well, what nonsense !? “Know-it-all”, the author writes again, not understanding anything in this matter. Yes, and not trying to understand. The cheapest way to desalinate sea water gives the cost for large volumes from $ 0,5 per cubic meter. This is about 35 rubles per cubic meter. Add to this the rate of return, depreciation of equipment, payments and taxes of enterprises, the cost of delivery to the consumer. This will add as much to the cost. We get at the output 65-70 rubles per cubic meter. Artesian water for the consumer will cost twenty times less.
    1. Marzhecki Offline
      Marzhecki (Sergei) 29 June 2020 09: 12
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      But you understand everything. laughing
      1. Nick Offline
        Nick (Nikolai) 30 June 2020 06: 50
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        Quote: Marzhetsky
        But you understand everything. laughing

        You said that.
  14. Oyo Sarkazmi Offline
    Oyo Sarkazmi (Oyo Sarkazmi) 22 June 2020 16: 15
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    Amateur article. The karsts of Crimea are filled with ordinary rainwater, which fell, however, tens and hundreds of years ago. For example, in Australia, in the Artesian region, they use water accumulated over 100 thousand years.
    1. Marzhecki Offline
      Marzhecki (Sergei) 29 June 2020 09: 11
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      Who are the judges?
      1. Oyo Sarkazmi Offline
        Oyo Sarkazmi (Oyo Sarkazmi) 29 June 2020 15: 23
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        Quote: Marzhetsky
        Who are the judges?

        Well, even me. One correct request - and a killer answer:

        The heat flux of the Earth's interior, reaching the Earth's surface, is small - on average, its power is 0,03–0,05 W / m2, or about 350 Wh · h / m2 per year.

        A forty-watt bulb under each summer cottage is 10 acres. One bulb on 10 hundred parts strongly warms?
        In Soviet times, the geology and hydrology of Crimea was studied. Published in the journal Nature. In some issue, a methane release map and freshwater sources on the seabed were published. It rains, water enters the caves, over the decades reaches the sea, and pours out without benefit. Moreover, the keys of fresh water at the bottom were known even to the ancient Greeks, wells were built above them (off the coast).
  15. Vladimir Permyakov (Vladimir Perm) 24 June 2020 04: 06
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    Drilling karst limestones is a small cost, one-time investment on quick payback. The shortage of water supply in Crimea is only summer, 3-4 months, so the flow rate of several wells will completely solve the problem.
  16. Warrior Offline
    Warrior 28 June 2020 20: 29
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    Nothing, because the water desalinated by volcanic sources EVERYTHING flows to the Black Sea ..
    And so it will be used for the needs of the Crimea ..