The benefits of the route have long been spoken in both Russia and India. After all, it will allow unhindered delivery of goods from India, as well as Iran and a number of other countries to Russia and further to the countries of Western Europe.
Trade relations between Russia and India are developing, but until recently, the absence of a direct transport corridor has been a serious obstacle to even greater intensification. Indian imports enter Russia through Europe and China. But these are very long and expensive routes. Moreover, a number of perishable goods, including the same tropical fruits, are not so lucky. Loads to the European part of Russia are delivered from India by sea - to the Suez Canal, then through the entire western part of Europe to St. Petersburg. The duration of the delivery of goods from Mumbai to Moscow due to such a long route is 40 days. Of course, such a complicated path of goods cannot but hinder the deepening of trade ties between countries.
What does the new route offer? Firstly, it is much faster delivery. Experts say that the delivery of goods from India will be 30-40% faster. Instead of 35-40 days following through the Suez Canal, the new road will take only 17 days. The goods will go from Mumbai to the Iranian port of Bender Abbas, from Bender Abbas to Baku, Astrakhan and further to Moscow and St. Petersburg. Thus, three types of transport will be involved in their delivery at once - maritime, railway and automobile.
The main task in the construction of a new path remains the development and improvement of transport infrastructure. In Iran, the construction of railway lines connecting Rasht and Qazvin with the city of Astara in Azerbaijan is nearing completion. The road from Qazvin to the port of Bandar Abbas has already been built. At three years, experts estimate the time period that Iran will need to complete the construction of the last section of the corridor between Astara and Rasht. American sanctions against Iran will not be able to affect the launch of the corridor.
Thanks to the corridor, Russia and India will be able to increase the volume of trade in traditional goods, including food, light industry products. Now the basis of trade relations between the two countries is the supply of Russian weapons to India, but after the launch of the route the situation will change. India will be able to sell a huge number of its demanded goods in Russia, and Russia will have the opportunity to increase the supply of agricultural products and other goods to India, Iran and the countries of the Near and Middle East and the Asia-Pacific region. By the way, not only Russia and India will benefit from the new North-South route, but also Azerbaijan and Iran, economic and the transport infrastructure of which the North-South corridor will also have a very positive effect.