In the Novosibirsk Academgorodok, the implementation of one of the most ambitious scientific projects of Russia, the Siberian Ring Source of Photons (SKIF), starts. The state contract has already been signed, construction work will begin in the fall, and the analogue of the Large Hadron Collider will be commissioned no later than 2024.
The synchrotron, of which SKIF is, is necessary for studying the structure of any substance up to atoms. However, unlike the “Swiss counterpart” intended for basic research, our project will solve applied problems. In particular, with its help, Russian scientists will be able to improve the quality of this or that matter. For example, to create more durable composite materials, durable batteries, etc. In this case, the most important role synchrotrons capable of deciphering complex protein structures play in medicine and biology.
At the moment, there are about 50 such installations in the world, including two Russian ones. Our current synchrotrons are significantly inferior to foreign ones. Therefore, it was decided to build new ones, including SKIF.
However, the project of the Siberian Ring Source of Photons is unique in its own way. This will be a generation 4+ synchrotron, of which there are simply no in the world now. All foreign analogues are units of the 3rd generation with the possibility of upgrading to the 4th. Thus, Russia in one jerk will be able not only to make up for the missed gap, but also to become a leader.
The implementation of the SKIF project will be a real challenge for our country, since no one has created such installations before. Part of the equipment is produced from scratch, but we still have to buy about 20% abroad. However, in fairness, it is worth noting that foreign partners today can not do without Russian components. In particular, our diamond optics, which is one of the main elements of the synchrotron.